New Haven County, CT

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Population

860,435

0.415% growth

Median Age

40.1


Median Household Income

$66,863

1.04% growth

Poverty Rate

12.1%


Number of Employees

427,676

0.036% decline

Median Property Value

$243,400

1.7% decline

About

In 2017, New Haven County, CT had a population of 860k people with a median age of 40.1 and a median household income of $66,863. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of New Haven County, CT grew from 856,875 to 860,435, a 0.415% increase and its median household income grew from $66,176 to $66,863, a 1.04% increase.

The population of New Haven County, CT is 62.8% White Alone, 18.1% Hispanic or Latino, and 12.5% Black or African American Alone. 21.5% of the people in New Haven County, CT speak a non-English language, and 94.5% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in New Haven County, CT are Yale University (4,609 degrees awarded in 2016), Quinnipiac University (2,600 degrees), and Southern Connecticut State University (2,456 degrees).

The median property value in New Haven County, CT is $243,400, and the homeownership rate is 62%. Most people in New Haven County, CT commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 24.3 minutes. The average car ownership in New Haven County, CT is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of New Haven County, CT employs 428k people. The largest industries in New Haven County, CT are Health Care & Social Assistance (80,301 people), Educational Services (54,901 people), and Retail Trade (46,731 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($80,553), Finance & Insurance ($66,943), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($65,894).

Median household income in New Haven County, CT is $66,863. Males in New Haven County, CT have an average income that is 1.41 times higher than the average income of females, which is $63,340. The income inequality in New Haven County, CT (measured using the Gini index) is 0.498, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$66,863

2017 value

± $2,099

1.04%

1 Year Growth

± 4.21%

Households in New Haven County, CT have a median annual income of $66,863, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $66,176 in 2016, which represents a 1.04% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in New Haven County, CT compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Connecticut.

$89,415

Average Male Salary

± $3,191

$63,340

Average Female Salary

± $1,874

In 2017, full-time male employees in Connecticut made 1.41 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Connecticut by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Connecticut.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $73,419 ± $7,561

  2. White

    $69,530 ± $1,953

  3. American Indian

    $56,255 ± $18,971

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Connecticut workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.06 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Connecticut by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for New Haven County, CT is from Connecticut.

0.498

2017 Wage GINI

0.5

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Connecticut was 0.498 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.351% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Connecticut was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Connecticut in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Connecticut across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 1601

  2. Census Tract 3481.22

  3. Census Tract 1942.02

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in New Haven County, CT was Census Tract 1601 with a value of $155,400, followed by Census Tract 3481.22 and Census Tract 1942.02, with respective values of $133,606 and $131,346.

The following map shows all of the tracts in New Haven County, CT colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

12.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in New Haven County, CT (101k out of 836k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 45 - 54.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    57,039 ± 1,885

  2. Hispanic

    34,536 ± 1,446

  3. Black

    23,182 ± 1,138

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in New Haven County, CT is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

428k

2017 Value

± 11,653

-0.036%

1 Year decline

± 3.73%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in New Haven County, CT declined at a rate of -0.036%, from 428k employees to 428k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in New Haven County, CT, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (55,211 people), Management Occupations (46,569 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (42,162 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of New Haven County, CT.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of New Haven County, CT, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (55,211 people), Management Occupations (46,569 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (42,162 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, New Haven County, CT has an unusually high number of residents working as Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (1.76 times higher than expected), Healthcare Support Occupations (1.52 times), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations (1.34 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of New Haven County, CT, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($81,822), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($81,127), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($80,506).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

428k

2017 Value

± 11,653

-0.036%

1 Year decline

± 3.73%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in New Haven County, CT declined at a rate of -0.036%, from 428k employees to 428k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in New Haven County, CT, are Health Care & Social Assistance (80,301 people), Educational Services (54,901 people), and Retail Trade (46,731 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of New Haven County, CT, though some of these residents may live in New Haven County, CT and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in New Haven County, CT, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (80,301 people), Educational Services (54,901 people), and Retail Trade (46,731 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, New Haven County, CT has an unusually high number of Educational Services (1.41 times higher than expected), Health Care & Social Assistance (1.35 times), and Wholesale Trade (1.22 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in New Haven County, CT, by median earnings, are Utilities ($80,553), Finance & Insurance ($66,943), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($65,894).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Connecticut to other states, or from other states to Connecticut.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $34.1B

  2. $20.4B

  3. $16.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Connecticut product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $34.1B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. ($20.4B) and Motorized vehicles ($16.1B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Connecticut products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Connecticut state.

$198B

2015 Value

$307B

Projected 2045 Value

54.9% growth

In 2015, total outbound Connecticut trade was $198B. This is expected to increase 54.9% to $307B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Connecticut trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Connecticut to other states, or from other states to Connecticut.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25B

  2. $20.8B

  3. $11.9B

In 2015, the top outbound Connecticut domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New York with $25B, followed by Massachusetts with $20.8B and New Jersey and $11.9B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Connecticut shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

95.5% of the population of New Haven County, CT has health coverage, with 50.5% on employee plans, 20.2% on Medicaid, 12.2% on Medicare, 11.7% on non-group plans, and 0.925% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of New Haven County, CT was $9,859 in 2014. This is a 3.59% increase from the previous year ($9,517).

Primary care physicians in New Haven County, CT see 1103 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.823% increase from the previous year (1094 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1298 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 257 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Windham County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (10.3%). Additionally, Windham County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (29.2%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,103 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in New Haven County, CT see an average of 1,103 patients per year. This represents a 0.823% increase from the previous year (1,094 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in New Haven County, CT in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Connecticut.

