District of Columbia

State

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2020 Population
701,974
1.34% 1-year growth
2020 Median Age
34.1
0.294% 1-year increase
2020 Poverty Rate
15.5%
4.86% 1-year decrease
2020 Median Household Income
$90,842
5.12% 1-year growth
2020 Median Property Value
$618,100
2.76% 1-year growth
2020 Employed Population
368,197
0.971% 1-year growth

About

In 2020, District of Columbia had a population of 702k people with a median age of 34.1 and a median household income of $90,842. Between 2019 and 2020 the population of District of Columbia grew from 692,683 to 701,974, a 1.34% increase and its median household income grew from $86,420 to $90,842, a 5.12% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in District of Columbia are Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (44.5%), White (Non-Hispanic) (36.7%), White (Hispanic) (4.35%), Other (Hispanic) (4.3%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (4.04%).

17.2% of the households in District of Columbia reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

92.7% of the residents in District of Columbia are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in District of Columbia are George Washington University (10,055 degrees awarded in 2020), Georgetown University (7,467 degrees), and American University (4,579 degrees).

In 2020, the median property value in District of Columbia was $618,100, and the homeownership rate was 42.5%.

Most people in District of Columbia drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 30.9 minutes. The average car ownership in District of Columbia was 1 car per household.

District of Columbia borders Maryland and Virginia.

geosearchPopulation & Diversity

District of Columbia is home to a population of 702k people, from which 92.7% are citizens. As of 2020, 13.4% of District of Columbia residents were born outside of the country (94.2k people).

In 2020, there were 1.21 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (313k people) in District of Columbia than any other race or ethnicity. There were 258k White (Non-Hispanic) and 30.5k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in District of Columbia are Spanish (59,522 households), French (Incl. Cajun) (8,372 households), and Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages (6,185 households).

Population by Location

Sex
RACE/ETHNICITY

In 2020 there were 701,974 residents in District of Columbia.

The Public Use Microdata Areas (PUMA) with the highest resident population were Carr 2-Carr 111 PUMA, PR (149,549 people), Carr 2 (Noroeste) PUMA, PR (115,778 people), and Carr 2-Carr 100 PUMA, PR (123,359 people).

The following map shows all of the states in District of Columbia colored by the resident population.

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Residents by Gender and Age

RACE/ETHNICITY
369,455
Women
52.6%
332,519
Men
47.4%

The resident population of United States in 2020 was 701,974 inhabitants, with 47.4% men, and 52.6% women.

The visualization shows the distribution of the residents by gender and age in the United States.

With the upper buttons you can add a filter by race.

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Citizenship

92.7%
2020 Citizenship
92.3%
2019 Citizenship

As of 2020, 92.7% of District of Columbia residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.4%. In 2019, the percentage of US citizens in District of Columbia was 92.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in District of Columbia compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in District of Columbia
  1. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    313k ± 1.58k
  2. White (Non-Hispanic)
    258k ± 975
  3. White (Hispanic)
    30.5k ± 1.63k
11.1%
Hispanic Population
78k people

In 2020, there were 1.21 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (313k people) in District of Columbia than any other race or ethnicity. There were 258k White (Non-Hispanic) and 30.5k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

11.1% of the people in District of Columbia are hispanic (78k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in District of Columbia as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. El Salvador
    13,589 ± 2,834 people
  2. Ethiopia
    5,466 ± 1,808 people
  3. China
    3,675 ± 1,484 people

In 2020, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of District of Columbia was El Salvador, the natal country of 13,589 District of Columbia residents, followed by Ethiopia with 5,466 and China with 3,675.

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Foreign-Born Population

13.4%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
94.2k people
13.7%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
95.1k people

As of 2020, 13.4% of District of Columbia residents (94.2k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.5%. In 2019, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in District of Columbia was 13.7%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in District of Columbia compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Spanish
    59,522 households (9.06%)
  2. French (Incl. Cajun)
    8,372 households (1.27%)
  3. Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages
    6,185 households (0.941%)

17.2% of the households in District of Columbia reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2020, the most common non-English language spoken in households in District of Columbia was Spanish. 9.06% of the households in District of Columbia reported speaking Spanish at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Gulf War (2001-)
    7,721 ± 769
  2. Vietnam
    6,741 ± 713
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    3,028 ± 422

District of Columbia has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.15 times greater than any other conflict.

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briefcaseEconomy

The economy of District of Columbia employs 368k people. The largest industries in District of Columbia are Management, scientific & technical consulting services (20,808 people), National security & international affairs (19,006 people), and Civic, social, advocacy organizations, & grantmaking & giving services (18,122 people), and the highest paying industries are Not specified manufacturing industries ($258,142), Communications, & audio & video equipment manufacturing ($203,008), and Legal services ($197,343).

Males in District of Columbia have an average income that is 1.2 times higher than the average income of females, which is $89,551. The income inequality in District of Columbia (measured using the Gini index) is 0.456, which is lower than than the national average.

