Dauphin County, PA

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Population

275,710

0.732% growth

Median Age

39.7


Median Household Income

$61,622

2.14% growth

Poverty Rate

13.2%


Number of Employees

139,315

2.32% growth

Median Property Value

$173,600

3.64% growth

About

In 2017, Dauphin County, PA had a population of 276k people with a median age of 39.7 and a median household income of $61,622. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Dauphin County, PA grew from 273,707 to 275,710, a 0.732% increase and its median household income grew from $60,331 to $61,622, a 2.14% increase.

The population of Dauphin County, PA is 65.4% White Alone, 18% Black or African American Alone, and 9.21% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Dauphin County, PA speak a non-English language, and 96.6% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Dauphin County, PA are Harrisburg Area Community College-Harrisburg (2,076 degrees awarded in 2016), Pennsylvania State University-Penn State Harrisburg (1,035 degrees), and Pennsylvania State University-College of Medicine (232 degrees).

The median property value in Dauphin County, PA is $173,600, and the homeownership rate is 64.7%. Most people in Dauphin County, PA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 21.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Dauphin County, PA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Market Street Bridge, Harrisburg, PA

Economy

The economy of Dauphin County, PA employs 139k people. The largest industries in Dauphin County, PA are Health Care & Social Assistance (25,241 people), Retail Trade (14,545 people), and Manufacturing (13,011 people), and the highest paying industries are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($57,076), Public Administration ($55,125), and Finance & Insurance ($51,748).

Median household income in Dauphin County, PA is $61,622. Males in Dauphin County, PA have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $51,375. The income inequality in Dauphin County, PA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.472, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$61,622

2017 value

± $2,044

2.14%

1 Year Growth

± 4.48%

Households in Dauphin County, PA have a median annual income of $61,622, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $60,331 in 2016, which represents a 2.14% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Dauphin County, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.

$68,603

Average Male Salary

± $1,096

$51,375

Average Female Salary

± $811

In 2017, full-time male employees in Pennsylvania made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Pennsylvania by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $62,810 ± $3,954

  2. White

    $53,208 ± $684

  3. American Indian

    $47,436 ± $11,968

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Pennsylvania workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.18 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Pennsylvania by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Dauphin County, PA is from Pennsylvania.

0.472

2017 Wage GINI

0.468

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Pennsylvania was 0.472 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.833% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Pennsylvania was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Pennsylvania in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Pennsylvania across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 225.01

  2. Census Tract 226.04

  3. Census Tract 224.01

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Dauphin County, PA was Census Tract 225.01 with a value of $97,723, followed by Census Tract 226.04 and Census Tract 224.01, with respective values of $95,455 and $91,750.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Dauphin County, PA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

13.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Dauphin County, PA (35.5k out of 269k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 45 - 54.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    17,250 ± 1,034

  2. Black

    12,776 ± 1,100

  3. Hispanic

    7,203 ± 842

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Dauphin County, PA is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

139k

2017 Value

± 6,064

2.32%

1 Year growth

± 5.87%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Dauphin County, PA grew at a rate of 2.32%, from 136k employees to 139k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Dauphin County, PA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (20,641 people), Sales & Related Occupations (13,071 people), and Management Occupations (12,609 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Dauphin County, PA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Dauphin County, PA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (20,641 people), Sales & Related Occupations (13,071 people), and Management Occupations (12,609 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Dauphin County, PA has an unusually high number of residents working as Material Moving Occupations (1.69 times higher than expected), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations (1.4 times), and Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (1.34 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Dauphin County, PA, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($80,206), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($76,615), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($71,353).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

139k

2017 Value

± 6,064

2.32%

1 Year growth

± 5.87%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Dauphin County, PA grew at a rate of 2.32%, from 136k employees to 139k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Dauphin County, PA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (25,241 people), Retail Trade (14,545 people), and Manufacturing (13,011 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Dauphin County, PA, though some of these residents may live in Dauphin County, PA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Dauphin County, PA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (25,241 people), Retail Trade (14,545 people), and Manufacturing (13,011 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Dauphin County, PA has an unusually high number of Public Administration (1.81 times higher than expected), Management of Companies & Enterprises (1.78 times), and Wholesale Trade (1.41 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Dauphin County, PA, by median earnings, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($57,076), Public Administration ($55,125), and Finance & Insurance ($51,748).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $83B

  2. $50.6B

  3. $49.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $83B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. ($50.6B) and Pharmaceuticals ($49.7B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Pennsylvania products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Pennsylvania state.

$618B

2015 Value

$954B

Projected 2045 Value

54.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Pennsylvania trade was $618B. This is expected to increase 54.4% to $954B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Pennsylvania trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $61B

  2. $57.7B

  3. $33.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New York with $61B, followed by New Jersey with $57.7B and Ohio and $33.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Pennsylvania shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

94.6% of the population of Dauphin County, PA has health coverage, with 53.2% on employee plans, 16.9% on Medicaid, 12% on Medicare, 11.3% on non-group plans, and 1.16% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Dauphin County, PA was $9,258 in 2014. This is a 4.29% increase from the previous year ($8,877).

Primary care physicians in Dauphin County, PA see 965 patients per year on average, which represents a 3.98% decrease from the previous year (1005 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1382 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 504 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16%). Additionally, Clearfield County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

965 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Dauphin County, PA see an average of 965 patients per year. This represents a 3.98% decrease from the previous year (1,005 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Dauphin County, PA in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

$9,258

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,634

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,407

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,243

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Pennsylvania (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.29%, from $8,877 to $9,258.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

5.43%

Uninsured

53.2%

Employer Coverage

16.9%

Medicaid

12%

Medicare

11.3%

Non-Group

1.16%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Dauphin County, PA grew by 11.5% from 4.87% to 5.43%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Dauphin County, PA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16% prevalence

  2. 13.4% prevalence

  3. 13.2% prevalence

Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania, at 16%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Dauphin County, PA is home to a population of 276k people, from which 96.6% are citizens. As of 2017, 7.42% of Dauphin County, PA residents were born outside of the country (20.4k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Dauphin County, PA is composed of 180k White Alone residents (65.4%), 49.7k Black or African American Alone residents (18%), 25.4k Hispanic or Latino residents (9.21%), 11.7k Asian Alone residents (4.25%), 6.34k Two or More Races residents (2.3%), 1.84k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.668%), 370 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.134%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Dauphin County, PA are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

40

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.6

40

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.2

In 2017, the median age of all people in Dauphin County, PA was 39.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 40, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 40. But people in Dauphin County, PA are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Dauphin County, PA residents was 40.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

7.42%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

20.4k people

7.15%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

19.6k people

As of 2017, 7.42% of Dauphin County, PA residents (20.4k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Dauphin County, PA was 7.15%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Dauphin County, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    87,349 ± 7,231 people

  2. Dominican Republic

    68,083 ± 6,389 people

  3. China

    58,224 ± 5,911 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Pennsylvania was India, the natal country of 87,349 Pennsylvania residents, followed by Dominican Republic with 68,083 and China with 58,224.

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Citizenship

96.6%

2017 Citizenship

96.1%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 96.6% of Dauphin County, PA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Dauphin County, PA was 96.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Dauphin County, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    180k ± 1.34k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    49.7k ± 1.32k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    25.4k ± 3.64k

In 2017, there were 3.63 times more White Alone residents (180k people) in Dauphin County, PA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 49.7k Black or African American Alone and 25.4k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Dauphin County, PA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Dauphin County, PA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Dauphin County, PA was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Dauphin County, PA are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    6,085 ± 951

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    2,901 ± 857

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    2,382 ± 801

Dauphin County, PA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.1 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Dauphin County, PA awarded 3,956 degrees. The student population of Dauphin County, PA is skewed towards women, with 12,024 male students and 16,207 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Dauphin County, PA are White (2,675 and 72.2%), followed by Black or African American (342 and 9.23%), Hispanic or Latino (286 and 7.72%), and Asian (189 and 5.1%).

The largest universities in Dauphin County, PA by number of degrees awarded are Harrisburg Area Community College-Harrisburg (2,076 and 52.5%), Pennsylvania State University-Penn State Harrisburg (1,035 and 26.2%), and Pennsylvania State University-College of Medicine (232 and 5.86%).

The most popular majors in Dauphin County, PA are Registered Nursing (382 and 9.66%), General Studies (222 and 5.61%), and General Business Administration & Management (221 and 5.59%).

The median tuition costs in Dauphin County, PA are $23,900 for private four year colleges, and $13,868 and $21,874 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 222 degrees awarded

  2. 179 degrees awarded

  3. 330 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Dauphin County, PA was General Studies with 222 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Dauphin County, PA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 2,076 degrees awarded

  2. 1,035 degrees awarded

  3. 232 degrees awarded

$13,868

Median In-State Public

$23,900

Median Private

In 2016, the Dauphin County, PA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Harrisburg Area Community College-Harrisburg with 2,076 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,610

Degrees Awarded to Men

2,346

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 1,610 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Dauphin County, PA, which is 0.686 times less than the 2,346 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Dauphin County, PA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    2,675 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    342 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    286 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Dauphin County, PA were to White students. These 2,675 degrees mean that there were 7.82 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 342 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Dauphin County, PA was $173,600 in 2017, which is 0.798 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $167,500 to $173,600, a 3.64% increase. The homeownership rate in Dauphin County, PA is 64.7%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Dauphin County, PA have an average commute time of 21.7 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Dauphin County, PA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$61,622

Median Household Income

± $2,044

111k

Number of Households

± 5,037

In 2017, the median household income of the 111k households in Dauphin County, PA grew to $61,622 from the previous year's value of $60,331.

The following chart displays the households in Dauphin County, PA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$173,600

2017 Median

± $4,057

$167,500

2016 Median

± $4,889

In 2017, the median property value in Dauphin County, PA grew to to $173,600 from the previous year's value of $167,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Dauphin County, PA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Dauphin County, PA the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Dauphin County, PA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Dauphin County, PA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

64.7%

2017 Homeownership

63.8%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 64.7% of the housing units in Dauphin County, PA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 63.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Dauphin County, PA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Dauphin County, PA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Dauphin County, PA have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

21.7 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Dauphin County, PA have a shorter commute time (21.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.62% of the workforce in Dauphin County, PA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Dauphin County, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    78.6%

  2. Carpooled

    9.29%

  3. Worked At Home

    5.07%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Dauphin County, PA was Drove Alone (78.6%), followed by those who Carpooled (9.29%) and those who Worked At Home (5.07%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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