Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA

Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA)

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2019 Population
536,081
0.533% 1-year decline
2019 Median Age
44.3
0.226% 1-year increase
2019 Poverty Rate
16.7%
1.12% 1-year decrease
2019 Median Household Income
$48,558
2.28% 1-year growth
2019 Median Property Value
$108,900
5.06% 1-year decline
2019 Employed Population
239,888
0.155% 1-year decline

About

In 2019, Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA had a population of 536k people with a median age of 44.3 and a median household income of $48,558. Between 2018 and 2019 the population of Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA declined from 538,952 to 536,081, a −0.533% decrease and its median household income grew from $47,476 to $48,558, a 2.28% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA are White (Non-Hispanic) (82.6%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (10.5%), White (Hispanic) (2.66%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (2.25%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (0.763%). 0% of the households in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA speak a non-English language at home as their primary language, and 99.3% of the residents in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA are Youngstown State University (2,349 degrees awarded in 2019), Grove City College (570 degrees), and TDDS Technical Institute (266 degrees).

In 2019, the median property value in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA was $108,900, and the homeownership rate was 70.6%. Most people in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 23.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA was 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Mill Creek Park's "Cinderella" iron link bridge

COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Ohio and Pennsylvania. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Ohio and Pennsylvania, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio and Pennsylvania.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Ohio and Pennsylvania (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Diversity

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA is home to a population of 536k people, from which 99.3% are citizens. As of 2019, 2.96% of Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA residents were born outside of the country (15.9k people).

In 2019, there were 7.87 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (443k people) in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 56.2k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 14.2k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    443k ± 322
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    56.2k ± 2.77k
  3. White (Hispanic)
    14.2k ± 1.52k
3.8%
Hispanic Population
20.4k people

In 2019, there were 7.87 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (443k people) in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 56.2k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 14.2k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

3.8% of the people in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA are hispanic (20.4k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.96%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
15.9k people
1.94%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
10.5k people

As of 2019, 2.96% of Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA residents (15.9k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 34%. In 2018, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA was 1.94%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

44
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.4
51
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 4.6

In 2019, the median age of all people in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA was 44.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 44, were generally younger than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 51. But people in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA are getting getting older. In 2018, the average age of all Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA residents was 44.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Ohio and Pennsylvania.
Most Common Origin
  1. India
    157,608 ± 13,691 people
  2. China
    101,934 ± 10,938 people
  3. Mexico
    90,856 ± 10,446 people

In 2019, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Ohio and Pennsylvania was India, the natal country of 157,608 Ohio and Pennsylvania residents, followed by China with 101,934 and Mexico with 90,856.

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Citizenship

99.3%
2019 Citizenship
99.5%
2018 Citizenship

As of 2019, 99.3% of Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2018, the percentage of US citizens in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA was 99.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    13,192 ± 1,444
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    4,521 ± 1,047
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    3,705 ± 1,003

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.92 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

Median household income in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA is $48,558. In 2019, the county with the highest Median Household Income in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA was Delaware County, OH with a value of $107,854, followed by Chester County, PA and Bucks County, PA, with respective values of $102,016 and $93,767.

Males in Ohio have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $49,419. The income inequality in Ohio (measured using the Gini index) is 0.459, which is lower than than the national average.

Comparatively, males in Pennsylvania have an average income that is 1.31 times higher than the average income of females, which is $54,144. The income inequality in Pennsylvania is 0.466, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA employs 240k people. The largest industries in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA are Manufacturing (40,554 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (39,766 people), and Retail Trade (29,031 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($81,308), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($62,554), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($49,884).

Wages

Median Household Income

$48,558
2019 value
± $2,203
2.28%
1 Year Growth
± 5.99%

Households in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA have a median annual income of $48,558, which is less than the median annual income of $65,712 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $47,476 in 2018, which represents a 2.28% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Ohio and Pennsylvania.
$66,262
Average Male Salary in Ohio
± $1,034
$49,419
Average Female Salary in Ohio
± $768
$71,051
Average Male Salary in Pennsylvania
± $1,079
$54,144
Average Female Salary in Pennsylvania
± $847

In 2019, full-time male employees in Ohio made 1.34 times more than female employees.

In that same year, full-time male employees in Pennsylvania made 1.31 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Ohio and Pennsylvania by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Ohio and Pennsylvania.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Pennsylvania
  1. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander
    $72,189 ± $38,209
  2. Asian
    $65,415 ± $3,847
  3. White
    $56,158 ± $698
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Ohio
  1. Asian
    $71,604 ± $5,489
  2. White
    $51,654 ± $649
  3. American Indian
    $44,040 ± $14,012

In 2019 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Pennsylvania workers was Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander. These workers were paid 1.1 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Pennsylvania.

