Kentucky

State

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2019 Population
4.47M
0.0163% 1-year decline
US Senator
Mitch McConnell
Republican Party
US Senator
Rand Paul
Republican Party
2019 Median Age
39.2
0.256% 1-year increase
2019 Poverty Rate
17.3%
3.41% 1-year decrease
2019 Median Household Income
$52,295
4.08% 1-year growth
2019 Median Property Value
$151,700
2.43% 1-year growth
2019 Employed Population
1.93M
0.453% 1-year growth

About

In 2019, Kentucky had a population of 4.47M people with a median age of 39.2 and a median household income of $52,295. Between 2018 and 2019 the population of Kentucky declined from 4.47M to 4.47M, a −0.0163% decrease and its median household income grew from $50,247 to $52,295, a 4.08% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Kentucky are White (Non-Hispanic) (84.2%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (8.01%), White (Hispanic) (2.48%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (2.01%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (1.62%). 6.04% of the households in Kentucky speak a non-English language at home as their primary language.

97.5% of the residents in Kentucky are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Kentucky are University of Kentucky (8,125 degrees awarded in 2019), University of Louisville (5,300 degrees), and Western Kentucky University (4,682 degrees).

In 2019, the median property value in Kentucky was $151,700, and the homeownership rate was 67%. Most people in Kentucky drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 23.2 minutes. The average car ownership in Kentucky was 2 cars per household.

Diversity

Kentucky is home to a population of 4.47M people, from which 97.5% are citizens. As of 2019, 8.29% of Kentucky residents were born outside of the country (371k people).

In 2019, there were 10.5 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (3.76M people) in Kentucky than any other race or ethnicity. There were 358k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 111k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common foreign languages spoken in Kentucky are Spanish (119,751 speakers), German (13,299 speakers), and Arabic (10,739 speakers).

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Kentucky
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    3.76M ± 1.85k
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    358k ± 7.49k
  3. White (Hispanic)
    111k ± 5.49k
3.76%
Hispanic Population
168k people

In 2019, there were 10.5 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (3.76M people) in Kentucky than any other race or ethnicity. There were 358k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 111k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

3.76% of the people in Kentucky are hispanic (168k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Kentucky as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages
  1. Spanish
    119,751 speakers (2.85%)
  2. German
    13,299 speakers (0.317%)
  3. Arabic
    10,739 speakers (0.256%)

6.04% of Kentucky citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 22%.

In 2019, the most common non-English language spoken in Kentucky was Spanish. 2.85% of the overall population of Kentucky are native Spanish speakers. 0.317% speak German and 0.256% speak Arabic, the next two most common languages.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

8.29%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
371k people
3.74%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
167k people

As of 2019, 8.29% of Kentucky residents (371k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 34%. In 2018, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Kentucky was 3.74%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Kentucky compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

39
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.2
39
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 0.9

In 2019, the median age of all people in Kentucky was 39.2. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 39, were generally older than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 39. But people in Kentucky are getting getting older. In 2018, the average age of all Kentucky residents was 39.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    34,591 ± 4,549 people
  2. India
    18,181 ± 3,304 people
  3. Cuba
    16,465 ± 3,145 people

In 2019, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Kentucky was Mexico, the natal country of 34,591 Kentucky residents, followed by India with 18,181 and Cuba with 16,465.

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Citizenship

97.5%
2019 Citizenship
97.8%
2018 Citizenship

As of 2019, 97.5% of Kentucky residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2018, the percentage of US citizens in Kentucky was 97.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Kentucky compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    89,479 ± 4,018
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    48,758 ± 3,529
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    40,475 ± 3,641

Kentucky has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.84 times greater than any other conflict.

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COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Kentucky, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Kentucky (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Kentucky. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Kentucky.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Kentucky across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

Median household income in Kentucky is $52,295. In 2019, the county with the highest Median Household Income in Kentucky was Oldham County, KY with a value of $97,968, followed by Boone County, KY and Kenton County, KY, with respective values of $76,443 and $68,849.

Males in Kentucky have an average income that is 1.33 times higher than the average income of females, which is $45,298. The income inequality in Kentucky (measured using the Gini index) is 0.45, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Kentucky employs 1.93M people. The largest industries in Kentucky are Elementary & secondary schools (131,168 people), Restaurants & Food Services (122,789 people), and Construction (107,364 people), and the highest paying industries are Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($118,560), Pipeline transportation ($114,732), and Petroleum refining ($111,522).

Wages

Median Household Income

$52,295
2019 value
± $625
4.08%
1 Year Growth
± 1.58%

Households in Kentucky have a median annual income of $52,295, which is less than the median annual income of $65,712 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $50,247 in 2018, which represents a 4.08% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Kentucky compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$60,281
Average Male Salary in Kentucky
± $1,617
$45,298
Average Female Salary in Kentucky
± $1,128

In 2019, full-time male employees in Kentucky made 1.33 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Kentucky by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Kentucky
  1. Asian
    $69,853 ± $11,293
  2. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander
    $51,002 ± $35,476
  3. White
    $46,683 ± $955

In 2019 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Kentucky workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.37 times more than Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Kentucky.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Kentucky by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.45
2019 Wage GINI in Kentucky
0.454
2018 Wage GINI in Kentucky

In 2019, the income inequality in Kentucky was 0.45 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.957% decline from 2018 to 2019, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Kentucky was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Kentucky in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Kentucky across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2019, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Kentucky was Oldham County, KY with a value of $97,968, followed by Boone County, KY and Kenton County, KY, with respective values of $76,443 and $68,849.

The following map shows all of the counties in Kentucky colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

17.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Kentucky (747k out of 4.31M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.3%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    602,522 ± 5,497
  2. Black
    94,283 ± 2,243
  3. Hispanic
    41,964 ± 1,542

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Kentucky is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

1.93M
2019 Value
0.453%
1 Year growth
± 0.453%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Kentucky grew at a rate of 0.453%, from 1.92M employees to 1.93M employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Kentucky, are Registered nurses (52,547 people), Cashiers (47,694 people), and Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (44,933 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Kentucky.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Kentucky, by number of employees, are Registered nurses (52,547 people), Cashiers (47,694 people), and Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (44,933 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Kentucky has an unusually high number of residents working as Radiation therapists (5.44 times higher than expected), Print binding & finishing workers (4.41 times), and School bus monitors (3.86 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Kentucky, by average salary, are Surgeons ($393,182), Physicians ($276,729), and Dentists ($217,617).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

1.93M
2019 Value
0.453%
1 Year growth
± 0.453%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Kentucky grew at a rate of 0.453%, from 1.92M employees to 1.93M employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Kentucky, are Elementary & secondary schools (131,168 people), Restaurants & Food Services (122,789 people), and Construction (107,364 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Kentucky, though some of these residents may live in Kentucky and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Kentucky, by number of employees, are Elementary & secondary schools (131,168 people), Restaurants & Food Services (122,789 people), and Construction (107,364 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Kentucky has an unusually high number of Coal mining (9.34 times higher than expected), Aluminum production & processing (7.97 times), and Household appliance manufacturing (6.87 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Kentucky, by average salary, are Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($118,560), Pipeline transportation ($114,732), and Petroleum refining ($111,522).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Kentucky to other states, or from other states to Kentucky.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $85.2B
  2. $36.6B
  3. $29.3B

In 2018, the top outbound Kentucky product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $85.2B, followed by Electronics ($36.6B) and Machinery ($29.3B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Kentucky products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Kentucky.
$373B
2018 Value in Kentucky
$703B
Projected 2045 Value in Kentucky
88.6% growth

In 2018, total outbound Kentucky trade was $373B. This is expected to increase 88.6% to $703B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Kentucky trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Kentucky to other states, or from other states to Kentucky.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $27.8B
  2. $22.6B
  3. $21.2B

In 2018, the top outbound Kentucky domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $27.8B, followed by Indiana with $22.6B and California and $21.2B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Kentucky shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in Kentucky went to Donald J. Trump with 62.5% of the vote. The runner-up was Hillary Rodham Clinton (32.7%), followed by Gary Johnson (2.79%). The most partisan county was Leslie County, KY with 89.4% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

Mitch McConnell and Rand Paul are the senators currently representing the state of Kentucky. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Kentucky is currently represented by 6 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Showing data up to the 2016 election. Updated election results are currently being processed, and will be released in the coming months.
Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for Kentucky
62.5% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in Kentucky
  1. 89.4% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 88.9% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 88.6% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in Kentucky was Leslie County, KY with 89.4% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in Kentucky colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Kentucky

Mitch McConnell
Senator from Kentucky2
Assumed office on January 3, 1985
Rand Paul
Senator from Kentucky3
Assumed office on January 3, 2011

Mitch McConnell and Rand Paul are the senators currently representing Kentucky.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Kentucky over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Kentucky

Kentucky is currently represented by 6 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Kentucky have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2019, universities in Kentucky awarded 84,269 degrees. The student population of Kentucky is skewed towards women, with 117,372 male students and 155,436 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Kentucky are White (65,982 and 81.9%), followed by Black or African American (5,619 and 6.98%), Hispanic or Latino (2,691 and 3.34%), and Unknown (2,623 and 3.26%).

