West Virginia

State

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2020 Population
1.81M
0.544% 1-year decline
US Senator
Joe Manchin
Democratic Party
US Senator
Shelley Moore Capito
Republican Party
2020 Median Age
42.7
0.471% 1-year increase
2020 Poverty Rate
17.1%
2.63% 1-year decrease
2020 Median Household Income
$48,037
2.84% 1-year growth
2020 Median Property Value
$123,200
3.01% 1-year growth
2020 Employed Population
713,907
0.00182% 1-year decline

About

In 2020, West Virginia had a population of 1.81M people with a median age of 42.7 and a median household income of $48,037. Between 2019 and 2020 the population of West Virginia declined from 1.82M to 1.81M, a −0.544% decrease and its median household income grew from $46,711 to $48,037, a 2.84% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in West Virginia are White (Non-Hispanic) (91.5%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (3.49%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (2.17%), White (Hispanic) (0.972%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (0.772%).

2.5% of the households in West Virginia reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

99.2% of the residents in West Virginia are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in West Virginia are American Public University System (12,273 degrees awarded in 2020), West Virginia University (6,577 degrees), and Marshall University (3,062 degrees).

In 2020, the median property value in West Virginia was $123,200, and the homeownership rate was 73.7%. Most people in West Virginia drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 26.1 minutes. The average car ownership in West Virginia was 2 cars per household.

West Virginia borders Kentucky, Maryland, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Virginia.

About the photo: Autumn sunrise scenery from the Bear Rocks area of the Dolly Sods Wilderness near Davis, West Virginia (USA). HDR composite from multiple exposures.

Diversity

West Virginia is home to a population of 1.81M people, from which 99.2% are citizens. As of 2020, 1.64% of West Virginia residents were born outside of the country (29.6k people).

In 2020, there were 26.2 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (1.65M people) in West Virginia than any other race or ethnicity. There were 63.1k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 39.1k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in West Virginia are Spanish (17,467 households), Arabic (2,808 households), and Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (2,692 households).

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in West Virginia
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    1.65M ± 1.42k
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    63.1k ± 1.35k
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    39.1k ± 1.96k
1.59%
Hispanic Population
28.7k people

In 2020, there were 26.2 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (1.65M people) in West Virginia than any other race or ethnicity. There were 63.1k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 39.1k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

1.59% of the people in West Virginia are hispanic (28.7k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in West Virginia as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Spanish
    17,467 households (1.02%)
  2. Arabic
    2,808 households (0.164%)
  3. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)
    2,692 households (0.157%)

2.5% of the households in West Virginia reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2020, the most common non-English language spoken in households in West Virginia was Spanish. 1.02% of the households in West Virginia reported speaking Spanish at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.64%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
29.6k people
1.66%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
30.2k people

As of 2020, 1.64% of West Virginia residents (29.6k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.5%. In 2019, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in West Virginia was 1.66%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in West Virginia compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. India
    2,485 ± 1,223 people
  2. Philippines
    2,301 ± 1,177 people
  3. China
    2,228 ± 1,158 people

In 2020, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of West Virginia was India, the natal country of 2,485 West Virginia residents, followed by Philippines with 2,301 and China with 2,228.

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Citizenship

99.2%
2020 Citizenship
99.2%
2019 Citizenship

As of 2020, 99.2% of West Virginia residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2019, the percentage of US citizens in West Virginia was 99.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in West Virginia compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    47,375 ± 1,462
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    20,041 ± 1,067
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    16,594 ± 986

West Virginia has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.36 times greater than any other conflict.

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COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in West Virginia, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for West Virginia.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in West Virginia (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for West Virginia.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in West Virginia. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in West Virginia.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for West Virginia.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of West Virginia across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

Median household income in West Virginia is $48,037. In 2020, the county with the highest Median Household Income in West Virginia was Jefferson County, WV with a value of $82,551, followed by Berkeley County, WV and Putnam County, WV, with respective values of $65,286 and $63,954.

Males in West Virginia have an average income that is 1.38 times higher than the average income of females, which is $43,089. The income inequality in West Virginia (measured using the Gini index) is 0.441, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of West Virginia employs 714k people. The largest industries in West Virginia are General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (50,852 people), Elementary & secondary schools (50,781 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (46,913 people), and the highest paying industries are Computer & peripheral equipment manufacturing ($180,661), Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($121,829), and Industrial & miscellaneous chemicals ($90,877).

