North Carolina

Add Comparison

Population

10.4M

1.07% growth

Poverty Rate

16.1%


Median Age

38.9


Median Household Income

$53,855

2.09% growth

Number of Employees

4.73M

2.38% growth

Median Property Value

$180,600

5.49% growth

About

In 2018, North Carolina had a population of 10.4M people with a median age of 38.9 and a median household income of $53,855. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of North Carolina grew from 10.3M to 10.4M, a 1.07% increase and its median household income grew from $52,752 to $53,855, a 2.09% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in North Carolina are White (Non-Hispanic) (62.7%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (21%), White (Hispanic) (5.71%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (2.92%), and Some Other Race (Hispanic) (2.9%). 12% of the people in North Carolina speak a non-English language, and 95.2% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in North Carolina are University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (9,254 degrees awarded in 2017), North Carolina State University at Raleigh (9,141 degrees), and University of North Carolina at Charlotte (7,158 degrees).

The median property value in North Carolina is $180,600, and the homeownership rate is 65.1%. Most people in North Carolina commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 23.3 minutes. The average car ownership in North Carolina is 2 cars per household.

North Carolina borders Georgia, Tennessee, South Carolina, and Virginia.

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in North Carolina, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Impact on Employment

false

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in North Carolina (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Community Mobility

Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of North Carolina across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Economy

The economy of North Carolina employs 4.73M people. The largest industries in North Carolina are Restaurants & Food Services (338,958 people), Construction (285,265 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (260,416 people), and the highest paying industries are Agricultural chemical manufacturing ($120,758), Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($112,280), and Support activities for mining ($107,730).

Median household income in North Carolina is $53,855. Males in North Carolina have an average income that is 1.32 times higher than the average income of females, which is $47,552. The income inequality in North Carolina (measured using the Gini index) is 0.47, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$53,855

2018 value

± $573

2.09%

1 Year Growth

± 1.41%

Households in North Carolina have a median annual income of $53,855, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $52,752 in 2017, which represents a 2.09% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in North Carolina compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$62,551

Average Male Salary

± $1,091

$47,552

Average Female Salary

± $846

In 2018, full-time male employees in North Carolina made 1.32 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in North Carolina by number of full-time employees.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $66,551 ± $4,420

  2. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $53,592 ± $28,568

  3. White

    $52,871 ± $810

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of North Carolina workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.24 times more than Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in North Carolina by number of full-time employees.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Wage Distribution

0.47

2018 Wage GINI

0.473

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in North Carolina was 0.47 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.556% decline from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2018 the GINI for North Carolina was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in North Carolina in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in North Carolina across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.

Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2018, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in North Carolina was Union County, NC with a value of $80,337, followed by Wake County, NC and Chatham County, NC, with respective values of $79,970 and $74,959.

The following map shows all of the counties in North Carolina colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

16.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in North Carolina (1.58M out of 9.78M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    845,573 ± 7,095

  2. Black

    517,071 ± 5,372

  3. Hispanic

    268,985 ± 3,978

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in North Carolina is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Occupations

Employment by Occupations

4.73M

2018 Value

2.38%

1 Year growth

± 2.38%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in North Carolina grew at a rate of 2.38%, from 4.62M employees to 4.73M employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in North Carolina, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (122,051 people), Elementary & middle school teachers (119,795 people), and Other managers (117,581 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of North Carolina.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of North Carolina, by number of employees, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (122,051 people), Elementary & middle school teachers (119,795 people), and Other managers (117,581 people).

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Most Specialized

Compared to other states, North Carolina has an unusually high number of residents working as Textile machine setters, operators, and tenders (6.23 times higher than expected), Upholsterers (4.99 times), and Adhesive bonding machine operators & tenders (4.68 times).

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of North Carolina, by average salary, are Surgeons ($315,093), Nuclear medicine technologists and medical dosimetrists ($283,350), and Physicians ($218,230).

