Mississippi

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Population

2.98M

0.155% decline

Median Age

37.5


Median Household Income

$43,529

4.25% growth

Poverty Rate

21.5%


Number of Employees

1.18M

0.465% growth

Median Property Value

$120,200

5.53% growth

About

In 2017, Mississippi had a population of 2.98M people with a median age of 37.5 and a median household income of $43,529. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Mississippi declined from 2.99M to 2.98M, a -0.155% decrease and its median household income grew from $41,754 to $43,529, a 4.25% increase.

The population of Mississippi is 56.6% White Alone, 37.9% Black or African American Alone, and 2.88% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Mississippi speak a non-English language, and 98.7% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Mississippi are University of Mississippi (5,352 degrees awarded in 2016), Mississippi State University (4,271 degrees), and Mississippi Gulf Coast Community College (4,150 degrees).

The median property value in Mississippi is $120,200, and the homeownership rate is 68.5%. Most people in Mississippi commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 24.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Mississippi is 2 cars per household.

Mississippi borders Tennessee, Alabama, Louisiana, and Arkansas.

About the photo: Mississippi State Capitol Jackson Mississippi

Economy

The economy of Mississippi employs 1.18M people. The largest industries in Mississippi are Restaurants & Food Services (81,921 people), Hospitals (81,016 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (77,206 people), and the highest paying industries are Oil & gas extraction ($122,189), Air transportation ($108,286), and Water transportation ($104,048).

Median household income in Mississippi is $43,529. Males in Mississippi have an average income that is 1.38 times higher than the average income of females, which is $37,627. The income inequality in Mississippi (measured using the Gini index) is 0.434, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$43,529

2017 value

± $855

4.25%

1 Year Growth

± 2.28%

Households in Mississippi have a median annual income of $43,529, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $41,754 in 2016, which represents a 4.25% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Mississippi compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$52,081

Average Male Salary

± $1,662

$37,627

Average Female Salary

± $1,056

In 2017, full-time male employees in Mississippi made 1.38 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Mississippi by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $67,477 ± $80,729

  2. White

    $45,936 ± $1,356

  3. Asian

    $43,024 ± $11,325

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Mississippi workers was American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races. These workers were paid 1.47 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Mississippi by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.434

2017 Wage GINI

0.448

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Mississippi was 0.434 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 2.92% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Mississippi was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Mississippi in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Mississippi across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.

Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Mississippi was Madison County, MS with a value of $68,336, followed by DeSoto County, MS and Rankin County, MS, with respective values of $66,440 and $66,054.

The following map shows all of the counties in Mississippi colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

21.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Mississippi (620k out of 2.89M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    364,893 ± 4,304

  2. White

    228,969 ± 3,753

  3. Hispanic

    22,032 ± 1,216

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Mississippi is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

1.18M

2017 Value

0.465%

1 Year growth

± 0.465%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Mississippi grew at a rate of 0.465%, from 1.17M employees to 1.18M employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Mississippi, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (41,669 people), Cashiers (35,028 people), and Registered nurses (34,698 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Mississippi.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Mississippi, by number of employees, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (41,669 people), Cashiers (35,028 people), and Registered nurses (34,698 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Mississippi has an unusually high number of residents working as Upholsterers (12 times higher than expected), Sawing machine setters, operators, & tenders, wood (8.24 times), and Tire builders (7.92 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Mississippi, by average salary, are Physicians & surgeons ($222,583), Aircraft pilots & flight engineers ($143,709), and Personal financial advisors ($131,062).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

1.18M

2017 Value

0.465%

1 Year growth

± 0.465%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Mississippi grew at a rate of 0.465%, from 1.17M employees to 1.18M employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Mississippi, are Restaurants & Food Services (81,921 people), Hospitals (81,016 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (77,206 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Mississippi, though some of these residents may live in Mississippi and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Mississippi, by number of employees, are Restaurants & Food Services (81,921 people), Hospitals (81,016 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (77,206 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Mississippi has an unusually high number of Ship & boat building (8.76 times higher than expected), Veneer, plywood, & engineered wood products (6.31 times), and Furniture & related product manufacturing (5.76 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Mississippi, by average salary, are Oil & gas extraction ($122,189), Air transportation ($108,286), and Water transportation ($104,048).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from false to other states, or from other states to false.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $39.9B

  2. $25.1B

  3. $13.1B

In 2015, the top outbound false product (by dollars) was Coal-n.e.c. with $39.9B, followed by Textiles/leather with $25.1B and Mixed freight and $13.1B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound false products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

$187B

2015 Value

$277B

Projected 2045 Value

48.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound false trade was $187B. This is expected to increase 48.7% to $277B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound false trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from false to other states, or from other states to false.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $34.4B

  2. $16.3B

  3. $15.4B

In 2015, the top outbound false domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Alabama with $34.4B, followed by Tennessee with $16.3B and Louisiana and $15.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that false shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

88% of the population of Mississippi has health coverage, with 40.5% on employee plans, 21.2% on Medicaid, 10.9% on Medicare, 13% on non-group plans, and 2.38% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the state of Mississippi was $7,646 in 2014. This is a 3.86% increase from the previous year ($7,362).