Wages

Median Household Income

$48,037
2020 value
± $616
2.84%
1 Year Growth
± 1.61%

Households in West Virginia have a median annual income of $48,037, which is less than the median annual income of $64,994 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $46,711 in 2019, which represents a 2.84% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in West Virginia compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Sex in Common Jobs

$59,317
Average Male Salary in West Virginia
± $2,250
$43,089
Average Female Salary in West Virginia
± $1,699

In 2020, full-time male employees in West Virginia made 1.38 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the sex-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in West Virginia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in West Virginia
  1. Asian
    $68,837 ± $25,490
  2. White
    $45,451 ± $1,344
  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander
    $42,271 ± $5,747

In 2020 the highest paid race/ethnicity of West Virginia workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.51 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in West Virginia.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in West Virginia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.441
2020 Wage GINI in West Virginia
0.444
2019 Wage GINI in West Virginia

In 2020, the income inequality in West Virginia was 0.441 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.729% decline from 2019 to 2020, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for West Virginia was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in West Virginia in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in West Virginia across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2020, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in West Virginia was Jefferson County, WV with a value of $82,551, followed by Berkeley County, WV and Putnam County, WV, with respective values of $65,286 and $63,954.

The following map shows all of the counties in West Virginia colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Sex

Females 25 - 34
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

17.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in West Virginia (300k out of 1.76M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.8%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 55 - 64.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    268,472 ± 3,984
  2. Black
    16,415 ± 1,012
  3. Two Or More
    10,140 ± 807

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in West Virginia is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

714k
2020 Value
−0.00182%
1 Year decline
± −0.00182%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in West Virginia declined at a rate of −0.00182%, from 714k employees to 714k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in West Virginia, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (22,906 people), Cashiers (22,010 people), and Elementary & middle school teachers (18,918 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of West Virginia.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of West Virginia, by number of employees, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (22,906 people), Cashiers (22,010 people), and Elementary & middle school teachers (18,918 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, West Virginia has an unusually high number of residents working as Mining machine operators (18.1 times higher than expected), Miscellaneous extraction workers, including roof bolters & helpers (7.5 times), and Meter readers, utilities (4.3 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of West Virginia, by average salary, are Surgeons ($244,992), Nurse anesthetists ($217,609), and Physicians ($216,012).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

714k
2020 Value
−0.00182%
1 Year decline
± −0.00182%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in West Virginia declined at a rate of −0.00182%, from 714k employees to 714k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in West Virginia, are General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (50,852 people), Elementary & secondary schools (50,781 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (46,913 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of West Virginia, though some of these residents may live in West Virginia and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in West Virginia, by number of employees, are General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (50,852 people), Elementary & secondary schools (50,781 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (46,913 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, West Virginia has an unusually high number of Coal mining (44.6 times higher than expected), Pipeline transportation (7.06 times), and Veneer, plywood, & engineered wood products (4.83 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in West Virginia, by average salary, are Computer & peripheral equipment manufacturing ($180,661), Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($121,829), and Industrial & miscellaneous chemicals ($90,877).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from West Virginia to other states, or from other states to West Virginia.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $8.42B
  2. $6.05B
  3. $5.79B

In 2020, the top outbound West Virginia product (by dollars) was Coal-n.e.c. with $8.42B, followed by Coal ($6.05B) and Plastics/rubber ($5.79B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound West Virginia products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for West Virginia.
$65.6B
2020 Value in West Virginia
$114B
Projected 2050 Value in West Virginia
74.3% growth

In 2020, total outbound West Virginia trade was $65.6B. This is expected to increase 74.3% to $114B by 2050.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound West Virginia trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from West Virginia to other states, or from other states to West Virginia.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $9.85B
  2. $5.83B
  3. $3.98B

In 2020, the top outbound West Virginia domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $9.85B, followed by Pennsylvania with $5.83B and Virginia and $3.98B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that West Virginia shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in West Virginia went to Donald J. Trump with 68.6% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (29.7%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.34%). The most partisan county was Grant County, WV with 88.4% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

Joe Manchin and Shelley Moore Capito are the senators currently representing the state of West Virginia. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

West Virginia is currently represented by 3 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for West Virginia
68.6% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in West Virginia
  1. 88.4% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 85.6% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 85.3% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2020 presidential election, the most partisan county in West Virginia was Grant County, WV with 88.4% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in West Virginia colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from West Virginia

Joe Manchin
Senator from West Virginia1
Assumed office on November 15, 2010
Elected to the seat to succeed Carte Goodwin, who had been appointed to the seat following the death of Robert Byrd.
Shelley Moore Capito
Senator from West Virginia2
Assumed office on January 3, 2015

Joe Manchin and Shelley Moore Capito are the senators currently representing West Virginia.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in West Virginia over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from West Virginia

West Virginia is currently represented by 3 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for West Virginia have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2020, universities in West Virginia awarded 36,176 degrees. The student population of West Virginia is skewed towards women, with 68,755 male students and 70,807 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in West Virginia are White (26,046 and 74.2%), followed by Black or African American (3,220 and 9.17%), Hispanic or Latino (2,174 and 6.19%), and Unknown (1,695 and 4.83%).

