Monroe County, AL

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Population

21,745

1.05% decline

Median Age

41.7


Median Household Income

$26,036

7.61% decline

Poverty Rate

33.7%


Number of Employees

6,154

4.93% decline

Median Property Value

$88,000

0.342% growth

About

In 2017, Monroe County, AL had a population of 21.7k people with a median age of 41.7 and a median household income of $26,036. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Monroe County, AL declined from 21,975 to 21,745, a -1.05% decrease and its median household income declined from $28,182 to $26,036, a -7.61% decrease.

The population of Monroe County, AL is 54.5% White Alone, 40.8% Black or African American Alone, and 1.62% Two or More Races. N/A% of the people in Monroe County, AL speak a non-English language, and 100% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Monroe County, AL are Alabama Southern Community College (310 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Monroe County, AL is $88,000, and the homeownership rate is 61%. Most people in Monroe County, AL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 24 minutes. The average car ownership in Monroe County, AL is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Birmingham, AL

Economy

The economy of Monroe County, AL employs 6.15k people. The largest industries in Monroe County, AL are Manufacturing (1,064 people), Retail Trade (848 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (787 people), and the highest paying industries are Manufacturing ($56,447), Utilities ($55,583), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($53,229).

Median household income in Monroe County, AL is $26,036. Males in Monroe County, AL have an average income that is 1.44 times higher than the average income of females, which is $40,615. The income inequality in Monroe County, AL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.46, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$26,036

2017 value

± $3,726

-7.61%

1 Year Growth

± 24.8%

Households in Monroe County, AL have a median annual income of $26,036, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $28,182 in 2016, which represents a -7.61% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Monroe County, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

$58,549

Average Male Salary

± $1,465

$40,615

Average Female Salary

± $997

In 2017, full-time male employees in Alabama made 1.44 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Alabama by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $58,018 ± $10,489

  2. White

    $47,885 ± $1,063

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $45,909 ± $38,465

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Alabama workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.21 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Alabama by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Monroe County, AL is from Alabama.

0.46

2017 Wage GINI

0.458

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Alabama was 0.46 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.343% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Alabama was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Alabama in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Alabama across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 761

  2. Census Tract 762

  3. Census Tract 759

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Monroe County, AL was Census Tract 761 with a value of $35,921, followed by Census Tract 762 and Census Tract 759, with respective values of $29,423 and $27,292.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Monroe County, AL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 35 - 44

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

33.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Monroe County, AL (7.25k out of 21.5k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 35 - 44, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Females 55 - 64.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    4,747 ± 423

  2. White

    2,298 ± 334

  3. Hispanic

    238 ± 175

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Monroe County, AL is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

6.15k

2017 Value

± 544

-4.93%

1 Year decline

± 13.1%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Monroe County, AL declined at a rate of -4.93%, from 6.47k employees to 6.15k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Monroe County, AL, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (624 people), Sales & Related Occupations (615 people), and Production Occupations (576 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Monroe County, AL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Monroe County, AL, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (624 people), Sales & Related Occupations (615 people), and Production Occupations (576 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Monroe County, AL has an unusually high number of residents working as Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (2.74 times higher than expected), Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (2.36 times), and Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.67 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Monroe County, AL, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($83,350), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($57,054), and Business & Financial Operations Occupations ($56,196).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

6.15k

2017 Value

± 544

-4.93%

1 Year decline

± 13.1%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Monroe County, AL declined at a rate of -4.93%, from 6.47k employees to 6.15k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Monroe County, AL, are Manufacturing (1,064 people), Retail Trade (848 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (787 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Monroe County, AL, though some of these residents may live in Monroe County, AL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Monroe County, AL, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (1,064 people), Retail Trade (848 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (787 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Monroe County, AL has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (2.4 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (1.71 times), and Public Administration (1.64 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Monroe County, AL, by median earnings, are Manufacturing ($56,447), Utilities ($55,583), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($53,229).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $40.7B

  2. $28B

  3. $21.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $40.7B, followed by Mixed freight ($28B) and Coal-n.e.c. ($21.5B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Alabama products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Alabama state.

$243B

2015 Value

$367B

Projected 2045 Value

50.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Alabama trade was $243B. This is expected to increase 50.7% to $367B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Alabama trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25.3B

  2. $16.7B

  3. $14.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $25.3B, followed by Florida with $16.7B and Tennessee and $14.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Alabama shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

85% of the population of Monroe County, AL has health coverage, with 32.9% on employee plans, 24.2% on Medicaid, 14.6% on Medicare, 11.9% on non-group plans, and 1.43% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Monroe County, AL was $7,281 in 2014. This is a 4.07% increase from the previous year ($6,996).