Workforce Diversity

Measure
RACE/ETHNICITY
192,428
Women
52.3%
175,769
Men
47.7%

The workforce of District of Columbia in 2020 was 368,197 people, with 52.3% woman, and 47.7% men.

The visualization shows the distribution of the workforce by gender and age in District of Columbia.

With the upper buttons you can see the distribution of the average salary and add a filter by race.

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Workforce and Wage by Location

Measure
RACE/ETHNICITY

In 2020 there were 368,197 people working in District of Columbia. The Public Use Microdata Areas (PUMA) that concentrated the largest workforce were Carr 2-Carr 111 PUMA, PR (38,236 people), Carr 2 (Noroeste) PUMA, PR (29,220 people), and Carr 2-Carr 100 PUMA, PR (29,330 people).

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in District of Columbia colored by workforce or average wage.

With the upper buttons you can see the yearly change and add a filter by race.

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Occupations

368k
2020 Value
0.971%
1 Year growth
± 0.971%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in District of Columbia grew at a rate of 0.971%, from 365k employees to 368k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in District of Columbia, are Lawyers, & judges, magistrates, & other judicial workers (22,175 people), Other managers (18,331 people), and Management analysts (11,828 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of District of Columbia.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for District of Columbia.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

368k
2020 Value
0.971%
1 Year growth
± 0.971%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in District of Columbia grew at a rate of 0.971%, from 365k employees to 368k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in District of Columbia, are Management, scientific & technical consulting services (20,808 people), National security & international affairs (19,006 people), and Civic, social, advocacy organizations, & grantmaking & giving services (18,122 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of District of Columbia, though some of these residents may live in District of Columbia and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$72,201
Median earning men ± $1,509
$61,133
Median earning women ± $1,036

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2020 are Public Administration ($106,726), Manufacturing ($94,554), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($93,034).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2020 are Public Administration ($96,647), Manufacturing ($85,453), and Construction ($76,958).

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 18,350
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 15,712
    Professional, Scientific & Management, and Administrative & Waste Management Services
  3. 12,138
    Other Services, Except Public Administration

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Payroll by Industry Sector

The industries with the highest total annual payroll
  1. $48.4M
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. $32.6M
    Professional, Scientific & Management, and Administrative & Waste Management Services
  3. $21.1M
    Other Services, Except Public Administration

The chart shows the total annual payroll and the average annual payroll by industry.

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Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from District of Columbia to other states, or from other states to District of Columbia.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $2.61B
  2. $1.61B
  3. $1.1B

In 2020, the top outbound District of Columbia product (by dollars) was Pharmaceuticals with $2.61B, followed by Electronics ($1.61B) and Basic chemicals ($1.1B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for District of Columbia.
$12.2B
2020 Value in District of Columbia
$24.4B
Projected 2050 Value in District of Columbia
99.7% growth

In 2020, total outbound District of Columbia trade was $12.2B. This is expected to increase 99.7% to $24.4B by 2050.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from District of Columbia to other states, or from other states to District of Columbia.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $1.67B
  2. $1.46B
  3. $1.35B

In 2020, the top outbound District of Columbia domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Virginia with $1.67B, followed by Delaware with $1.46B and Maryland and $1.35B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that District of Columbia shares with each state (excluding itself).

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learningEducation

In 2020, universities in District of Columbia awarded 30,593 degrees. The student population of District of Columbia in 2020 is skewed towards women, with 36,845 male students and 61,252 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in District of Columbia are White (12,939 and 49.4%), followed by Black or African American (5,811 and 22.2%), Hispanic or Latino (2,679 and 10.2%), and Asian (2,096 and 8%).

The largest universities in District of Columbia by number of degrees awarded are George Washington University (10,055 and 32.9%), Georgetown University (7,467 and 24.4%), and American University (4,579 and 15%).

The most popular majors in District of Columbia are General Business Administration & Management (2,306 and 7.54%), International Relations & Affairs (2,248 and 7.35%), and Law (1,801 and 5.89%).

The median tuition costs in District of Columbia are $48,600 for private four year colleges, and $5,292 and $12,144 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2020 in District of Columbia, the percentage of applicants admitted was 38.5%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 22.4%. The number of students enrolled in 2020 was 98,097 (37.6% men and 62.4% women).

The map shows the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

The line chart below shows the annual evolution of the indicator by gender.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2020 there were 98,097 students enrolled in District of Columbia, 37.6% men and 62.4% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 38,144 records, of which 59% were women and 41% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 1,005 degree-majors awarded
  2. 349 degree-majors awarded
  3. 1,833 degree-majors awarded

In 2020, the most common concentation for Masters Degree recipients in District of Columbia was International Relations & Affairs with 1,005 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Masters Degree from schools in District of Columbia according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 10,055 degrees awarded
  2. 7,467 degrees awarded
  3. 4,579 degrees awarded

In 2020, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was George Washington University with 10,055 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2020, 12,142 men were awarded degrees from institutions in District of Columbia, which is 0.658 times less than the 18,451 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2020 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 12,939 degrees mean that there were 2.23 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 5,811 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($48,600) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2020.

