Connecticut

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Population

3.59M

0.328% growth

Median Age

40.9


Median Household Income

$74,168

1% growth

Poverty Rate

10.1%


Number of Employees

1.71M

1.12% decline

Median Property Value

$273,100

0.546% decline

About

In 2017, Connecticut had a population of 3.59M people with a median age of 40.9 and a median household income of $74,168. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Connecticut grew from 3.58M to 3.59M, a 0.328% increase and its median household income grew from $73,433 to $74,168, a 1% increase.

The population of Connecticut is 66.7% White Alone, 16.1% Hispanic or Latino, and 9.87% Black or African American Alone. 22.4% of the people in Connecticut speak a non-English language, and 92.8% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Connecticut are University of Connecticut (8,426 degrees awarded in 2016), Yale University (4,609 degrees), and Central Connecticut State University (2,638 degrees).

The median property value in Connecticut is $273,100, and the homeownership rate is 66.2%. Most people in Connecticut commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 25.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Connecticut is 2 cars per household.

Connecticut borders New York, Massachusetts, and Rhode Island.

Economy

The economy of Connecticut employs 1.71M people. The largest industries in Connecticut are Elementary & secondary schools (121,284 people), Restaurants & Food Services (91,001 people), and Construction (84,029 people), and the highest paying industries are Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($212,398), Nondepository credit & related activities ($184,916), and Software publishing ($181,353).

Median household income in Connecticut is $74,168. Males in Connecticut have an average income that is 1.41 times higher than the average income of females, which is $63,340. The income inequality in Connecticut (measured using the Gini index) is 0.498, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$74,168

2017 value

± $1,345

1%

1 Year Growth

± 2.29%

Households in Connecticut have a median annual income of $74,168, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $73,433 in 2016, which represents a 1% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Connecticut compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$89,415

Average Male Salary

± $3,191

$63,340

Average Female Salary

± $1,874

In 2017, full-time male employees in Connecticut made 1.41 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Connecticut by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $73,419 ± $7,561

  2. White

    $69,530 ± $1,953

  3. American Indian

    $56,255 ± $18,971

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Connecticut workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.06 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Connecticut by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.498

2017 Wage GINI

0.5

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Connecticut was 0.498 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.351% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Connecticut was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Connecticut in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Connecticut across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.

In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Connecticut was Fairfield County, CT with a value of $91,198, followed by Middlesex County, CT and Litchfield County, CT, with respective values of $79,646 and $78,436.

The following map shows all of the counties in Connecticut colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

10.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Connecticut (351k out of 3.49M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 45 - 54.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    205,283 ± 3,457

  2. Hispanic

    123,584 ± 2,611

  3. Black

    66,875 ± 1,990

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Connecticut is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

1.71M

2017 Value

-1.12%

1 Year decline

± -1.12%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Connecticut declined at a rate of -1.12%, from 1.72M employees to 1.71M employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Connecticut, are Miscellaneous managers (57,107 people), Elementary & middle school teachers (46,859 people), and Registered nurses (40,634 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Connecticut.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Connecticut, by number of employees, are Miscellaneous managers (57,107 people), Elementary & middle school teachers (46,859 people), and Registered nurses (40,634 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Connecticut has an unusually high number of residents working as Marine engineers & naval architects (12.6 times higher than expected), Actuaries (5.26 times), and Aerospace engineers (4.16 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Connecticut, by average salary, are Securities, commodities, & financial services sales agents ($310,329), Chief executives & legislators ($257,394), and Lawyers, & judges, magistrates, & other judicial workers ($221,570).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

1.71M

2017 Value

-1.12%

1 Year decline

± -1.12%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Connecticut declined at a rate of -1.12%, from 1.72M employees to 1.71M employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Connecticut, are Elementary & secondary schools (121,284 people), Restaurants & Food Services (91,001 people), and Construction (84,029 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Connecticut, though some of these residents may live in Connecticut and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Connecticut, by number of employees, are Elementary & secondary schools (121,284 people), Restaurants & Food Services (91,001 people), and Construction (84,029 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Connecticut has an unusually high number of Ship & boat building (5.13 times higher than expected), Aircraft & parts manufacturing (3.95 times), and U. S Coast Guard (3.66 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Connecticut, by average salary, are Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($212,398), Nondepository credit & related activities ($184,916), and Software publishing ($181,353).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Connecticut to other states, or from other states to Connecticut.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $34.1B

  2. $20.4B

  3. $16.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Connecticut product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $34.1B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. with $20.4B and Motorized vehicles and $16.1B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Connecticut products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

$198B

2015 Value

$307B

Projected 2045 Value

54.9% growth

In 2015, total outbound Connecticut trade was $198B. This is expected to increase 54.9% to $307B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Connecticut trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Connecticut to other states, or from other states to Connecticut.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25B

  2. $20.8B

  3. $11.9B

In 2015, the top outbound Connecticut domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New York with $25B, followed by Massachusetts with $20.8B and New Jersey and $11.9B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Connecticut shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

94.5% of the population of Connecticut has health coverage, with 52.4% on employee plans, 17.4% on Medicaid, 12.2% on Medicare, 11.7% on non-group plans, and 0.921% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the state of Connecticut was $9,859 in 2014. This is a 3.59% increase from the previous year ($9,517).

