Idaho

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Population

1.72M

2.01% growth

Median Age

36.3


Median Household Income

$52,225

0.807% growth

Poverty Rate

14.5%


Number of Employees

741,558

4.62% growth

Median Property Value

$207,100

9.35% growth

About

In 2017, Idaho had a population of 1.72M people with a median age of 36.3 and a median household income of $52,225. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Idaho grew from 1.68M to 1.72M, a 2.01% increase and its median household income grew from $51,807 to $52,225, a 0.807% increase.

The population of Idaho is 82% White Alone, 12.4% Hispanic or Latino, and 2.28% Two or More Races. N/A% of the people in Idaho speak a non-English language, and 96.5% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Idaho are Brigham Young University-Idaho (5,834 degrees awarded in 2016), Boise State University (4,322 degrees), and University of Idaho (2,700 degrees).

The median property value in Idaho is $207,100, and the homeownership rate is 69.7%. Most people in Idaho commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 19.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Idaho is 2 cars per household.

Idaho borders Washington, Oregon, Utah, Montana, Wyoming, and Nevada.

About the photo: State Capitol, Boise, ID

Economy

The economy of Idaho employs 742k people. The largest industries in Idaho are Construction (51,545 people), Elementary & secondary schools (48,285 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (44,235 people), and the highest paying industries are Offices of chiropractors ($142,698), Household appliances & electrical & electronic goods merchant wholesalers ($101,959), and Electric power generation, transmission & distribution ($95,185).

Median household income in Idaho is $52,225. Males in Idaho have an average income that is 1.44 times higher than the average income of females, which is $39,191. The income inequality in Idaho (measured using the Gini index) is 0.467, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$52,225

2017 value

± $871

0.807%

1 Year Growth

± 2.48%

Households in Idaho have a median annual income of $52,225, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $51,807 in 2016, which represents a 0.807% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Idaho compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$56,561

Average Male Salary

± $2,350

$39,191

Average Female Salary

± $1,701

In 2017, full-time male employees in Idaho made 1.44 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Idaho by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $44,693 ± $9,308

  2. White

    $42,458 ± $1,445

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $34,507 ± $5,849

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Idaho workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.05 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Idaho by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.467

2017 Wage GINI

0.464

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Idaho was 0.467 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.528% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Idaho was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Idaho in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Idaho across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Idaho was Ada County, ID with a value of $60,858, followed by Kootenai County, ID and Bonneville County, ID, with respective values of $57,219 and $53,478.

The following map shows all of the counties in Idaho colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

14.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Idaho (236k out of 1.63M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    202,504 ± 3,680

  2. Hispanic

    44,855 ± 1,721

  3. Other

    10,692 ± 886

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Idaho is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

742k

2017 Value

4.62%

1 Year growth

± 4.62%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Idaho grew at a rate of 4.62%, from 709k employees to 742k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Idaho, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (25,325 people), Miscellaneous managers (18,788 people), and Secretaries & administrative assistants (18,633 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Idaho.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Idaho, by number of employees, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (25,325 people), Miscellaneous managers (18,788 people), and Secretaries & administrative assistants (18,633 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Idaho has an unusually high number of residents working as Fence erectors (10.1 times higher than expected), Earth drillers, except oil & gas (5.94 times), and Cabinetmakers & bench carpenters (5.66 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Idaho, by average salary, are Physicians & surgeons ($263,360), Human resources managers ($132,104), and Dentists ($128,701).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

742k

2017 Value

4.62%

1 Year growth

± 4.62%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Idaho grew at a rate of 4.62%, from 709k employees to 742k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Idaho, are Construction (51,545 people), Elementary & secondary schools (48,285 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (44,235 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Idaho, though some of these residents may live in Idaho and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Idaho, by number of employees, are Construction (51,545 people), Elementary & secondary schools (48,285 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (44,235 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Idaho has an unusually high number of Fruit & vegetable preserving & specialty food manufacturing (8.77 times higher than expected), Ordnance (8.59 times), and Forestry except logging (8.27 times) industries.

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Idaho to other states, or from other states to Idaho.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $10.8B

  2. $4.28B

  3. $4.26B

In 2015, the top outbound Idaho product (by dollars) was Other foodstuffs with $10.8B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. ($4.28B) and Electronics ($4.26B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Idaho products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

$55.1B

2015 Value

$82.2B

Projected 2045 Value

49.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Idaho trade was $55.1B. This is expected to increase 49.1% to $82.2B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Idaho trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Idaho to other states, or from other states to Idaho.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $6.23B

  2. $3.13B

  3. $2.01B

In 2015, the top outbound Idaho domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Washington with $6.23B, followed by California with $3.13B and Utah and $2.01B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Idaho shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

89.9% of the population of Idaho has health coverage, with 46% on employee plans, 14.3% on Medicaid, 11% on Medicare, 16.5% on non-group plans, and 2.08% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the state of Idaho was $6,927 in 2014. This is a 5.07% increase from the previous year ($6,593).

