Roanoke city, VA

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Population

99,572

0.245% growth

Median Age

38.4


Median Household Income

$41,483

5.82% growth

Poverty Rate

21.6%


Number of Employees

47,334

0.67% growth

Median Property Value

$133,700

0.526% growth

About

In 2017, Roanoke city, VA had a population of 99.6k people with a median age of 38.4 and a median household income of $41,483. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Roanoke city, VA grew from 99,329 to 99,572, a 0.245% increase and its median household income grew from $39,201 to $41,483, a 5.82% increase.

The population of Roanoke city, VA is 59.5% White Alone, 28% Black or African American Alone, and 6.04% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Roanoke city, VA speak a non-English language, and 94% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Roanoke city, VA are Virginia Western Community College (1,181 degrees awarded in 2016), Jefferson College of Health Sciences (352 degrees), and Virginia Tech Carilion School of Medicine (41 degrees).

The median property value in Roanoke city, VA is $133,700, and the homeownership rate is 51.9%. Most people in Roanoke city, VA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Roanoke city, VA is 2 cars per household.

Roanoke city, VA borders Roanoke County, VA and Salem city, VA.

Economy

The economy of Roanoke city, VA employs 47.3k people. The largest industries in Roanoke city, VA are Health Care & Social Assistance (8,426 people), Retail Trade (5,523 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (5,472 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($73,958), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($49,696), and Public Administration ($43,688).

Median household income in Roanoke city, VA is $41,483. Males in Roanoke city, VA have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $55,180. The income inequality in Roanoke city, VA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.478, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$41,483

2017 value

± $1,343

5.82%

1 Year Growth

± 4.55%

Households in Roanoke city, VA have a median annual income of $41,483, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $39,201 in 2016, which represents a 5.82% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Roanoke city, VA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Virginia.

$74,183

Average Male Salary

± $1,323

$55,180

Average Female Salary

± $1,030

In 2017, full-time male employees in Virginia made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Virginia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Virginia.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $68,169 ± $3,324

  2. White

    $60,529 ± $977

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $56,661 ± $29,375

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Virginia workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.13 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Virginia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Roanoke city, VA is from Virginia.

0.478

2017 Wage GINI

0.477

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Virginia was 0.478 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0649% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Virginia was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Virginia in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Virginia across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 29

  2. Census Tract 31

  3. Census Tract 6.02

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Roanoke city, VA was Census Tract 29 with a value of $73,185, followed by Census Tract 31 and Census Tract 6.02, with respective values of $56,917 and $53,397.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Roanoke city, VA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

21.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Roanoke city, VA (21k out of 97.5k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Males 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    9,988 ± 817

  2. Black

    8,594 ± 720

  3. Hispanic

    1,777 ± 446

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Roanoke city, VA is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

47.3k

2017 Value

± 1,598

0.67%

1 Year growth

± 4.77%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Roanoke city, VA grew at a rate of 0.67%, from 47k employees to 47.3k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Roanoke city, VA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (6,674 people), Sales & Related Occupations (5,092 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (3,773 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Roanoke city, VA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Roanoke city, VA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (6,674 people), Sales & Related Occupations (5,092 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (3,773 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Roanoke city, VA has an unusually high number of residents working as Healthcare Support Occupations (1.46 times higher than expected), Health Technologists & Technicians (1.38 times), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (1.36 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Roanoke city, VA, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($73,654), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($67,663), and Healthcare Practitioners & Technical Occupations ($52,945).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

47.3k

2017 Value

± 1,598

0.67%

1 Year growth

± 4.77%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Roanoke city, VA grew at a rate of 0.67%, from 47k employees to 47.3k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Roanoke city, VA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (8,426 people), Retail Trade (5,523 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (5,472 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Roanoke city, VA, though some of these residents may live in Roanoke city, VA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Roanoke city, VA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (8,426 people), Retail Trade (5,523 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (5,472 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Roanoke city, VA has an unusually high number of Accommodation & Food Services (1.52 times higher than expected), Health Care & Social Assistance (1.28 times), and Finance & Insurance (1.23 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Roanoke city, VA, by median earnings, are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($73,958), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($49,696), and Public Administration ($43,688).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $27.5B

  2. $26B

  3. $22.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Virginia product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $27.5B, followed by Motorized vehicles ($26B) and Electronics ($22.4B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Virginia products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Virginia state.

$254B

2015 Value

$373B

Projected 2045 Value

46.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Virginia trade was $254B. This is expected to increase 46.7% to $373B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Virginia trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $23.4B

  2. $12.9B

  3. $11.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Virginia domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Maryland with $23.4B, followed by North Carolina with $12.9B and Pennsylvania and $11.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Virginia shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

86.4% of the population of Roanoke city, VA has health coverage, with 43.2% on employee plans, 18.6% on Medicaid, 12.8% on Medicare, 9.75% on non-group plans, and 2.09% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Roanoke city, VA was $7,556 in 2014. This is a 3.42% increase from the previous year ($7,306).

Primary care physicians in Roanoke city, VA see 1110 patients per year on average, which represents a 5.13% decrease from the previous year (1170 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1384 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 435 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Mecklenburg County and Halifax County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (15.6%). Additionally, Petersburg city has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (45.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,110 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Roanoke city, VA see an average of 1,110 patients per year. This represents a 5.13% decrease from the previous year (1,170 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Roanoke city, VA in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.