Primary care physicians in Monroe County, AL see 3096 patients per year on average, which represents a 15.4% decrease from the previous year (3658 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 4306 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1435 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (21.1%). Additionally, Macon County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (47.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

3,096 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Monroe County, AL see an average of 3,096 patients per year. This represents a 15.4% decrease from the previous year (3,658 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Monroe County, AL in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

$7,281

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,641

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,042

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,267

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Alabama (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.07%, from $6,996 to $7,281.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

15%

Uninsured

32.9%

Employer Coverage

24.2%

Medicaid

14.6%

Medicare

11.9%

Non-Group

1.43%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Monroe County, AL declined by 8.83% from 16.4% to 15%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Monroe County, AL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 21.1% prevalence

  2. 20.9% prevalence

  3. 20.4% prevalence

Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Alabama, at 21.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Alabama by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Monroe County, AL is home to a population of 21.7k people, from which 100% are citizens. As of 2017, 0.533% of Monroe County, AL residents were born outside of the country (116 people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Monroe County, AL is composed of 11.8k White Alone residents (54.5%), 8.87k Black or African American Alone residents (40.8%), 353 Two or More Races residents (1.62%), 286 Hispanic or Latino residents (1.32%), 274 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (1.26%), 116 Asian Alone residents (0.533%), 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Monroe County, AL are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

42

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.5

58

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 22.1

In 2017, the median age of all people in Monroe County, AL was 41.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 42, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 58. But people in Monroe County, AL are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Monroe County, AL residents was 42.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

0.533%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

116 people

0.2%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

44 people

As of 2017, 0.533% of Monroe County, AL residents (116 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Monroe County, AL was 0.2%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Monroe County, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    51,837 ± 5,560 people

  2. Guatemala

    11,080 ± 2,581 people

  3. India

    9,229 ± 2,356 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Alabama was Mexico, the natal country of 51,837 Alabama residents, followed by Guatemala with 11,080 and India with 9,229.

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Citizenship

100%

2017 Citizenship

100%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 100% of Monroe County, AL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Monroe County, AL was 100%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Monroe County, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    11.8k ± 21

  2. Black or African American Alone

    8.87k ± 183

  3. Two or More Races

    353 ± 185

In 2017, there were 1.33 times more White Alone residents (11.8k people) in Monroe County, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 8.87k Black or African American Alone and 353 Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Monroe County, AL as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Monroe County, AL citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Monroe County, AL was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Monroe County, AL are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Gulf War (2001-)

    329 ± 192

  2. Vietnam

    321 ± 118

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    199 ± 145

Monroe County, AL has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.02 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Monroe County, AL awarded 310 degrees. The student population of Monroe County, AL is skewed towards women, with 623 male students and 739 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Monroe County, AL are White (188 and 60.8%), followed by Black or African American (109 and 35.3%), American Indian or Alaska Native (4 and 1.29%), and Asian (3 and 0.971%).

The largest universities in Monroe County, AL by number of degrees awarded are Alabama Southern Community College (310 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Monroe County, AL are General Studies (74 and 23.9%), Industrial Technology (61 and 19.7%), and Welding Technology (39 and 12.6%).

The median tuition costs in Monroe County, AL are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 74 degrees awarded

  2. 36 degrees awarded

  3. 26 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Monroe County, AL was General Studies with 74 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Monroe County, AL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

310 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Monroe County, AL institution with the largest number of graduating students was Alabama Southern Community College with 310 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

143

Degrees Awarded to Men

167

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 143 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Monroe County, AL, which is 0.856 times less than the 167 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Monroe County, AL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    188 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    109 degrees awarded

  3. American Indian or Alaska Native

    4 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Monroe County, AL were to White students. These 188 degrees mean that there were 1.72 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 109 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Monroe County, AL was $88,000 in 2017, which is 0.404 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $87,700 to $88,000, a 0.342% increase. The homeownership rate in Monroe County, AL is 61%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Monroe County, AL have an average commute time of 24 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Monroe County, AL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$26,036

Median Household Income

± $3,726

8.21k

Number of Households

± 563

In 2017, the median household income of the 8.21k households in Monroe County, AL declined from $26,036 from the previous year's value of $28,182.

The following chart displays the households in Monroe County, AL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$88,000

2017 Median

± $9,365

$87,700

2016 Median

± $6,829

In 2017, the median property value in Monroe County, AL grew to to $88,000 from the previous year's value of $87,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Monroe County, AL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Monroe County, AL the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Monroe County, AL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Monroe County, AL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

61%

2017 Homeownership

61.3%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 61% of the housing units in Monroe County, AL were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 61.3%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Monroe County, AL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Monroe County, AL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Monroe County, AL have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

24 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Monroe County, AL have a shorter commute time (24 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 5.06% of the workforce in Monroe County, AL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Monroe County, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    91.1%

  2. Carpooled

    3.62%

  3. Worked At Home

    2.68%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Monroe County, AL was Drove Alone (91.1%), followed by those who Carpooled (3.62%) and those who Worked At Home (2.68%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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