Hartford County, CT

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Population

892,697

0.301% decline

Median Age

40.3


Median Household Income

$73,151

3.86% growth

Poverty Rate

11.2%


Number of Employees

454,221

2.12% growth

Median Property Value

$241,700

0.29% growth

About

In 2018, Hartford County, CT had a population of 893k people with a median age of 40.3 and a median household income of $73,151. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Hartford County, CT declined from 895,388 to 892,697, a -0.301% decrease and its median household income grew from $70,429 to $73,151, a 3.86% increase.

The population of Hartford County, CT is 60.5% White Alone, 18.5% Hispanic or Latino, and 12.9% Black or African American Alone. 25.5% of the people in Hartford County, CT speak a non-English language, and 93.5% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Hartford County, CT are Central Connecticut State University (2,778 degrees awarded in 2017), University of Hartford (1,909 degrees), and University of Saint Joseph (874 degrees).

The median property value in Hartford County, CT is $241,700, and the homeownership rate is 65%. Most people in Hartford County, CT commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Hartford County, CT is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Hartford County, CT employs 454k people. The largest industries in Hartford County, CT are Health Care & Social Assistance (72,421 people), Manufacturing (51,758 people), and Retail Trade (50,358 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($92,298), Utilities ($91,977), and Finance & Insurance ($81,312).

Median household income in Hartford County, CT is $73,151. Males in Hartford County, CT have an average income that is 1.4 times higher than the average income of females, which is $65,608. The income inequality in Hartford County, CT (measured using the Gini index) is 0.505, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$73,151

2018 value

± $2,472

3.86%

1 Year Growth

± 4.31%

Households in Hartford County, CT have a median annual income of $73,151, which is more than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $70,429 in 2017, which represents a 3.86% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Hartford County, CT compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Connecticut.

$91,981

Average Male Salary

± $3,190

$65,608

Average Female Salary

± $1,917

In 2018, full-time male employees in Connecticut made 1.4 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Connecticut by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Connecticut.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $184,931 ± $262,796

  2. Asian

    $86,800 ± $8,796

  3. White

    $71,973 ± $1,999

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Connecticut workers was Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander. These workers were paid 2.13 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Connecticut by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Hartford County, CT is from Connecticut.

0.505

2018 Wage GINI

0.498

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Connecticut was 0.505 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.31% growth from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2018 the GINI for Connecticut was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Connecticut in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Connecticut across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 4977

  2. Census Tract 5202.02

  3. Census Tract 4621.02

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Hartford County, CT was Census Tract 4977 with a value of $199,250, followed by Census Tract 5202.02 and Census Tract 4621.02, with respective values of $177,969 and $177,188.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Hartford County, CT colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

11.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Hartford County, CT (98k out of 874k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    52,204 ± 1,681

  2. Hispanic

    42,003 ± 1,396

  3. Black

    20,430 ± 1,047

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Hartford County, CT is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

454k

2018 Value

± 10,773

2.12%

1 Year growth

± 3.4%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Hartford County, CT grew at a rate of 2.12%, from 445k employees to 454k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Hartford County, CT, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (53,836 people), Sales & Related Occupations (46,331 people), and Management Occupations (46,077 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Hartford County, CT.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Hartford County, CT, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (53,836 people), Sales & Related Occupations (46,331 people), and Management Occupations (46,077 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Hartford County, CT has an unusually high number of residents working as Architecture & Engineering Occupations (1.51 times higher than expected), Business & Financial Operations Occupations (1.29 times), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations (1.25 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Hartford County, CT, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($101,361), Management Occupations ($82,579), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($82,329).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

454k

2018 Value

± 10,773

2.12%

1 Year growth

± 3.4%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Hartford County, CT grew at a rate of 2.12%, from 445k employees to 454k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Hartford County, CT, are Health Care & Social Assistance (72,421 people), Manufacturing (51,758 people), and Retail Trade (50,358 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Hartford County, CT, though some of these residents may live in Hartford County, CT and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Hartford County, CT, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (72,421 people), Manufacturing (51,758 people), and Retail Trade (50,358 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Hartford County, CT has an unusually high number of Finance & Insurance (1.98 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (1.17 times), and Health Care & Social Assistance (1.15 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Hartford County, CT, by median earnings, are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($92,298), Utilities ($91,977), and Finance & Insurance ($81,312).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Connecticut to other states, or from other states to Connecticut.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $35.4B

  2. $22.7B

  3. $17.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Connecticut product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $35.4B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. ($22.7B) and Machinery ($17.4B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Connecticut products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Connecticut state.

$218B

2020 Value

$307B

Projected 2045 Value

40.6% growth

In 2020, total outbound Connecticut trade was $218B. This is expected to increase 40.6% to $307B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Connecticut trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Connecticut to other states, or from other states to Connecticut.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $27.2B

  2. $22.4B

  3. $12.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Connecticut domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New York with $27.2B, followed by Massachusetts with $22.4B and New Jersey and $12.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Connecticut shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

95.4% of the population of Hartford County, CT has health coverage, with 52.7% on employee plans, 19.2% on Medicaid, 12.4% on Medicare, 10.6% on non-group plans, and 0.559% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Hartford County, CT was $9,859 in 2014. This is a 3.59% increase from the previous year ($9,517).

Primary care physicians in Hartford County, CT see 1056 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.938% decrease from the previous year (1066 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 959 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 224 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Windham County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (10.3%). Additionally, Windham County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (29.2%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,056 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Hartford County, CT see an average of 1,056 patients per year. This represents a 0.938% decrease from the previous year (1,066 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Hartford County, CT in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Connecticut.

