Oregon

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Population

4.14M

1.2% growth

Median Age

39.3


Median Household Income

$60,212

4.66% growth

Poverty Rate

14.9%


Number of Employees

1.87M

2.41% growth

Median Property Value

$319,200

11.2% growth

About

In 2017, Oregon had a population of 4.14M people with a median age of 39.3 and a median household income of $60,212. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Oregon grew from 4.09M to 4.14M, a 1.2% increase and its median household income grew from $57,532 to $60,212, a 4.66% increase.

The population of Oregon is 75.6% White Alone, 13.1% Hispanic or Latino, and 4.35% Asian Alone. 15.3% of the people in Oregon speak a non-English language, and 94.6% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Oregon are Oregon State University (6,837 degrees awarded in 2016), Portland State University (6,601 degrees), and University of Oregon (6,571 degrees).

The median property value in Oregon is $319,200, and the homeownership rate is 62.8%. Most people in Oregon commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Oregon is 2 cars per household.

Oregon borders California, Washington, Idaho, and Nevada.

Economy

The economy of Oregon employs 1.87M people. The largest industries in Oregon are Restaurants & Food Services (122,802 people), Construction (110,281 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (97,930 people), and the highest paying industries are Water transportation ($159,674), Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($113,500), and Cut & sew apparel manufacturing ($108,486).

Median household income in Oregon is $60,212. Males in Oregon have an average income that is 1.27 times higher than the average income of females, which is $49,734. The income inequality in Oregon (measured using the Gini index) is 0.459, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$60,212

2017 value

± $796

4.66%

1 Year Growth

± 1.9%

Households in Oregon have a median annual income of $60,212, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $57,532 in 2016, which represents a 4.66% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Oregon compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$63,218

Average Male Salary

± $1,605

$49,734

Average Female Salary

± $1,325

In 2017, full-time male employees in Oregon made 1.27 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Oregon by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $57,271 ± $4,634

  2. White

    $49,378 ± $1,022

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $42,415 ± $9,075

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Oregon workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.16 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Oregon by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.459

2017 Wage GINI

0.476

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Oregon was 0.459 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 3.62% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Oregon was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Oregon in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Oregon across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.

In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Oregon was Washington County, OR with a value of $80,946, followed by Clackamas County, OR and Deschutes County, OR, with respective values of $79,878 and $66,273.

The following map shows all of the counties in Oregon colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

14.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Oregon (587k out of 3.95M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    462,388 ± 5,009

  2. Hispanic

    119,709 ± 2,757

  3. Two Or More

    35,685 ± 1,473

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Oregon is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

1.87M

2017 Value

2.41%

1 Year growth

± 2.41%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Oregon grew at a rate of 2.41%, from 1.82M employees to 1.87M employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Oregon, are Miscellaneous managers (54,970 people), Customer service representatives (41,979 people), and Personal care aides (41,816 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Oregon.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Oregon, by number of employees, are Miscellaneous managers (54,970 people), Customer service representatives (41,979 people), and Personal care aides (41,816 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Oregon has an unusually high number of residents working as Woodworking machine setters, operators, & tenders, except sawing (6.81 times higher than expected), Automotive & watercraft service attendants- (5.53 times), and Shoe & leather workers (5.3 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Oregon, by average salary, are Ship & boat captains & operators ($265,328), Physicians & surgeons ($240,356), and Dentists ($175,462).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

1.87M

2017 Value

2.41%

1 Year growth

± 2.41%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Oregon grew at a rate of 2.41%, from 1.82M employees to 1.87M employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Oregon, are Restaurants & Food Services (122,802 people), Construction (110,281 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (97,930 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Oregon, though some of these residents may live in Oregon and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Oregon, by number of employees, are Restaurants & Food Services (122,802 people), Construction (110,281 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (97,930 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Oregon has an unusually high number of Footwear manufacturing (14.3 times higher than expected), Veneer, plywood, & engineered wood products (11.7 times), and Sawmills & wood preservation (7.84 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Oregon, by average salary, are Water transportation ($159,674), Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($113,500), and Cut & sew apparel manufacturing ($108,486).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Oregon to other states, or from other states to Oregon.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $18.5B

  2. $13.1B

  3. $12.8B

In 2015, the top outbound Oregon product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $18.5B, followed by Electronics ($13.1B) and Motorized vehicles ($12.8B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Oregon products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

$134B

2015 Value

$201B

Projected 2045 Value

49.9% growth

In 2015, total outbound Oregon trade was $134B. This is expected to increase 49.9% to $201B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Oregon trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Oregon to other states, or from other states to Oregon.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $26.5B

  2. $17.6B

  3. $2.94B

In 2015, the top outbound Oregon domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Washington with $26.5B, followed by California with $17.6B and Minnesota and $2.94B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Oregon shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

93.2% of the population of Oregon has health coverage, with 45.7% on employee plans, 19.2% on Medicaid, 12.7% on Medicare, 14.1% on non-group plans, and 1.52% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the state of Oregon was $8,044 in 2014. This is a 7.73% increase from the previous year ($7,467).