Primary care physicians in Connecticut see 1180 patients per year on average, which represents a 0% change from the previous year (1180 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1184 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 288 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Windham County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (10.3%). Additionally, Windham County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (29.2%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,180 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Connecticut see an average of 1,180 patients per year. This represents a 0% change from the previous year (1,180 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Connecticut in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

$9,859

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$5,187

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,058

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,964

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Connecticut (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.59%, from $9,517 to $9,859.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

5.48%

Uninsured

52.4%

Employer Coverage

17.4%

Medicaid

12.2%

Medicare

11.7%

Non-Group

0.921%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Connecticut grew by 12.2% from 4.89% to 5.48%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Connecticut changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 10.3% prevalence

  2. 9.5% prevalence

  3. 9% prevalence

Windham County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Connecticut, at 10.3%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Connecticut by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Connecticut is home to a population of 3.59M people, from which 92.8% are citizens. As of 2017, 14.3% of Connecticut residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Connecticut is composed of 2.39M White Alone residents (66.7%), 579k Hispanic or Latino residents (16.1%), 354k Black or African American Alone residents (9.87%), 163k Asian Alone residents (4.53%), 77.6k Two or More Races residents (2.16%), 13.5k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.376%), 7.49k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.209%), and 137 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.00382%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Connecticut are Spanish or Spanish Creole (400,805 speakers), Polish (39,323 speakers), and Portuguese or Portuguese Creole (35,286 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

40

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

45

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.6

In 2017, the median age of all people in Connecticut was 40.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 40, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 45. But people in Connecticut are getting staying the same age. In 2016, the average age of all Connecticut residents was 41.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

14.3%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

14.1%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 14.3% of Connecticut residents were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Connecticut was 14.1%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Connecticut compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Jamaica

    40,088 ± 4,888 people

  2. India

    33,638 ± 4,482 people

  3. Mexico

    32,434 ± 4,402 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Connecticut was Jamaica, the natal country of 40,088 Connecticut residents, followed by India with 33,638 and Mexico with 32,434.

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Citizenship

92.8%

2017 Citizenship

93.2%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 92.8% of Connecticut residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Connecticut was 93.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Connecticut compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    2.39M ± 3.08k

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    579k ± 17.9k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    354k ± 6.03k

In 2017, there were 4.14 times more White Alone residents (2.39M people) in Connecticut than any other race or ethnicity. There were 579k Hispanic or Latino and 354k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Connecticut as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    400,805 speakers (11.8%)

  2. Polish

    39,323 speakers (1.16%)

  3. Portuguese or Portuguese Creole

    35,286 speakers (1.04%)

22.4% of Connecticut citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Connecticut was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 11.8% of the overall population of Connecticut are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 1.16% speak Polish and 1.04% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    56,527 ± 2,811

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    24,430 ± 2,833

  3. Korea

    18,517 ± 1,591

Connecticut has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.31 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Connecticut awarded 55,586 degrees. The student population of Connecticut is skewed towards women, with 89,812 male students and 118,431 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Connecticut are White (31,774 and 62.1%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (6,241 and 12.2%), Black or African American (5,498 and 10.7%), and Unknown (3,843 and 7.51%).

The largest universities in Connecticut by number of degrees awarded are University of Connecticut (8,426 and 15.2%), Yale University (4,609 and 8.29%), and Central Connecticut State University (2,638 and 4.75%).

The most popular majors in Connecticut are General Business Administration & Management (3,252 and 5.85%), Registered Nursing (2,326 and 4.18%), and General Studies (2,175 and 3.91%).

The median tuition costs in Connecticut are $35,460 for private four year colleges, and $6,888 and $16,882 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 1,798 degrees awarded

  2. 1,548 degrees awarded

  3. 1,177 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Connecticut was General Psychology with 1,798 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Connecticut according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 8,426 degrees awarded

  2. 4,609 degrees awarded

  3. 2,638 degrees awarded

$6,888

Median In-State Public

$35,460

Median Private

In 2016, the Connecticut institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Connecticut with 8,426 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

23,988

Degrees Awarded to Men

31,598

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 23,988 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Connecticut, which is 0.759 times less than the 31,598 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Connecticut by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    31,774 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    6,241 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    5,498 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Connecticut were to White students. These 31,774 degrees mean that there were 5.09 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 6,241 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Connecticut was $273,100 in 2017, which is 1.26 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $274,600 to $273,100, a 0.546% decrease. The homeownership rate in Connecticut is 66.2%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Connecticut have an average commute time of 25.1 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Connecticut is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$74,168

Median Household Income

± $1,345

1.36M

Number of Households

± 18,018

In 2017, the median household income of the 1.36M households in Connecticut grew to $74,168 from the previous year's value of $73,433.

The following chart displays the households in Connecticut distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$273,100

2017 Median

± $2,088

$274,600

2016 Median

± $2,322

In 2017, the median property value in Connecticut declined from to $273,100 from the previous year's value of $274,600.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Connecticut compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Connecticut the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Connecticut distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Connecticut the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

66.2%

2017 Homeownership

64.8%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 66.2% of the housing units in Connecticut were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 64.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Connecticut compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Connecticut distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Connecticut have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

25.1 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Connecticut have a shorter commute time (25.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 3.32% of the workforce in Connecticut have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Connecticut compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    78.3%

  2. Carpooled

    7.85%

  3. Worked At Home

    5.13%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Connecticut was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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