Ohio

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Population

11.7M

0.381% growth

Median Age

39.3


Median Household Income

$54,021

3.22% growth

Poverty Rate

14.9%


Number of Employees

5.36M

0.648% growth

Median Property Value

$144,200

2.93% growth

About

In 2017, Ohio had a population of 11.7M people with a median age of 39.3 and a median household income of $54,021. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Ohio grew from 11.6M to 11.7M, a 0.381% increase and its median household income grew from $52,334 to $54,021, a 3.22% increase.

The population of Ohio is 78.9% White Alone, 12.2% Black or African American Alone, and 3.75% Hispanic or Latino. 6.95% of the people in Ohio speak a non-English language, and 97.8% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Ohio are Ohio State University-Main Campus (15,203 degrees awarded in 2016), University of Cincinnati-Main Campus (10,382 degrees), and Ohio University-Main Campus (9,278 degrees).

The median property value in Ohio is $144,200, and the homeownership rate is 65.8%. Most people in Ohio commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Ohio is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Ohio employs 5.36M people. The largest industries in Ohio are Restaurants & Food Services (364,555 people), Hospitals (342,791 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (296,089 people), and the highest paying industries are Agricultural chemical manufacturing ($122,460), Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($106,608), and Electric & gas, and other combinations ($105,365).

Median household income in Ohio is $54,021. Males in Ohio have an average income that is 1.33 times higher than the average income of females, which is $46,904. The income inequality in Ohio (measured using the Gini index) is 0.457, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$54,021

2017 value

± $411

3.22%

1 Year Growth

± 0.896%

Households in Ohio have a median annual income of $54,021, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $52,334 in 2016, which represents a 3.22% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Ohio compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$62,297

Average Male Salary

± $959

$46,904

Average Female Salary

± $740

In 2017, full-time male employees in Ohio made 1.33 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Ohio by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $73,640 ± $48,775

  2. Asian

    $63,304 ± $4,969

  3. American Indian

    $53,849 ± $24,595

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Ohio workers was Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander. These workers were paid 1.16 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Ohio by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.457

2017 Wage GINI

0.462

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Ohio was 0.457 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.19% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Ohio was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Ohio in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Ohio across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Ohio was Delaware County, OH with a value of $106,933, followed by Warren County, OH and Geauga County, OH, with respective values of $84,130 and $82,741.

The following map shows all of the counties in Ohio colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

14.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Ohio (1.68M out of 11.3M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    1,099,404 ± 7,382

  2. Black

    437,788 ± 4,697

  3. Hispanic

    105,142 ± 2,252

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Ohio is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

5.36M

2017 Value

0.648%

1 Year growth

± 0.648%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Ohio grew at a rate of 0.648%, from 5.33M employees to 5.36M employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Ohio, are Registered nurses (147,360 people), Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (136,852 people), and Miscellaneous managers (133,707 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Ohio.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Ohio, by number of employees, are Registered nurses (147,360 people), Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (136,852 people), and Miscellaneous managers (133,707 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Ohio has an unusually high number of residents working as Rolling machine setters, operators, & tenders, metal & plastic (4.29 times higher than expected), Metal furnace operators, tenders, pourers, & casters (4.2 times), and Occupational therapy assistants & aides (3.71 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Ohio, by average salary, are Physicians & surgeons ($207,918), Economists ($181,927), and Nurse anesthetists ($177,291).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

5.36M

2017 Value

0.648%

1 Year growth

± 0.648%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Ohio grew at a rate of 0.648%, from 5.33M employees to 5.36M employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Ohio, are Restaurants & Food Services (364,555 people), Hospitals (342,791 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (296,089 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Ohio, though some of these residents may live in Ohio and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Ohio, by number of employees, are Restaurants & Food Services (364,555 people), Hospitals (342,791 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (296,089 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Ohio has an unusually high number of Household appliance manufacturing (4.64 times higher than expected), Rubber products, except tires, manufacturing (4.08 times), and Metal forgings & stampings (3.68 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Ohio, by average salary, are Agricultural chemical manufacturing ($122,460), Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($106,608), and Electric & gas, and other combinations ($105,365).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Ohio to other states, or from other states to Ohio.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $65.2B

  2. $64.2B

  3. $45.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Ohio product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $65.2B, followed by Motorized vehicles with $64.2B and Machinery and $45.1B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Ohio products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

$614B

2015 Value

$952B

Projected 2045 Value

55% growth

In 2015, total outbound Ohio trade was $614B. This is expected to increase 55% to $952B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Ohio trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Ohio to other states, or from other states to Ohio.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $44.3B

  2. $34.5B

  3. $31.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Ohio domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Michigan with $44.3B, followed by Indiana with $34.5B and Pennsylvania and $31.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Ohio shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

94% of the population of Ohio has health coverage, with 50.9% on employee plans, 18.2% on Medicaid, 13% on Medicare, 10.6% on non-group plans, and 1.35% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the state of Ohio was $8,712 in 2014. This is a 5.14% increase from the previous year ($8,286).

