Harford County, MD

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Population

250,132

0.143% growth

Median Age

40.6


Median Household Income

$83,445

2.95% growth

Poverty Rate

7.47%


Number of Employees

129,108

0.938% growth

Median Property Value

$281,400

1.19% growth

About

In 2017, Harford County, MD had a population of 250k people with a median age of 40.6 and a median household income of $83,445. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Harford County, MD grew from 249,776 to 250,132, a 0.143% increase and its median household income grew from $81,052 to $83,445, a 2.95% increase.

The population of Harford County, MD is 77% White Alone, 13.1% Black or African American Alone, and 4.24% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Harford County, MD speak a non-English language, and 98.2% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Harford County, MD are Harford Community College (1,148 degrees awarded in 2016) and The Colorlab Academy of Hair (37 degrees).

The median property value in Harford County, MD is $281,400, and the homeownership rate is 78.6%. Most people in Harford County, MD commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 30.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Harford County, MD is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: View from North Charles Street

Economy

The economy of Harford County, MD employs 129k people. The largest industries in Harford County, MD are Health Care & Social Assistance (18,866 people), Retail Trade (15,896 people), and Public Administration (13,282 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($86,071), Public Administration ($82,454), and Utilities ($79,167).

Median household income in Harford County, MD is $83,445. Males in Harford County, MD have an average income that is 1.26 times higher than the average income of females, which is $61,332. The income inequality in Harford County, MD (measured using the Gini index) is 0.461, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$83,445

2017 value

± $1,295

2.95%

1 Year Growth

± 2.33%

Households in Harford County, MD have a median annual income of $83,445, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $81,052 in 2016, which represents a 2.95% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Harford County, MD compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Maryland.

$77,536

Average Male Salary

± $1,629

$61,332

Average Female Salary

± $1,200

In 2017, full-time male employees in Maryland made 1.26 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Maryland by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Maryland.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Alaska Native

    $90,993 ± $115,433

  2. Asian

    $68,448 ± $4,004

  3. White

    $67,584 ± $1,364

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Maryland workers was Alaska Native. These workers were paid 1.33 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Maryland by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Harford County, MD is from Maryland.

0.461

2017 Wage GINI

0.459

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Maryland was 0.461 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.363% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Maryland was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Maryland in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Maryland across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 3011.08

  2. Census Tract 3032.05

  3. Census Tract 3036.06

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Harford County, MD was Census Tract 3011.08 with a value of $130,500, followed by Census Tract 3032.05 and Census Tract 3036.06, with respective values of $130,227 and $118,409.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Harford County, MD colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

7.47% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Harford County, MD (18.5k out of 248k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 55 - 64 and then Females 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    12,609 ± 802

  2. Black

    4,458 ± 530

  3. Hispanic

    1,401 ± 338

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Harford County, MD is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

129k

2017 Value

± 2,326

0.938%

1 Year growth

± 2.51%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Harford County, MD grew at a rate of 0.938%, from 128k employees to 129k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Harford County, MD, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (17,975 people), Management Occupations (15,147 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (13,645 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Harford County, MD.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Harford County, MD, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (17,975 people), Management Occupations (15,147 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (13,645 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Harford County, MD has an unusually high number of residents working as Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (1.53 times higher than expected), Architecture & Engineering Occupations (1.52 times), and Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (1.49 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Harford County, MD, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($93,063), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($90,731), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($88,715).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

129k

2017 Value

± 2,326

0.938%

1 Year growth

± 2.51%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Harford County, MD grew at a rate of 0.938%, from 128k employees to 129k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Harford County, MD, are Health Care & Social Assistance (18,866 people), Retail Trade (15,896 people), and Public Administration (13,282 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Harford County, MD, though some of these residents may live in Harford County, MD and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Harford County, MD, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (18,866 people), Retail Trade (15,896 people), and Public Administration (13,282 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Harford County, MD has an unusually high number of Public Administration (2.2 times higher than expected), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (1.37 times), and Construction (1.09 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Harford County, MD, by median earnings, are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($86,071), Public Administration ($82,454), and Utilities ($79,167).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Maryland to other states, or from other states to Maryland.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $24.1B

  2. $17.7B

  3. $14.2B

In 2015, the top outbound Maryland product (by dollars) was Textiles/leather with $24.1B, followed by Mixed freight ($17.7B) and Electronics ($14.2B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Maryland products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Maryland state.

$180B

2015 Value

$243B

Projected 2045 Value

35.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Maryland trade was $180B. This is expected to increase 35.1% to $243B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Maryland trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Maryland to other states, or from other states to Maryland.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $24B

  2. $18.2B

  3. $6.71B

In 2015, the top outbound Maryland domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Virginia with $24B, followed by Pennsylvania with $18.2B and New York and $6.71B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Maryland shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

96.1% of the population of Harford County, MD has health coverage, with 58.6% on employee plans, 9.97% on Medicaid, 10.7% on Medicare, 14.4% on non-group plans, and 2.33% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Harford County, MD was $8,602 in 2014. This is a 4.27% increase from the previous year ($8,250).