Primary care physicians in Idaho see 1555 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.321% decrease from the previous year (1560 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1541 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 523 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Bingham County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (11.3%). Additionally, Minidoka County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (35.9%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,555 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Idaho see an average of 1,555 patients per year. This represents a 0.321% decrease from the previous year (1,560 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Idaho in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

$6,927

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,560

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,069

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,737

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Idaho (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.07%, from $6,593 to $6,927.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

10.1%

Uninsured

46%

Employer Coverage

14.3%

Medicaid

11%

Medicare

16.5%

Non-Group

2.08%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Idaho grew by 0.366% from 10.1% to 10.1%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Idaho changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 11.3% prevalence

  2. 11.1% prevalence

  3. 11.1% prevalence

Bingham County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Idaho, at 11.3%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Idaho by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Idaho is home to a population of 1.72M people, from which 96.5% are citizens. As of 2017, 5.74% of Idaho residents were born outside of the country (98.5k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Idaho is composed of 1.41M White Alone residents (82%), 214k Hispanic or Latino residents (12.4%), 39.2k Two or More Races residents (2.28%), 22.7k Asian Alone residents (1.32%), 19.1k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (1.11%), 10.9k Black or African American Alone residents (0.638%), 2.31k Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.135%), and 1.72k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.1%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Idaho are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

36

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.2

42

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.5

In 2017, the median age of all people in Idaho was 36.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 36, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 42. But people in Idaho are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Idaho residents was 36.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

5.74%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

98.5k people

5.81%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

97.8k people

As of 2017, 5.74% of Idaho residents (98.5k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Idaho was 5.81%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Idaho compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    47,956 ± 5,301 people

  2. Canada

    4,990 ± 1,732 people

  3. Philippines

    4,277 ± 1,604 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Idaho was Mexico, the natal country of 47,956 Idaho residents, followed by Canada with 4,990 and Philippines with 4,277.

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Citizenship

96.5%

2017 Citizenship

96.4%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 96.5% of Idaho residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Idaho was 96.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Idaho compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    1.41M ± 1.54k

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    214k ± 11.5k

  3. Two or More Races

    39.2k ± 4.61k

In 2017, there were 6.59 times more White Alone residents (1.41M people) in Idaho than any other race or ethnicity. There were 214k Hispanic or Latino and 39.2k Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Idaho as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Idaho citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Idaho was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Idaho are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    41,344 ± 2,808

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    21,232 ± 2,594

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    15,228 ± 2,119

Idaho has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.95 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Idaho awarded 22,856 degrees. The student population of Idaho is skewed towards women, with 54,009 male students and 71,083 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Idaho are White (17,869 and 80.9%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (1,812 and 8.21%), Unknown (970 and 4.39%), and Two or More Races (656 and 2.97%).

The largest universities in Idaho by number of degrees awarded are Brigham Young University-Idaho (5,834 and 25.5%), Boise State University (4,322 and 18.9%), and University of Idaho (2,700 and 11.8%).

The most popular majors in Idaho are General Studies (2,526 and 11.1%), Registered Nursing (1,126 and 4.93%), and General Business Administration & Management (1,061 and 4.64%).

The median tuition costs in Idaho are $18,021 for private four year colleges, and $5,203 and $19,316 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 742 degrees awarded

  2. 732 degrees awarded

  3. 578 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Idaho was Registered Nursing with 742 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Idaho according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 5,834 degrees awarded

  2. 4,322 degrees awarded

  3. 2,700 degrees awarded

$5,203

Median In-State Public

$18,021

Median Private

In 2016, the Idaho institution with the largest number of graduating students was Brigham Young University-Idaho with 5,834 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

9,500

Degrees Awarded to Men

13,356

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 9,500 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Idaho, which is 0.711 times less than the 13,356 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Idaho by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    17,869 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    1,812 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    970 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Idaho were to White students. These 17,869 degrees mean that there were 9.86 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 1,812 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Idaho was $207,100 in 2017, which is 0.952 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $189,400 to $207,100, a 9.35% increase. The homeownership rate in Idaho is 69.7%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Idaho have an average commute time of 19.8 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Idaho is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$52,225

Median Household Income

± $871

625k

Number of Households

± 13,517

In 2017, the median household income of the 625k households in Idaho grew to $52,225 from the previous year's value of $51,807.

The following chart displays the households in Idaho distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$207,100

2017 Median

± $3,368

$189,400

2016 Median

± $3,057

In 2017, the median property value in Idaho grew to to $207,100 from the previous year's value of $189,400.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Idaho compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Idaho the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Idaho distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Idaho the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

69.7%

2017 Homeownership

68.5%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 69.7% of the housing units in Idaho were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 68.5%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Idaho compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Idaho distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Idaho have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

19.8 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Idaho have a shorter commute time (19.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.95% of the workforce in Idaho have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Idaho compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    79.1%

  2. Carpooled

    10.2%

  3. Worked At Home

    5.69%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Idaho was Drove Alone (79.1%), followed by those who Carpooled (10.2%) and those who Worked At Home (5.69%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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