Escambia County, AL

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Population

37,621

0.671% decline

Median Age

39.6


Median Household Income

$35,026

8.33% growth

Poverty Rate

23.8%


Number of Employees

12,134

1.31% growth

Median Property Value

$94,500

0.639% growth

About

In 2017, Escambia County, AL had a population of 37.6k people with a median age of 39.6 and a median household income of $35,026. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Escambia County, AL declined from 37,875 to 37,621, a -0.671% decrease and its median household income grew from $32,334 to $35,026, a 8.33% increase.

The population of Escambia County, AL is 60.2% White Alone, 32.2% Black or African American Alone, and 3.64% American Indian & Alaska Native Alone. N/A% of the people in Escambia County, AL speak a non-English language, and 99.7% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Escambia County, AL are Jefferson Davis Community College (276 degrees awarded in 2017).

The median property value in Escambia County, AL is $94,500, and the homeownership rate is 71.8%. Most people in Escambia County, AL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Escambia County, AL is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Birmingham, AL

Economy

The economy of Escambia County, AL employs 12.1k people. The largest industries in Escambia County, AL are Manufacturing (2,164 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,477 people), and Retail Trade (1,270 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($77,554), Wholesale Trade ($41,324), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($41,188).

Median household income in Escambia County, AL is $35,026. Males in Escambia County, AL have an average income that is 1.44 times higher than the average income of females, which is $40,615. The income inequality in Escambia County, AL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.46, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$35,026

2017 value

± $2,265

8.33%

1 Year Growth

± 8.84%

Households in Escambia County, AL have a median annual income of $35,026, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $32,334 in 2016, which represents a 8.33% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Escambia County, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

$58,549

Average Male Salary

± $1,465

$40,615

Average Female Salary

± $997

In 2017, full-time male employees in Alabama made 1.44 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Alabama by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $58,018 ± $10,489

  2. White

    $47,885 ± $1,063

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $45,909 ± $38,465

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Alabama workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.21 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Alabama by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Escambia County, AL is from Alabama.

0.46

2017 Wage GINI

0.458

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Alabama was 0.46 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.343% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Alabama was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Alabama in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Alabama across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9701

  2. Census Tract 9699

  3. Census Tract 9704

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Escambia County, AL was Census Tract 9701 with a value of $50,824, followed by Census Tract 9699 and Census Tract 9704, with respective values of $43,188 and $39,432.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Escambia County, AL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

23.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Escambia County, AL (8.28k out of 34.7k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 45 - 54.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    4,220 ± 454

  2. White

    3,500 ± 391

  3. Native American

    316 ± 117

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Escambia County, AL is Black, followed by White and Native American.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

12.1k

2017 Value

± 777

1.31%

1 Year growth

± 8.86%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Escambia County, AL grew at a rate of 1.31%, from 12k employees to 12.1k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Escambia County, AL, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,623 people), Production Occupations (1,433 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (1,363 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Escambia County, AL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Escambia County, AL, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,623 people), Production Occupations (1,433 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (1,363 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Escambia County, AL has an unusually high number of residents working as Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (3.7 times higher than expected), Production Occupations (2.04 times), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (1.4 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Escambia County, AL, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($81,932), Legal Occupations ($73,393), and Business & Financial Operations Occupations ($68,438).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

12.1k

2017 Value

± 777

1.31%

1 Year growth

± 8.86%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Escambia County, AL grew at a rate of 1.31%, from 12k employees to 12.1k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Escambia County, AL, are Manufacturing (2,164 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,477 people), and Retail Trade (1,270 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Escambia County, AL, though some of these residents may live in Escambia County, AL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Escambia County, AL, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (2,164 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,477 people), and Retail Trade (1,270 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Escambia County, AL has an unusually high number of Utilities (3.61 times higher than expected), Public Administration (2.04 times), and Manufacturing (1.76 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Escambia County, AL, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($77,554), Wholesale Trade ($41,324), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($41,188).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $43.7B

  2. $29.7B

  3. $23.9B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $43.7B, followed by Mixed freight ($29.7B) and Coal-n.e.c. ($23.9B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Alabama products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Alabama state.

$265B

2020 Value

$367B

Projected 2045 Value

38.3% growth

In 2020, total outbound Alabama trade was $265B. This is expected to increase 38.3% to $367B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Alabama trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $27.4B

  2. $17.9B

  3. $16.2B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $27.4B, followed by Florida with $17.9B and Tennessee and $16.2B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Alabama shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

84.4% of the population of Escambia County, AL has health coverage, with 41% on employee plans, 16.1% on Medicaid, 16.7% on Medicare, 9.27% on non-group plans, and 1.38% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Escambia County, AL was $7,281 in 2014. This is a 4.07% increase from the previous year ($6,996).