$9,859

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$5,187

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,058

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,964

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Connecticut (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.59%, from $9,517 to $9,859.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

4.59%

Uninsured

52.7%

Employer Coverage

19.2%

Medicaid

12.4%

Medicare

10.6%

Non-Group

0.559%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Hartford County, CT grew by 17.5% from 3.91% to 4.59%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Hartford County, CT changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 10.3% prevalence

  2. 9.5% prevalence

  3. 9% prevalence

Windham County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Connecticut, at 10.3%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Connecticut by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Hartford County, CT is home to a population of 893k people, from which 93.5% are citizens. As of 2017, 15.2% of Hartford County, CT residents were born outside of the country (136k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Hartford County, CT is composed of 540k White Alone residents (60.5%), 165k Hispanic or Latino residents (18.5%), 115k Black or African American Alone residents (12.9%), 49.7k Asian Alone residents (5.56%), 20.3k Two or More Races residents (2.27%), 2.27k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.255%), 1.04k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.117%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Hartford County, CT are Spanish (107,177 speakers), Polish (20,368 speakers), and French (Incl. Cajun) (8,073 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

38

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

46

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.9

In 2018, the median age of all people in Hartford County, CT was 40.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 38, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 46. But people in Hartford County, CT are getting staying the same age. In 2017, the average age of all Hartford County, CT residents was 40.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

15.2%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

136k people

15.1%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

134k people

As of 2017, 15.2% of Hartford County, CT residents (136k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Hartford County, CT was 15.1%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Hartford County, CT compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Connecticut.

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    46,216 ± 5,244 people

  2. Jamaica

    38,837 ± 4,812 people

  3. Dominican Republic

    27,403 ± 4,049 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Connecticut was India, the natal country of 46,216 Connecticut residents, followed by Jamaica with 38,837 and Dominican Republic with 27,403.

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Citizenship

93.5%

2018 Citizenship

93%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 93.5% of Hartford County, CT residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Hartford County, CT was 93%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Hartford County, CT compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    540k ± 868

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    165k ± 8.79k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    115k ± 3.04k

In 2018, there were 3.28 times more White Alone residents (540k people) in Hartford County, CT than any other race or ethnicity. There were 165k Hispanic or Latino and 115k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Hartford County, CT as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    107,177 speakers (12.7%)

  2. Polish

    20,368 speakers (2.41%)

  3. French (Incl. Cajun)

    8,073 speakers (0.955%)

25.5% of Hartford County, CT citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.9%. In 2018, the most common non-English language spoken in Hartford County, CT was Spanish. 12.7% of the overall population of Hartford County, CT are native Spanish speakers. 2.41% speak Polish and 0.955% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    12,469 ± 1,478

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    5,666 ± 1,130

  3. Korea

    3,975 ± 761

Hartford County, CT has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.2 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Hartford County, CT awarded 12,071 degrees. The student population of Hartford County, CT is skewed towards women, with 20,214 male students and 28,028 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Hartford County, CT are White (7,344 and 62.6%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (1,539 and 13.1%), Black or African American (1,500 and 12.8%), and Unknown (592 and 5.04%).

The largest universities in Hartford County, CT by number of degrees awarded are Central Connecticut State University (2,778 and 23%), University of Hartford (1,909 and 15.8%), and University of Saint Joseph (874 and 7.24%).

The most popular majors in Hartford County, CT are Liberal Arts & Sciences (676 and 5.6%), Registered Nursing (617 and 5.11%), and General Studies (479 and 3.97%).

The median tuition costs in Hartford County, CT are $36,181 for private four year colleges, and $7,152 and $16,882 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 334 degrees awarded

  2. 317 degrees awarded

  3. 256 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Hartford County, CT was General Psychology with 334 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Hartford County, CT according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 2,778 degrees awarded

  2. 1,909 degrees awarded

  3. 874 degrees awarded

$7,152

Median In-State Public

$36,181

Median Private

In 2017, the Hartford County, CT institution with the largest number of graduating students was Central Connecticut State University with 2,778 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

4,808

Degrees Awarded to Men

7,263

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 4,808 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Hartford County, CT, which is 0.662 times less than the 7,263 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Hartford County, CT by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    7,344 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    1,539 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    1,500 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Hartford County, CT were to White students. These 7,344 degrees mean that there were 4.77 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 1,539 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Hartford County, CT was $241,700 in 2018, which is 1.05 times larger than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $241,000 to $241,700, a 0.29% increase. The homeownership rate in Hartford County, CT is 65%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Hartford County, CT have an average commute time of 22.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Hartford County, CT is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$241,700

2018 Median

± $3,365

$241,000

2017 Median

± $3,989

In 2018, the median property value in Hartford County, CT grew to to $241,700 from the previous year's value of $241,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Hartford County, CT compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Hartford County, CT the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$73,151

Median Household Income

± $2,472

348k

Number of Households

± 8,808

In 2018, the median household income of the 348k households in Hartford County, CT grew to $73,151 from the previous year's value of $70,429.

The following chart displays the households in Hartford County, CT distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Hartford County, CT distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Hartford County, CT the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

65%

2018 Homeownership

65%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 65% of the housing units in Hartford County, CT were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 65%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Hartford County, CT compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

22.5 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Hartford County, CT have a shorter commute time (22.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.57% of the workforce in Hartford County, CT have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Hartford County, CT compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    81%

  2. Carpooled

    8.15%

  3. Worked At Home

    5.06%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Hartford County, CT was Drove Alone (81%), followed by those who Carpooled (8.15%) and those who Worked At Home (5.06%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Hartford County, CT distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Hartford County, CT have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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