Kentucky

State

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Population
4.47M
0.319% 1-year growth
US Senator
Mitch McConnell
Republican Party
US Senator
Rand Paul
Republican Party
Median Age
39.1

Poverty Rate
17.9%

Median Household Income
$50,247
3.87% 1-year growth
Median Property Value
$148,100
5.04% 1-year growth
Number of Employees
N/A

About

In 2018, Kentucky had a population of 4.47M people with a median age of 39.1 and a median household income of $50,247. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Kentucky grew from 4.45M to 4.47M, a 0.319% increase and its median household income grew from $48,375 to $50,247, a 3.87% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Kentucky are White (Non-Hispanic) (84.5%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (7.82%), White (Hispanic) (2.21%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (2.17%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (1.45%). 5.64% of the people in Kentucky speak a non-English language, and 97.8% are U.S. citizens.

In 2018, the median property value in Kentucky was $148,100, and the homeownership rate was 67.4%. Most people in Kentucky drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 22.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Kentucky was 2 cars per household.

COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Kentucky, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Kentucky (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.
Start Year
Y-Axis
-5.78%
Year-over-year decline
Employment change between November 2019 and November 2020

As of November 2020, there are 145M people employed in Kentucky. This represents a -5.78% decrease in employment when compared to November 2019.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Kentucky.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Kentucky across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Civics

Mitch McConnell and Rand Paul are the senators currently representing the state of Kentucky. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Kentucky is currently represented by 6 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Kentucky

Mitch McConnell
Senator from Kentucky2
Assumed office on January 3, 1985
Rand Paul
Senator from Kentucky3
Assumed office on January 3, 2011

Mitch McConnell and Rand Paul are the senators currently representing Kentucky.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Kentucky over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Kentucky

Kentucky is currently represented by 6 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Kentucky have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Diversity

Kentucky is home to a population of 4.47M people, from which 97.8% are citizens. As of 2018, 3.74% of Kentucky residents were born outside of the country (167k people).

In 2018, there were 10.8 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (3.78M people) in Kentucky than any other race or ethnicity. There were 350k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 99k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common foreign languages spoken in Kentucky are Spanish (116,714 speakers), German (12,723 speakers), and Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (8,830 speakers).

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Kentucky
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    3.78M ± 2.08k
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    350k ± 6.48k
  3. White (Hispanic)
    99k ± 6.21k
3.61%
Hispanic Population
162k people

In 2018, there were 10.8 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (3.78M people) in Kentucky than any other race or ethnicity. There were 350k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 99k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

3.61% of the people in Kentucky are hispanic (162k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Kentucky as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages
  1. Spanish
    116,714 speakers (2.78%)
  2. German
    12,723 speakers (0.303%)
  3. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)
    8,830 speakers (0.21%)

5.64% of Kentucky citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.9%. In 2018, the most common non-English language spoken in Kentucky was Spanish. 2.78% of the overall population of Kentucky are native Spanish speakers. 0.303% speak German and 0.21% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

3.74%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
167k people
3.61%
2017 Foreign-Born Population
161k people

As of 2018, 3.74% of Kentucky residents (167k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2017, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Kentucky was 3.61%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Kentucky compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

39
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.2
39
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 1.2

In 2018, the median age of all people in Kentucky was 39.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 39, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 39. But people in Kentucky are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Kentucky residents was 39.

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Global Diversity

In N/A, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Kentucky was N/A, the natal country of N/A Kentucky residents, followed by N/A with N/A and N/A with N/A.

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Citizenship

97.8%
2018 Citizenship
97.8%
2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 97.8% of Kentucky residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Kentucky was 97.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Kentucky compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    88,002 ± 3,279
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    52,350 ± 4,293
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    40,815 ± 3,609

Kentucky has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.68 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

Median household income in Kentucky is $50,247. In 2018, the county with the highest Median Household Income in Kentucky was Oldham County, KY with a value of $102,033, followed by Boone County, KY and Kenton County, KY, with respective values of $77,429 and $64,441.

Males in N/A have an average income that is N/A times higher than the average income of females, which is N/A. The income inequality in N/A (measured using the Gini index) is N/A, which is N/A than the national average.

The economy of Kentucky employs N/A people. The largest industries in Kentucky are , and the highest paying industries are N/A.