Primary care physicians in Escambia County, AL see 2519 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.119% increase from the previous year (2516 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2902 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 2096 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (21.1%). Additionally, Macon County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (47.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2,519 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Escambia County, AL see an average of 2,519 patients per year. This represents a 0.119% increase from the previous year (2,516 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Escambia County, AL in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

$7,281

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,641

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,042

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,267

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Alabama (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.07%, from $6,996 to $7,281.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

15.6%

Uninsured

41%

Employer Coverage

16.1%

Medicaid

16.7%

Medicare

9.27%

Non-Group

1.38%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Escambia County, AL declined by 11.3% from 17.6% to 15.6%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Escambia County, AL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 21.1% prevalence

  2. 20.9% prevalence

  3. 20.4% prevalence

Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Alabama, at 21.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Alabama by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Escambia County, AL is home to a population of 37.6k people, from which 99.7% are citizens. As of 2017, 0.789% of Escambia County, AL residents were born outside of the country (297 people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Escambia County, AL is composed of 22.7k White Alone residents (60.2%), 12.1k Black or African American Alone residents (32.2%), 1.37k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (3.64%), 809 Hispanic or Latino residents (2.15%), 427 Two or More Races residents (1.14%), 149 Asian Alone residents (0.396%), 54 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.144%), and 46 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.122%).

Age

Age by Nativity

40

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

31

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 16.4

In 2017, the median age of all people in Escambia County, AL was 39.6. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 40, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 31. But people in Escambia County, AL are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Escambia County, AL residents was 40.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

0.789%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

297 people

0.737%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

279 people

As of 2017, 0.789% of Escambia County, AL residents (297 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Escambia County, AL was 0.737%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Escambia County, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    51,837 ± 5,560 people

  2. Guatemala

    11,080 ± 2,581 people

  3. India

    9,229 ± 2,356 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Alabama was Mexico, the natal country of 51,837 Alabama residents, followed by Guatemala with 11,080 and India with 9,229.

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Citizenship

99.7%

2017 Citizenship

99.6%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.7% of Escambia County, AL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Escambia County, AL was 99.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Escambia County, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    22.7k ± 45

  2. Black or African American Alone

    12.1k ± 195

  3. American Indian & Alaska Native Alone

    1.37k ± 95

In 2017, there were 1.87 times more White Alone residents (22.7k people) in Escambia County, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 12.1k Black or African American Alone and 1.37k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Escambia County, AL as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    957 ± 151

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    371 ± 146

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    250 ± 104

Escambia County, AL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.58 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Escambia County, AL awarded 276 degrees. The student population of Escambia County, AL is skewed towards men, with 391 male students and 355 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Escambia County, AL are White (170 and 61.6%), followed by Black or African American (69 and 25%), Unknown (20 and 7.25%), and Two or More Races (6 and 2.17%).

The largest universities in Escambia County, AL by number of degrees awarded are Jefferson Davis Community College (276 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Escambia County, AL are General Studies (85 and 30.8%), Registered Nursing (68 and 24.6%), and Welding Technology (39 and 14.1%).

The median tuition costs in Escambia County, AL are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 85 degrees awarded

  2. 68 degrees awarded

  3. 8 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Escambia County, AL was General Studies with 85 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Escambia County, AL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

276 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2017, the Escambia County, AL institution with the largest number of graduating students was Jefferson Davis Community College with 276 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

148

Degrees Awarded to Men

128

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 148 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Escambia County, AL, which is 1.16 times more than the 128 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Escambia County, AL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    170 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    69 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    20 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Escambia County, AL were to White students. These 170 degrees mean that there were 2.46 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 69 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Escambia County, AL was $94,500 in 2017, which is 0.411 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $93,900 to $94,500, a 0.639% increase. The homeownership rate in Escambia County, AL is 71.8%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Escambia County, AL have an average commute time of 22.4 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Escambia County, AL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$94,500

2017 Median

± $4,247

$93,900

2016 Median

± $4,537

In 2017, the median property value in Escambia County, AL grew to to $94,500 from the previous year's value of $93,900.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Escambia County, AL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Escambia County, AL the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$35,026

Median Household Income

± $2,265

13.2k

Number of Households

± 765

In 2017, the median household income of the 13.2k households in Escambia County, AL grew to $35,026 from the previous year's value of $32,334.

The following chart displays the households in Escambia County, AL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Escambia County, AL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Escambia County, AL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

71.8%

2017 Homeownership

71.2%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 71.8% of the housing units in Escambia County, AL were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 71.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Escambia County, AL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

22.4 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Escambia County, AL have a shorter commute time (22.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.45% of the workforce in Escambia County, AL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Escambia County, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    91.3%

  2. Carpooled

    6.98%

  3. Worked At Home

    0.831%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Escambia County, AL was Drove Alone (91.3%), followed by those who Carpooled (6.98%) and those who Worked At Home (0.831%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Escambia County, AL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Escambia County, AL have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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