Primary care physicians in Ohio see 1307 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.538% increase from the previous year (1300 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1656 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 561 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Scioto County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16.8%). Additionally, Hocking County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (40.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,307 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Ohio see an average of 1,307 patients per year. This represents a 0.538% increase from the previous year (1,300 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Ohio in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

$8,712

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,371

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,007

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,038

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Ohio (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.14%, from $8,286 to $8,712.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

5.97%

Uninsured

50.9%

Employer Coverage

18.2%

Medicaid

13%

Medicare

10.6%

Non-Group

1.35%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Ohio grew by 6.15% from 5.63% to 5.97%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Ohio changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16.8% prevalence

  2. 15.9% prevalence

  3. 15.3% prevalence

Scioto County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Ohio, at 16.8%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Ohio by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Ohio is home to a population of 11.7M people, from which 97.8% are citizens. As of 2017, 4.31% of Ohio residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Ohio is composed of 9.2M White Alone residents (78.9%), 1.42M Black or African American Alone residents (12.2%), 437k Hispanic or Latino residents (3.75%), 297k Two or More Races residents (2.55%), 256k Asian Alone residents (2.2%), 21.4k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.183%), 17.9k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.153%), and 3.42k Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0294%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Ohio are Spanish or Spanish Creole (246,313 speakers), Other West Germanic Languages (57,528 speakers), and Chinese (49,564 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

39

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.2

41

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.7

In 2017, the median age of all people in Ohio was 39.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 39, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 41. But people in Ohio are getting staying the same age. In 2016, the average age of all Ohio residents was 39.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

4.31%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

4.17%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 4.31% of Ohio residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Ohio was 4.17%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Ohio compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    63,926 ± 6,190 people

  2. Mexico

    49,870 ± 5,471 people

  3. China

    31,441 ± 4,347 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Ohio was India, the natal country of 63,926 Ohio residents, followed by Mexico with 49,870 and China with 31,441.

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Citizenship

97.8%

2017 Citizenship

97.9%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97.8% of Ohio residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Ohio was 97.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Ohio compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    9.2M ± 3.07k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    1.42M ± 10.1k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    437k ± 12.8k

In 2017, there were 6.48 times more White Alone residents (9.2M people) in Ohio than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.42M Black or African American Alone and 437k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Ohio as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    246,313 speakers (2.25%)

  2. Other West Germanic Languages

    57,528 speakers (0.527%)

  3. Chinese

    49,564 speakers (0.454%)

6.95% of Ohio citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Ohio was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 2.25% of the overall population of Ohio are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.527% speak Other West Germanic Languages and 0.454% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    252,704 ± 6,252

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    108,191 ± 5,528

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    93,377 ± 4,350

Ohio has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.34 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Ohio awarded 169,992 degrees. The student population of Ohio is skewed towards women, with 297,316 male students and 378,313 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Ohio are White (123,410 and 76.9%), followed by Black or African American (17,037 and 10.6%), Unknown (6,982 and 4.35%), and Hispanic or Latino (5,172 and 3.22%).

The largest universities in Ohio by number of degrees awarded are Ohio State University-Main Campus (15,203 and 8.94%), University of Cincinnati-Main Campus (10,382 and 6.11%), and Ohio University-Main Campus (9,278 and 5.46%).

The most popular majors in Ohio are Registered Nursing (11,909 and 7.01%), General Business Administration & Management (8,755 and 5.15%), and Liberal Arts & Sciences (5,685 and 3.34%).

The median tuition costs in Ohio are $27,600 for private four year colleges, and $5,753 and $14,050 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 6,710 degrees awarded

  2. 3,617 degrees awarded

  3. 3,091 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Ohio was Registered Nursing with 6,710 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Ohio according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 15,203 degrees awarded

  2. 10,382 degrees awarded

  3. 9,278 degrees awarded

$5,753

Median In-State Public

$27,600

Median Private

In 2016, the Ohio institution with the largest number of graduating students was Ohio State University-Main Campus with 15,203 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

71,294

Degrees Awarded to Men

98,698

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 71,294 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Ohio, which is 0.722 times less than the 98,698 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Ohio by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    123,410 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    17,037 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    6,982 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Ohio were to White students. These 123,410 degrees mean that there were 7.24 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 17,037 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Ohio was $144,200 in 2017, which is 0.663 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $140,100 to $144,200, a 2.93% increase. The homeownership rate in Ohio is 65.8%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Ohio have an average commute time of 22.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Ohio is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$54,021

Median Household Income

± $411

4.67M

Number of Households

± 31,255

In 2017, the median household income of the 4.67M households in Ohio grew to $54,021 from the previous year's value of $52,334.

The following chart displays the households in Ohio distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$144,200

2017 Median

± $1,015

$140,100

2016 Median

± $755

In 2017, the median property value in Ohio grew to to $144,200 from the previous year's value of $140,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Ohio compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Ohio the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Ohio distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Ohio the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

65.8%

2017 Homeownership

65.4%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 65.8% of the housing units in Ohio were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 65.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Ohio compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Ohio distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Ohio have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

22.6 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Ohio have a shorter commute time (22.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.61% of the workforce in Ohio have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Ohio compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    83.3%

  2. Carpooled

    7.66%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.25%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Ohio was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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