Cumberland County, PA

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Population

245,801

0.805% growth

Median Age

40.5


Median Household Income

$65,544

4.64% growth

Poverty Rate

7.8%


Number of Employees

123,566

0.892% growth

Median Property Value

$194,100

1.25% growth

About

In 2017, Cumberland County, PA had a population of 246k people with a median age of 40.5 and a median household income of $65,544. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Cumberland County, PA grew from 243,838 to 245,801, a 0.805% increase and its median household income grew from $62,640 to $65,544, a 4.64% increase.

The population of Cumberland County, PA is 86.9% White Alone, 3.95% Asian Alone, and 3.54% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Cumberland County, PA speak a non-English language, and 97% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Cumberland County, PA are Shippensburg University of Pennsylvania (1,690 degrees awarded in 2016), Messiah College (859 degrees), and Dickinson College (612 degrees).

The median property value in Cumberland County, PA is $194,100, and the homeownership rate is 70.7%. Most people in Cumberland County, PA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 21.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Cumberland County, PA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Pennsylvania capitol building Fox Ridge Court, Harrisburg

Economy

The economy of Cumberland County, PA employs 124k people. The largest industries in Cumberland County, PA are Health Care & Social Assistance (16,075 people), Retail Trade (15,743 people), and Educational Services (11,304 people), and the highest paying industries are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($69,338), Public Administration ($62,388), and Finance & Insurance ($54,809).

Median household income in Cumberland County, PA is $65,544. Males in Cumberland County, PA have an average income that is 1.35 times higher than the average income of females, which is $49,502. The income inequality in Cumberland County, PA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.469, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$65,544

2017 value

± $1,244

4.64%

1 Year Growth

± 2.74%

Households in Cumberland County, PA have a median annual income of $65,544, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $62,640 in 2016, which represents a 4.64% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Cumberland County, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.

$67,039

Average Male Salary

± $1,040

$49,502

Average Female Salary

± $757

In 2017, full-time male employees in Pennsylvania made 1.35 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Pennsylvania by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $61,450 ± $4,076

  2. White

    $51,412 ± $642

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $38,644 ± $21,965

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Pennsylvania workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.2 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Pennsylvania by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Cumberland County, PA is from Pennsylvania.

0.469

2017 Wage GINI

0.469

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Pennsylvania was 0.469 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.19% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Pennsylvania was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Pennsylvania in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Pennsylvania across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 113.03

  2. Census Tract 113.02

  3. Census Tract 116.02

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Cumberland County, PA was Census Tract 113.03 with a value of $107,215, followed by Census Tract 113.02 and Census Tract 116.02, with respective values of $106,224 and $96,471.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Cumberland County, PA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

7.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Cumberland County, PA (18.1k out of 232k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    13,984 ± 871

  2. Black

    1,848 ± 339

  3. Hispanic

    1,627 ± 272

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Cumberland County, PA is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

124k

2017 Value

± 2,224

0.892%

1 Year growth

± 2.54%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Cumberland County, PA grew at a rate of 0.892%, from 122k employees to 124k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Cumberland County, PA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (18,126 people), Sales & Related Occupations (12,719 people), and Management Occupations (12,665 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Cumberland County, PA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Cumberland County, PA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (18,126 people), Sales & Related Occupations (12,719 people), and Management Occupations (12,665 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Cumberland County, PA has an unusually high number of residents working as Material Moving Occupations (1.77 times higher than expected), Computer & Mathematical Occupations (1.6 times), and Business & Financial Operations Occupations (1.35 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Cumberland County, PA, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($84,015), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($76,665), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($73,840).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

124k

2017 Value

± 2,224

0.892%

1 Year growth

± 2.54%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Cumberland County, PA grew at a rate of 0.892%, from 122k employees to 124k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Cumberland County, PA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (16,075 people), Retail Trade (15,743 people), and Educational Services (11,304 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Cumberland County, PA, though some of these residents may live in Cumberland County, PA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Cumberland County, PA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (16,075 people), Retail Trade (15,743 people), and Educational Services (11,304 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Cumberland County, PA has an unusually high number of Management of Companies & Enterprises (2.43 times higher than expected), Public Administration (1.86 times), and Finance & Insurance (1.45 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Cumberland County, PA, by median earnings, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($69,338), Public Administration ($62,388), and Finance & Insurance ($54,809).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $83B

  2. $50.6B

  3. $49.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $83B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. ($50.6B) and Pharmaceuticals ($49.7B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Pennsylvania products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Pennsylvania state.

$618B

2015 Value

$954B

Projected 2045 Value

54.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Pennsylvania trade was $618B. This is expected to increase 54.4% to $954B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Pennsylvania trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $61B

  2. $57.7B

  3. $33.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New York with $61B, followed by New Jersey with $57.7B and Ohio and $33.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Pennsylvania shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

93.9% of the population of Cumberland County, PA has health coverage, with 58.3% on employee plans, 8.06% on Medicaid, 13% on Medicare, 12.7% on non-group plans, and 1.93% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Cumberland County, PA was $9,258 in 2014. This is a 4.29% increase from the previous year ($8,877).

Primary care physicians in Cumberland County, PA see 1080 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.277% decrease from the previous year (1083 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1404 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 566 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16%). Additionally, Clearfield County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,080 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Cumberland County, PA see an average of 1,080 patients per year. This represents a 0.277% decrease from the previous year (1,083 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Cumberland County, PA in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

$9,258

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,634

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,407

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,243

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Pennsylvania (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.29%, from $8,877 to $9,258.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

6.13%

Uninsured

58.3%

Employer Coverage

8.06%

Medicaid

13%

Medicare

12.7%

Non-Group

1.93%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Cumberland County, PA declined by 3.34% from 6.34% to 6.13%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Cumberland County, PA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16% prevalence

  2. 13.4% prevalence

  3. 13.2% prevalence

Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania, at 16%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Cumberland County, PA is home to a population of 246k people, from which 97% are citizens. As of 2017, 6.05% of Cumberland County, PA residents were born outside of the country (14.9k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Cumberland County, PA is composed of 214k White Alone residents (86.9%), 9.72k Asian Alone residents (3.95%), 8.7k Hispanic or Latino residents (3.54%), 8.66k Black or African American Alone residents (3.52%), 4.81k Two or More Races residents (1.96%), 210 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0854%), 155 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0631%), and 11 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.00448%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Cumberland County, PA are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

41

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

40

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.7

In 2017, the median age of all people in Cumberland County, PA was 40.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 41, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 40. But people in Cumberland County, PA are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Cumberland County, PA residents was 41.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

6.05%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

14.9k people

5.87%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

14.3k people

As of 2017, 6.05% of Cumberland County, PA residents (14.9k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Cumberland County, PA was 5.87%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Cumberland County, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    81,562 ± 6,989 people

  2. China

    63,036 ± 6,149 people

  3. Mexico

    54,918 ± 5,741 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Pennsylvania was India, the natal country of 81,562 Pennsylvania residents, followed by China with 63,036 and Mexico with 54,918.

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Citizenship

97%

2017 Citizenship

97.1%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97% of Cumberland County, PA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Cumberland County, PA was 97.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Cumberland County, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    214k ± 130

  2. Asian Alone

    9.72k ± 353

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    8.7k ± 723

In 2017, there were 22 times more White Alone residents (214k people) in Cumberland County, PA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 9.72k Asian Alone and 8.7k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Cumberland County, PA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Cumberland County, PA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Cumberland County, PA was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Cumberland County, PA are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    6,303 ± 375

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    3,266 ± 415

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    2,540 ± 358

Cumberland County, PA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.93 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Cumberland County, PA awarded 3,658 degrees. The student population of Cumberland County, PA is skewed towards women, with 6,310 male students and 8,089 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Cumberland County, PA are White (2,977 and 84%), followed by Black or African American (185 and 5.22%), Hispanic or Latino (150 and 4.23%), and Two or More Races (97 and 2.74%).

The largest universities in Cumberland County, PA by number of degrees awarded are Shippensburg University of Pennsylvania (1,690 and 46.2%), Messiah College (859 and 23.5%), and Dickinson College (612 and 16.7%).

The most popular majors in Cumberland County, PA are General Business Administration & Management (388 and 10.6%), General Psychology (210 and 5.74%), and Criminal Justice - Safety Studies (180 and 4.92%).

The median tuition costs in Cumberland County, PA are $41,540 for private four year colleges, and $8,430 and $16,286 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 201 degrees awarded

  2. 135 degrees awarded

  3. 268 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Cumberland County, PA was General Psychology with 201 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Cumberland County, PA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,690 degrees awarded

  2. 859 degrees awarded

  3. 612 degrees awarded

$8,430

Median In-State Public

$41,540

Median Private

In 2016, the Cumberland County, PA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Shippensburg University of Pennsylvania with 1,690 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,547

Degrees Awarded to Men

2,111

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 1,547 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Cumberland County, PA, which is 0.733 times less than the 2,111 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Cumberland County, PA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    2,977 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    185 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    150 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Cumberland County, PA were to White students. These 2,977 degrees mean that there were 16.1 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 185 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Cumberland County, PA was $194,100 in 2017, which is 0.892 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $191,700 to $194,100, a 1.25% increase. The homeownership rate in Cumberland County, PA is 70.7%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Cumberland County, PA have an average commute time of 21.1 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Cumberland County, PA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$65,544

Median Household Income

± $1,244

97.9k

Number of Households

± 1,951

In 2017, the median household income of the 97.9k households in Cumberland County, PA grew to $65,544 from the previous year's value of $62,640.

The following chart displays the households in Cumberland County, PA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$194,100

2017 Median

± $2,440

$191,700

2016 Median

± $2,050

In 2017, the median property value in Cumberland County, PA grew to to $194,100 from the previous year's value of $191,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Cumberland County, PA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cumberland County, PA the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Cumberland County, PA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cumberland County, PA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

70.7%

2017 Homeownership

70.6%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 70.7% of the housing units in Cumberland County, PA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 70.6%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Cumberland County, PA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Cumberland County, PA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Cumberland County, PA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

21.1 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Cumberland County, PA have a shorter commute time (21.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.98% of the workforce in Cumberland County, PA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Cumberland County, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    81.9%

  2. Carpooled

    8.19%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.26%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Cumberland County, PA was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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