Virginia

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Population

8.47M

0.692% growth

Median Age

38.2


Median Household Income

$71,535

5.02% growth

Poverty Rate

11.2%


Number of Employees

4.11M

1.14% growth

Median Property Value

$273,400

3.56% growth

About

In 2017, Virginia had a population of 8.47M people with a median age of 38.2 and a median household income of $71,535. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Virginia grew from 8.41M to 8.47M, a 0.692% increase and its median household income grew from $68,114 to $71,535, a 5.02% increase.

The population of Virginia is 61.7% White Alone, 18.8% Black or African American Alone, and 9.33% Hispanic or Latino. 15.9% of the people in Virginia speak a non-English language, and 94% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Virginia are Liberty University (19,423 degrees awarded in 2016), George Mason University (9,044 degrees), and Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (8,438 degrees).

The median property value in Virginia is $273,400, and the homeownership rate is 66.6%. Most people in Virginia commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 27 minutes. The average car ownership in Virginia is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Aerial of Richmond - Facing West

Economy

The economy of Virginia employs 4.11M people. The largest industries in Virginia are Elementary & secondary schools (253,104 people), Construction (246,099 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (239,863 people), and the highest paying industries are Software publishing ($153,820), Internet publishing, broadcasting & web search portals ($149,875), and Aircraft & parts manufacturing ($147,606).

Median household income in Virginia is $71,535. Males in Virginia have an average income that is 1.33 times higher than the average income of females, which is $56,347. The income inequality in Virginia (measured using the Gini index) is 0.477, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$71,535

2017 value

± $544

5.02%

1 Year Growth

± 1.27%

Households in Virginia have a median annual income of $71,535, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $68,114 in 2016, which represents a 5.02% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Virginia compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$74,867

Average Male Salary

± $1,332

$56,347

Average Female Salary

± $1,064

In 2017, full-time male employees in Virginia made 1.33 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Virginia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $71,860 ± $3,385

  2. White

    $61,741 ± $1,001

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $59,500 ± $21,033

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Virginia workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.16 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Virginia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.477

2017 Wage GINI

0.484

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Virginia was 0.477 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.42% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Virginia was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Virginia in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Virginia across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.

Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Virginia was Loudoun County, VA with a value of $135,842, followed by Fairfax County, VA and Arlington County, VA, with respective values of $118,279 and $117,237.

The following map shows all of the counties in Virginia colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

11.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Virginia (907k out of 8.12M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    495,874 ± 5,149

  2. Black

    297,513 ± 4,103

  3. Hispanic

    109,092 ± 2,779

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Virginia is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

4.11M

2017 Value

1.14%

1 Year growth

± 1.14%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Virginia grew at a rate of 1.14%, from 4.06M employees to 4.11M employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Virginia, are Miscellaneous managers (160,248 people), Elementary & middle school teachers (110,861 people), and Cashiers (94,452 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Virginia.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Virginia, by number of employees, are Miscellaneous managers (160,248 people), Elementary & middle school teachers (110,861 people), and Cashiers (94,452 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Virginia has an unusually high number of residents working as Marine engineers & naval architects (7.23 times higher than expected), Economists (5.21 times), and Firstline enlisted military supervisors (5 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Virginia, by average salary, are Physicians & surgeons ($252,283), Chief executives & legislators ($173,046), and Sales engineers ($172,659).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

4.11M

2017 Value

1.14%

1 Year growth

± 1.14%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Virginia grew at a rate of 1.14%, from 4.06M employees to 4.11M employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Virginia, are Elementary & secondary schools (253,104 people), Construction (246,099 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (239,863 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Virginia, though some of these residents may live in Virginia and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Virginia, by number of employees, are Elementary & secondary schools (253,104 people), Construction (246,099 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (239,863 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Virginia has an unusually high number of U. S. Navy (9.79 times higher than expected), Tobacco manufacturing (7.96 times), and Ship & boat building (6.69 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Virginia, by average salary, are Software publishing ($153,820), Internet publishing, broadcasting & web search portals ($149,875), and Aircraft & parts manufacturing ($147,606).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $27.5B

  2. $26B

  3. $22.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Virginia product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $27.5B, followed by Motorized vehicles with $26B and Electronics and $22.4B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Virginia products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

$254B

2015 Value

$373B

Projected 2045 Value

46.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Virginia trade was $254B. This is expected to increase 46.7% to $373B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Virginia trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $23.4B

  2. $12.9B

  3. $11.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Virginia domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Maryland with $23.4B, followed by North Carolina with $12.9B and Pennsylvania and $11.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Virginia shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

91.2% of the population of Virginia has health coverage, with 51.1% on employee plans, 9.69% on Medicaid, 11% on Medicare, 14.8% on non-group plans, and 4.61% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the state of Virginia was $7,556 in 2014. This is a 3.42% increase from the previous year ($7,306).

Primary care physicians in Virginia see 1316 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.0759% decrease from the previous year (1317 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1494 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 684 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Mecklenburg County and Halifax County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (15.6%). Additionally, Petersburg city has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (45.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,316 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Virginia see an average of 1,316 patients per year. This represents a 0.0759% decrease from the previous year (1,317 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Virginia in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

$7,556

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,218

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,361

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,677

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Virginia (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.42%, from $7,306 to $7,556.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

8.83%

Uninsured

51.1%

Employer Coverage

9.69%

Medicaid

11%

Medicare

14.8%

Non-Group

4.61%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Virginia grew by 1.29% from 8.72% to 8.83%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Virginia changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 15.6% prevalence

  2. 15.6% prevalence

  3. 15.4% prevalence

Mecklenburg County and Halifax County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Virginia, at 15.6%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Virginia by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Virginia is home to a population of 8.47M people, from which 94% are citizens. As of 2017, 12% of Virginia residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Virginia is composed of 5.23M White Alone residents (61.7%), 1.6M Black or African American Alone residents (18.8%), 791k Hispanic or Latino residents (9.33%), 539k Asian Alone residents (6.37%), 275k Two or More Races residents (3.25%), 20.6k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.243%), 19.8k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.234%), and 2.99k Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0353%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Virginia are Spanish or Spanish Creole (553,342 speakers), African Languages (65,157 speakers), and Chinese (61,774 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

37

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.2

42

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.4

In 2017, the median age of all people in Virginia was 38.2. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 37, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 42. But people in Virginia are getting staying the same age. In 2016, the average age of all Virginia residents was 38.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

12%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

11.7%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 12% of Virginia residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Virginia was 11.7%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Virginia compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. El Salvador

    112,238 ± 8,170 people

  2. India

    92,231 ± 7,415 people

  3. Korea

    58,294 ± 5,907 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Virginia was El Salvador, the natal country of 112,238 Virginia residents, followed by India with 92,231 and Korea with 58,294.

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Citizenship

94%

2017 Citizenship

94%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 94% of Virginia residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Virginia was 94%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Virginia compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    5.23M ± 2.73k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    1.6M ± 10k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    791k ± 22k

In 2017, there were 3.28 times more White Alone residents (5.23M people) in Virginia than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.6M Black or African American Alone and 791k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Virginia as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    553,342 speakers (7.03%)

  2. African Languages

    65,157 speakers (0.828%)

  3. Chinese

    61,774 speakers (0.785%)

15.9% of Virginia citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Virginia was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 7.03% of the overall population of Virginia are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.828% speak African Languages and 0.785% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Gulf War (2001-)

    215,868 ± 8,162

  2. Vietnam

    176,558 ± 5,545

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    127,792 ± 5,519

Virginia has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.22 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Virginia awarded 140,788 degrees. The student population of Virginia is skewed towards women, with 242,351 male students and 318,570 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Virginia are White (80,125 and 59.1%), followed by Black or African American (24,580 and 18.1%), Hispanic or Latino (8,998 and 6.63%), and Asian (8,659 and 6.38%).

The largest universities in Virginia by number of degrees awarded are Liberty University (19,423 and 13.8%), George Mason University (9,044 and 6.42%), and Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (8,438 and 5.99%).

The most popular majors in Virginia are General Business Administration & Management (10,580 and 7.51%), Other Liberal Arts & Sciences, General Studies, & Humanities (6,646 and 4.72%), and Registered Nursing (5,853 and 4.16%).

The median tuition costs in Virginia are $30,132 for private four year colleges, and $7,350 and $21,780 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 4,823 degrees awarded

  2. 4,421 degrees awarded

  3. 2,985 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Virginia was General Psychology with 4,823 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Virginia according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 19,423 degrees awarded

  2. 9,044 degrees awarded

  3. 8,438 degrees awarded

$7,350

Median In-State Public

$30,132

Median Private

In 2016, the Virginia institution with the largest number of graduating students was Liberty University with 19,423 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

57,939

Degrees Awarded to Men

82,849

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 57,939 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Virginia, which is 0.699 times less than the 82,849 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Virginia by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    80,125 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    24,580 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    8,998 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Virginia were to White students. These 80,125 degrees mean that there were 3.26 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 24,580 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Virginia was $273,400 in 2017, which is 1.26 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $264,000 to $273,400, a 3.56% increase. The homeownership rate in Virginia is 66.6%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Virginia have an average commute time of 27 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Virginia is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$71,535

Median Household Income

± $544

3.12M

Number of Households

± 27,406

In 2017, the median household income of the 3.12M households in Virginia grew to $71,535 from the previous year's value of $68,114.

The following chart displays the households in Virginia distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$273,400

2017 Median

± $2,310

$264,000

2016 Median

± $2,048

In 2017, the median property value in Virginia grew to to $273,400 from the previous year's value of $264,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Virginia compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Virginia the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Virginia distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Virginia the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

66.6%

2017 Homeownership

65.3%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 66.6% of the housing units in Virginia were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 65.3%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Virginia compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Virginia distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Virginia have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

27 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Virginia have a longer commute time (27 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 3.24% of the workforce in Virginia have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Virginia compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    77.4%

  2. Carpooled

    8.66%

  3. Worked At Home

    5.39%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Virginia was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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