Primary care physicians in Mississippi see 1883 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.686% decrease from the previous year (1896 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2186 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 764 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Humphreys County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (18.1%). Additionally, Jefferson County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (46.4%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1883 to 1

Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians in Mississippi see an average of 1883 patients per year. This represents a 0.686% decrease from the previous year (1896 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Mississippi in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

$7,646

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,045

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,690

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,021

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Mississippi (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.86%, from $7,362 to $7,646.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

12%

Uninsured

40.5%

Employer Coverage

21.2%

Medicaid

10.9%

Medicare

13%

Non-Group

2.38%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Mississippi grew by 1.73% from 11.8% to 12%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Mississippi changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 18.1% prevalence

  2. 17.8% prevalence

  3. 17.7% prevalence

Humphreys County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Mississippi, at 18.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Mississippi by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Mississippi is home to a population of 2.98M people, from which 98.7% are citizens. As of 2017, 2.31% of Mississippi residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Mississippi is composed of 1.69M White Alone residents (56.6%), 1.13M Black or African American Alone residents (37.9%), 86k Hispanic or Latino residents (2.88%), 34.3k Two or More Races residents (1.15%), 27.5k Asian Alone residents (0.92%), 13.2k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.444%), 3.18k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.107%), and 1.1k Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0367%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Mississippi are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

37

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.2

42

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.4

In 2017, the median age of all people in Mississippi was 37.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 37, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 42. But people in Mississippi are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Mississippi residents was 37.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.31%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

2.25%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 2.31% of Mississippi residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Mississippi was 2.25%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Mississippi compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    19,806 ± 3,444 people

  2. Vietnam

    5,267 ± 1,780 people

  3. India

    4,894 ± 1,716 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Mississippi was Mexico, the natal country of 19,806 Mississippi residents, followed by Vietnam with 5,267 and India with 4,894.

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Citizenship

98.7%

2017 Citizenship

98.8%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.7% of Mississippi residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Mississippi was 98.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Mississippi compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    1.69M ± 1.58k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    1.13M ± 6.25k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    86k ± 6.55k

In 2017, there were 1.49 times more White Alone residents (1.69M people) in Mississippi than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.13M Black or African American Alone and 86k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Mississippi as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Mississippi citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.5%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Mississippi was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Mississippi are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    54,134 ± 3,070

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    36,329 ± 3,423

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    27,539 ± 3,008

Mississippi has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.49 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Mississippi awarded 43,567 degrees. The student population of Mississippi is skewed towards women, with 69,776 male students and 105,172 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Mississippi are White (25,141 and 58.7%), followed by Black or African American (15,088 and 35.2%), Hispanic or Latino (772 and 1.8%), and Unknown (631 and 1.47%).

The largest universities in Mississippi by number of degrees awarded are University of Mississippi (5,352 and 12.3%), Mississippi State University (4,271 and 9.8%), and Mississippi Gulf Coast Community College (4,150 and 9.53%).

The most popular majors in Mississippi are General Studies (2,934 and 6.73%), Registered Nursing (2,511 and 5.76%), and General Business Administration & Management (1,965 and 4.51%).

The median tuition costs in Mississippi are $10,465 for private four year colleges, and $6,720 and $11,780 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 746 degrees awarded

  2. 1,194 degrees awarded

  3. 964 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Mississippi was General Biological Sciences with 746 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Mississippi according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 5,352 degrees awarded

  2. 4,271 degrees awarded

  3. 4,150 degrees awarded

$6,720

Median In-State Public

$10,465

Median Private

In 2016, the Mississippi institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Mississippi with 5,352 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

17,022

Degrees Awarded to Men

26,545

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 17,022 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Mississippi, which is 0.641 times less than the 26,545 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Mississippi by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    25,141 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    15,088 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    772 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Mississippi were to White students. These 25,141 degrees mean that there were 1.67 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 15,088 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Mississippi was $120,200 in 2017, which is 0.552 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $113,900 to $120,200, a 5.53% increase. The homeownership rate in Mississippi is 68.5%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Mississippi have an average commute time of 24.4 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Mississippi is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$43,529

Median Household Income

± $855

1.09M

Number of Households

± 17,224

In 2017, the median household income of the 1.09M households in Mississippi grew to $43,529 from the previous year's value of $41,754.

The following chart displays the households in Mississippi distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$120,200

2017 Median

± $1,849

$113,900

2016 Median

± $2,115

In 2017, the median property value in Mississippi grew to to $120,200 from the previous year's value of $113,900.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Mississippi compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Mississippi the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Mississippi distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Mississippi the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

68.5%

2017 Homeownership

67.3%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 68.5% of the housing units in Mississippi were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 67.3%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Mississippi compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Mississippi distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Mississippi have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

24.4 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Mississippi have a shorter commute time (24.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 2.67% of the workforce in Mississippi have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Mississippi compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    85.5%

  2. Carpooled

    9.11%

  3. Worked At Home

    2.29%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Mississippi was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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