York County, PA

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Population

448,273

0.492% growth

Median Age

40.9


Median Household Income

$65,239

2.71% growth

Poverty Rate

10.3%


Number of Employees

224,002

0.376% decline

Median Property Value

$183,000

1.72% growth

About

In 2018, York County, PA had a population of 448k people with a median age of 40.9 and a median household income of $65,239. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of York County, PA grew from 446,078 to 448,273, a 0.492% increase and its median household income grew from $63,519 to $65,239, a 2.71% increase.

The population of York County, PA is 82.8% White Alone, 7.91% Hispanic or Latino, and 4.69% Black or African American Alone. N/A% of the people in York County, PA speak a non-English language, and 97.8% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in York County, PA are York College of Pennsylvania (1,014 degrees awarded in 2017), YTI Career Institute-York (686 degrees), and York County School of Technology-Adult & Continuing Education (214 degrees).

The median property value in York County, PA is $183,000, and the homeownership rate is 75.1%. Most people in York County, PA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 25.7 minutes. The average car ownership in York County, PA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Mason-Dixon Trail, York County, York, PA

Economy

The economy of York County, PA employs 224k people. The largest industries in York County, PA are Manufacturing (34,633 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (33,000 people), and Retail Trade (23,927 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($82,656), Public Administration ($56,085), and Management of Companies & Enterprises ($55,733).

Median household income in York County, PA is $65,239. Males in York County, PA have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $52,119. The income inequality in York County, PA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.469, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$65,239

2018 value

± $2,771

2.71%

1 Year Growth

± 5.24%

Households in York County, PA have a median annual income of $65,239, which is more than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $63,519 in 2017, which represents a 2.71% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in York County, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.

$69,779

Average Male Salary

± $1,106

$52,119

Average Female Salary

± $786

In 2018, full-time male employees in Pennsylvania made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Pennsylvania by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $67,044 ± $4,236

  2. White

    $54,569 ± $688

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $45,677 ± $16,041

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Pennsylvania workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.23 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Pennsylvania by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for York County, PA is from Pennsylvania.

0.469

2018 Wage GINI

0.472

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Pennsylvania was 0.469 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.472% decline from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2018 the GINI for Pennsylvania was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Pennsylvania in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Pennsylvania across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 212.20

  2. Census Tract 105.10

  3. Census Tract 203.10

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in York County, PA was Census Tract 212.20 with a value of $121,157, followed by Census Tract 105.10 and Census Tract 203.10, with respective values of $102,500 and $90,388.

The following map shows all of the tracts in York County, PA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

10.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in York County, PA (44.3k out of 432k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Males 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    33,219 ± 1,277

  2. Hispanic

    8,897 ± 670

  3. Black

    5,440 ± 518

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in York County, PA is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

224k

2018 Value

± 7,463

-0.376%

1 Year decline

± 4.58%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in York County, PA declined at a rate of -0.376%, from 225k employees to 224k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in York County, PA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (26,693 people), Sales & Related Occupations (21,985 people), and Management Occupations (20,810 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of York County, PA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of York County, PA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (26,693 people), Sales & Related Occupations (21,985 people), and Management Occupations (20,810 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, York County, PA has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (1.57 times higher than expected), Material Moving Occupations (1.52 times), and Health Technologists & Technicians (1.38 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of York County, PA, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($75,217), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($67,895), and Management Occupations ($66,413).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

224k

2018 Value

± 7,463

-0.376%

1 Year decline

± 4.58%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in York County, PA declined at a rate of -0.376%, from 225k employees to 224k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in York County, PA, are Manufacturing (34,633 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (33,000 people), and Retail Trade (23,927 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of York County, PA, though some of these residents may live in York County, PA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in York County, PA, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (34,633 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (33,000 people), and Retail Trade (23,927 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, York County, PA has an unusually high number of Manufacturing (1.59 times higher than expected), Wholesale Trade (1.32 times), and Other Services, Except Public Administration (1.17 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in York County, PA, by median earnings, are Utilities ($82,656), Public Administration ($56,085), and Management of Companies & Enterprises ($55,733).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $88.5B

  2. $57.4B

  3. $55.2B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $88.5B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. ($57.4B) and Pharmaceuticals ($55.2B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Pennsylvania products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Pennsylvania state.

$671B

2020 Value

$954B

Projected 2045 Value

42.2% growth

In 2020, total outbound Pennsylvania trade was $671B. This is expected to increase 42.2% to $954B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Pennsylvania trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $65.4B

  2. $62.6B

  3. $35.6B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New York with $65.4B, followed by New Jersey with $62.6B and Ohio and $35.6B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Pennsylvania shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

94.3% of the population of York County, PA has health coverage, with 55% on employee plans, 13.9% on Medicaid, 13.5% on Medicare, 10.3% on non-group plans, and 1.57% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of York County, PA was $9,258 in 2014. This is a 4.29% increase from the previous year ($8,877).