Wages

Median Household Income

$50,247
2018 value
± $567
3.87%
1 Year Growth
± 1.66%

Households in Kentucky have a median annual income of $50,247, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $48,375 in 2017, which represents a 3.87% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Kentucky compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

N/A
Average Male Salary in N/A
± N/A
N/A
Average Female Salary in N/A
± N/A

In N/A, full-time male employees in N/A made N/A times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the N/A occupations in Kentucky by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

In N/A the highest paid race/ethnicity of N/A workers was N/A. These workers were paid N/A times more than N/A workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in N/A.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the N/A occupations in Kentucky by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

N/A Wage GINI in N/A
  1. N/A
  2. N/A

In N/A, the income inequality in N/A was N/A according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a N/A N/A from N/A to N/A, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat N/A even. The GINI for N/A was N/A than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed N/A evenly in N/A in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Kentucky across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2018, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Kentucky was Oldham County, KY with a value of $102,033, followed by Boone County, KY and Kenton County, KY, with respective values of $77,429 and $64,441.

The following map shows all of the counties in Kentucky colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

17.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Kentucky (772k out of 4.3M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    623,130 ± 5,611
  2. Black
    97,178 ± 2,338
  3. Hispanic
    44,053 ± 1,524

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Kentucky is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

N/A
N/A Value

From N/A to N/A, employment in Kentucky stayed at a rate of NaNM%, from N/A employees to N/A employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Kentucky, are N/A. This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Kentucky.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Kentucky, by number of employees, are N/A.

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Kentucky has an unusually high number of residents working as N/A.

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Kentucky, by average salary, are N/A.

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Industries

Employment by Industries

N/A
N/A Value

From N/A to N/A, employment in Kentucky stayed at a rate of NaNM%, from N/A employees to N/A employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Kentucky, are . This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Kentucky, though some of these residents may live in Kentucky and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Kentucky, by number of employees, are .

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Kentucky has an unusually high number of N/A industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Kentucky, by average salary, are N/A.

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Kentucky to other states, or from other states to Kentucky.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $71.4B
  2. $17.1B
  3. $17.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Kentucky product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $71.4B, followed by Base metals ($17.1B) and Gasoline ($17.1B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Kentucky products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Kentucky.
$282B
2015 Value in Kentucky
$398B
Projected 2045 Value in Kentucky
41.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Kentucky trade was $282B. This is expected to increase 41.4% to $398B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Kentucky trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Kentucky to other states, or from other states to Kentucky.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $22.9B
  2. $19.1B
  3. $16.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Kentucky domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $22.9B, followed by Indiana with $19.1B and Tennessee and $16.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Kentucky shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Kentucky was $148,100 in 2018, which is 0.645 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $141,000 to $148,100, a 5.04% increase. The homeownership rate in Kentucky is 67.4%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Kentucky have an average commute time of 22.5 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Kentucky is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$148,100
2018 Median
± $1,710
$141,000
2017 Median
± $1,619

In 2018, the median property value in Kentucky grew to to $148,100 from the previous year's value of $141,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Kentucky compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Kentucky the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$50,247
Median Household Income
± $567
1.73M
Number of Households
± 19,840

In 2018, the median household income of the 1.73M households in Kentucky grew to $50,247 from the previous year's value of $48,375.

The following chart displays the households in Kentucky distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Kentucky distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Kentucky the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

67.4%
2018 Homeownership
66.5%
2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 67.4% of the housing units in Kentucky were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 66.5%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Kentucky compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

22.5 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Kentucky have a shorter commute time (22.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.05% of the workforce in Kentucky have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Kentucky compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2018
  1. Drove Alone (82.4%)
  2. Carpooled (9.36%)
  3. Worked At Home (4.06%)

In 2018, 82.4% of workers in Kentucky drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (9.36%) and those who worked at home (4.06%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Kentucky distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Kentucky have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Health

94.6% of the population of Kentucky has health coverage, with 45.3% on employee plans, 23.5% on Medicaid, 12.3% on Medicare, 11.4% on non-group plans, and 2.08% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Kentucky was $8,004 in 2014. This is a 6.11% increase from the previous year ($7,543).

Primary care physicians in Kentucky see 1507 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.803% increase from the previous year (1495 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1561 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 525 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Harlan County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (18%). Additionally, Leslie County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (43.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,507 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Kentucky

Primary care physicians in Kentucky see an average of 1,507 patients per year. This represents a 0.803% increase from the previous year (1,495 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Kentucky in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.
$8,004
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Kentucky
$4,551
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$7,016
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$10,368
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Kentucky (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 6.11%, from $7,543 to $8,004.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

5.38%
Uninsured
45.3%
Employer Coverage
23.5%
Medicaid
12.3%
Medicare
11.4%
Non-Group
2.08%
Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Kentucky grew by 4.92% from 5.13% to 5.38%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Kentucky changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 18% prevalence
  2. 17.9% prevalence
  3. 17.8% prevalence

Harlan County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Kentucky, at 18%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Kentucky by county over multiple years.

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