The largest universities in Kentucky by number of degrees awarded are University of Kentucky (8,125 and 9.64%), University of Louisville (5,300 and 6.29%), and Western Kentucky University (4,682 and 5.56%).

The most popular majors in Kentucky are Liberal Arts & Sciences (5,525 and 6.56%), General Business Administration & Management (4,372 and 5.19%), and Registered Nursing (4,131 and 4.9%).

The median tuition costs in Kentucky are $24,990 for private four year colleges, and $9,589 and $21,732 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 2,044 degree-majorss awarded
  2. 1,327 degree-majorss awarded
  3. 963 degree-majorss awarded

In 2019, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Kentucky was Registered Nursing with 2,044 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Kentucky according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 8,125 degrees awarded
  2. 5,300 degrees awarded
  3. 4,682 degrees awarded
$9,589
Median In-State Public
$24,990
Median Private

In 2019, the Kentucky institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Kentucky with 8,125 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

39,212
Degrees Awarded to Men
45,057
Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2019, 39,212 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Kentucky, which is 0.87 times less than the 45,057 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Kentucky by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity
  1. White
    65,982 degrees awarded
  2. Black or African American
    5,619 degrees awarded
  3. Hispanic or Latino
    2,691 degrees awarded

In 2019 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions in Kentucky was White students. These 65,982 degrees mean that there were 11.7 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 5,619 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Kentucky was $151,700 in 2019, which is 0.631 times smaller than the national average of $240,500. Between 2018 and 2019 the median property value increased from $148,100 to $151,700, a 2.43% increase. The homeownership rate in Kentucky is 67%, which is higher than the national average of 64.1%. People in Kentucky have an average commute time of 23.2 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Kentucky is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$151,700
2019 Median
± $1,390
$148,100
2018 Median
± $1,710

In 2019, the median property value in Kentucky grew to to $151,700 from the previous year's value of $148,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Kentucky compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Kentucky the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$52,295
Median Household Income
± $625
1.75M
Number of Households
± 21,403

In 2019, the median household income of the 1.75M households in Kentucky grew to $52,295 from the previous year's value of $50,247.

The following chart displays the households in Kentucky distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Kentucky distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Kentucky the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

67%
2019 Homeownership
67.4%
2018 Homeownership

In 2019, 67% of the housing units in Kentucky were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 67.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 64.1%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Kentucky compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

23.2 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Kentucky have a shorter commute time (23.2 minutes) than the normal US worker (26 minutes). Additionally, 2.53% of the workforce in Kentucky have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Kentucky compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2019
  1. Drove Alone (82%)
  2. Carpooled (9.04%)
  3. Worked At Home (4.3%)

In 2019, 82% of workers in Kentucky drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (9.04%) and those who worked at home (4.3%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Kentucky distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Kentucky have 2 cars, followed by false.

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Health

93.6% of the population of Kentucky has health coverage, with 45% on employee plans, 22.5% on Medicaid, 13.4% on Medicare, 10.7% on non-group plans, and 1.95% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Kentucky was $8,004 in 2014. This is a 6.11% increase from the previous year ($7,543).

Primary care physicians in Kentucky see 1543 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.31% increase from the previous year (1523 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1491 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 416 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Knott County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (21%). Additionally, Owsley County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (46.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,543 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Kentucky

Primary care physicians in Kentucky see an average of 1,543 patients per year. This represents a 1.31% increase from the previous year (1,523 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Kentucky in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.
$8,004
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Kentucky
$4,551
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$7,016
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$10,368
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Kentucky (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 6.11%, from $7,543 to $8,004.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

6.44%
Uninsured
45%
Employer Coverage
22.5%
Medicaid
13.4%
Medicare
10.7%
Non-Group
1.95%
Military or VA

Between 2018 and 2019, the percent of uninsured citizens in Kentucky grew by 14.2% from 5.64% to 6.44%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Kentucky changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 21% prevalence
  2. 20.3% prevalence
  3. 20.2% prevalence

Knott County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Kentucky, at 21%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Kentucky by county over multiple years.

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