Primary care physicians in York County, PA see 1433 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.14% increase from the previous year (1431 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1929 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 967 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16%). Additionally, Clearfield County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,433 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in York County, PA see an average of 1,433 patients per year. This represents a 0.14% increase from the previous year (1,431 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in York County, PA in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

$9,258

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,634

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,407

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,243

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Pennsylvania (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.29%, from $8,877 to $9,258.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

5.68%

Uninsured

55%

Employer Coverage

13.9%

Medicaid

13.5%

Medicare

10.3%

Non-Group

1.57%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in York County, PA grew by 7.58% from 5.28% to 5.68%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in York County, PA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16% prevalence

  2. 13.4% prevalence

  3. 13.2% prevalence

Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania, at 16%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

York County, PA is home to a population of 448k people, from which 97.8% are citizens. As of 2017, 3.77% of York County, PA residents were born outside of the country (16.8k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of York County, PA is composed of 371k White Alone residents (82.8%), 35.5k Hispanic or Latino residents (7.91%), 21k Black or African American Alone residents (4.69%), 12.4k Two or More Races residents (2.77%), 7.18k Asian Alone residents (1.6%), 632 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.141%), 536 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.12%), and 90 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0201%).

Age

Age by Nativity

41

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.5

40

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.8

In 2018, the median age of all people in York County, PA was 40.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 41, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 40. But people in York County, PA are getting getting younger. In 2017, the average age of all York County, PA residents was 41.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

3.77%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

16.8k people

3.57%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

15.9k people

As of 2017, 3.77% of York County, PA residents (16.8k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in York County, PA was 3.57%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in York County, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    94,480 ± 7,519 people

  2. Dominican Republic

    85,267 ± 7,145 people

  3. China

    68,580 ± 6,412 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Pennsylvania was India, the natal country of 94,480 Pennsylvania residents, followed by Dominican Republic with 85,267 and China with 68,580.

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Citizenship

97.8%

2018 Citizenship

98.2%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 97.8% of York County, PA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in York County, PA was 98.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in York County, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    371k ± 554

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    35.5k ± 4.48k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    21k ± 2.15k

In 2018, there were 10.5 times more White Alone residents (371k people) in York County, PA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 35.5k Hispanic or Latino and 21k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in York County, PA as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    8,540 ± 1,198

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    5,965 ± 1,381

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    3,652 ± 1,043

York County, PA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.43 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in York County, PA awarded 2,284 degrees. The student population of York County, PA is skewed towards women, with 3,092 male students and 3,910 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in York County, PA are White (1,757 and 77%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (212 and 9.29%), Black or African American (154 and 6.75%), and Two or More Races (70 and 3.07%).

The largest universities in York County, PA by number of degrees awarded are York College of Pennsylvania (1,014 and 44.4%), YTI Career Institute-York (686 and 30%), and York County School of Technology-Adult & Continuing Education (214 and 9.37%).

The most popular majors in York County, PA are Dental Assisting (129 and 5.65%), Other Practical Nursing, Vocational Nursing, & Nursing Assistants (118 and 5.17%), and Registered Nursing (99 and 4.33%).

The median tuition costs in York County, PA are $17,560 for private four year colleges, and $13,484 and $21,402 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in York County, PA was Registered Nursing with 99 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in York County, PA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,014 degrees awarded

  2. 686 degrees awarded

  3. 214 degrees awarded

$13,484

Median In-State Public

$17,560

Median Private

In 2017, the York County, PA institution with the largest number of graduating students was York College of Pennsylvania with 1,014 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

914

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,370

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 914 men were awarded degrees from institutions in York County, PA, which is 0.667 times less than the 1,370 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in York County, PA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,757 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    212 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    154 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in York County, PA were to White students. These 1,757 degrees mean that there were 8.29 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 212 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in York County, PA was $183,000 in 2018, which is 0.797 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $179,900 to $183,000, a 1.72% increase. The homeownership rate in York County, PA is 75.1%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in York County, PA have an average commute time of 25.7 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in York County, PA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$183,000

2018 Median

± $4,456

$179,900

2017 Median

± $4,796

In 2018, the median property value in York County, PA grew to to $183,000 from the previous year's value of $179,900.

The following charts display, first, the property values in York County, PA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In York County, PA the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$65,239

Median Household Income

± $2,771

174k

Number of Households

± 6,240

In 2018, the median household income of the 174k households in York County, PA grew to $65,239 from the previous year's value of $63,519.

The following chart displays the households in York County, PA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in York County, PA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In York County, PA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

75.1%

2018 Homeownership

73.7%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 75.1% of the housing units in York County, PA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 73.7%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in York County, PA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

25.7 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in York County, PA have a shorter commute time (25.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.49% of the workforce in York County, PA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in York County, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    82.7%

  2. Carpooled

    9.62%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.79%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in York County, PA was Drove Alone (82.7%), followed by those who Carpooled (9.62%) and those who Worked At Home (4.79%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in York County, PA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in York County, PA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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