Washington County, AL

County

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2019 Population
16,541
0.613% 1-year decline
US Senator
Richard Shelby
Republican Party
US Senator
Tommy Tuberville
Republican Party
2019 Median Age
43.7
0.229% 1-year increase
2019 Poverty Rate
21.1%
0.39% 1-year increase
2019 Median Household Income
$41,370
1.41% 1-year growth
2019 Median Property Value
$89,100
4.58% 1-year growth
2019 Employed Population
5,582
0.795% 1-year growth

About

In 2019, Washington County, AL had a population of 16.5k people with a median age of 43.7 and a median household income of $41,370. Between 2018 and 2019 the population of Washington County, AL declined from 16,643 to 16,541, a −0.613% decrease and its median household income grew from $40,794 to $41,370, a 1.41% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Washington County, AL are White (Non-Hispanic) (64.9%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (23.5%), American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) (7.31%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (2.4%), and White (Hispanic) (1.38%). 0% of the households in Washington County, AL speak a non-English language at home as their primary language, and 99.8% of the residents in Washington County, AL are U.S. citizens.

In 2019, the median property value in Washington County, AL was $89,100, and the homeownership rate was 82.7%. Most people in Washington County, AL drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 33.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Washington County, AL was 2 cars per household.

COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Alabama. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Alabama, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Alabama (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Start Year
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Alabama. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Alabama.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Alabama across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Diversity

Washington County, AL is home to a population of 16.5k people, from which 99.8% are citizens. As of 2019, 8.29% of Washington County, AL residents were born outside of the country (1.37k people).

In 2019, there were 2.76 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (10.7k people) in Washington County, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 3.89k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 1.21k American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Washington County, AL
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    10.7k ± 26
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    3.89k ± 260
  3. American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic)
    1.21k ± 156
1.46%
Hispanic Population
241 people

In 2019, there were 2.76 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (10.7k people) in Washington County, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 3.89k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 1.21k American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

1.46% of the people in Washington County, AL are hispanic (241 people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Washington County, AL as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

8.29%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
1.37k people
1.05%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
175 people

As of 2019, 8.29% of Washington County, AL residents (1.37k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 34%. In 2018, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Washington County, AL was 1.05%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Washington County, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

45
Median Native-Born Age
± 1.5
16
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 12.8

In 2019, the median age of all people in Washington County, AL was 43.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 45, were generally older than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 16. But people in Washington County, AL are getting getting older. In 2018, the average age of all Washington County, AL residents was 44.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    48,648 ± 5,388 people
  2. Guatemala
    13,164 ± 2,813 people
  3. India
    9,844 ± 2,433 people

In 2019, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Alabama was Mexico, the natal country of 48,648 Alabama residents, followed by Guatemala with 13,164 and India with 9,844.

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Citizenship

99.8%
2019 Citizenship
99.6%
2018 Citizenship

As of 2019, 99.8% of Washington County, AL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2018, the percentage of US citizens in Washington County, AL was 99.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Washington County, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    310 ± 108
  2. Gulf War (1990s)
    234 ± 152
  3. Gulf War (2001-)
    156 ± 91

Washington County, AL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.32 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

Median household income in Washington County, AL is $41,370. In 2019, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Washington County, AL was Census Tract 443 with a value of $52,059, followed by Census Tract 439 and Census Tract 441, with respective values of $47,702 and $42,827.

Males in Alabama have an average income that is 1.44 times higher than the average income of females, which is $43,012. The income inequality in Alabama (measured using the Gini index) is 0.459, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Washington County, AL employs 5.58k people. The largest industries in Washington County, AL are Manufacturing (1,122 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (770 people), and Construction (653 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($150,060), Utilities ($82,083), and Manufacturing ($65,000).

Wages

Median Household Income

$41,370
2019 value
± $3,437
1.41%
1 Year Growth
± 11.7%

Households in Washington County, AL have a median annual income of $41,370, which is less than the median annual income of $65,712 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $40,794 in 2018, which represents a 1.41% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Washington County, AL compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.
$61,746
Average Male Salary in Alabama
± $1,542
$43,012
Average Female Salary in Alabama
± $1,077

In 2019, full-time male employees in Alabama made 1.44 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Alabama by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Alabama
  1. Asian
    $59,683 ± $10,574
  2. White
    $50,914 ± $1,134
  3. American Indian
    $44,130 ± $8,792

In 2019 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Alabama workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.17 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Alabama.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Alabama by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Washington County, AL is from Alabama.
0.459
2019 Wage GINI in Alabama
0.46
2018 Wage GINI in Alabama

In 2019, the income inequality in Alabama was 0.459 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.143% decline from 2018 to 2019, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Alabama was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Alabama in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Alabama across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 443
  2. Census Tract 439
  3. Census Tract 441

In 2019, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Washington County, AL was Census Tract 443 with a value of $52,059, followed by Census Tract 439 and Census Tract 441, with respective values of $47,702 and $42,827.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Washington County, AL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 55 - 64
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

21.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Washington County, AL (3.45k out of 16.3k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.3%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 55 - 64, followed by Males 16 - 17 and then Females 45 - 54.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    2,203 ± 325
  2. Black
    915 ± 228
  3. Two Or More
    172 ± 138

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Washington County, AL is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

