Baldwin County, AL

County

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2020 Population
218,289
2.56% 1-year growth
US Senator
Richard Shelby
Republican Party
US Senator
Tommy Tuberville
Republican Party
2020 Median Age
43.2
0.465% 1-year increase
2020 Poverty Rate
9.17%
11.4% 1-year decrease
2020 Median Household Income
$61,756
5.89% 1-year growth
2020 Median Property Value
$211,600
6.92% 1-year growth
2020 Employed Population
98,768
3.87% 1-year growth

About

In 2020, Baldwin County, AL had a population of 218k people with a median age of 43.2 and a median household income of $61,756. Between 2019 and 2020 the population of Baldwin County, AL grew from 212,830 to 218,289, a 2.56% increase and its median household income grew from $58,320 to $61,756, a 5.89% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Baldwin County, AL are White (Non-Hispanic) (83%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (9.38%), White (Hispanic) (3.25%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (1.43%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (0.802%).

None of the households in Baldwin County, AL reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

98.3% of the residents in Baldwin County, AL are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Baldwin County, AL are Columbia Southern University (7,517 degrees awarded in 2020), Coastal Alabama Community College (1,099 degrees), and Fortis College-Foley (63 degrees).

In 2020, the median property value in Baldwin County, AL was $211,600, and the homeownership rate was 77%.

Most people in Baldwin County, AL drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 26 minutes. The average car ownership in Baldwin County, AL was 2 cars per household.

geosearchPopulation & Diversity

Baldwin County, AL is home to a population of 218k people, from which 98.3% are citizens. As of 2020, 3.42% of Baldwin County, AL residents were born outside of the country (7.47k people).

In 2018, there were 8.85 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (173k people) in Baldwin County, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 19.5k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 6.76k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

98.3%
2020 Citizenship
98%
2019 Citizenship

As of 2020, 98.3% of Baldwin County, AL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2019, the percentage of US citizens in Baldwin County, AL was 98%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Baldwin County, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Baldwin County, AL
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    173k ± 227
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    19.5k ± 317
  3. White (Hispanic)
    6.76k ± 686
4.49%
Hispanic Population
9.35k people

In 2018, there were 8.85 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (173k people) in Baldwin County, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 19.5k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 6.76k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

4.49% of the people in Baldwin County, AL are hispanic (9.35k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Baldwin County, AL as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    47,080 ± 5,301 people
  2. Guatemala
    12,910 ± 2,786 people
  3. India
    10,249 ± 2,483 people

In 2020, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Alabama was Mexico, the natal country of 47,080 Alabama residents, followed by Guatemala with 12,910 and India with 10,249.

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Foreign-Born Population

3.42%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
7.47k people
3.72%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
7.92k people

As of 2020, 3.42% of Baldwin County, AL residents (7.47k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.5%. In 2019, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Baldwin County, AL was 3.72%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Baldwin County, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    8,162 ± 736
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    3,800 ± 610
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    2,513 ± 501

Baldwin County, AL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.15 times greater than any other conflict.

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briefcaseEconomy

The economy of Baldwin County, AL employs 98.8k people. The largest industries in Baldwin County, AL are Retail Trade (13,434 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (11,744 people), and Manufacturing (9,608 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($67,904), Utilities ($63,370), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($56,699).

Males in Alabama have an average income that is 1.44 times higher than the average income of females, which is $44,111. The income inequality in Alabama (measured using the Gini index) is 0.458, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

98.8k
2020 Value
± 3,200
3.87%
1 Year growth
± 4.24%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Baldwin County, AL grew at a rate of 3.87%, from 95.1k employees to 98.8k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Baldwin County, AL, are Sales & Related Occupations (12,609 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (10,762 people), and Management Occupations (10,516 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Baldwin County, AL.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Alabama (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

98.8k
2020 Value
± 3,200
3.87%
1 Year growth
± 4.24%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Baldwin County, AL grew at a rate of 3.87%, from 95.1k employees to 98.8k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Baldwin County, AL, are Retail Trade (13,434 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (11,744 people), and Manufacturing (9,608 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Baldwin County, AL, though some of these residents may live in Baldwin County, AL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$46,435
Median earning men ± $2,012
$29,576
Median earning women ± $1,494

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2020 are Information ($59,196), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($59,185), and Manufacturing ($59,104).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2020 are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($45,563), Manufacturing ($40,880), and Public Administration ($39,480).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Alabama. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Alabama.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 1,860
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 1,513
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  3. 1,207
    Retail Trade

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Payroll by Industry Sector

The industries with the highest total annual payroll
  1. $1.1M
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. $1M
    Manufacturing
  3. $432k
    Retail Trade

The chart shows the total annual payroll and the average annual payroll by industry.

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Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $52.4B
  2. $22.9B
  3. $20.4B

In 2020, the top outbound Alabama product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $52.4B, followed by Pharmaceuticals ($22.9B) and Base metals ($20.4B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Alabama products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Alabama.
$282B
2020 Value in Alabama
$539B
Projected 2050 Value in Alabama
91.3% growth

In 2020, total outbound Alabama trade was $282B. This is expected to increase 91.3% to $539B by 2050.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Alabama trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $31.7B
  2. $21.3B
  3. $14.3B

In 2020, the top outbound Alabama domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $31.7B, followed by Florida with $21.3B and Tennessee and $14.3B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Alabama shares with each state (excluding itself).

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flagCivics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Baldwin County, AL went to Donald J. Trump with 76.2% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (22.4%), followed by Other (1.42%).

Richard Shelby and Tommy Tuberville are the senators currently representing the state of Alabama. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Alabama is currently represented by 7 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Alabama

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Richard Shelby
Senator from Alabama3
Assumed office on January 3, 1987
Until 1994, Richard Shelby won election to the Senate as a member of the Democratic Party.
Tommy Tuberville
Senator from Alabama2
Assumed office on January 3, 2021

Richard Shelby and Tommy Tuberville are the senators currently representing Alabama.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Alabama over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Alabama

Alabama is currently represented by 7 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Alabama have changed over time starting in 2008.

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learningEducation

In 2020, universities in Baldwin County, AL awarded 8,742 degrees. The student population of Baldwin County, AL in 2020 is skewed towards men, with 14,474 male students and 11,137 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Baldwin County, AL are White (4,475 and 51.2%), followed by Black or African American (1,631 and 18.7%), Unknown (1,588 and 18.2%), and Hispanic or Latino (538 and 6.16%).

The largest universities in Baldwin County, AL by number of degrees awarded are Columbia Southern University (7,517 and 86%), Coastal Alabama Community College (1,099 and 12.6%), and Fortis College-Foley (63 and 0.721%).

The most popular majors in Baldwin County, AL are General Business Administration & Management (2,359 and 27%), Occupational Safety & Health Technology (1,644 and 18.8%), and Fire Science & Fire-Fighting (686 and 7.85%).

The median tuition cost in Baldwin County, AL for private four year colleges is $17,424.

Enrollments by Gender and Races

In 2020 there were 25,611 students enrolled in Baldwin County, AL, 56.5% men and 43.5% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 13,973 records, of which 39.7% were women and 60.3% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 793 degree-majors awarded
  2. 453 degree-majors awarded
  3. 936 degree-majors awarded

In 2020, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Baldwin County, AL was Occupational Safety & Health Technology with 793 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Baldwin County, AL according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 7,517 degrees awarded
  2. 1,099 degrees awarded
  3. 63 degrees awarded

In 2020, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Columbia Southern University with 7,517 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

In 2020, 5,179 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Baldwin County, AL, which is 1.45 times more than the 3,563 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2020 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 4,475 degrees mean that there were 2.74 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 1,631 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($17,424) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2020.

Public, 2-year ($870) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2020.

Public, 2-year ($1,448) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Measure

In 2020, 0.875% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.825% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2020 were High School or Equivalent (1.18M), Some college (900k), and Secondary Education (638k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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homeHousing & Living

The median property value in Baldwin County, AL was $211,600 in 2020, which is 0.921 times smaller than the national average of $229,800. Between 2019 and 2020 the median property value increased from $197,900 to $211,600, a 6.92% increase. The homeownership rate in Baldwin County, AL is 77%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.4%.

