Louisiana

State

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2019 Population
4.65M
0.24% 1-year decline
US Senator
Bill Cassidy
Republican Party
US Senator
John Kennedy
Republican Party
2019 Median Age
37.7
1.07% 1-year increase
2019 Poverty Rate
19.2%
0.813% 1-year decrease
2019 Median Household Income
$51,073
6.61% 1-year growth
2019 Median Property Value
$172,100
2.87% 1-year growth
2019 Employed Population
1.94M
0.675% 1-year growth

About

In 2019, Louisiana had a population of 4.65M people with a median age of 37.7 and a median household income of $51,073. Between 2018 and 2019 the population of Louisiana declined from 4.66M to 4.65M, a −0.24% decrease and its median household income grew from $47,905 to $51,073, a 6.61% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Louisiana are White (Non-Hispanic) (58.2%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (32.1%), White (Hispanic) (3.59%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (1.74%), and Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (1.7%). 7.77% of the households in Louisiana speak a non-English language at home as their primary language.

97.5% of the residents in Louisiana are U.S. citizens.

In 2019, the median property value in Louisiana was $172,100, and the homeownership rate was 66.5%. Most people in Louisiana drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 25.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Louisiana was 2 cars per household.

Louisiana borders Arkansas, Mississippi, and Texas.

Diversity

Louisiana is home to a population of 4.65M people, from which 97.5% are citizens. As of 2019, 10.9% of Louisiana residents were born outside of the country (506k people).

In 2019, there were 1.81 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (2.71M people) in Louisiana than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.49M Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 167k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common foreign languages spoken in Louisiana are Spanish (169,454 speakers), French (Incl. Cajun) (72,567 speakers), and Vietnamese (27,216 speakers).

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Louisiana
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    2.71M ± 2.98k
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    1.49M ± 8.57k
  3. White (Hispanic)
    167k ± 7.59k
5.38%
Hispanic Population
250k people

In 2019, there were 1.81 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (2.71M people) in Louisiana than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.49M Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 167k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

5.38% of the people in Louisiana are hispanic (250k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Louisiana as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages
  1. Spanish
    169,454 speakers (3.89%)
  2. French (Incl. Cajun)
    72,567 speakers (1.67%)
  3. Vietnamese
    27,216 speakers (0.625%)

7.77% of Louisiana citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 22%.

In 2019, the most common non-English language spoken in Louisiana was Spanish. 3.89% of the overall population of Louisiana are native Spanish speakers. 1.67% speak French (Incl. Cajun) and 0.625% speak Vietnamese, the next two most common languages.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

10.9%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
506k people
4.15%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
193k people

As of 2019, 10.9% of Louisiana residents (506k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 34%. In 2018, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Louisiana was 4.15%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Louisiana compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

38
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.2
41
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 1

In 2019, the median age of all people in Louisiana was 37.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 38, were generally younger than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 41. But people in Louisiana are getting getting older. In 2018, the average age of all Louisiana residents was 37.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. Honduras
    36,641 ± 4,681 people
  2. Mexico
    26,524 ± 3,987 people
  3. Vietnam
    21,986 ± 3,632 people

In 2019, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Louisiana was Honduras, the natal country of 36,641 Louisiana residents, followed by Mexico with 26,524 and Vietnam with 21,986.

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Citizenship

97.5%
2019 Citizenship
97.5%
2018 Citizenship

As of 2019, 97.5% of Louisiana residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2018, the percentage of US citizens in Louisiana was 97.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Louisiana compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    79,947 ± 4,382
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    49,732 ± 4,572
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    36,892 ± 3,666

Louisiana has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.61 times greater than any other conflict.

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COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Louisiana, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Louisiana.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Louisiana (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Louisiana.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Louisiana. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Louisiana.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Louisiana.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Louisiana across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

Median household income in Louisiana is $51,073. In 2019, the county with the highest Median Household Income in Louisiana was Ascension Parish, LA with a value of $85,425, followed by St. Tammany Parish, LA and Livingston Parish, LA, with respective values of $69,076 and $62,187.

