Roanoke County, VA

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Population

93,419

0.252% decline

Median Age

43.7


Median Household Income

$62,134

2.9% growth

Poverty Rate

7.98%


Number of Employees

45,305

0.671% decline

Median Property Value

$192,100

1.21% growth

About

In 2017, Roanoke County, VA had a population of 93.4k people with a median age of 43.7 and a median household income of $62,134. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Roanoke County, VA declined from 93,655 to 93,419, a -0.252% decrease and its median household income grew from $60,380 to $62,134, a 2.9% increase.

The population of Roanoke County, VA is 86.5% White Alone, 5.8% Black or African American Alone, and 2.86% Asian Alone. 6.34% of the people in Roanoke County, VA speak a non-English language, and 97.8% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Roanoke County, VA are Hollins University (237 degrees awarded in 2016) and Miller-Motte Technical College-Roanoke (129 degrees).

The median property value in Roanoke County, VA is $192,100, and the homeownership rate is 74.8%. Most people in Roanoke County, VA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 21.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Roanoke County, VA is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Roanoke County, VA employs 45.3k people. The largest industries in Roanoke County, VA are Health Care & Social Assistance (7,810 people), Retail Trade (5,294 people), and Educational Services (4,259 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($62,833), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($61,750), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($55,855).

Median household income in Roanoke County, VA is $62,134. Males in Roanoke County, VA have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $55,180. The income inequality in Roanoke County, VA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.478, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$62,134

2017 value

± $1,707

2.9%

1 Year Growth

± 3.58%

Households in Roanoke County, VA have a median annual income of $62,134, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $60,380 in 2016, which represents a 2.9% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Roanoke County, VA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Virginia.

$74,183

Average Male Salary

± $1,323

$55,180

Average Female Salary

± $1,030

In 2017, full-time male employees in Roanoke County, VA made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Roanoke County, VA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Virginia.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $68,169 ± $3,324

  2. White

    $60,529 ± $977

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $56,661 ± $29,375

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Roanoke County, VA workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.13 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Roanoke County, VA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Roanoke County, VA is from Virginia.

0.478

2017 Wage GINI

0.477

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Virginia was 0.478 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0649% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Virginia was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Virginia in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Virginia across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 307.01

  2. Census Tract 312.02

  3. Census Tract 305

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Roanoke County, VA was Census Tract 307.01 with a value of $89,864, followed by Census Tract 312.02 and Census Tract 305, with respective values of $74,604 and $74,306.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Roanoke County, VA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

7.98% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Roanoke County, VA (7.27k out of 91.1k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 55 - 64.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    5,982 ± 553

  2. Black

    668 ± 180

  3. Two Or More

    411 ± 187

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Roanoke County, VA is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

45.3k

2017 Value

± 1,437

-0.671%

1 Year decline

± 4.55%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Roanoke County, VA declined at a rate of -0.671%, from 45.6k employees to 45.3k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Roanoke County, VA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (6,562 people), Management Occupations (5,085 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (5,000 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Roanoke County, VA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Roanoke County, VA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (6,562 people), Management Occupations (5,085 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (5,000 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Roanoke County, VA has an unusually high number of residents working as Community & Social Service Occupations (1.54 times higher than expected), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations (1.54 times), and Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (1.4 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Roanoke County, VA, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($91,793), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($77,833), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($67,009).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

45.3k

2017 Value

± 1,437

-0.671%

1 Year decline

± 4.55%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Roanoke County, VA declined at a rate of -0.671%, from 45.6k employees to 45.3k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Roanoke County, VA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (7,810 people), Retail Trade (5,294 people), and Educational Services (4,259 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Roanoke County, VA, though some of these residents may live in Roanoke County, VA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Roanoke County, VA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (7,810 people), Retail Trade (5,294 people), and Educational Services (4,259 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Roanoke County, VA has an unusually high number of Management of Companies & Enterprises (1.5 times higher than expected), Finance & Insurance (1.39 times), and Wholesale Trade (1.26 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Roanoke County, VA, by median earnings, are Utilities ($62,833), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($61,750), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($55,855).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $27.5B

  2. $26B

  3. $22.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Virginia product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $27.5B, followed by Motorized vehicles with $26B and Electronics and $22.4B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Virginia products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Virginia state.

$254B

2015 Value

$373B

Projected 2045 Value

46.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Virginia trade was $254B. This is expected to increase 46.7% to $373B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Virginia trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $23.4B

  2. $12.9B

  3. $11.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Virginia domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Maryland with $23.4B, followed by North Carolina with $12.9B and Pennsylvania and $11.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Virginia shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

94% of the population of Roanoke County, VA has health coverage, with 54.6% on employee plans, 7.48% on Medicaid, 15.8% on Medicare, 13.7% on non-group plans, and 2.4% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Roanoke County, VA was $7,556 in 2014. This is a 3.42% increase from the previous year ($7,306).

Primary care physicians in Roanoke County, VA see 828 patients per year on average, which represents a 2.48% increase from the previous year (808 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1161 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 446 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Mecklenburg County and Halifax County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (15.6%). Additionally, Petersburg city has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (45.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

828 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Roanoke County, VA see an average of 828 patients per year. This represents a 2.48% increase from the previous year (808 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Roanoke County, VA in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.

$7,556

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,218

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,361

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,677

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Virginia (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.42%, from $7,306 to $7,556.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

5.96%

Uninsured

54.6%

Employer Coverage

7.48%

Medicaid

15.8%

Medicare

13.7%

Non-Group

2.4%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Roanoke County, VA declined by 9.08% from 6.56% to 5.96%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Roanoke County, VA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 15.6% prevalence

  2. 15.6% prevalence

  3. 15.4% prevalence

Mecklenburg County and Halifax County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Virginia, at 15.6%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Virginia by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Roanoke County, VA is home to a population of 93.4k people, from which 97.8% are citizens. As of 2017, 5.49% of Roanoke County, VA residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Roanoke County, VA is composed of 80.8k White Alone residents (86.5%), 5.42k Black or African American Alone residents (5.8%), 2.67k Asian Alone residents (2.86%), 2.66k Hispanic or Latino residents (2.84%), 1.72k Two or More Races residents (1.85%), 77 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0824%), 56 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0599%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Roanoke County, VA are Spanish or Spanish Creole (1,802 speakers), Gujarati (539 speakers), and African Languages (381 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

44

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

44

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2

In 2017, the median age of all people in Roanoke County, VA was 43.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 44, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 44. But people in Roanoke County, VA are getting staying the same age. In 2016, the average age of all Roanoke County, VA residents was 44.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

5.49%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

5.53%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 5.49% of Roanoke County, VA residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Roanoke County, VA was 5.53%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Roanoke County, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. El Salvador

    103,545 ± 7,851 people

  2. India

    82,876 ± 7,033 people

  3. Mexico

    56,021 ± 5,792 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Roanoke County, VA was El Salvador, the natal country of 103,545 Roanoke County, VA residents, followed by India with 82,876 and Mexico with 56,021.

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Citizenship

97.8%

2017 Citizenship

97.5%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97.8% of Roanoke County, VA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Roanoke County, VA was 97.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Roanoke County, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    80.8k ± 57

  2. Black or African American Alone

    5.42k ± 209

  3. Asian Alone

    2.67k ± 308

In 2017, there were 14.9 times more White Alone residents (80.8k people) in Roanoke County, VA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 5.42k Black or African American Alone and 2.67k Asian Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Roanoke County, VA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    1,802 speakers (2.02%)

  2. Gujarati

    539 speakers (0.605%)

  3. African Languages

    381 speakers (0.428%)

6.34% of Roanoke County, VA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Roanoke County, VA was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 2.02% of the overall population of Roanoke County, VA are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.605% speak Gujarati and 0.428% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    2,298 ± 241

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,348 ± 285

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    986 ± 251

Roanoke County, VA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.7 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Roanoke County, VA awarded 366 degrees. The student population of Roanoke County, VA is skewed towards women, with 57 male students and 1,036 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Roanoke County, VA are White (248 and 69.7%), followed by Black or African American (59 and 16.6%), Hispanic or Latino (18 and 5.06%), and Unknown (13 and 3.65%).

The largest universities in Roanoke County, VA by number of degrees awarded are Hollins University (237 and 64.8%) and Miller-Motte Technical College-Roanoke (129 and 35.2%).

The most popular majors in Roanoke County, VA are Medical Assistant (50 and 13.7%), General English Language & Literature (26 and 7.1%), and Teacher Education & Professional Development (23 and 6.28%).

The median tuition costs in Roanoke County, VA are $36,200 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 26 degrees awarded

  2. 14 degrees awarded

  3. 12 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Roanoke County, VA was General English Language & Literature with 26 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Roanoke County, VA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 237 degrees awarded

  2. 129 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$36,200

Median Private

In 2016, the Roanoke County, VA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Hollins University with 237 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

34

Degrees Awarded to Men

332

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 34 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Roanoke County, VA, which is 0.102 times less than the 332 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Roanoke County, VA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    248 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    59 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    18 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Roanoke County, VA were to White students. These 248 degrees mean that there were 4.2 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 59 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Roanoke County, VA was $192,100 in 2017, which is 0.883 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $189,800 to $192,100, a 1.21% increase. The homeownership rate in Roanoke County, VA is 74.8%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Roanoke County, VA have an average commute time of 21.4 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Roanoke County, VA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$62,134

Median Household Income

± $1,707

38.4k

Number of Households

± 1,277

In 2017, the median household income of the 38.4k households in Roanoke County, VA grew to $62,134 from the previous year's value of $60,380.

The following chart displays the households in Roanoke County, VA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$192,100

2017 Median

± $3,218

$189,800

2016 Median

± $3,125

In 2017, the median property value in Roanoke County, VA grew to to $192,100 from the previous year's value of $189,800.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Roanoke County, VA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Roanoke County, VA the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Roanoke County, VA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Roanoke County, VA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

74.8%

2017 Homeownership

74.3%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 74.8% of the housing units in Roanoke County, VA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 74.3%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Roanoke County, VA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Roanoke County, VA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Roanoke County, VA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

21.4 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Roanoke County, VA have a shorter commute time (21.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.73% of the workforce in Roanoke County, VA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Roanoke County, VA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    86.6%

  2. Carpooled

    7.07%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.31%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Roanoke County, VA was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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