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Industries

Employment by Industries

4.73M

2018 Value

2.38%

1 Year growth

± 2.38%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in North Carolina grew at a rate of 2.38%, from 4.62M employees to 4.73M employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in North Carolina, are Restaurants & Food Services (338,958 people), Construction (285,265 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (260,416 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of North Carolina, though some of these residents may live in North Carolina and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Most Common

The most common industries in North Carolina, by number of employees, are Restaurants & Food Services (338,958 people), Construction (285,265 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (260,416 people).

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Most Specialized

Compared to other states, North Carolina has an unusually high number of Fiber, yarn, & thread mills (16.2 times higher than expected), Knitting fabric mills, & apparel knitting mills (12.5 times), and Tobacco manufacturing (11.2 times) industries.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in North Carolina, by average salary, are Agricultural chemical manufacturing ($120,758), Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($112,280), and Support activities for mining ($107,730).

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from North Carolina to other states, or from other states to North Carolina.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $54.9B

  2. $41.2B

  3. $40B

In 2015, the top outbound North Carolina product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $54.9B, followed by Pharmaceuticals ($41.2B) and Machinery ($40B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound North Carolina products.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Domestic Trade Growth

$443B

2020 Value

$632B

Projected 2045 Value

42.7% growth

In 2020, total outbound North Carolina trade was $443B. This is expected to increase 42.7% to $632B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound North Carolina trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from North Carolina to other states, or from other states to North Carolina.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $28.4B

  2. $28.1B

  3. $28B

In 2015, the top outbound North Carolina domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was South Carolina with $28.4B, followed by Virginia with $28.1B and Georgia and $28B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that North Carolina shares with each state (excluding itself).

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Health

89.3% of the population of North Carolina has health coverage, with 44.7% on employee plans, 15.8% on Medicaid, 11.9% on Medicare, 14% on non-group plans, and 2.98% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the state of North Carolina was $7,264 in 2014. This is a 3.37% increase from the previous year ($7,027).

Primary care physicians in North Carolina see 1417 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.496% increase from the previous year (1410 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1829 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 464 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Edgecombe County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16.2%). Additionally, Hertford County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (40.5%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,417 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in North Carolina see an average of 1,417 patients per year. This represents a 0.496% increase from the previous year (1,410 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in North Carolina in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Health Care Spending

$7,264

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,859

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,225

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,260

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in North Carolina (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.37%, from $7,027 to $7,264.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Health Care Coverage

10.7%

Uninsured

44.7%

Employer Coverage

15.8%

Medicaid

11.9%

Medicare

14%

Non-Group

2.98%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in North Carolina grew by 2.46% from 10.4% to 10.7%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in North Carolina changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16.2% prevalence

  2. 16.1% prevalence

  3. 16% prevalence

Edgecombe County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in North Carolina, at 16.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in North Carolina by county over multiple years.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Diversity

North Carolina is home to a population of 10.4M people, from which 95.2% are citizens. As of 2017, 7.67% of North Carolina residents were born outside of the country (788k people).

In 2018, there were 2.98 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (6.51M people) in North Carolina than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.18M Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 593k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common foreign languages spoken in North Carolina are Spanish (761,108 speakers), Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (43,423 speakers), and French (Incl. Cajun) (27,652 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

39

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.2

41

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.4

In 2018, the median age of all people in North Carolina was 38.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 39, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 41. But people in North Carolina are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all North Carolina residents was 39.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

7.67%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

788k people

7.57%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

768k people

As of 2017, 7.67% of North Carolina residents (788k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in North Carolina was 7.57%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in North Carolina compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    229,977 ± 11,643 people

  2. India

    71,606 ± 6,547 people

  3. Honduras

    31,466 ± 4,348 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of North Carolina was Mexico, the natal country of 229,977 North Carolina residents, followed by India with 71,606 and Honduras with 31,466.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Citizenship