People in Baldwin County, AL have an average commute time of 26 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Baldwin County, AL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Baldwin County, AL is $61,756. In 2020, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Baldwin County, AL was Census Tract 113 with a value of $78,988, followed by Census Tract 107.04 and Census Tract 111.02, with respective values of $78,428 and $73,372.

In 2021, 13% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Baldwin County, AL. From 2014 to 2021, the indicator declined 0.503%.

Property

$211,600
Median Property Value 2020
±$5,853
$64,716
Median Property Taxes
±$2,329

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Baldwin County, AL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Baldwin County, AL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

77%
Homeownership
2020
68.9%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2020

In 2020, 77% of the housing units in Baldwin County, AL were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 75.2%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Baldwin County, AL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 113
  2. Census Tract 107.04
  3. Census Tract 111.02

In 2020, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Baldwin County, AL was Census Tract 113 with a value of $78,988, followed by Census Tract 107.04 and Census Tract 111.02, with respective values of $78,428 and $73,372.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Baldwin County, AL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$61,756
Median Household Income
± $2,268
84k
Number of Households
± 2,834

In 2020, the median household income of the 84k households in Baldwin County, AL grew to $61,756 from the previous year's value of $58,320.

The following chart displays the households in Baldwin County, AL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Baldwin County, AL is from Alabama.
0.458
2020 Wage GINI in Alabama
0.459
2019 Wage GINI in Alabama

In 2020, the income inequality in Alabama was 0.458 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.32% decline from 2019 to 2020, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Alabama was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Alabama in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Alabama across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2020
  1. Drove Alone (83%)
  2. Carpooled (7.96%)
  3. Worked At Home (6.44%)

In 2020, 83% of workers in Baldwin County, AL drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (7.96%) and those who worked at home (6.44%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

26 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Baldwin County, AL have a shorter commute time (26 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.9 minutes). Additionally, 1.51% of the workforce in Baldwin County, AL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Baldwin County, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Baldwin County, AL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Baldwin County, AL have 2 cars.

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Severe Housing Problems

In 2021, 13% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Baldwin County, AL. From 2014 to 2021, the indicator declined 0.503%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the population living with severe housing problems.

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Poverty & Diversity

9.17% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Baldwin County, AL (19.7k out of 215k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.8%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 55 - 64, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Males 55 - 64.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Baldwin County, AL is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Children in Poverty

In 2021, 13.5% of the children was living in poverty in Baldwin County, AL. From 2014 to 2021, the indicator declined 7%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the children living in poverty.

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Crimes & Accidents

Indicator

In 2021, the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population was 204 in Baldwin County, AL. From 2014 to 2021, the indicator declined 9.64 per 100,000 population.

The graph shows the trend in the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population.

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pulseHealth

90.5% of the population of Baldwin County, AL has health coverage, with 43.2% on employee plans, 12% on Medicaid, 15.3% on Medicare, 17.5% on non-group plans, and 2.51% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Alabama was $7,281 in 2014. This is a 4.07% increase from the previous year ($6,996).

Primary care physicians in Baldwin County, AL see 1425 patients per year on average, which represents a 3.86% increase from the previous year (1372 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2029 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1015 patients per year.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 47.9% were men and 52.1% were women.

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Alabama. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Alabama, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,425 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Baldwin County, AL

Primary care physicians in Baldwin County, AL see an average of 1,425 patients per year. This represents a 3.86% increase from the previous year (1,372 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Baldwin County, AL in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Alabama across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2020, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 22.8% under 18 years, 17.2% between 18 and 34 years, 39.6% between 35 and 64 years, and 20.4% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 47.9% were men and 52.1% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

9.51%
Uninsured
43.2%
Employer Coverage
12%
Medicaid
15.3%
Medicare
17.5%
Non-Group
2.51%
Military or VA

Between 2019 and 2020, the percent of uninsured citizens in Baldwin County, AL grew by 7.02% from 8.88% to 9.51%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Baldwin County, AL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

In 2021, the number of deaths among residents under age 18 per 100,000 population was 51 in Baldwin County, AL.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Baldwin County, AL.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2021, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 30% in Baldwin County, AL.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Baldwin County, AL.

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Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2021, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 13.2% in Baldwin County, AL.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Baldwin County, AL.

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