Washington

Add Comparison

Population

7.54M

1.75% growth

Poverty Rate

12.2%


Median Age

37.7


Median Household Income

$74,073

4.36% growth

Number of Employees

3.55M

2.27% growth

Median Property Value

$373,100

10.1% growth

About

In 2018, Washington had a population of 7.54M people with a median age of 37.7 and a median household income of $74,073. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Washington grew from 7.41M to 7.54M, a 1.75% increase and its median household income grew from $70,979 to $74,073, a 4.36% increase.

The population of Washington is 67.8% White Alone, 12.9% Hispanic or Latino, and 8.7% Asian Alone. 20% of the people in Washington speak a non-English language, and 92.5% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Washington are University of Washington-Seattle Campus (13,837 degrees awarded in 2017), Washington State University (7,807 degrees), and Western Washington University (3,977 degrees).

The median property value in Washington is $373,100, and the homeownership rate is 62.8%. Most people in Washington commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 26.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Washington is 2 cars per household.

Washington borders Oregon and Idaho.

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 confirmed cases by date in Washington compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Impact on Employment

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Washington (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Community Mobility

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Washington across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Economy

The economy of Washington employs 3.55M people. The largest industries in Washington are Construction (236,993 people), Restaurants & Food Services (214,330 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (191,322 people), and the highest paying industries are Internet publishing, broadcasting & web search portals ($209,984), Software publishing ($143,285), and Computer Systems Design ($140,950).

Median household income in Washington is $74,073. Males in Washington have an average income that is 1.35 times higher than the average income of females, which is $58,794. The income inequality in Washington (measured using the Gini index) is 0.469, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$74,073

2018 value

± $697

4.36%

1 Year Growth

± 1.2%

Households in Washington have a median annual income of $74,073, which is more than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $70,979 in 2017, which represents a 4.36% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Washington compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$79,555

Average Male Salary

± $1,504

$58,794

Average Female Salary

± $1,224

In 2018, full-time male employees in Washington made 1.35 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Washington by number of full-time employees.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $76,629 ± $3,310

  2. White

    $62,679 ± $1,044

  3. Two or More Races

    $50,209 ± $3,211

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Washington workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.22 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Washington by number of full-time employees.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Wage Distribution

0.469

2018 Wage GINI

0.466

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Washington was 0.469 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.658% growth from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2018 the GINI for Washington was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Washington in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Washington across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.

Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2018, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Washington was King County, WA with a value of $95,009, followed by Snohomish County, WA and Kitsap County, WA, with respective values of $87,440 and $76,945.

The following map shows all of the counties in Washington colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

12.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Washington (860k out of 7.04M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    585,304 ± 5,558

  2. Hispanic

    186,188 ± 3,351

  3. Other

    65,735 ± 2,158

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Washington is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Occupations

Employment by Occupations

3.55M

2018 Value

2.27%

1 Year growth

± 2.27%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Washington grew at a rate of 2.27%, from 3.47M employees to 3.55M employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Washington, are Other managers (108,959 people), Software developers (89,235 people), and Elementary & middle school teachers (77,480 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Washington.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Washington, by number of employees, are Other managers (108,959 people), Software developers (89,235 people), and Elementary & middle school teachers (77,480 people).

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Washington has an unusually high number of residents working as Sailors & marine oilers, & ship engineers (5.27 times higher than expected), Military officer special & tactical operations leaders (4.42 times), and Aerospace engineers (4.33 times).

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Washington, by average salary, are Surgeons ($401,495), Physicians ($249,348), and Dentists ($227,028).

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Industries

Employment by Industries

3.55M

2018 Value

2.27%

1 Year growth

± 2.27%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Washington grew at a rate of 2.27%, from 3.47M employees to 3.55M employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Washington, are Construction (236,993 people), Restaurants & Food Services (214,330 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (191,322 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Washington, though some of these residents may live in Washington and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Most Common

The most common industries in Washington, by number of employees, are Construction (236,993 people), Restaurants & Food Services (214,330 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (191,322 people).

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Washington has an unusually high number of Aircraft & parts manufacturing (5.2 times higher than expected), Fishing, hunting & trapping (4.59 times), and U. S. Navy (3.98 times) industries.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Washington, by average salary, are Internet publishing, broadcasting & web search portals ($209,984), Software publishing ($143,285), and Computer Systems Design ($140,950).

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Washington to other states, or from other states to Washington.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $45.6B

  2. $39.9B

  3. $29B

In 2015, the top outbound Washington product (by dollars) was Transport equip. with $45.6B, followed by Mixed freight ($39.9B) and Misc. mfg. prods. ($29B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Washington products.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Domestic Trade Growth

$323B

2020 Value

$444B

Projected 2045 Value

37.4% growth

In 2020, total outbound Washington trade was $323B. This is expected to increase 37.4% to $444B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Washington trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Washington to other states, or from other states to Washington.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $29.1B

  2. $15.8B

  3. $10.3B

In 2015, the top outbound Washington domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Oregon with $29.1B, followed by California with $15.8B and Tennessee and $10.3B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Washington shares with each state (excluding itself).

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Health

93.9% of the population of Washington has health coverage, with 49.4% on employee plans, 17.7% on Medicaid, 10.9% on Medicare, 13.4% on non-group plans, and 2.47% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the state of Washington was $7,913 in 2014. This is a 4% increase from the previous year ($7,609).

