Washington

State

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2019 Population
7.61M
1.05% 1-year growth
US Senator
Patty Murray
Democratic Party
US Senator
Maria Cantwell
Democratic Party
2019 Median Age
37.9
0.531% 1-year increase
2019 Poverty Rate
10.8%
5.81% 1-year decrease
2019 Median Household Income
$78,687
6.23% 1-year growth
2019 Median Property Value
$387,600
3.89% 1-year growth
2019 Employed Population
3.64M
2.61% 1-year growth

About

In 2019, Washington had a population of 7.61M people with a median age of 37.9 and a median household income of $78,687. Between 2018 and 2019 the population of Washington grew from 7.54M to 7.61M, a 1.05% increase and its median household income grew from $74,073 to $78,687, a 6.23% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Washington are White (Non-Hispanic) (67.3%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (8.94%), White (Hispanic) (6.89%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (4.87%), and Other (Hispanic) (4.61%). 20.5% of the households in Washington speak a non-English language at home as their primary language.

92.1% of the residents in Washington are U.S. citizens.

In 2019, the median property value in Washington was $387,600, and the homeownership rate was 63.1%. Most people in Washington drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 26.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Washington was 2 cars per household.

Washington borders Idaho and Oregon.

Diversity

Washington is home to a population of 7.61M people, from which 92.1% are citizens. As of 2019, 26.6% of Washington residents were born outside of the country (2.03M people).

In 2019, there were 7.53 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (5.13M people) in Washington than any other race or ethnicity. There were 680k Asian (Non-Hispanic) and 524k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common foreign languages spoken in Washington are Spanish (641,371 speakers), Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (127,622 speakers), and Vietnamese (64,678 speakers).

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Washington
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    5.13M ± 3.31k
  2. Asian (Non-Hispanic)
    680k ± 8.62k
  3. White (Hispanic)
    524k ± 16.2k
13%
Hispanic Population
992k people

In 2019, there were 7.53 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (5.13M people) in Washington than any other race or ethnicity. There were 680k Asian (Non-Hispanic) and 524k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

13% of the people in Washington are hispanic (992k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Washington as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages
  1. Spanish
    641,371 speakers (8.96%)
  2. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)
    127,622 speakers (1.78%)
  3. Vietnamese
    64,678 speakers (0.903%)

20.5% of Washington citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 22%.

In 2019, the most common non-English language spoken in Washington was Spanish. 8.96% of the overall population of Washington are native Spanish speakers. 1.78% speak Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) and 0.903% speak Vietnamese, the next two most common languages.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

26.6%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
2.03M people
13.5%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
1.02M people

As of 2019, 26.6% of Washington residents (2.03M people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 34%. In 2018, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Washington was 13.5%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Washington compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

37
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.2
42
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 0.4

In 2019, the median age of all people in Washington was 37.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 37, were generally younger than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 42. But people in Washington are getting getting older. In 2018, the average age of all Washington residents was 38.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    253,578 ± 12,156 people
  2. India
    93,291 ± 7,453 people
  3. China
    86,178 ± 7,166 people

In 2019, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Washington was Mexico, the natal country of 253,578 Washington residents, followed by India with 93,291 and China with 86,178.

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Citizenship

92.1%
2019 Citizenship
92.5%
2018 Citizenship

As of 2019, 92.1% of Washington residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.4%. In 2018, the percentage of US citizens in Washington was 92.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Washington compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    174,486 ± 5,472
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    129,071 ± 6,751
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    81,516 ± 5,108

Washington has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.35 times greater than any other conflict.

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COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Washington, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Washington.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Washington (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Washington.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Washington. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Washington.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Washington.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Washington across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

Median household income in Washington is $78,687. In 2019, the county with the highest Median Household Income in Washington was King County, WA with a value of $102,594, followed by Snohomish County, WA and Clark County, WA, with respective values of $89,260 and $80,555.

Males in Washington have an average income that is 1.35 times higher than the average income of females, which is $61,170. The income inequality in Washington (measured using the Gini index) is 0.464, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Washington employs 3.64M people. The largest industries in Washington are Construction (249,689 people), Restaurants & Food Services (215,951 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (199,525 people), and the highest paying industries are Software publishing ($204,817), Support activities for mining ($202,201), and Nonmetallic mineral mining & quarrying ($191,619).

Wages

Median Household Income

$78,687
2019 value
± $923
6.23%
1 Year Growth
± 1.42%

Households in Washington have a median annual income of $78,687, which is more than the median annual income of $65,712 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $74,073 in 2018, which represents a 6.23% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Washington compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$82,309
Average Male Salary in Washington
± $1,502
$61,170
Average Female Salary in Washington
± $1,233

In 2019, full-time male employees in Washington made 1.35 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Washington by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Washington
  1. Asian
    $79,822 ± $3,211
  2. White
    $65,272 ± $1,054
  3. Two or More Races
    $53,997 ± $3,446

In 2019 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Washington workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.22 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Washington.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Washington by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.464
2019 Wage GINI in Washington
0.469
2018 Wage GINI in Washington

In 2019, the income inequality in Washington was 0.464 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.12% decline from 2018 to 2019, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Washington was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Washington in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Washington across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2019, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Washington was King County, WA with a value of $102,594, followed by Snohomish County, WA and Clark County, WA, with respective values of $89,260 and $80,555.