$7,556

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,218

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,361

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,677

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Virginia (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.42%, from $7,306 to $7,556.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

13.6%

Uninsured

43.2%

Employer Coverage

18.6%

Medicaid

12.8%

Medicare

9.75%

Non-Group

2.09%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Roanoke city, VA declined by 9.52% from 15% to 13.6%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Roanoke city, VA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 15.6% prevalence

  2. 15.6% prevalence

  3. 15.4% prevalence

Mecklenburg County and Halifax County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Virginia, at 15.6%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Virginia by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Roanoke city, VA is home to a population of 99.6k people, from which 94% are citizens. As of 2017, 7.57% of Roanoke city, VA residents were born outside of the country (7.54k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Roanoke city, VA is composed of 59.3k White Alone residents (59.5%), 27.9k Black or African American Alone residents (28%), 6.01k Hispanic or Latino residents (6.04%), 2.95k Asian Alone residents (2.96%), 2.92k Two or More Races residents (2.93%), 200 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.201%), 193 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.194%), and 171 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.172%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Roanoke city, VA are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

39

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

37

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.9

In 2017, the median age of all people in Roanoke city, VA was 38.4. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 39, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 37. But people in Roanoke city, VA are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Roanoke city, VA residents was 38.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

7.57%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

7.54k people

7.35%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

7.3k people

As of 2017, 7.57% of Roanoke city, VA residents (7.54k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Roanoke city, VA was 7.35%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Roanoke city, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Virginia.

Most Common Origin

  1. El Salvador

    103,545 ± 7,851 people

  2. India

    82,876 ± 7,033 people

  3. Mexico

    56,021 ± 5,792 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Virginia was El Salvador, the natal country of 103,545 Virginia residents, followed by India with 82,876 and Mexico with 56,021.

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Citizenship

94%

2017 Citizenship

94.3%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 94% of Roanoke city, VA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Roanoke city, VA was 94.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Roanoke city, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    59.3k ± 112

  2. Black or African American Alone

    27.9k ± 766

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    6.01k ± 906

In 2017, there were 2.13 times more White Alone residents (59.3k people) in Roanoke city, VA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 27.9k Black or African American Alone and 6.01k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Roanoke city, VA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Roanoke city, VA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Roanoke city, VA was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Roanoke city, VA are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    2,413 ± 316

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,019 ± 285

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    765 ± 207

Roanoke city, VA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.37 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Roanoke city, VA awarded 1,603 degrees. The student population of Roanoke city, VA is skewed towards women, with 3,916 male students and 5,119 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Roanoke city, VA are White (1,276 and 79.9%), followed by Black or African American (150 and 9.4%), Asian (49 and 3.07%), and Hispanic or Latino (45 and 2.82%).

The largest universities in Roanoke city, VA by number of degrees awarded are Virginia Western Community College (1,181 and 73.7%), Jefferson College of Health Sciences (352 and 22%), and Virginia Tech Carilion School of Medicine (41 and 2.56%).

The most popular majors in Roanoke city, VA are Other Liberal Arts & Sciences, General Studies, & Humanities (225 and 14%), Registered Nursing (130 and 8.11%), and General Studies (120 and 7.49%).

The median tuition costs in Roanoke city, VA are $24,700 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 64 degrees awarded

  2. 120 degrees awarded

  3. 79 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Roanoke city, VA was General Social Sciences with 64 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Roanoke city, VA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,181 degrees awarded

  2. 352 degrees awarded

  3. 41 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$24,700

Median Private

In 2016, the Roanoke city, VA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Virginia Western Community College with 1,181 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

583

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,020

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 583 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Roanoke city, VA, which is 0.572 times less than the 1,020 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Roanoke city, VA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,276 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    150 degrees awarded

  3. Asian

    49 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Roanoke city, VA were to White students. These 1,276 degrees mean that there were 8.51 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 150 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Roanoke city, VA was $133,700 in 2017, which is 0.614 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $133,000 to $133,700, a 0.526% increase. The homeownership rate in Roanoke city, VA is 51.9%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Roanoke city, VA have an average commute time of 20.3 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Roanoke city, VA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$41,483

Median Household Income

± $1,343

42.3k

Number of Households

± 1,459

In 2017, the median household income of the 42.3k households in Roanoke city, VA grew to $41,483 from the previous year's value of $39,201.

The following chart displays the households in Roanoke city, VA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$133,700

2017 Median

± $3,220

$133,000

2016 Median

± $3,079

In 2017, the median property value in Roanoke city, VA grew to to $133,700 from the previous year's value of $133,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Roanoke city, VA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Roanoke city, VA the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Roanoke city, VA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Roanoke city, VA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

51.9%

2017 Homeownership

52.1%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 51.9% of the housing units in Roanoke city, VA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 52.1%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Roanoke city, VA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Roanoke city, VA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Roanoke city, VA have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

20.3 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Roanoke city, VA have a shorter commute time (20.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.18% of the workforce in Roanoke city, VA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Roanoke city, VA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    78.8%

  2. Carpooled

    9.33%

  3. Public Transit

    3.68%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Roanoke city, VA was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Public Transit.

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