Public, 4-year or above ($860) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2020.

Private for-profit, 4-year or above ($1,350) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Measure

In 2020, 0.932% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.852% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population of District of Columbia in 2020 were Graduate Degree (174k), Bachelors Degree (143k), and High School or Equivalent (103k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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homeHousing & Living

The median property value in District of Columbia was $618,100 in 2020, which is 2.69 times larger than the national average of $229,800. Between 2019 and 2020 the median property value increased from $601,500 to $618,100, a 2.76% increase. The homeownership rate in District of Columbia is 42.5%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.4%.

People in District of Columbia have an average commute time of 30.9 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in District of Columbia is lower than the national average, with an average of 1 car per household.

In 2021, 20.9% of the population was living with severe housing problems in District of Columbia. From 2018 to 2021, the indicator declined 0.62%.

Property

$618,100
Median Property Value 2020
±$10,023
$122,648
Median Property Taxes
±$2,557

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In District of Columbia the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in District of Columbia compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

42.5%
Homeownership
2020
69.8%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2020

In 2020, 42.5% of the housing units in District of Columbia were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 41.6%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in District of Columbia compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)

The following map shows all of the counties in District of Columbia colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$90,842
Median Household Income
± $1,580
288k
Number of Households
± 4,553

In 2020, the median household income of the 288k households in District of Columbia grew to $90,842 from the previous year's value of $86,420.

The following chart displays the households in District of Columbia distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $200k+ range.

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Wage Distribution

0.456
2020 Wage GINI in District of Columbia
0.46
2019 Wage GINI in District of Columbia

In 2020, the income inequality in District of Columbia was 0.456 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.963% decline from 2019 to 2020, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for District of Columbia was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in District of Columbia in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in District of Columbia across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2020
  1. Drove Alone (32.1%)
  2. Public Transit (31.5%)
  3. Walked (12.5%)

In 2020, 32.1% of workers in District of Columbia drove alone to work, followed by those who used public transit to get to work (31.5%) and those who walked to work (12.5%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

30.9 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in District of Columbia have a longer commute time (30.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.9 minutes). Additionally, 2.21% of the workforce in District of Columbia have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in District of Columbia compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

1 car
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in District of Columbia distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in District of Columbia have 1 car.

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Severe Housing Problems

In 2021, 20.9% of the population was living with severe housing problems in District of Columbia. From 2018 to 2021, the indicator declined 0.62%.

The map show the severe housing problems rate in the counties of California. The graph underneath the paragraph shows the trend of the percentage of the population living with severe housing problems.

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Poverty & Diversity

15.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in District of Columbia (103k out of 669k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.8%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 18 - 24.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in District of Columbia is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Children in Poverty

In 2021, 20.8% of the children was living in poverty in District of Columbia. From 2018 to 2021, the indicator declined 6.8%.

The map show the children in poverty rate in the counties of California. The graph underneath the paragraph shows the trend of the percentage of children in poverty.

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Crimes & Accidents

Indicator

In 2021, the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population was 1.23k in District of Columbia. From 2018 to 2021, the indicator declined 36.9 per 100,000 population.

The following map shows the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population.

The graph underneath the paragraph shows the trend of the indicator in District of Columbia.

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pulseHealth

96.3% of the population of District of Columbia has health coverage, with 51.9% on employee plans, 22.6% on Medicaid, 7.26% on Medicare, 13.4% on non-group plans, and 1.23% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in District of Columbia was $11,944 in 2014. This is a 4.17% increase from the previous year ($11,466).

Primary care physicians in District of Columbia see 850 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.118% decrease from the previous year (851 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 813 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 194 patients per year.

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for . Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in , as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Patient to Clinician Ratios

850 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in District of Columbia

Primary care physicians in District of Columbia see an average of 850 patients per year. This represents a 0.118% decrease from the previous year (851 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in District of Columbia in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2020, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 19.7% under 18 years, 32.3% between 18 and 34 years, 35.9% between 35 and 64 years, and 12.1% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 46.4% were men and 53.6% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

3.65%
Uninsured
51.9%
Employer Coverage
22.6%
Medicaid
7.26%
Medicare
13.4%
Non-Group
1.23%
Military or VA

Between 2019 and 2020, the percent of uninsured citizens in District of Columbia declined by 0.921% from 3.69% to 3.65%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in District of Columbia changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

In 2021, the number of deaths among residents under age 18 per 100,000 population was 73 in District of Columbia.

The  map shows the distribution of the indicator in the counties of District of Columbia and the graphic underneath the paragraph shows the trend of the indicator in District of Columbia.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2021, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 24% in District of Columbia.

The  map shows the distribution of the indicator in the counties of District of Columbia and the graphic underneath the paragraph shows the trend of the indicator in District of Columbia.

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Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2021, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 3.55% in District of Columbia.

The  map shows the distribution of the indicator in the counties of District of Columbia and the graphic underneath the paragraph shows the trend of the indicator in District of Columbia.

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