Lea County, NM

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Population

69,505

0.834% growth

Median Age

31.7


Median Household Income

$59,285

1.95% growth

Poverty Rate

16.1%


Number of Employees

28,672

0.607% decline

Median Property Value

$118,500

6.37% growth

About

In 2017, Lea County, NM had a population of 69.5k people with a median age of 31.7 and a median household income of $59,285. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Lea County, NM grew from 68,930 to 69,505, a 0.834% increase and its median household income grew from $58,152 to $59,285, a 1.95% increase.

The population of Lea County, NM is 56.8% Hispanic or Latino, 37.2% White Alone, and 3.62% Black or African American Alone. 42.9% of the people in Lea County, NM speak a non-English language, and 87.6% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Lea County, NM are New Mexico Junior College (394 degrees awarded in 2016) and University of the Southwest (244 degrees).

The median property value in Lea County, NM is $118,500, and the homeownership rate is 68.1%. Most people in Lea County, NM commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20 minutes. The average car ownership in Lea County, NM is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Lea County, NM employs 28.7k people. The largest industries in Lea County, NM are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (4,888 people), Retail Trade (2,908 people), and Educational Services (2,789 people), and the highest paying industries are Manufacturing ($62,520), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($61,399), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($58,272).

Median household income in Lea County, NM is $59,285. Males in Lea County, NM have an average income that is 1.31 times higher than the average income of females, which is $41,925. The income inequality in Lea County, NM (measured using the Gini index) is 0.462, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$59,285

2017 value

± $2,560

1.95%

1 Year Growth

± 6.05%

Households in Lea County, NM have a median annual income of $59,285, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $58,152 in 2016, which represents a 1.95% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Lea County, NM compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the county level, so we are showing data for the New Mexico.

$54,854

Average Male Salary

± $2,038

$41,925

Average Female Salary

± $1,598

In 2017, full-time male employees in Lea County, NM made 1.31 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Lea County, NM by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the county level, so we are showing data for the New Mexico.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $52,566 ± $11,622

  2. White

    $43,679 ± $1,381

  3. Black

    $41,055 ± $8,510

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Lea County, NM workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.2 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Lea County, NM by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Lea County, NM is from New Mexico.

0.462

2017 Wage GINI

0.463

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in New Mexico was 0.462 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.278% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for New Mexico was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in New Mexico in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in New Mexico across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 7.03

  2. Census Tract 5.04

  3. Census Tract 8

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Lea County, NM was Census Tract 7.03 with a value of $107,031, followed by Census Tract 5.04 and Census Tract 8, with respective values of $83,931 and $70,366.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Lea County, NM colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 6 - 11

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

16.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Lea County, NM (10.8k out of 67k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 6 - 11, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Females 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    9,210 ± 711

  2. Hispanic

    7,414 ± 639

  3. Black

    957 ± 309

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Lea County, NM is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

28.7k

2017 Value

± 1,143

-0.607%

1 Year decline

± 5.74%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Lea County, NM declined at a rate of -0.607%, from 28.8k employees to 28.7k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Lea County, NM, are Construction & Extraction Occupations (3,916 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,283 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (2,994 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Lea County, NM.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Lea County, NM, by number of employees, are Construction & Extraction Occupations (3,916 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,283 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (2,994 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Lea County, NM has an unusually high number of residents working as Construction & Extraction Occupations (2.74 times higher than expected), Transportation Occupations (2.19 times), and Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (2.05 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Lea County, NM, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($74,737), Management Occupations ($69,122), and Management, Business, & Financial Occupations ($67,756).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

28.7k

2017 Value

± 1,143

-0.607%

1 Year decline

± 5.74%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Lea County, NM declined at a rate of -0.607%, from 28.8k employees to 28.7k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Lea County, NM, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (4,888 people), Retail Trade (2,908 people), and Educational Services (2,789 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Lea County, NM, though some of these residents may live in Lea County, NM and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Lea County, NM, by number of employees, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (4,888 people), Retail Trade (2,908 people), and Educational Services (2,789 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Lea County, NM has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (31.5 times higher than expected), Utilities (2.23 times), and Wholesale Trade (2.01 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Lea County, NM, by median earnings, are Manufacturing ($62,520), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($61,399), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($58,272).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from New Mexico to other states, or from other states to New Mexico.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $12.9B

  2. $12.8B

  3. $7.72B

In 2015, the top outbound New Mexico product (by dollars) was Coal-n.e.c. with $12.9B, followed by Crude petroleum with $12.8B and Electronics and $7.72B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound New Mexico products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for New Mexico state.

$69.2B

2015 Value

$110B

Projected 2045 Value

59.8% growth

In 2015, total outbound New Mexico trade was $69.2B. This is expected to increase 59.8% to $110B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound New Mexico trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from New Mexico to other states, or from other states to New Mexico.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $9.94B

  2. $8.59B

  3. $5.67B

In 2015, the top outbound New Mexico domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Texas with $9.94B, followed by Arizona with $8.59B and Oregon and $5.67B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that New Mexico shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

84.1% of the population of Lea County, NM has health coverage, with 43.6% on employee plans, 23.8% on Medicaid, 8.09% on Medicare, 7.8% on non-group plans, and 0.785% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Lea County, NM was $7,214 in 2014. This is a 5.16% increase from the previous year ($6,860).

