Arizona

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Population

7.02M

1.23% growth

Median Age

37.7


Median Household Income

$56,581

5.64% growth

Poverty Rate

17%


Number of Employees

2.98M

4.42% growth

Median Property Value

$223,400

8.5% growth

About

In 2017, Arizona had a population of 7.02M people with a median age of 37.7 and a median household income of $56,581. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Arizona grew from 6.93M to 7.02M, a 1.23% increase and its median household income grew from $53,558 to $56,581, a 5.64% increase.

The population of Arizona is 54.7% White Alone, 31.4% Hispanic or Latino, and 4.14% Black or African American Alone. 27.1% of the people in Arizona speak a non-English language, and 92.5% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Arizona are University of Phoenix-Arizona (40,418 degrees awarded in 2016), Grand Canyon University (18,469 degrees), and Arizona State University-Tempe (13,805 degrees).

The median property value in Arizona is $223,400, and the homeownership rate is 64.7%. Most people in Arizona commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 24 minutes. The average car ownership in Arizona is 2 cars per household.

Arizona borders California, Colorado, Utah, New Mexico, and Nevada.

About the photo: Grand Canyon - South Rim - Summer 2014

Economy

The economy of Arizona employs 2.98M people. The largest industries in Arizona are Restaurants & Food Services (222,421 people), Construction (188,181 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (177,030 people), and the highest paying industries are Pulp, paper, & paperboard mills ($164,514), Support activities for mining ($152,535), and Offices of physicians ($99,312).

Median household income in Arizona is $56,581. Males in Arizona have an average income that is 1.31 times higher than the average income of females, which is $47,801. The income inequality in Arizona (measured using the Gini index) is 0.469, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$56,581

2017 value

± $516

5.64%

1 Year Growth

± 1.41%

Households in Arizona have a median annual income of $56,581, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $53,558 in 2016, which represents a 5.64% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Arizona compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$62,465

Average Male Salary

± $1,374

$47,801

Average Female Salary

± $1,063

In 2017, full-time male employees in Arizona made 1.31 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Arizona by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $61,841 ± $4,776

  2. White

    $50,906 ± $930

  3. Alaska Native

    $42,076 ± $20,594

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Arizona workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.21 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Arizona by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.469

2017 Wage GINI

0.473

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Arizona was 0.469 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.923% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Arizona was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Arizona in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Arizona across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.

Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Arizona was Maricopa County, AZ with a value of $62,223, followed by Coconino County, AZ and Pinal County, AZ, with respective values of $54,893 and $52,788.

The following map shows all of the counties in Arizona colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

17% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Arizona (1.13M out of 6.65M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    764,158 ± 6,558

  2. Hispanic

    513,987 ± 5,150

  3. Other

    124,599 ± 2,900

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Arizona is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

2.98M

2017 Value

4.42%

1 Year growth

± 4.42%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Arizona grew at a rate of 4.42%, from 2.85M employees to 2.98M employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Arizona, are Customer service representatives (88,907 people), Miscellaneous managers (83,848 people), and Firstline supervisors of retail sales workers (68,600 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Arizona.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Arizona, by number of employees, are Customer service representatives (88,907 people), Miscellaneous managers (83,848 people), and Firstline supervisors of retail sales workers (68,600 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Arizona has an unusually high number of residents working as Gaming cage workers (6.33 times higher than expected), Plasterers & stucco masons (6.08 times), and Ambulance drivers & attendants, except emergency medical technicians (5.63 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Arizona, by average salary, are Physicians & surgeons ($243,621), Aircraft pilots & flight engineers ($175,869), and Dentists ($167,742).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

2.98M

2017 Value

4.42%

1 Year growth

± 4.42%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Arizona grew at a rate of 4.42%, from 2.85M employees to 2.98M employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Arizona, are Restaurants & Food Services (222,421 people), Construction (188,181 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (177,030 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Arizona, though some of these residents may live in Arizona and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Arizona, by number of employees, are Restaurants & Food Services (222,421 people), Construction (188,181 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (177,030 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Arizona has an unusually high number of Metal ore mining (9.69 times higher than expected), Aerospace products & parts manufacturing (5.13 times), and Electronic auctions (4.97 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Arizona, by average salary, are Pulp, paper, & paperboard mills ($164,514), Support activities for mining ($152,535), and Offices of physicians ($99,312).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from false to other states, or from other states to false.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $23.6B

  2. $20.7B

  3. $16.4B

In 2015, the top outbound false product (by dollars) was Pharmaceuticals with $23.6B, followed by Mixed freight with $20.7B and Electronics and $16.4B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound false products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

$158B

2015 Value

$290B

Projected 2045 Value

83.3% growth

In 2015, total outbound false trade was $158B. This is expected to increase 83.3% to $290B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound false trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from false to other states, or from other states to false.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $21.9B

  2. $8.27B

  3. $4.07B

In 2015, the top outbound false domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was California with $21.9B, followed by Texas with $8.27B and New Mexico and $4.07B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that false shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

89.9% of the population of Arizona has health coverage, with 43.4% on employee plans, 19.5% on Medicaid, 12.6% on Medicare, 12.4% on non-group plans, and 2.05% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the state of Arizona was $6,452 in 2014. This is a 3.03% increase from the previous year ($6,262).

Primary care physicians in Arizona see 1519 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.198% increase from the previous year (1516 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1660 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 820 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, La Paz County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.9%). Additionally, Apache County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (33.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,519 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Arizona see an average of 1,519 patients per year. This represents a 0.198% increase from the previous year (1,516 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Arizona in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

$6,452

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,035

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,032

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,096

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Arizona (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.03%, from $6,262 to $6,452.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

10.1%

Uninsured

43.4%

Employer Coverage

19.5%

Medicaid

12.6%

Medicare

12.4%

Non-Group

2.05%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Arizona grew by 0.757% from 9.98% to 10.1%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Arizona changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.9% prevalence

  2. 14.3% prevalence

  3. 13.1% prevalence

La Paz County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Arizona, at 14.9%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Arizona by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Arizona is home to a population of 7.02M people, from which 92.5% are citizens. As of 2017, 13% of Arizona residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Arizona is composed of 3.84M White Alone residents (54.7%), 2.2M Hispanic or Latino residents (31.4%), 290k Black or African American Alone residents (4.14%), 274k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (3.91%), 226k Asian Alone residents (3.22%), 160k Two or More Races residents (2.27%), 15k Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.213%), and 12.3k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.175%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Arizona are Spanish or Spanish Creole (1,317,026 speakers), Navajo (83,050 speakers), and Chinese (32,695 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

36

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.2

45

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.4

In 2017, the median age of all people in Arizona was 37.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 36, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 45. But people in Arizona are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Arizona residents was 38.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

13%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

13%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 13% of Arizona residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Arizona was 13%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Arizona compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    503,579 ± 16,786 people

  2. India

    47,415 ± 5,328 people

  3. Canada

    42,280 ± 5,033 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Arizona was Mexico, the natal country of 503,579 Arizona residents, followed by India with 47,415 and Canada with 42,280.

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Citizenship

92.5%

2017 Citizenship

92.3%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 92.5% of Arizona residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Arizona was 92.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Arizona compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    3.84M ± 4.5k

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    2.2M ± 34.4k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    290k ± 6.06k

In 2017, there were 1.74 times more White Alone residents (3.84M people) in Arizona than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.2M Hispanic or Latino and 290k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Arizona as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    1,317,026 speakers (20.6%)

  2. Navajo

    83,050 speakers (1.3%)

  3. Chinese

    32,695 speakers (0.511%)

27.1% of Arizona citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Arizona was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 20.6% of the overall population of Arizona are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 1.3% speak Navajo and 0.511% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    166,033 ± 5,300

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    89,753 ± 5,239

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    63,485 ± 4,170

Arizona has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.85 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Arizona awarded 167,550 degrees. The student population of Arizona is skewed towards women, with 244,579 male students and 372,197 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Arizona are White (79,014 and 48.6%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (32,958 and 20.3%), Unknown (18,535 and 11.4%), and Black or African American (16,001 and 9.84%).

The largest universities in Arizona by number of degrees awarded are University of Phoenix-Arizona (40,418 and 24.1%), Grand Canyon University (18,469 and 11%), and Arizona State University-Tempe (13,805 and 8.24%).

The most popular majors in Arizona are General Business Administration & Management (15,800 and 9.43%), Liberal Arts & Sciences (14,867 and 8.87%), and Registered Nursing (10,277 and 6.13%).

The median tuition costs in Arizona are $18,021 for private four year colleges, and $9,200 and $24,495 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 2,063 degrees awarded

  2. 7,774 degrees awarded

  3. 5,848 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Arizona was General Psychology with 2,063 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Arizona according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 40,418 degrees awarded

  2. 18,469 degrees awarded

  3. 13,805 degrees awarded

$9,200

Median In-State Public

$18,021

Median Private

In 2016, the Arizona institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Phoenix-Arizona with 40,418 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

66,688

Degrees Awarded to Men

100,862

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 66,688 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Arizona, which is 0.661 times less than the 100,862 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Arizona by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    79,014 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    32,958 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    18,535 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Arizona were to White students. These 79,014 degrees mean that there were 2.4 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 32,958 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Arizona was $223,400 in 2017, which is 1.03 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $205,900 to $223,400, a 8.5% increase. The homeownership rate in Arizona is 64.7%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Arizona have an average commute time of 24 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Arizona is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$56,581

Median Household Income

± $516

2.55M

Number of Households

± 25,792

In 2017, the median household income of the 2.55M households in Arizona grew to $56,581 from the previous year's value of $53,558.

The following chart displays the households in Arizona distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$223,400

2017 Median

± $1,876

$205,900

2016 Median

± $1,953

In 2017, the median property value in Arizona grew to to $223,400 from the previous year's value of $205,900.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Arizona compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Arizona the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Arizona distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Arizona the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

64.7%

2017 Homeownership

63.2%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 64.7% of the housing units in Arizona were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 63.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Arizona compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Arizona distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Arizona have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

24 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Arizona have a shorter commute time (24 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.92% of the workforce in Arizona have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Arizona compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    76.5%

  2. Carpooled

    11%

  3. Worked At Home

    6.28%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Arizona was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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