Males in Louisiana have an average income that is 1.49 times higher than the average income of females, which is $43,948. The income inequality in Louisiana (measured using the Gini index) is 0.466, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Louisiana employs 1.94M people. The largest industries in Louisiana are Construction (147,475 people), Elementary & secondary schools (136,944 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (132,176 people), and the highest paying industries are Oil & gas extraction ($132,620), Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($105,437), and Natural gas distribution ($102,503).

Wages

Median Household Income

$51,073
2019 value
± $586
6.61%
1 Year Growth
± 1.8%

Households in Louisiana have a median annual income of $51,073, which is less than the median annual income of $65,712 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $47,905 in 2018, which represents a 6.61% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Louisiana compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$65,353
Average Male Salary in Louisiana
± $1,612
$43,948
Average Female Salary in Louisiana
± $1,134

In 2019, full-time male employees in Louisiana made 1.49 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Louisiana by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Louisiana
  1. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races
    $59,113 ± $31,409
  2. Asian
    $58,218 ± $9,931
  3. White
    $54,419 ± $1,244

In 2019 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Louisiana workers was American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races. These workers were paid 1.02 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Louisiana.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Louisiana by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.466
2019 Wage GINI in Louisiana
0.466
2018 Wage GINI in Louisiana

In 2019, the income inequality in Louisiana was 0.466 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0926% decline from 2018 to 2019, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Louisiana was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Louisiana in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Louisiana across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity

In 2019, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Louisiana was Ascension Parish, LA with a value of $85,425, followed by St. Tammany Parish, LA and Livingston Parish, LA, with respective values of $69,076 and $62,187.

The following map shows all of the counties in Louisiana colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

19.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Louisiana (871k out of 4.53M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.3%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. Black
    452,290 ± 4,981
  2. White
    362,541 ± 4,916
  3. Hispanic
    54,933 ± 1,979

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Louisiana is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

1.94M
2019 Value
0.675%
1 Year growth
± 0.675%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Louisiana grew at a rate of 0.675%, from 1.93M employees to 1.94M employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Louisiana, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (49,225 people), Other managers (47,029 people), and Cashiers (46,231 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Louisiana.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Louisiana, by number of employees, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (49,225 people), Other managers (47,029 people), and Cashiers (46,231 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Louisiana has an unusually high number of residents working as Riggers (11.4 times higher than expected), Sailors & marine oilers, & ship engineers (9.7 times), and Ship & boat captains & operators (8.52 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Louisiana, by average salary, are Physicians ($244,745), Surgeons ($190,785), and Petroleum, mining & geological engineers, including mining safety engineers ($167,321).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

1.94M
2019 Value
0.675%
1 Year growth
± 0.675%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Louisiana grew at a rate of 0.675%, from 1.93M employees to 1.94M employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Louisiana, are Construction (147,475 people), Elementary & secondary schools (136,944 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (132,176 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Louisiana, though some of these residents may live in Louisiana and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Louisiana, by number of employees, are Construction (147,475 people), Elementary & secondary schools (136,944 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (132,176 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Louisiana has an unusually high number of Support activities for mining (8.09 times higher than expected), Petroleum refining (7.47 times), and Military Reserves or National Guard (7.04 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Louisiana, by average salary, are Oil & gas extraction ($132,620), Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($105,437), and Natural gas distribution ($102,503).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Louisiana to other states, or from other states to Louisiana.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $105B
  2. $70.3B
  3. $67.3B

In 2018, the top outbound Louisiana product (by dollars) was Gasoline with $105B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. ($70.3B) and Fuel oils ($67.3B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Louisiana products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Louisiana.
$490B
2018 Value in Louisiana
$814B
Projected 2045 Value in Louisiana
66% growth

In 2018, total outbound Louisiana trade was $490B. This is expected to increase 66% to $814B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Louisiana trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Louisiana to other states, or from other states to Louisiana.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $43.7B
  2. $34.6B
  3. $17.2B