Primary care physicians in Oregon see 1070 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.187% increase from the previous year (1068 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1272 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 226 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Crook County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.2%). Additionally, Linn County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (35.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,070 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Oregon see an average of 1,070 patients per year. This represents a 0.187% increase from the previous year (1,068 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Oregon in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

$8,044

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,232

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,185

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,942

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Oregon (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 7.73%, from $7,467 to $8,044.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

6.84%

Uninsured

45.7%

Employer Coverage

19.2%

Medicaid

12.7%

Medicare

14.1%

Non-Group

1.52%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Oregon grew by 9.78% from 6.23% to 6.84%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Oregon changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.2% prevalence

  2. 13.3% prevalence

  3. 13.3% prevalence

Crook County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Oregon, at 14.2%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Oregon by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Oregon is home to a population of 4.14M people, from which 94.6% are citizens. As of 2017, 9.62% of Oregon residents were born outside of the country (398k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Oregon is composed of 3.13M White Alone residents (75.6%), 541k Hispanic or Latino residents (13.1%), 180k Asian Alone residents (4.35%), 153k Two or More Races residents (3.7%), 74.3k Black or African American Alone residents (1.79%), 38.9k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.938%), 15.7k Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.38%), and 6.96k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.168%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Oregon are Spanish (350,388 speakers), Vietnamese (28,985 speakers), and Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (27,843 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

39

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.2

43

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.5

In 2017, the median age of all people in Oregon was 39.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 39, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 43. But people in Oregon are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Oregon residents was 39.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

9.62%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

398k people

9.54%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

391k people

As of 2017, 9.62% of Oregon residents (398k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Oregon was 9.54%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Oregon compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    138,391 ± 8,979 people

  2. Vietnam

    23,843 ± 3,780 people

  3. China

    23,046 ± 3,717 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Oregon was Mexico, the natal country of 138,391 Oregon residents, followed by Vietnam with 23,843 and China with 23,046.

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Citizenship

94.6%

2017 Citizenship

94.6%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 94.6% of Oregon residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Oregon was 94.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Oregon compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    3.13M ± 1.9k

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    541k ± 20.2k

  3. Asian Alone

    180k ± 4.44k

In 2017, there were 5.79 times more White Alone residents (3.13M people) in Oregon than any other race or ethnicity. There were 541k Hispanic or Latino and 180k Asian Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Oregon as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    350,388 speakers (8.96%)

  2. Vietnamese

    28,985 speakers (0.741%)

  3. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)

    27,843 speakers (0.712%)

15.3% of Oregon citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.8%. In 2017, the most common non-English language spoken in Oregon was Spanish. 8.96% of the overall population of Oregon are native Spanish speakers. 0.741% speak Vietnamese and 0.712% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    106,545 ± 3,398

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    40,967 ± 3,370

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    36,246 ± 2,929

Oregon has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.6 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Oregon awarded 60,167 degrees. The student population of Oregon is skewed towards women, with 107,940 male students and 131,687 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Oregon are White (39,548 and 68.8%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (5,518 and 9.61%), Unknown (4,724 and 8.22%), and Asian (2,844 and 4.95%).

The largest universities in Oregon by number of degrees awarded are Oregon State University (6,837 and 11.4%), Portland State University (6,601 and 11%), and University of Oregon (6,571 and 10.9%).

The most popular majors in Oregon are Liberal Arts & Sciences (5,365 and 8.92%), General Studies (2,644 and 4.39%), and General Business Administration & Management (2,430 and 4.04%).

The median tuition costs in Oregon are $29,360 for private four year colleges, and $8,110 and $23,832 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 1,371 degrees awarded

  2. 994 degrees awarded

  3. 940 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Oregon was General Psychology with 1,371 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Oregon according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 6,837 degrees awarded

  2. 6,601 degrees awarded

  3. 6,571 degrees awarded

$8,110

Median In-State Public

$29,360

Median Private

In 2016, the Oregon institution with the largest number of graduating students was Oregon State University with 6,837 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

24,351

Degrees Awarded to Men

35,816

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 24,351 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Oregon, which is 0.68 times less than the 35,816 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Oregon by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    39,548 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    5,518 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    4,724 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Oregon were to White students. These 39,548 degrees mean that there were 7.17 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 5,518 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Oregon was $319,200 in 2017, which is 1.47 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $287,100 to $319,200, a 11.2% increase. The homeownership rate in Oregon is 62.8%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Oregon have an average commute time of 22.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Oregon is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$60,212

Median Household Income

± $796

1.6M

Number of Households

± 19,422

In 2017, the median household income of the 1.6M households in Oregon grew to $60,212 from the previous year's value of $57,532.

The following chart displays the households in Oregon distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$319,200

2017 Median

± $3,313

$287,100

2016 Median

± $2,326

In 2017, the median property value in Oregon grew to to $319,200 from the previous year's value of $287,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Oregon compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Oregon the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Oregon distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Oregon the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

62.8%

2017 Homeownership

61.7%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 62.8% of the housing units in Oregon were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 61.7%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Oregon compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Oregon distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Oregon have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

22.6 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Oregon have a shorter commute time (22.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 2.16% of the workforce in Oregon have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Oregon compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    71.7%

  2. Carpooled

    9.72%

  3. Worked At Home

    7.36%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Oregon was Drove Alone (71.7%), followed by those who Carpooled (9.72%) and those who Worked At Home (7.36%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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