In the same year, the highest paid race/ethnicity of Ohio workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.39 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Ohio.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Ohio and Pennsylvania by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA is from Ohio and Pennsylvania.
0.459
2019 Wage GINI in Ohio
0.46
2018 Wage GINI in Ohio
0.466
2019 Wage GINI in Pennsylvania
0.469
2018 Wage GINI in Pennsylvania

In 2019, the income inequality in Ohio was 0.459 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.226% decline from 2018 to 2019, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Ohio was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Ohio in comparison to the national average.

In the same year, the income inequality in Pennsylvania was 0.466 and income inequality had a 0.746% decline from 2018 to 2019, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Pennsylvania was lower than than the national average of 0.478, meaning wages are distributed more evenly in Pennsylvania in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Ohio and Pennsylvania across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2019, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA was Delaware County, OH with a value of $107,854, followed by Chester County, PA and Bucks County, PA, with respective values of $102,016 and $93,767.

The following map shows all of the counties in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

16.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA (87.5k out of 524k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.3%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 55 - 64 and then Females 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    59,951 ± 1,514
  2. Black
    20,632 ± 887
  3. Hispanic
    6,020 ± 469

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

240k
2019 Value
± 7,608
−0.155%
1 Year decline
± 4.4%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA declined at a rate of −0.155%, from 240k employees to 240k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA, are Sales & Related Occupations (25,644 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (24,230 people), and Production Occupations (22,661 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA, by number of employees, are Sales & Related Occupations (25,644 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (24,230 people), and Production Occupations (22,661 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other MSAs, Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (1.75 times higher than expected), Health Technologists & Technicians (1.58 times), and Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.41 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($75,389), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($70,474), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($66,453).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

240k
2019 Value
± 7,608
−0.155%
1 Year decline
± 4.4%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA declined at a rate of −0.155%, from 240k employees to 240k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA, are Manufacturing (40,554 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (39,766 people), and Retail Trade (29,031 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA, though some of these residents may live in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (40,554 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (39,766 people), and Retail Trade (29,031 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other MSAs, Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA has an unusually high number of Manufacturing (1.75 times higher than expected), Health Care & Social Assistance (1.19 times), and Retail Trade (1.12 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA, by median earnings, are Utilities ($81,308), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($62,554), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($49,884).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania and Ohio to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania and Ohio.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $156B
  2. $113B
  3. $97.7B

In 2018, the top outbound Pennsylvania and Ohio product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $156B, followed by Motorized vehicles ($113B) and Pharmaceuticals ($97.7B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Ohio and Pennsylvania products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Pennsylvania and Ohio.
$678B
2018 Value in Ohio
$1.22T
Projected 2045 Value in Ohio
80.7% growth
$703B
2018 Value in Pennsylvania
$1.28T
Projected 2045 Value in Pennsylvania
82.2% growth

In 2018, total outbound Ohio trade was $678B. This is expected to increase 80.7% to $1.22T by 2045.

Comparatively, total outbound Pennsylvania trade was $703B. This is expected to increase 82.2% to $1.28T by 2045.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania and Ohio to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania and Ohio.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $102B
  2. $84.7B
  3. $71.4B

In 2018, the top outbound Pennsylvania and Ohio domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New York with $102B, followed by New Jersey with $84.7B and Michigan and $71.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Pennsylvania and Ohio shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in Ohio went to Donald J. Trump with 50% of the vote. The runner-up was Hillary Rodham Clinton (45.8%), followed by Other (3.91%). The most partisan county was Fulton County, PA with 84.1% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

Sherrod Brown, Rob Portman, Bob Casey Jr., and Pat Toomey are the senators currently representing the state of Ohio and Pennsylvania. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Ohio and Pennsylvania is currently represented by 34 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Ohio and Pennsylvania.
Showing data up to the 2016 election. Updated election results are currently being processed, and will be released in the coming months.
Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for Ohio
50% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in Ohio and Pennsylvania
  1. 84.1% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 82.7% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 82.5% for Hillary Rodham Clinton (Democratic Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in Ohio and Pennsylvania was Fulton County, PA with 84.1% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in Ohio and Pennsylvania colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Ohio and Pennsylvania

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio and Pennsylvania.
Sherrod Brown
Senator from Ohio1
Assumed office on January 3, 2007
Rob Portman
Senator from Ohio3
Assumed office on January 3, 2011
Bob Casey Jr.
Senator from Pennsylvania1
Assumed office on January 3, 2007
Pat Toomey
Senator from Pennsylvania3
Assumed office on January 3, 2011

Sherrod Brown, Rob Portman, Bob Casey Jr., and Pat Toomey are the senators currently representing Ohio and Pennsylvania.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Ohio and Pennsylvania over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Ohio and Pennsylvania

Ohio and Pennsylvania is currently represented by 34 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Ohio and Pennsylvania have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2019, universities in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA awarded 4,543 degrees. The student population of Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA is skewed towards women, with 8,454 male students and 10,389 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA are White (3,595 and 81.1%), followed by Black or African American (413 and 9.31%), Hispanic or Latino (135 and 3.04%), and Two or More Races (109 and 2.46%).

