Maryland

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Population

6.05M

0.594% growth

Median Age

38.7


Median Household Income

$80,776

2.32% growth

Poverty Rate

9.68%


Number of Employees

2.98M

0.135% growth

Median Property Value

$312,500

1.82% growth

About

In 2017, Maryland had a population of 6.05M people with a median age of 38.7 and a median household income of $80,776. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Maryland grew from 6.02M to 6.05M, a 0.594% increase and its median household income grew from $78,945 to $80,776, a 2.32% increase.

The population of Maryland is 50.7% White Alone, 29.4% Black or African American Alone, and 10.1% Hispanic or Latino. 18.5% of the people in Maryland speak a non-English language, and 92.7% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Maryland are University of Maryland-University College (12,025 degrees awarded in 2016), University of Maryland-College Park (11,462 degrees), and Johns Hopkins University (8,437 degrees).

The median property value in Maryland is $312,500, and the homeownership rate is 66.7%. Most people in Maryland commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 31.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Maryland is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Tributaries of the Chester River, from front to back: West Fork (Langford Creek), East Fork, mainstem Chester River, Corsica River.

Economy

The economy of Maryland employs 2.98M people. The largest industries in Maryland are Construction (191,550 people), Elementary & secondary schools (185,101 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (163,679 people), and the highest paying industries are Electric & gas, and other combinations ($134,511), Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($132,906), and Management of companies & enterprises ($131,836).

Median household income in Maryland is $80,776. Males in Maryland have an average income that is 1.23 times higher than the average income of females, which is $63,795. The income inequality in Maryland (measured using the Gini index) is 0.461, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$80,776

2017 value

± $707

2.32%

1 Year Growth

± 1.25%

Households in Maryland have a median annual income of $80,776, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $78,945 in 2016, which represents a 2.32% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Maryland compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$78,518

Average Male Salary

± $1,626

$63,795

Average Female Salary

± $1,278

In 2017, full-time male employees in Maryland made 1.23 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Maryland by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $79,497 ± $72,116

  2. Asian

    $72,023 ± $4,094

  3. White

    $70,393 ± $1,419

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Maryland workers was American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races. These workers were paid 1.1 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Maryland by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.461

2017 Wage GINI

0.461

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Maryland was 0.461 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0789% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Maryland was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Maryland in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Maryland across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.

Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Maryland was Howard County, MD with a value of $111,473, followed by Montgomery County, MD and Calvert County, MD, with respective values of $103,235 and $100,590.

The following map shows all of the counties in Maryland colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

9.68% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Maryland (567k out of 5.86M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    242,880 ± 3,646

  2. White

    235,152 ± 3,547

  3. Hispanic

    77,626 ± 2,163

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Maryland is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

2.98M

2017 Value

0.135%

1 Year growth

± 0.135%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Maryland grew at a rate of 0.135%, from 2.97M employees to 2.98M employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Maryland, are Miscellaneous managers (110,675 people), Elementary & middle school teachers (82,414 people), and Secretaries & administrative assistants (72,136 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Maryland.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Maryland, by number of employees, are Miscellaneous managers (110,675 people), Elementary & middle school teachers (82,414 people), and Secretaries & administrative assistants (72,136 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Maryland has an unusually high number of residents working as Astronomers & physicists (7.72 times higher than expected), Economists (6.4 times), and Operations research analysts (4.75 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Maryland, by average salary, are Physicians & surgeons ($239,951), Chief executives & legislators ($221,357), and Announcers ($179,583).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

2.98M

2017 Value

0.135%

1 Year growth

± 0.135%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Maryland grew at a rate of 0.135%, from 2.97M employees to 2.98M employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Maryland, are Construction (191,550 people), Elementary & secondary schools (185,101 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (163,679 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Maryland, though some of these residents may live in Maryland and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Maryland, by number of employees, are Construction (191,550 people), Elementary & secondary schools (185,101 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (163,679 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Maryland has an unusually high number of National security & international affairs (4.44 times higher than expected), Administration of economic programs & space research (4.05 times), and Scientific research & development services (3.38 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Maryland, by average salary, are Electric & gas, and other combinations ($134,511), Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($132,906), and Management of companies & enterprises ($131,836).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Maryland to other states, or from other states to Maryland.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $24.1B

  2. $17.7B

  3. $14.2B

In 2015, the top outbound Maryland product (by dollars) was Textiles/leather with $24.1B, followed by Mixed freight with $17.7B and Electronics and $14.2B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Maryland products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

$180B

2015 Value

$243B

Projected 2045 Value

35.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Maryland trade was $180B. This is expected to increase 35.1% to $243B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Maryland trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Maryland to other states, or from other states to Maryland.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $24B

  2. $18.2B

  3. $6.71B

In 2015, the top outbound Maryland domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Virginia with $24B, followed by Pennsylvania with $18.2B and New York and $6.71B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Maryland shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

93.9% of the population of Maryland has health coverage, with 54% on employee plans, 15.2% on Medicaid, 10.7% on Medicare, 12.1% on non-group plans, and 1.93% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the state of Maryland was $8,602 in 2014. This is a 4.27% increase from the previous year ($8,250).