95.2%

2018 Citizenship

95%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 95.2% of North Carolina residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in North Carolina was 95%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in North Carolina compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in North Carolina

  1. White (Non-Hispanic)

    6.51M ± 4.1k

  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)

    2.18M ± 10.8k

  3. White (Hispanic)

    593k ± 17.8k

In 2018, there were 2.98 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (6.51M people) in North Carolina than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.18M Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 593k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in North Carolina as a share of the total population.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    761,108 speakers (7.78%)

  2. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)

    43,423 speakers (0.444%)

  3. French (Incl. Cajun)

    27,652 speakers (0.283%)

12% of North Carolina citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.9%. In 2018, the most common non-English language spoken in North Carolina was Spanish. 7.78% of the overall population of North Carolina are native Spanish speakers. 0.444% speak Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) and 0.283% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    208,278 ± 5,585

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    161,466 ± 7,387

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    107,369 ± 5,229

North Carolina has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.29 times greater than any other conflict.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Education

In 2017, universities in North Carolina awarded 149,666 degrees. The student population of North Carolina is skewed towards women, with 236,848 male students and 333,291 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in North Carolina are White (89,481 and 62.4%), followed by Black or African American (28,290 and 19.7%), Hispanic or Latino (9,731 and 6.78%), and Unknown (5,979 and 4.17%).

The largest universities in North Carolina by number of degrees awarded are University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (9,254 and 6.18%), North Carolina State University at Raleigh (9,141 and 6.11%), and University of North Carolina at Charlotte (7,158 and 4.78%).

The most popular majors in North Carolina are Liberal Arts & Sciences (13,544 and 9.05%), General Business Administration & Management (11,753 and 7.85%), and Registered Nursing (5,656 and 3.78%).

The median tuition costs in North Carolina are $27,818 for private four year colleges, and $4,047 and $17,877 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 4,944 degrees awarded

  2. 3,559 degrees awarded

  3. 3,266 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in North Carolina was General Business Administration & Management with 4,944 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in North Carolina according to their major.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 9,254 degrees awarded

  2. 9,141 degrees awarded

  3. 7,158 degrees awarded

$4,047

Median In-State Public

$27,818

Median Private

In 2017, the North Carolina institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill with 9,254 degrees awarded.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Student Gender for Common Institutions

63,083

Degrees Awarded to Men

86,583

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 63,083 men were awarded degrees from institutions in North Carolina, which is 0.729 times less than the 86,583 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in North Carolina by degrees awarded.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    89,481 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    28,290 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    9,731 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in North Carolina were to White students. These 89,481 degrees mean that there were 3.16 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 28,290 degrees awarded.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Housing & Living

The median property value in North Carolina was $180,600 in 2018, which is 0.786 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $171,200 to $180,600, a 5.49% increase. The homeownership rate in North Carolina is 65.1%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in North Carolina have an average commute time of 23.3 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in North Carolina is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$180,600

2018 Median

± $1,360

$171,200

2017 Median

± $1,016

In 2018, the median property value in North Carolina grew to to $180,600 from the previous year's value of $171,200.

The following charts display, first, the property values in North Carolina compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In North Carolina the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$53,855

Median Household Income

± $573

4.01M

Number of Households

± 33,489

In 2018, the median household income of the 4.01M households in North Carolina grew to $53,855 from the previous year's value of $52,752.

The following chart displays the households in North Carolina distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in North Carolina distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In North Carolina the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Rent vs Own

65.1%

2018 Homeownership

65.4%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 65.1% of the housing units in North Carolina were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 65.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in North Carolina compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Commute Time

23.3 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in North Carolina have a shorter commute time (23.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.96% of the workforce in North Carolina have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in North Carolina compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    80.6%

  2. Carpooled

    9.31%

  3. Worked At Home

    6.03%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in North Carolina was Drove Alone (80.6%), followed by those who Carpooled (9.31%) and those who Worked At Home (6.03%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in North Carolina distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in North Carolina have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart