Salem city, VA

County

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2019 Population
25,317
0.792% 1-year decline
US Senator
Mark Warner
Democratic Party
US Senator
Tim Kaine
Democratic Party
2019 Median Age
41.2
0.242% 1-year decrease
2019 Poverty Rate
9.06%
0.525% 1-year decrease
2019 Median Household Income
$57,165
0.035% 1-year decline
2019 Median Property Value
$181,900
2.88% 1-year growth
2019 Employed Population
12,277
0.401% 1-year growth

About

In 2019, Salem city, VA had a population of 25.3k people with a median age of 41.2 and a median household income of $57,165. Between 2018 and 2019 the population of Salem city, VA declined from 25,519 to 25,317, a −0.792% decrease and its median household income declined from $57,185 to $57,165, a −0.035% decrease.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Salem city, VA are White (Non-Hispanic) (85.3%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (6.56%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (2.66%), White (Hispanic) (2.06%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (1.67%). 0% of the households in Salem city, VA speak a non-English language at home as their primary language.

97.8% of the residents in Salem city, VA are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Salem city, VA are Roanoke College (474 degrees awarded in 2019) and American National University (416 degrees).

In 2019, the median property value in Salem city, VA was $181,900, and the homeownership rate was 63.6%. Most people in Salem city, VA drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 19.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Salem city, VA was 2 cars per household.

Salem city, VA borders Roanoke County, VA and Roanoke city, VA.

Diversity

Salem city, VA is home to a population of 25.3k people, from which 97.8% are citizens. As of 2019, 3.39% of Salem city, VA residents were born outside of the country (857 people).

In 2019, there were 13 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (21.6k people) in Salem city, VA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.66k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 674 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Salem city, VA
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    21.6k ± 55
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    1.66k ± 260
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    674 ± 272
3.29%
Hispanic Population
834 people

In 2019, there were 13 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (21.6k people) in Salem city, VA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.66k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 674 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

3.29% of the people in Salem city, VA are hispanic (834 people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Salem city, VA as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

3.39%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
857 people
2.57%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
655 people

As of 2019, 3.39% of Salem city, VA residents (857 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2018, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Salem city, VA was 2.57%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Salem city, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

42
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.5
36
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 4.8

In 2019, the median age of all people in Salem city, VA was 41.2. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 42, were generally older than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 36. But people in Salem city, VA are getting getting younger. In 2018, the average age of all Salem city, VA residents was 41.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Virginia.
Most Common Origin
  1. El Salvador
    110,628 ± 8,112 people
  2. India
    90,134 ± 7,331 people
  3. Mexico
    55,497 ± 5,765 people

In 2019, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Virginia was El Salvador, the natal country of 110,628 Virginia residents, followed by India with 90,134 and Mexico with 55,497.

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Citizenship

97.8%
2019 Citizenship
98.5%
2018 Citizenship

As of 2019, 97.8% of Salem city, VA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2018, the percentage of US citizens in Salem city, VA was 98.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Salem city, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    649 ± 145
  2. Gulf War (1990s)
    320 ± 118
  3. Gulf War (2001-)
    275 ± 124

Salem city, VA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.03 times greater than any other conflict.

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COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Virginia. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Virginia, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Virginia (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Virginia. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Virginia.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Virginia across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

Median household income in Salem city, VA is $57,165. In 2019, the tract with the highest median household income in Salem city, VA was Census Tract 102 with a value of $76,419, followed by Census Tract 105.02 and Census Tract 105.01, with respective values of $65,813 and $58,873.

Males in Virginia have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $58,617. The income inequality in Virginia (measured using the Gini index) is 0.479, which is higher than than the national average.

The economy of Salem city, VA employs 12.3k people. The largest industries in Salem city, VA are Health Care & Social Assistance (2,073 people), Educational Services (1,690 people), and Manufacturing (1,413 people), and the highest paying industries are Information ($52,303), Construction ($51,151), and Public Administration ($50,882).

Wages

Median Household Income

$57,165
2019 value
± $3,209
−0.035%
1 Year Growth
± 8.09%

Households in Salem city, VA have a median annual income of $57,165, which is less than the median annual income of $65,712 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $57,185 in 2018, which represents a −0.035% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Salem city, VA compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Virginia.
$78,421
Average Male Salary in Virginia
± $1,407
$58,617
Average Female Salary in Virginia
± $1,090

In 2019, full-time male employees in Virginia made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Virginia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Virginia.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Virginia
  1. Asian
    $72,838 ± $3,429
  2. White
    $64,618 ± $1,052
  3. Two or More Races
    $51,601 ± $4,191

In 2019 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Virginia workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.13 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Virginia.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Virginia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Salem city, VA is from Virginia.
0.479
2019 Wage GINI in Virginia
0.479
2018 Wage GINI in Virginia

In 2019, the income inequality in Virginia was 0.479 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.00766% decline from 2018 to 2019, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Virginia was higher than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Virginia in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Virginia across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 102
  2. Census Tract 105.02
  3. Census Tract 105.01

In 2019, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Salem city, VA was Census Tract 102 with a value of $76,419, followed by Census Tract 105.02 and Census Tract 105.01, with respective values of $65,813 and $58,873.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Salem city, VA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 6 - 11
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

9.06% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Salem city, VA (2.06k out of 22.7k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.3%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 6 - 11, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 45 - 54.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    1,493 ± 265
  2. Black
    314 ± 176
  3. Hispanic
    232 ± 146

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Salem city, VA is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

12.3k
2019 Value
± 726
0.401%
1 Year growth
± 8.39%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Salem city, VA grew at a rate of 0.401%, from 12.2k employees to 12.3k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Salem city, VA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,504 people), Sales & Related Occupations (1,242 people), and Management Occupations (1,058 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Salem city, VA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Salem city, VA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,504 people), Sales & Related Occupations (1,242 people), and Management Occupations (1,058 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Salem city, VA has an unusually high number of residents working as Personal Care & Service Occupations (1.86 times higher than expected), Health Technologists & Technicians (1.73 times), and Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (1.42 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Salem city, VA, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($80,000), Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors ($75,990), and Management Occupations ($75,402).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

12.3k
2019 Value
± 726
0.401%
1 Year growth
± 8.39%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Salem city, VA grew at a rate of 0.401%, from 12.2k employees to 12.3k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Salem city, VA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (2,073 people), Educational Services (1,690 people), and Manufacturing (1,413 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Salem city, VA, though some of these residents may live in Salem city, VA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Salem city, VA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (2,073 people), Educational Services (1,690 people), and Manufacturing (1,413 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Salem city, VA has an unusually high number of Educational Services (1.48 times higher than expected), Utilities (1.45 times), and Wholesale Trade (1.39 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Salem city, VA, by median earnings, are Information ($52,303), Construction ($51,151), and Public Administration ($50,882).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $35.1B
  2. $31.5B
  3. $30.5B

In 2018, the top outbound Virginia product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $35.1B, followed by Motorized vehicles ($31.5B) and Electronics ($30.5B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Virginia products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Virginia.
$307B
2018 Value in Virginia
$648B
Projected 2045 Value in Virginia
111% growth

In 2018, total outbound Virginia trade was $307B. This is expected to increase 111% to $648B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Virginia trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $21.8B
  2. $20B
  3. $11.7B

In 2018, the top outbound Virginia domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Maryland with $21.8B, followed by North Carolina with $20B and Pennsylvania and $11.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Virginia shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in Salem city, VA went to Donald J. Trump with 59.1% of the vote. The runner-up was Hillary Rodham Clinton (34.4%), followed by Other (6.52%). The most partisan county was Petersburg city, VA with 87.2% of the vote going to Hillary Rodham Clinton running for the Democratic Party.

Mark Warner and Tim Kaine are the senators currently representing the state of Virginia. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Virginia is currently represented by 11 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Virginia.
Showing data up to the 2016 election. Updated election results are currently being processed, and will be released in the coming months.
Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for Salem city, VA
59.1% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in Virginia
  1. 87.2% for Hillary Rodham Clinton (Democratic Party)
  2. 82% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 81.7% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in Virginia was Petersburg city, VA with 87.2% of the vote going to Hillary Rodham Clinton running for the Democratic Party.

The following map shows the counties in Virginia colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Virginia

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.
Mark Warner
Senator from Virginia2
Assumed office on January 3, 2009
Tim Kaine
Senator from Virginia1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013

Mark Warner and Tim Kaine are the senators currently representing Virginia.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Virginia over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Virginia

Virginia is currently represented by 11 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Virginia have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2019, universities in Salem city, VA awarded 890 degrees. The student population of Salem city, VA is skewed towards women, with 958 male students and 1,844 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Salem city, VA are White (588 and 67.8%), followed by Black or African American (133 and 15.3%), Unknown (64 and 7.38%), and Two or More Races (42 and 4.84%).

The largest universities in Salem city, VA by number of degrees awarded are Roanoke College (474 and 53.3%) and American National University (416 and 46.7%).

The most popular majors in Salem city, VA are Medical Assistant (161 and 18.1%), General Business Administration & Management (160 and 18%), and Phlebotamy Technician (88 and 9.89%).

The median tuition cost in Salem city, VA for private four year colleges is $43,818.

Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 96 degree-majorss awarded
  2. 48 degree-majorss awarded
  3. 28 degree-majorss awarded

In 2019, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Salem city, VA was General Business Administration & Management with 96 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Salem city, VA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 474 degrees awarded
  2. 416 degrees awarded
$43,818
Median Private

In 2019, the Salem city, VA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Roanoke College with 474 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

252
Degrees Awarded to Men
638
Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2019, 252 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Salem city, VA, which is 0.395 times less than the 638 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Salem city, VA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity
  1. White
    588 degrees awarded
  2. Black or African American
    133 degrees awarded
  3. Unknown
    64 degrees awarded

In 2019 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions in Salem city, VA was White students. These 588 degrees mean that there were 4.42 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 133 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Salem city, VA was $181,900 in 2019, which is 0.756 times smaller than the national average of $240,500. Between 2018 and 2019 the median property value increased from $176,800 to $181,900, a 2.88% increase. The homeownership rate in Salem city, VA is 63.6%, which is lower than the national average of 64.1%. People in Salem city, VA have an average commute time of 19.3 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Salem city, VA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$181,900
2019 Median
± $6,394
$176,800
2018 Median
± $5,942

In 2019, the median property value in Salem city, VA grew to to $181,900 from the previous year's value of $176,800.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Salem city, VA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Salem city, VA the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$57,165
Median Household Income
± $3,209
9.91k
Number of Households
± 665

In 2019, the median household income of the 9.91k households in Salem city, VA declined from $57,165 from the previous year's value of $57,185.

The following chart displays the households in Salem city, VA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Salem city, VA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Salem city, VA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

63.6%
2019 Homeownership
64.9%
2018 Homeownership

In 2019, 63.6% of the housing units in Salem city, VA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 64.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 64.1%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Salem city, VA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

19.3 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Salem city, VA have a shorter commute time (19.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.04% of the workforce in Salem city, VA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Salem city, VA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2019
  1. Drove Alone (81.4%)
  2. Worked At Home (6.55%)
  3. Carpooled (6.29%)

In 2019, 81.4% of workers in Salem city, VA drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (6.55%) and those who carpooled to work (6.29%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Salem city, VA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Salem city, VA have 2 cars, followed by false.

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Health

93.6% of the population of Salem city, VA has health coverage, with 55.7% on employee plans, 9.6% on Medicaid, 14.2% on Medicare, 11.6% on non-group plans, and 2.56% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Virginia was $7,556 in 2014. This is a 3.42% increase from the previous year ($7,306).

Primary care physicians in Salem city, VA see 1166 patients per year on average, which represents a 17.2% increase from the previous year (995 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 767 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 123 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Nottoway County and Bristol city have the highest prevalence of diabetes (22.5%). Additionally, King and Queen County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (48.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,166 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Salem city, VA

Primary care physicians in Salem city, VA see an average of 1,166 patients per year. This represents a 17.2% increase from the previous year (995 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Salem city, VA in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.
$7,556
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Virginia
$4,218
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$7,361
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$9,677
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Virginia (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.42%, from $7,306 to $7,556.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

6.39%
Uninsured
55.7%
Employer Coverage
9.6%
Medicaid
14.2%
Medicare
11.6%
Non-Group
2.56%
Military or VA

Between 2018 and 2019, the percent of uninsured citizens in Salem city, VA declined by 6.86% from 6.86% to 6.39%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Salem city, VA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 22.5% prevalence
  2. 22.5% prevalence
  3. 20.3% prevalence

Nottoway County and Bristol city have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Virginia, at 22.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Virginia by county over multiple years.

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