The largest universities in West Virginia by number of degrees awarded are American Public University System (12,273 and 33.9%), West Virginia University (6,577 and 18.2%), and Marshall University (3,062 and 8.46%).

The most popular majors in West Virginia are General Business Administration & Management (3,547 and 9.8%), General Studies (2,663 and 7.36%), and Registered Nursing (1,547 and 4.28%).

The median tuition costs in West Virginia are $28,950 for private four year colleges, and $7,339 and $15,014 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 1,988 degree-majorss awarded
  2. 1,021 degree-majorss awarded
  3. 733 degree-majorss awarded

In 2020, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in West Virginia was General Business Administration & Management with 1,988 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in West Virginia according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 12,273 degrees awarded
  2. 6,577 degrees awarded
  3. 3,062 degrees awarded
$7,339
Median In-State Public
$28,950
Median Private

In 2020, the West Virginia institution with the largest number of graduating students was American Public University System with 12,273 degrees awarded.

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Student Sex for Common Institutions

17,518
Degrees Awarded to Men
18,658
Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2020, 17,518 men were awarded degrees from institutions in West Virginia, which is 0.939 times less than the 18,658 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the sex disparity between the top 5 institutions in West Virginia by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity
  1. White
    26,046 degrees awarded
  2. Black or African American
    3,220 degrees awarded
  3. Hispanic or Latino
    2,174 degrees awarded

In 2020 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions in West Virginia was White students. These 26,046 degrees mean that there were 8.09 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 3,220 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in West Virginia was $123,200 in 2020, which is 0.536 times smaller than the national average of $229,800. Between 2019 and 2020 the median property value increased from $119,600 to $123,200, a 3.01% increase. The homeownership rate in West Virginia is 73.7%, which is higher than the national average of 64.4%. People in West Virginia have an average commute time of 26.1 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in West Virginia is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$123,200
2020 Median
± $1,225
$119,600
2019 Median
± $969

In 2020, the median property value in West Virginia grew to to $123,200 from the previous year's value of $119,600.

The following charts display, first, the property values in West Virginia compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In West Virginia the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$48,037
Median Household Income
± $616
734k
Number of Households
± 6,682

In 2020, the median household income of the 734k households in West Virginia grew to $48,037 from the previous year's value of $46,711.

The following chart displays the households in West Virginia distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800
Average Range

This chart shows the households in West Virginia distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In West Virginia the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

73.7%
2020 Homeownership
73.2%
2019 Homeownership

In 2020, 73.7% of the housing units in West Virginia were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 73.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 64.4%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in West Virginia compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

26.1 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in West Virginia have a shorter commute time (26.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.9 minutes). Additionally, 3.62% of the workforce in West Virginia have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in West Virginia compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2020
  1. Drove Alone (82%)
  2. Carpooled (8.64%)
  3. Worked At Home (4.57%)

In 2020, 82% of workers in West Virginia drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (8.64%) and those who worked at home (4.57%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in West Virginia distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in West Virginia have 2 cars, followed by false.

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Health

93.8% of the population of West Virginia has health coverage, with 42.7% on employee plans, 22.4% on Medicaid, 15.6% on Medicare, 11% on non-group plans, and 2.13% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in West Virginia was $9,462 in 2014. This is a 5.5% increase from the previous year ($8,969).

Primary care physicians in West Virginia see 1278 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.699% decrease from the previous year (1287 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1760 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 726 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Mingo County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (22.1%). Additionally, McDowell County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (44.9%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,278 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in West Virginia

Primary care physicians in West Virginia see an average of 1,278 patients per year. This represents a 0.699% decrease from the previous year (1,287 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in West Virginia in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for West Virginia.
$9,462
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in West Virginia
$3,917
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$6,557
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$10,268
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in West Virginia (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.5%, from $8,969 to $9,462.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

6.18%
Uninsured
42.7%
Employer Coverage
22.4%
Medicaid
15.6%
Medicare
11%
Non-Group
2.13%
Military or VA

Between 2019 and 2020, the percent of uninsured citizens in West Virginia grew by 2.28% from 6.04% to 6.18%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in West Virginia changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 22.1% prevalence
  2. 20.9% prevalence
  3. 20.9% prevalence

Mingo County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in West Virginia, at 22.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in West Virginia by county over multiple years.

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