$9,859

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$5,187

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,058

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,964

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Connecticut (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.59%, from $9,517 to $9,859.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

4.5%

Uninsured

50.5%

Employer Coverage

20.2%

Medicaid

12.2%

Medicare

11.7%

Non-Group

0.925%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in New Haven County, CT grew by 1.02% from 4.45% to 4.5%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in New Haven County, CT changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 10.3% prevalence

  2. 9.5% prevalence

  3. 9% prevalence

Windham County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Connecticut, at 10.3%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Connecticut by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

New Haven County, CT is home to a population of 860k people, from which 94.5% are citizens. As of 2017, 12% of New Haven County, CT residents were born outside of the country (103k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of New Haven County, CT is composed of 540k White Alone residents (62.8%), 156k Hispanic or Latino residents (18.1%), 107k Black or African American Alone residents (12.5%), 33.9k Asian Alone residents (3.94%), 19.9k Two or More Races residents (2.32%), 2.21k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.257%), 825 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0959%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in New Haven County, CT are Spanish (104,710 speakers), Arabic (8,117 speakers), and Italian (7,654 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

39

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

45

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.5

In 2017, the median age of all people in New Haven County, CT was 40.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 39, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 45. But people in New Haven County, CT are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all New Haven County, CT residents was 40.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

12%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

103k people

12.1%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

104k people

As of 2017, 12% of New Haven County, CT residents (103k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in New Haven County, CT was 12.1%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in New Haven County, CT compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Connecticut.

Most Common Origin

  1. Jamaica

    40,088 ± 4,888 people

  2. India

    33,638 ± 4,482 people

  3. Mexico

    32,434 ± 4,402 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Connecticut was Jamaica, the natal country of 40,088 Connecticut residents, followed by India with 33,638 and Mexico with 32,434.

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Citizenship

94.5%

2017 Citizenship

94.2%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 94.5% of New Haven County, CT residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in New Haven County, CT was 94.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in New Haven County, CT compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    540k ± 897

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    156k ± 10.9k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    107k ± 2.68k

In 2017, there were 3.46 times more White Alone residents (540k people) in New Haven County, CT than any other race or ethnicity. There were 156k Hispanic or Latino and 107k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in New Haven County, CT as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    104,710 speakers (12.8%)

  2. Arabic

    8,117 speakers (0.995%)

  3. Italian

    7,654 speakers (0.938%)

21.5% of New Haven County, CT citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.8%. In 2017, the most common non-English language spoken in New Haven County, CT was Spanish. 12.8% of the overall population of New Haven County, CT are native Spanish speakers. 0.995% speak Arabic and 0.938% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    11,545 ± 1,262

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    5,757 ± 1,554

  3. Korea

    4,646 ± 845

New Haven County, CT has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.01 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in New Haven County, CT awarded 17,959 degrees. The student population of New Haven County, CT is skewed towards women, with 28,000 male students and 38,681 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in New Haven County, CT are White (9,708 and 59.8%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (1,907 and 11.7%), Black or African American (1,765 and 10.9%), and Unknown (1,452 and 8.94%).

The largest universities in New Haven County, CT by number of degrees awarded are Yale University (4,609 and 25.7%), Quinnipiac University (2,600 and 14.5%), and Southern Connecticut State University (2,456 and 13.7%).

The most popular majors in New Haven County, CT are General Business Administration & Management (1,901 and 10.6%), Registered Nursing (626 and 3.49%), and Liberal Arts & Sciences (527 and 2.93%).

The median tuition costs in New Haven County, CT are $38,845 for private four year colleges, and $8,220 and $24,949 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in New Haven County, CT was General Business Administration & Management with 886 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in New Haven County, CT according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 4,609 degrees awarded

  2. 2,600 degrees awarded

  3. 2,456 degrees awarded

$8,220

Median In-State Public

$38,845

Median Private

In 2016, the New Haven County, CT institution with the largest number of graduating students was Yale University with 4,609 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

7,486

Degrees Awarded to Men

10,473

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 7,486 men were awarded degrees from institutions in New Haven County, CT, which is 0.715 times less than the 10,473 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in New Haven County, CT by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    9,708 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    1,907 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    1,765 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in New Haven County, CT were to White students. These 9,708 degrees mean that there were 5.09 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 1,907 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in New Haven County, CT was $243,400 in 2017, which is 1.12 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $247,600 to $243,400, a 1.7% decrease. The homeownership rate in New Haven County, CT is 62%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in New Haven County, CT have an average commute time of 24.3 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in New Haven County, CT is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$66,863

Median Household Income

± $2,099

325k

Number of Households

± 9,472

In 2017, the median household income of the 325k households in New Haven County, CT grew to $66,863 from the previous year's value of $66,176.

The following chart displays the households in New Haven County, CT distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$243,400

2017 Median

± $4,927

$247,600

2016 Median

± $4,287

In 2017, the median property value in New Haven County, CT declined from to $243,400 from the previous year's value of $247,600.

The following charts display, first, the property values in New Haven County, CT compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In New Haven County, CT the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in New Haven County, CT distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In New Haven County, CT the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

62%

2017 Homeownership

61.2%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 62% of the housing units in New Haven County, CT were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 61.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in New Haven County, CT compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in New Haven County, CT distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in New Haven County, CT have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

24.3 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in New Haven County, CT have a shorter commute time (24.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 2.71% of the workforce in New Haven County, CT have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in New Haven County, CT compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    78.5%

  2. Carpooled

    8.25%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.4%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in New Haven County, CT was Drove Alone (78.5%), followed by those who Carpooled (8.25%) and those who Worked At Home (4.4%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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