Primary care physicians in Lea County, NM see 3235 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.67% increase from the previous year (3182 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 4103 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 872 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Cibola County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (13.7%). Additionally, McKinley County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (35.1%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

3235 to 1

Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians in Lea County, NM see an average of 3235 patients per year. This represents a 1.67% increase from the previous year (3182 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Lea County, NM in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.

$7,214

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,155

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,445

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,663

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in New Mexico (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.16%, from $6,860 to $7,214.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

15.9%

Uninsured

43.6%

Employer Coverage

23.8%

Medicaid

8.09%

Medicare

7.8%

Non-Group

0.785%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Lea County, NM declined by 10.5% from 17.8% to 15.9%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Lea County, NM changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 13.7% prevalence

  2. 13.3% prevalence

  3. 10.9% prevalence

Cibola County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in New Mexico, at 13.7%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in New Mexico by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Lea County, NM is home to a population of 69.5k people, from which 87.6% are citizens. As of 2017, 16.8% of Lea County, NM residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Lea County, NM is composed of 39.5k Hispanic or Latino residents (56.8%), 25.8k White Alone residents (37.2%), 2.52k Black or African American Alone residents (3.62%), 986 Two or More Races residents (1.42%), 452 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.65%), 163 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.235%), 31 Asian Alone residents (0.0446%), and 27 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0388%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Lea County, NM are Spanish or Spanish Creole (26,000 speakers), French (Incl. Patois, Cajun) (154 speakers), and German (138 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

29

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

42

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.5

In 2017, the median age of all people in Lea County, NM was 31.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 29, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 42. But people in Lea County, NM are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Lea County, NM residents was 32.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

16.8%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

16.1%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 16.8% of Lea County, NM residents were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Lea County, NM was 16.1%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Lea County, NM compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    145,710 ± 9,038 people

  2. Germany

    5,026 ± 1,738 people

  3. Philippines

    3,772 ± 1,506 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Lea County, NM was Mexico, the natal country of 145,710 Lea County, NM residents, followed by Germany with 5,026 and Philippines with 3,772.

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Citizenship

87.6%

2017 Citizenship

88.2%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 87.6% of Lea County, NM residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Lea County, NM was 88.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Lea County, NM compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    39.5k ± 1.02k

  2. White Alone

    25.8k ± 143

  3. Black or African American Alone

    2.52k ± 265

In 2017, there were 1.53 times more Hispanic or Latino residents (39.5k people) in Lea County, NM than any other race or ethnicity. There were 25.8k White Alone and 2.52k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Lea County, NM as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    26,000 speakers (41.7%)

  2. French (Incl. Patois, Cajun)

    154 speakers (0.247%)

  3. German

    138 speakers (0.221%)

42.9% of Lea County, NM citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Lea County, NM was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 41.7% of the overall population of Lea County, NM are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.247% speak French (Incl. Patois, Cajun) and 0.221% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,063 ± 179

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    493 ± 146

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    251 ± 101

Lea County, NM has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.16 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Lea County, NM awarded 638 degrees. The student population of Lea County, NM is skewed towards women, with 1,310 male students and 2,186 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Lea County, NM are White (259 and 40.6%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (238 and 37.3%), Black or African American (85 and 13.3%), and Unknown (35 and 5.49%).

The largest universities in Lea County, NM by number of degrees awarded are New Mexico Junior College (394 and 61.8%) and University of the Southwest (244 and 38.2%).

The most popular majors in Lea County, NM are General Studies (228 and 35.7%), School Counseling & Guidance Services (63 and 9.87%), and General Cosmetology (44 and 6.9%).

The median tuition costs in Lea County, NM are $15,456 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 223 degrees awarded

  2. 14 degrees awarded

  3. 12 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Lea County, NM was General Studies with 223 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Lea County, NM according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 394 degrees awarded

  2. 244 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$15,456

Median Private

In 2016, the Lea County, NM institution with the largest number of graduating students was New Mexico Junior College with 394 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

269

Degrees Awarded to Men

369

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 269 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Lea County, NM, which is 0.729 times less than the 369 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Lea County, NM by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    259 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    238 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    85 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Lea County, NM were to White students. These 259 degrees mean that there were 1.09 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 238 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Lea County, NM was $118,500 in 2017, which is 0.545 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $111,400 to $118,500, a 6.37% increase. The homeownership rate in Lea County, NM is 68.1%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Lea County, NM have an average commute time of 20 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Lea County, NM is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$59,285

Median Household Income

± $2,560

22k

Number of Households

± 969

In 2017, the median household income of the 22k households in Lea County, NM grew to $59,285 from the previous year's value of $58,152.

The following chart displays the households in Lea County, NM distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$118,500

2017 Median

± $4,838

$111,400

2016 Median

± $4,211

In 2017, the median property value in Lea County, NM grew to to $118,500 from the previous year's value of $111,400.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Lea County, NM compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Lea County, NM the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Lea County, NM distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Lea County, NM the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

68.1%

2017 Homeownership

68.8%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 68.1% of the housing units in Lea County, NM were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 68.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Lea County, NM compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Lea County, NM distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Lea County, NM have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

20 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Lea County, NM have a shorter commute time (20 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 4.24% of the workforce in Lea County, NM have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Lea County, NM compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    84.1%

  2. Carpooled

    10.9%

  3. Worked At Home

    2.13%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Lea County, NM was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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