The following map shows all of the counties in Washington colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

10.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Washington (785k out of 7.27M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.3%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    523,438 ± 5,385
  2. Hispanic
    169,168 ± 3,285
  3. Other
    66,048 ± 2,255

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Washington is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

3.64M
2019 Value
2.61%
1 Year growth
± 2.61%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Washington grew at a rate of 2.61%, from 3.55M employees to 3.64M employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Washington, are Other managers (116,077 people), Software developers (113,207 people), and Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (70,162 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Washington.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Washington, by number of employees, are Other managers (116,077 people), Software developers (113,207 people), and Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (70,162 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Washington has an unusually high number of residents working as Fishing and hunting workers (5.66 times higher than expected), Aerospace engineers (4.34 times), and Firstline enlisted military supervisors (4.18 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Washington, by average salary, are Surgeons ($286,716), Architectural & engineering managers ($248,998), and Physicians ($222,147).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

3.64M
2019 Value
2.61%
1 Year growth
± 2.61%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Washington grew at a rate of 2.61%, from 3.55M employees to 3.64M employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Washington, are Construction (249,689 people), Restaurants & Food Services (215,951 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (199,525 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Washington, though some of these residents may live in Washington and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Washington, by number of employees, are Construction (249,689 people), Restaurants & Food Services (215,951 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (199,525 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Washington has an unusually high number of Fishing, hunting & trapping (7.89 times higher than expected), Aircraft & parts manufacturing (5.36 times), and U. S. Navy (4.26 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Washington, by average salary, are Software publishing ($204,817), Support activities for mining ($202,201), and Nonmetallic mineral mining & quarrying ($191,619).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Washington to other states, or from other states to Washington.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $79.3B
  2. $39.1B
  3. $32.9B

In 2018, the top outbound Washington product (by dollars) was Transport equip. with $79.3B, followed by Mixed freight ($39.1B) and Electronics ($32.9B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Washington products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Washington.
$443B
2018 Value in Washington
$972B
Projected 2045 Value in Washington
120% growth

In 2018, total outbound Washington trade was $443B. This is expected to increase 120% to $972B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Washington trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Washington to other states, or from other states to Washington.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $31.9B
  2. $19.7B
  3. $10.9B

In 2018, the top outbound Washington domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Oregon with $31.9B, followed by California with $19.7B and Illinois and $10.9B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Washington shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in Washington went to Hillary Rodham Clinton with 52.5% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (36.8%), followed by Gary Johnson (4.85%). The most partisan county was King County, WA with 71.9% of the vote going to Hillary Rodham Clinton running for the Democratic Party.

Patty Murray and Maria Cantwell are the senators currently representing the state of Washington. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Washington is currently represented by 10 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Showing data up to the 2016 election. Updated election results are currently being processed, and will be released in the coming months.
Hillary Rodham Clinton
Popular Vote for Washington
52.5% for the Democratic Party
Most Partisan Counties in Washington
  1. 71.9% for Hillary Rodham Clinton (Democratic Party)
  2. 71.9% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 68.6% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in Washington was King County, WA with 71.9% of the vote going to Hillary Rodham Clinton running for the Democratic Party.

The following map shows the counties in Washington colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Washington

Patty Murray
Senator from Washington3
Assumed office on January 3, 1993
Maria Cantwell
Senator from Washington1
Assumed office on January 3, 2001

Patty Murray and Maria Cantwell are the senators currently representing Washington.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Washington over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Washington

Washington is currently represented by 10 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Washington have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Washington was $387,600 in 2019, which is 1.61 times larger than the national average of $240,500. Between 2018 and 2019 the median property value increased from $373,100 to $387,600, a 3.89% increase. The homeownership rate in Washington is 63.1%, which is lower than the national average of 64.1%. People in Washington have an average commute time of 26.9 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Washington is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$387,600
2019 Median
± $2,320
$373,100
2018 Median
± $2,028

In 2019, the median property value in Washington grew to to $387,600 from the previous year's value of $373,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Washington compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Washington the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$78,687
Median Household Income
± $923
2.93M
Number of Households
± 27,429

In 2019, the median household income of the 2.93M households in Washington grew to $78,687 from the previous year's value of $74,073.

The following chart displays the households in Washington distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Washington distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Washington the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

63.1%
2019 Homeownership
62.8%
2018 Homeownership

In 2019, 63.1% of the housing units in Washington were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 62.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 64.1%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Washington compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

26.9 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Washington have a longer commute time (26.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (26 minutes). Additionally, 3.6% of the workforce in Washington have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Washington compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2019
  1. Drove Alone (70.9%)
  2. Carpooled (9.95%)
  3. Public Transit (7.11%)

In 2019, 70.9% of workers in Washington drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (9.95%) and those who used public transit to get to work (7.11%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Washington distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Washington have 2 cars, followed by false.

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Health

93.4% of the population of Washington has health coverage, with 50.8% on employee plans, 16.7% on Medicaid, 11.4% on Medicare, 12.4% on non-group plans, and 2.11% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Washington was $7,913 in 2014. This is a 4% increase from the previous year ($7,609).

Primary care physicians in Washington see 1184 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.0845% increase from the previous year (1183 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1198 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 251 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Wahkiakum County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.8%). Additionally, Pend Oreille County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (41.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,184 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Washington

Primary care physicians in Washington see an average of 1,184 patients per year. This represents a 0.0845% increase from the previous year (1,183 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Washington in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Washington.
$7,913
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Washington
$4,328
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$5,851
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$8,997
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Washington (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4%, from $7,609 to $7,913.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

6.62%
Uninsured
50.8%
Employer Coverage
16.7%
Medicaid
11.4%
Medicare
12.4%
Non-Group
2.11%
Military or VA

Between 2018 and 2019, the percent of uninsured citizens in Washington grew by 2.96% from 6.43% to 6.62%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Washington changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 14.8% prevalence
  2. 14.2% prevalence
  3. 14% prevalence

Wahkiakum County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Washington, at 14.8%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Washington by county over multiple years.

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