Primary care physicians in Harford County, MD see 1680 patients per year on average, which represents a 2.75% increase from the previous year (1635 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1589 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 684 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Dorchester County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (15.8%). Additionally, Somerset County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (44.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,680 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Harford County, MD see an average of 1,680 patients per year. This represents a 2.75% increase from the previous year (1,635 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Harford County, MD in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Maryland.

$8,602

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,343

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,677

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$12,000

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Maryland (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.27%, from $8,250 to $8,602.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

3.92%

Uninsured

58.6%

Employer Coverage

9.97%

Medicaid

10.7%

Medicare

14.4%

Non-Group

2.33%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Harford County, MD declined by 14% from 4.56% to 3.92%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Harford County, MD changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 15.8% prevalence

  2. 13.7% prevalence

  3. 13.4% prevalence

Dorchester County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Maryland, at 15.8%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Maryland by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Harford County, MD is home to a population of 250k people, from which 98.2% are citizens. As of 2017, 5.6% of Harford County, MD residents were born outside of the country (14k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Harford County, MD is composed of 193k White Alone residents (77%), 32.7k Black or African American Alone residents (13.1%), 10.6k Hispanic or Latino residents (4.24%), 6.68k Two or More Races residents (2.67%), 6.52k Asian Alone residents (2.61%), 701 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.28%), 417 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.167%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Harford County, MD are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

40

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

47

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1

In 2017, the median age of all people in Harford County, MD was 40.6. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 40, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 47. But people in Harford County, MD are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Harford County, MD residents was 40.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

5.6%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

14k people

5.43%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

13.6k people

As of 2017, 5.6% of Harford County, MD residents (14k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Harford County, MD was 5.43%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Harford County, MD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Maryland.

Most Common Origin

  1. El Salvador

    107,722 ± 7,985 people

  2. India

    58,285 ± 5,898 people

  3. China

    42,414 ± 5,038 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Maryland was El Salvador, the natal country of 107,722 Maryland residents, followed by India with 58,285 and China with 42,414.

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Citizenship

98.2%

2017 Citizenship

98.1%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.2% of Harford County, MD residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Harford County, MD was 98.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Harford County, MD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    193k ± 329

  2. Black or African American Alone

    32.7k ± 596

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    10.6k ± 1.07k

In 2017, there were 5.89 times more White Alone residents (193k people) in Harford County, MD than any other race or ethnicity. There were 32.7k Black or African American Alone and 10.6k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Harford County, MD as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Harford County, MD citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Harford County, MD was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Harford County, MD are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    5,418 ± 385

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    4,027 ± 400

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    3,357 ± 382

Harford County, MD has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.35 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Harford County, MD awarded 1,185 degrees. The student population of Harford County, MD is skewed towards women, with 2,658 male students and 3,621 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Harford County, MD are White (958 and 81.3%), followed by Black or African American (121 and 10.3%), Hispanic or Latino (35 and 2.97%), and Two or More Races (33 and 2.8%).

The largest universities in Harford County, MD by number of degrees awarded are Harford Community College (1,148 and 96.9%) and The Colorlab Academy of Hair (37 and 3.12%).

The most popular majors in Harford County, MD are Other Liberal Arts & Sciences, General Studies, & Humanities (270 and 22.8%), Liberal Arts & Sciences (225 and 19%), and General Business (151 and 12.7%).

The median tuition costs in Harford County, MD are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 270 degrees awarded

  2. 225 degrees awarded

  3. 151 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Harford County, MD was Other Liberal Arts & Sciences, General Studies, & Humanities with 270 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Harford County, MD according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,148 degrees awarded

  2. 37 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Harford County, MD institution with the largest number of graduating students was Harford Community College with 1,148 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

469

Degrees Awarded to Men

716

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 469 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Harford County, MD, which is 0.655 times less than the 716 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Harford County, MD by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    958 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    121 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    35 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Harford County, MD were to White students. These 958 degrees mean that there were 7.92 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 121 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Harford County, MD was $281,400 in 2017, which is 1.29 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $278,100 to $281,400, a 1.19% increase. The homeownership rate in Harford County, MD is 78.6%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Harford County, MD have an average commute time of 30.7 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Harford County, MD is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$83,445

Median Household Income

± $1,295

92.9k

Number of Households

± 1,828

In 2017, the median household income of the 92.9k households in Harford County, MD grew to $83,445 from the previous year's value of $81,052.

The following chart displays the households in Harford County, MD distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$281,400

2017 Median

± $3,145

$278,100

2016 Median

± $2,838

In 2017, the median property value in Harford County, MD grew to to $281,400 from the previous year's value of $278,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Harford County, MD compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Harford County, MD the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Harford County, MD distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Harford County, MD the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

78.6%

2017 Homeownership

78.1%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 78.6% of the housing units in Harford County, MD were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 78.1%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Harford County, MD compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Harford County, MD distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Harford County, MD have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

30.7 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Harford County, MD have a longer commute time (30.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 3.59% of the workforce in Harford County, MD have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Harford County, MD compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    83.4%

  2. Carpooled

    8.63%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.37%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Harford County, MD was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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