Florida

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Population

21M

1.8% growth

Median Age

42


Median Household Income

$52,594

3.41% growth

Poverty Rate

15.5%


Number of Employees

9.02M

2.99% growth

Median Property Value

$214,000

8.24% growth

About

In 2017, Florida had a population of 21M people with a median age of 42 and a median household income of $52,594. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Florida grew from 20.6M to 21M, a 1.8% increase and its median household income grew from $50,860 to $52,594, a 3.41% increase.

The population of Florida is 53.8% White Alone, 25.6% Hispanic or Latino, and 15.4% Black or African American Alone. 29.7% of the people in Florida speak a non-English language, and 90.7% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Florida are University of Central Florida (16,153 degrees awarded in 2016), University of Florida (14,667 degrees), and Florida International University (13,358 degrees).

The median property value in Florida is $214,000, and the homeownership rate is 65.2%. Most people in Florida commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 26.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Florida is 2 cars per household.

Florida borders Georgia and Alabama.

Economy

The economy of Florida employs 9.02M people. The largest industries in Florida are Restaurants & Food Services (668,444 people), Construction (647,841 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (468,346 people), and the highest paying industries are Miscellaneous paper & pulp products ($127,897), Software publishing ($125,770), and Paperboard container manufacturing ($122,720).

Median household income in Florida is $52,594. Males in Florida have an average income that is 1.33 times higher than the average income of females, which is $45,343. The income inequality in Florida (measured using the Gini index) is 0.473, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$52,594

2017 value

± $364

3.41%

1 Year Growth

± 0.811%

Households in Florida have a median annual income of $52,594, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $50,860 in 2016, which represents a 3.41% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Florida compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$60,114

Average Male Salary

± $840

$45,343

Average Female Salary

± $594

In 2017, full-time male employees in Florida made 1.33 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Florida by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $59,204 ± $3,403

  2. Alaska Native

    $49,633 ± $34,468

  3. White

    $49,322 ± $566

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Florida workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.19 times more than Alaska Native workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Florida by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.473

2017 Wage GINI

0.474

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Florida was 0.473 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.211% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Florida was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Florida in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Florida across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.

Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Florida was St. Johns County, FL with a value of $73,836, followed by Nassau County, FL and Santa Rosa County, FL, with respective values of $71,489 and $66,059.

The following map shows all of the counties in Florida colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

15.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Florida (3.07M out of 19.9M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Females 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    2,000,476 ± 11,570

  2. Hispanic

    981,013 ± 8,054

  3. Black

    781,928 ± 7,313

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Florida is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

9.02M

2017 Value

2.99%

1 Year growth

± 2.99%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Florida grew at a rate of 2.99%, from 8.76M employees to 9.02M employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Florida, are Retail salespersons (249,994 people), Miscellaneous managers (241,246 people), and Cashiers (230,815 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Florida.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Florida, by number of employees, are Retail salespersons (249,994 people), Miscellaneous managers (241,246 people), and Cashiers (230,815 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Florida has an unusually high number of residents working as Entertainers & performers, sports & related workers, all other (2.86 times higher than expected), Reservation & transportation ticket agents & travel clerks (2.49 times), and Ship & boat captains & operators (2.25 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Florida, by average salary, are Physicians & surgeons ($222,409), Dentists ($175,579), and Chief executives & legislators ($155,822).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

9.02M

2017 Value

2.99%

1 Year growth

± 2.99%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Florida grew at a rate of 2.99%, from 8.76M employees to 9.02M employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Florida, are Restaurants & Food Services (668,444 people), Construction (647,841 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (468,346 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Florida, though some of these residents may live in Florida and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Florida, by number of employees, are Restaurants & Food Services (668,444 people), Construction (647,841 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (468,346 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Florida has an unusually high number of Water transportation (3.71 times higher than expected), Scenic & sightseeing transportation (2.25 times), and Travel arrangements & reservation services (2.17 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Florida, by average salary, are Miscellaneous paper & pulp products ($127,897), Software publishing ($125,770), and Paperboard container manufacturing ($122,720).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Florida to other states, or from other states to Florida.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $57.1B

  2. $44.9B

  3. $41.8B

In 2015, the top outbound Florida product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $57.1B, followed by Pharmaceuticals ($44.9B) and Gasoline ($41.8B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Florida products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

$457B

2015 Value

$714B

Projected 2045 Value

56.2% growth

In 2015, total outbound Florida trade was $457B. This is expected to increase 56.2% to $714B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Florida trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Florida to other states, or from other states to Florida.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $17.7B

  2. $15.1B

  3. $10.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Florida domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $17.7B, followed by Texas with $15.1B and California and $10.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Florida shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

87.1% of the population of Florida has health coverage, with 38.4% on employee plans, 15.9% on Medicaid, 14.3% on Medicare, 16.1% on non-group plans, and 2.28% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the state of Florida was $8,076 in 2014. This is a 5.05% increase from the previous year ($7,688).

Primary care physicians in Florida see 1376 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.218% decrease from the previous year (1379 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1735 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 703 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Gadsden County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16.9%). Additionally, Liberty County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,376 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Florida see an average of 1,376 patients per year. This represents a 0.218% decrease from the previous year (1,379 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Florida in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

$8,076

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,606

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,175

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$12,229

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Florida (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.05%, from $7,688 to $8,076.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

12.9%

Uninsured

38.4%

Employer Coverage

15.9%

Medicaid

14.3%

Medicare

16.1%

Non-Group

2.28%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Florida grew by 3.23% from 12.5% to 12.9%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Florida changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16.9% prevalence

  2. 15.8% prevalence

  3. 15.5% prevalence

Gadsden County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Florida, at 16.9%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Florida by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Florida is home to a population of 21M people, from which 90.7% are citizens. As of 2017, 19.6% of Florida residents were born outside of the country (4.11M people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Florida is composed of 11.3M White Alone residents (53.8%), 5.37M Hispanic or Latino residents (25.6%), 3.22M Black or African American Alone residents (15.4%), 578k Asian Alone residents (2.76%), 390k Two or More Races residents (1.86%), 78.3k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.373%), 42.7k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.203%), and 11.1k Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0528%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Florida are Spanish (4,326,286 speakers), Haitian (452,939 speakers), and Portuguese (136,178 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

39

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.1

48

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.3

In 2017, the median age of all people in Florida was 42. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 39, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 48. But people in Florida are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Florida residents was 42.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

19.6%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

4.11M people

19.3%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

3.97M people

As of 2017, 19.6% of Florida residents (4.11M people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Florida was 19.3%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Florida compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Cuba

    984,212 ± 23,779 people

  2. Haiti

    353,866 ± 14,481 people

  3. Colombia

    274,220 ± 12,772 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Florida was Cuba, the natal country of 984,212 Florida residents, followed by Haiti with 353,866 and Colombia with 274,220.

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Citizenship

90.7%

2017 Citizenship

90.8%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 90.7% of Florida residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Florida was 90.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Florida compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    11.3M ± 8.18k

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    5.37M ± 45.7k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    3.22M ± 14.1k

In 2017, there were 2.1 times more White Alone residents (11.3M people) in Florida than any other race or ethnicity. There were 5.37M Hispanic or Latino and 3.22M Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Florida as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    4,326,286 speakers (21.8%)

  2. Haitian

    452,939 speakers (2.28%)

  3. Portuguese

    136,178 speakers (0.686%)

29.7% of Florida citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.8%. In 2017, the most common non-English language spoken in Florida was Spanish. 21.8% of the overall population of Florida are native Spanish speakers. 2.28% speak Haitian and 0.686% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    478,741 ± 11,108

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    257,911 ± 10,102

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    195,249 ± 8,196

Florida has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.86 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Florida awarded 325,428 degrees. The student population of Florida is skewed towards women, with 480,368 male students and 647,620 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Florida are White (145,452 and 46.5%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (77,462 and 24.8%), Black or African American (55,379 and 17.7%), and Unknown (15,070 and 4.82%).

The largest universities in Florida by number of degrees awarded are University of Central Florida (16,153 and 4.96%), University of Florida (14,667 and 4.51%), and Florida International University (13,358 and 4.1%).

The most popular majors in Florida are Liberal Arts & Sciences (61,108 and 18.8%), General Business Administration & Management (18,516 and 5.69%), and Registered Nursing (14,745 and 4.53%).

The median tuition costs in Florida are $13,383 for private four year colleges, and $2,485 and $9,730 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 6,769 degrees awarded

  2. 6,725 degrees awarded

  3. 5,888 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Florida was General Psychology with 6,769 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Florida according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 16,153 degrees awarded

  2. 14,667 degrees awarded

  3. 13,358 degrees awarded

$2,485

Median In-State Public

$13,383

Median Private

In 2016, the Florida institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Central Florida with 16,153 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

131,442

Degrees Awarded to Men

193,986

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 131,442 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Florida, which is 0.678 times less than the 193,986 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Florida by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    145,452 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    77,462 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    55,379 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Florida were to White students. These 145,452 degrees mean that there were 1.88 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 77,462 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Florida was $214,000 in 2017, which is 0.983 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $197,700 to $214,000, a 8.24% increase. The homeownership rate in Florida is 65.2%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Florida have an average commute time of 26.1 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Florida is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$52,594

Median Household Income

± $364

7.69M

Number of Households

± 46,288

In 2017, the median household income of the 7.69M households in Florida grew to $52,594 from the previous year's value of $50,860.

The following chart displays the households in Florida distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$214,000

2017 Median

± $1,255

$197,700

2016 Median

± $1,318

In 2017, the median property value in Florida grew to to $214,000 from the previous year's value of $197,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Florida compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Florida the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Florida distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Florida the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

65.2%

2017 Homeownership

64.1%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 65.2% of the housing units in Florida were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 64.1%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Florida compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Florida distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Florida have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

26.1 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Florida have a longer commute time (26.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 2.33% of the workforce in Florida have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Florida compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    79.4%

  2. Carpooled

    9.09%

  3. Worked At Home

    6.14%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Florida was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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