Primary care physicians in Maryland see 1137 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.977% increase from the previous year (1126 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1321 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 463 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Dorchester County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (15.8%). Additionally, Somerset County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (44.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,137 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Maryland see an average of 1,137 patients per year. This represents a 0.977% increase from the previous year (1,126 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Maryland in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

$8,602

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,343

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,677

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$12,000

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Maryland (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.27%, from $8,250 to $8,602.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

6.14%

Uninsured

54%

Employer Coverage

15.2%

Medicaid

10.7%

Medicare

12.1%

Non-Group

1.93%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Maryland grew by 0.00116% from 6.14% to 6.14%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Maryland changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 15.8% prevalence

  2. 13.7% prevalence

  3. 13.4% prevalence

Dorchester County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Maryland, at 15.8%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Maryland by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Maryland is home to a population of 6.05M people, from which 92.7% are citizens. As of 2017, 14.8% of Maryland residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Maryland is composed of 3.07M White Alone residents (50.7%), 1.78M Black or African American Alone residents (29.4%), 613k Hispanic or Latino residents (10.1%), 389k Asian Alone residents (6.43%), 173k Two or More Races residents (2.85%), 20.8k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.343%), 11.9k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.196%), and 1.96k Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0324%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Maryland are Spanish or Spanish Creole (443,296 speakers), African Languages (87,226 speakers), and Chinese (68,767 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

37

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.2

43

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.3

In 2017, the median age of all people in Maryland was 38.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 37, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 43. But people in Maryland are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Maryland residents was 39.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

14.8%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

14.5%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 14.8% of Maryland residents were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Maryland was 14.5%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Maryland compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. El Salvador

    103,048 ± 7,814 people

  2. India

    59,523 ± 5,960 people

  3. China

    45,415 ± 5,212 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Maryland was El Salvador, the natal country of 103,048 Maryland residents, followed by India with 59,523 and China with 45,415.

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Citizenship

92.7%

2017 Citizenship

92.5%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 92.7% of Maryland residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Maryland was 92.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Maryland compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    3.07M ± 3.41k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    1.78M ± 9.09k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    613k ± 18.7k

In 2017, there were 1.73 times more White Alone residents (3.07M people) in Maryland than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.78M Black or African American Alone and 613k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Maryland as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    443,296 speakers (7.86%)

  2. African Languages

    87,226 speakers (1.55%)

  3. Chinese

    68,767 speakers (1.22%)

18.5% of Maryland citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Maryland was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 7.86% of the overall population of Maryland are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 1.55% speak African Languages and 1.22% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    106,425 ± 3,842

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    93,641 ± 5,448

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    54,014 ± 3,685

Maryland has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.14 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Maryland awarded 86,799 degrees. The student population of Maryland is skewed towards women, with 167,729 male students and 207,470 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Maryland are White (43,817 and 54%), followed by Black or African American (18,865 and 23.3%), Asian (6,201 and 7.64%), and Hispanic or Latino (5,767 and 7.11%).

The largest universities in Maryland by number of degrees awarded are University of Maryland-University College (12,025 and 13.9%), University of Maryland-College Park (11,462 and 13.2%), and Johns Hopkins University (8,437 and 9.72%).

The most popular majors in Maryland are Other Liberal Arts & Sciences, General Studies, & Humanities (6,768 and 7.8%), General Business Administration & Management (6,727 and 7.75%), and Registered Nursing (3,612 and 4.16%).

The median tuition costs in Maryland are $34,893 for private four year colleges, and $6,610 and $18,228 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 2,964 degrees awarded

  2. 2,396 degrees awarded

  3. 1,818 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Maryland was General Business Administration & Management with 2,964 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Maryland according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 12,025 degrees awarded

  2. 11,462 degrees awarded

  3. 8,437 degrees awarded

$6,610

Median In-State Public

$34,893

Median Private

In 2016, the Maryland institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Maryland-University College with 12,025 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

37,177

Degrees Awarded to Men

49,622

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 37,177 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Maryland, which is 0.749 times less than the 49,622 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Maryland by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    43,817 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    18,865 degrees awarded

  3. Asian

    6,201 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Maryland were to White students. These 43,817 degrees mean that there were 2.32 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 18,865 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Maryland was $312,500 in 2017, which is 1.44 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $306,900 to $312,500, a 1.82% increase. The homeownership rate in Maryland is 66.7%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Maryland have an average commute time of 31.7 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Maryland is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$80,776

Median Household Income

± $707

2.21M

Number of Households

± 22,136

In 2017, the median household income of the 2.21M households in Maryland grew to $80,776 from the previous year's value of $78,945.

The following chart displays the households in Maryland distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$312,500

2017 Median

± $2,817

$306,900

2016 Median

± $2,670

In 2017, the median property value in Maryland grew to to $312,500 from the previous year's value of $306,900.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Maryland compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Maryland the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Maryland distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Maryland the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

66.7%

2017 Homeownership

65.9%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 66.7% of the housing units in Maryland were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 65.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Maryland compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Maryland distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Maryland have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

31.7 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Maryland have a longer commute time (31.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 4.8% of the workforce in Maryland have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Maryland compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    73.7%

  2. Carpooled

    9.1%

  3. Public Transit

    8.47%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Maryland was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Public Transit.

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