5.58k
2019 Value
± 537
0.795%
1 Year growth
± 13.5%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Washington County, AL grew at a rate of 0.795%, from 5.54k employees to 5.58k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Washington County, AL, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (660 people), Production Occupations (599 people), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (548 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Washington County, AL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Washington County, AL, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (660 people), Production Occupations (599 people), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (548 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Washington County, AL has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (2.2 times higher than expected), Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (2.18 times), and Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (2.12 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Washington County, AL, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($100,395), Management Occupations ($76,000), and Production Occupations ($71,696).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

5.58k
2019 Value
± 537
0.795%
1 Year growth
± 13.5%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Washington County, AL grew at a rate of 0.795%, from 5.54k employees to 5.58k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Washington County, AL, are Manufacturing (1,122 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (770 people), and Construction (653 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Washington County, AL, though some of these residents may live in Washington County, AL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Washington County, AL, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (1,122 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (770 people), and Construction (653 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Washington County, AL has an unusually high number of Utilities (4.45 times higher than expected), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (2.81 times), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (2.8 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Washington County, AL, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($150,060), Utilities ($82,083), and Manufacturing ($65,000).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $52.4B
  2. $29.3B
  3. $21.2B

In 2018, the top outbound Alabama product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $52.4B, followed by Mixed freight ($29.3B) and Coal-n.e.c. ($21.2B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Alabama products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Alabama.
$280B
2018 Value in Alabama
$481B
Projected 2045 Value in Alabama
71.8% growth

In 2018, total outbound Alabama trade was $280B. This is expected to increase 71.8% to $481B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Alabama trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $31.8B
  2. $17.8B
  3. $14.7B

In 2018, the top outbound Alabama domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $31.8B, followed by Florida with $17.8B and Tennessee and $14.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Alabama shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in Washington County, AL went to Donald J. Trump with 70.8% of the vote. The runner-up was Hillary Rodham Clinton (27.8%), followed by Other (1.37%). The most partisan county was Winston County, AL with 89.5% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

Richard Shelby and Tommy Tuberville are the senators currently representing the state of Alabama. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Alabama is currently represented by 7 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Alabama.
Showing data up to the 2016 election. Updated election results are currently being processed, and will be released in the coming months.
Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for Washington County, AL
70.8% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in Alabama
  1. 89.5% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 89.3% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 87.4% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in Alabama was Winston County, AL with 89.5% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in Alabama colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Alabama

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Richard Shelby
Senator from Alabama3
Assumed office on January 3, 1987
Tommy Tuberville
Senator from Alabama2
Assumed office on January 3, 2021

Richard Shelby and Tommy Tuberville are the senators currently representing Alabama.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Alabama over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Alabama

Alabama is currently represented by 7 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Alabama have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Washington County, AL was $89,100 in 2019, which is 0.37 times smaller than the national average of $240,500. Between 2018 and 2019 the median property value increased from $85,200 to $89,100, a 4.58% increase. The homeownership rate in Washington County, AL is 82.7%, which is higher than the national average of 64.1%. People in Washington County, AL have an average commute time of 33.1 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Washington County, AL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$89,100
2019 Median
± $13,554
$85,200
2018 Median
± $10,564

In 2019, the median property value in Washington County, AL grew to to $89,100 from the previous year's value of $85,200.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Washington County, AL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Washington County, AL the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$41,370
Median Household Income
± $3,437
5.99k
Number of Households
± 506

In 2019, the median household income of the 5.99k households in Washington County, AL grew to $41,370 from the previous year's value of $40,794.

The following chart displays the households in Washington County, AL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Washington County, AL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Washington County, AL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

82.7%
2019 Homeownership
83.8%
2018 Homeownership

In 2019, 82.7% of the housing units in Washington County, AL were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 83.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 64.1%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Washington County, AL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

33.1 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Washington County, AL have a longer commute time (33.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 4.67% of the workforce in Washington County, AL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Washington County, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2019
  1. Drove Alone (86.5%)
  2. Carpooled (9.88%)
  3. Other (2.5%)

In 2019, 86.5% of workers in Washington County, AL drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (9.88%) and those who used some unspecified means to get work (2.5%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Washington County, AL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Washington County, AL have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Health

90.6% of the population of Washington County, AL has health coverage, with 37.6% on employee plans, 19.1% on Medicaid, 16% on Medicare, 16.6% on non-group plans, and 1.2% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Alabama was $7,281 in 2014. This is a 4.07% increase from the previous year ($6,996).

Primary care physicians in Washington County, AL see 8189 patients per year on average, which represents a 48.6% increase from the previous year (5510 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 8163 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 3265 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Bullock County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (29.5%). Additionally, Macon County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (50.9%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

8,189 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Washington County, AL

Primary care physicians in Washington County, AL see an average of 8,189 patients per year. This represents a 48.6% increase from the previous year (5,510 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Washington County, AL in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
$7,281
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Alabama
$3,641
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$5,042
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$10,267
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Alabama (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.07%, from $6,996 to $7,281.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

9.39%
Uninsured
37.6%
Employer Coverage
19.1%
Medicaid
16%
Medicare
16.6%
Non-Group
1.2%
Military or VA

Between 2018 and 2019, the percent of uninsured citizens in Washington County, AL declined by 1.74% from 9.55% to 9.39%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Washington County, AL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 29.5% prevalence
  2. 25.6% prevalence
  3. 24.8% prevalence

Bullock County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Alabama, at 29.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Alabama by county over multiple years.

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