In 2018, the top outbound Louisiana domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Texas with $43.7B, followed by Mississippi with $34.6B and Florida and $17.2B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Louisiana shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in Louisiana went to Donald J. Trump with 58.1% of the vote. The runner-up was Hillary Rodham Clinton (38.4%), followed by Gary Johnson (1.87%). The most partisan county was LaSalle Parish, LA with 88.8% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

Bill Cassidy and John Kennedy are the senators currently representing the state of Louisiana. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Louisiana is currently represented by 6 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Showing data up to the 2016 election. Updated election results are currently being processed, and will be released in the coming months.
Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for Louisiana
58.1% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in Louisiana
  1. 88.8% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 88.2% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 84.6% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in Louisiana was LaSalle Parish, LA with 88.8% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in Louisiana colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Louisiana

Bill Cassidy
Senator from Louisiana2
Assumed office on January 3, 2015
John Kennedy
Senator from Louisiana3
Assumed office on January 3, 2017

Bill Cassidy and John Kennedy are the senators currently representing Louisiana.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Louisiana over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Louisiana

Louisiana is currently represented by 6 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Louisiana have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Louisiana was $172,100 in 2019, which is 0.716 times smaller than the national average of $240,500. Between 2018 and 2019 the median property value increased from $167,300 to $172,100, a 2.87% increase. The homeownership rate in Louisiana is 66.5%, which is higher than the national average of 64.1%. People in Louisiana have an average commute time of 25.5 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Louisiana is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$172,100
2019 Median
± $1,937
$167,300
2018 Median
± $1,737

In 2019, the median property value in Louisiana grew to to $172,100 from the previous year's value of $167,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Louisiana compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Louisiana the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$51,073
Median Household Income
± $586
1.74M
Number of Households
± 23,458

In 2019, the median household income of the 1.74M households in Louisiana grew to $51,073 from the previous year's value of $47,905.

The following chart displays the households in Louisiana distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Louisiana distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Louisiana the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

66.5%
2019 Homeownership
65.5%
2018 Homeownership

In 2019, 66.5% of the housing units in Louisiana were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 65.5%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 64.1%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Louisiana compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

25.5 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Louisiana have a shorter commute time (25.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (26 minutes). Additionally, 3.43% of the workforce in Louisiana have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Louisiana compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2019
  1. Drove Alone (82.1%)
  2. Carpooled (8.78%)
  3. Worked At Home (3.94%)

In 2019, 82.1% of workers in Louisiana drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (8.78%) and those who worked at home (3.94%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Louisiana distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Louisiana have 2 cars, followed by false.

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Health

91.1% of the population of Louisiana has health coverage, with 40.6% on employee plans, 25.8% on Medicaid, 11.9% on Medicare, 11.1% on non-group plans, and 1.66% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Louisiana was $7,815 in 2014. This is a 4.38% increase from the previous year ($7,487).

Primary care physicians in Louisiana see 1466 patients per year on average, which represents a 2.01% decrease from the previous year (1496 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1778 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 329 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Claiborne Parish has the highest prevalence of diabetes (25.4%). Additionally, Sabine Parish has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (50.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,466 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Louisiana

Primary care physicians in Louisiana see an average of 1,466 patients per year. This represents a 2.01% decrease from the previous year (1,496 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Louisiana in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Louisiana.
$7,815
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Louisiana
$4,420
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$6,281
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$11,811
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Louisiana (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.38%, from $7,487 to $7,815.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

8.9%
Uninsured
40.6%
Employer Coverage
25.8%
Medicaid
11.9%
Medicare
11.1%
Non-Group
1.66%
Military or VA

Between 2018 and 2019, the percent of uninsured citizens in Louisiana grew by 11.7% from 7.98% to 8.9%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Louisiana changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 25.4% prevalence
  2. 22.6% prevalence
  3. 22.1% prevalence

Claiborne Parish has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Louisiana, at 25.4%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Louisiana by county over multiple years.

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