The largest universities in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA by number of degrees awarded are Youngstown State University (2,349 and 51.7%), Grove City College (570 and 12.5%), and TDDS Technical Institute (266 and 5.86%).

The most popular majors in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA are Truck, Bus, & Commercial Vehicle Operator & Instructor (237 and 5.22%), Other Liberal Arts & Sciences, General Studies, & Humanities (195 and 4.29%), and General Business Administration & Management (193 and 4.25%).

The median tuition costs in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA are $24,618 for private four year colleges, and $8,705 and $14,875 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 140 degree-majorss awarded
  2. 131 degree-majorss awarded
  3. 121 degree-majorss awarded

In 2018, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA was General Biological Sciences with 140 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 2,349 degrees awarded
  2. 570 degrees awarded
  3. 266 degrees awarded
$8,705
Median In-State Public
$24,618
Median Private

In 2019, the Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Youngstown State University with 2,349 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

2,065
Degrees Awarded to Men
2,478
Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2019, 2,065 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA, which is 0.833 times less than the 2,478 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity
  1. White
    3,595 degrees awarded
  2. Black or African American
    413 degrees awarded
  3. Hispanic or Latino
    135 degrees awarded

In 2019 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA was White students. These 3,595 degrees mean that there were 8.7 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 413 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA was $108,900 in 2019, which is 0.453 times smaller than the national average of $240,500. Between 2018 and 2019 the median property value increased from $114,700 to $108,900, a 5.06% decrease. The homeownership rate in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA is 70.6%, which is higher than the national average of 64.1%. People in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA have an average commute time of 23.1 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$108,900
2019 Median
± $3,392
$114,700
2018 Median
± $3,376

In 2019, the median property value in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA declined from to $108,900 from the previous year's value of $114,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$48,558
Median Household Income
± $2,203
231k
Number of Households
± 7,285

In 2019, the median household income of the 231k households in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA grew to $48,558 from the previous year's value of $47,476.

The following chart displays the households in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

70.6%
2019 Homeownership
69.8%
2018 Homeownership

In 2019, 70.6% of the housing units in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 69.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 64.1%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

23.1 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA have a shorter commute time (23.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (26 minutes). Additionally, 2.71% of the workforce in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2019
  1. Drove Alone (83.7%)
  2. Carpooled (8.05%)
  3. Worked At Home (3.84%)

In 2019, 83.7% of workers in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (8.05%) and those who worked at home (3.84%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Health

93.4% of the population of Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA has health coverage, with 42.1% on employee plans, 21.3% on Medicaid, 16.8% on Medicare, 11.4% on non-group plans, and 1.7% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Ohio was $8,712 in 2014. This is a 5.14% increase from the previous year ($8,286).

Per capita personal health care spending in Pennsylvania was $9,258 in 2014. This is a 4.29% increase from the previous year ($8,877).

Primary care physicians in Ohio see 1303 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.686% decrease from the previous year (1312 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1558 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 383 patients per year.

Similarly, primary care physicians in Pennsylvania see 1235 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.162% decrease from the previous year (1237 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1408 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 454 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Huntingdon County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (20.6%). Additionally, Armstrong County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (44%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio and Pennsylvania.
1,303 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Ohio
1,235 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Pennsylvania

Primary care physicians in Ohio see an average of 1,303 patients per year. This represents a 0.686% decrease from the previous year (1,312 patients).

Primary care physicians in Pennsylvania see an average of 1,235 patients per year. This represents a 0.162% decrease from the previous year (1,237 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Ohio and Pennsylvania in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio and Pennsylvania.
$8,712
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Ohio
$9,258
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Pennsylvania

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Ohio (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.14%, from $8,286 to $8,712.

Similarly, all personal health care spending per capita in Pennsylvania (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.29%, from $8,877 to $9,258.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

6.64%
Uninsured
42.1%
Employer Coverage
21.3%
Medicaid
16.8%
Medicare
11.4%
Non-Group
1.7%
Military or VA

Between 2018 and 2019, the percent of uninsured citizens in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA grew by 13.4% from 5.85% to 6.64%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 20.6% prevalence
  2. 19.3% prevalence
  3. 19.3% prevalence

Huntingdon County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Ohio and Pennsylvania, at 20.6%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Ohio and Pennsylvania by county over multiple years.

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