Primary care physicians in Washington see 1202 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.839% increase from the previous year (1192 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1254 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 335 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Garfield County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14%). Additionally, Adams County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (36.4%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,202 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Washington see an average of 1,202 patients per year. This represents a 0.839% increase from the previous year (1,192 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Washington in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Health Care Spending

$7,913

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,328

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,851

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,997

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Washington (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4%, from $7,609 to $7,913.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Health Care Coverage

6.11%

Uninsured

49.4%

Employer Coverage

17.7%

Medicaid

10.9%

Medicare

13.4%

Non-Group

2.47%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Washington grew by 2.56% from 5.96% to 6.11%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Washington changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14% prevalence

  2. 13.6% prevalence

  3. 13.4% prevalence

Garfield County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Washington, at 14%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Washington by county over multiple years.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Diversity

Washington is home to a population of 7.54M people, from which 92.5% are citizens. As of 2017, 13.3% of Washington residents were born outside of the country (987k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Washington is composed of 5.11M White Alone residents (67.8%), 970k Hispanic or Latino residents (12.9%), 655k Asian Alone residents (8.7%), 369k Two or More Races residents (4.9%), 282k Black or African American Alone residents (3.74%), 81.4k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (1.08%), 52.1k Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.692%), and 14.1k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.187%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Washington are Spanish (609,588 speakers), Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (117,545 speakers), and Vietnamese (71,213 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

36

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.1

42

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.5

In 2018, the median age of all people in Washington was 37.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 36, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 42. But people in Washington are getting staying the same age. In 2017, the average age of all Washington residents was 38.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

13.3%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

987k people

13.1%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

957k people

As of 2017, 13.3% of Washington residents (987k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Washington was 13.1%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Washington compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    256,836 ± 12,228 people

  2. India

    89,091 ± 7,285 people

  3. China

    79,210 ± 6,873 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Washington was Mexico, the natal country of 256,836 Washington residents, followed by India with 89,091 and China with 79,210.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Citizenship

92.5%

2018 Citizenship

92.5%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 92.5% of Washington residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Washington was 92.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Washington compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    5.11M ± 3.02k

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    970k ± 25k

  3. Asian Alone

    655k ± 8.06k

In 2018, there were 5.27 times more White Alone residents (5.11M people) in Washington than any other race or ethnicity. There were 970k Hispanic or Latino and 655k Asian Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Washington as a share of the total population.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    609,588 speakers (8.61%)

  2. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)

    117,545 speakers (1.66%)

  3. Vietnamese

    71,213 speakers (1.01%)

20% of Washington citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.9%. In 2018, the most common non-English language spoken in Washington was Spanish. 8.61% of the overall population of Washington are native Spanish speakers. 1.66% speak Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) and 1.01% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    171,167 ± 5,917

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    124,157 ± 5,739

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    79,936 ± 4,345

Washington has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.38 times greater than any other conflict.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Education

In 2017, universities in Washington awarded 107,905 degrees. The student population of Washington is skewed towards women, with 165,048 male students and 206,078 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Washington are White (61,112 and 60.7%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (11,629 and 11.5%), Asian (8,962 and 8.9%), and Unknown (6,662 and 6.62%).

The largest universities in Washington by number of degrees awarded are University of Washington-Seattle Campus (13,837 and 12.8%), Washington State University (7,807 and 7.24%), and Western Washington University (3,977 and 3.69%).

The most popular majors in Washington are Liberal Arts & Sciences (17,201 and 15.9%), General Business Administration & Management (3,707 and 3.44%), and Registered Nursing (3,537 and 3.28%).

The median tuition costs in Washington are $32,575 for private four year colleges, and $3,707 and $7,683 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 2,049 degrees awarded

  2. 1,467 degrees awarded

  3. 1,440 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Washington was General Psychology with 2,049 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Washington according to their major.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 13,837 degrees awarded

  2. 7,807 degrees awarded

  3. 3,977 degrees awarded

$3,707

Median In-State Public

$32,575

Median Private

In 2017, the Washington institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Washington-Seattle Campus with 13,837 degrees awarded.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Student Gender for Common Institutions

46,905

Degrees Awarded to Men

61,000

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 46,905 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Washington, which is 0.769 times less than the 61,000 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Washington by degrees awarded.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    61,112 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    11,629 degrees awarded

  3. Asian

    8,962 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Washington were to White students. These 61,112 degrees mean that there were 5.26 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 11,629 degrees awarded.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Housing & Living

The median property value in Washington was $373,100 in 2018, which is 1.62 times larger than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $339,000 to $373,100, a 10.1% increase. The homeownership rate in Washington is 62.8%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Washington have an average commute time of 26.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Washington is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$373,100

2018 Median

± $2,028

$339,000

2017 Median

± $2,463

In 2018, the median property value in Washington grew to to $373,100 from the previous year's value of $339,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Washington compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Washington the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$74,073

Median Household Income

± $697

2.9M

Number of Households

± 27,536

In 2018, the median household income of the 2.9M households in Washington grew to $74,073 from the previous year's value of $70,979.

The following chart displays the households in Washington distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Washington distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Washington the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Rent vs Own

62.8%

2018 Homeownership

62.8%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 62.8% of the housing units in Washington were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 62.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Washington compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Commute Time

26.5 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Washington have a longer commute time (26.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 3.4% of the workforce in Washington have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Washington compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    71%

  2. Carpooled

    9.76%

  3. Public Transit

    6.97%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Washington was Drove Alone (71%), followed by those who Carpooled (9.76%) and those who Public Transit (6.97%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Washington distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Washington have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart