Washington County, VA

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Population

54,457

0.192% decline

Median Age

45.5


Median Household Income

$44,844

2.3% growth

Poverty Rate

14.6%


Number of Employees

23,980

1.63% decline

Median Property Value

$137,200

0.439% growth

About

In 2017, Washington County, VA had a population of 54.5k people with a median age of 45.5 and a median household income of $44,844. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Washington County, VA declined from 54,562 to 54,457, a -0.192% decrease and its median household income grew from $43,835 to $44,844, a 2.3% increase.

The population of Washington County, VA is 95.4% White Alone, 1.48% Hispanic or Latino, and 1.4% Black or African American Alone. 2.29% of the people in Washington County, VA speak a non-English language, and 99.2% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Washington County, VA are Virginia Highlands Community College (607 degrees awarded in 2016) and Emory & Henry College (297 degrees).

The median property value in Washington County, VA is $137,200, and the homeownership rate is 75.6%. Most people in Washington County, VA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Washington County, VA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Beartown, Kingsport, TN

Economy

The economy of Washington County, VA employs 24k people. The largest industries in Washington County, VA are Health Care & Social Assistance (3,740 people), Retail Trade (3,398 people), and Manufacturing (3,098 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($113,125), Utilities ($80,357), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($53,653).

Median household income in Washington County, VA is $44,844. Males in Washington County, VA have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $55,180. The income inequality in Washington County, VA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.478, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$44,844

2017 value

± $2,619

2.3%

1 Year Growth

± 7.02%

Households in Washington County, VA have a median annual income of $44,844, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $43,835 in 2016, which represents a 2.3% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Washington County, VA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Virginia.

$74,183

Average Male Salary

± $1,323

$55,180

Average Female Salary

± $1,030

In 2017, full-time male employees in Washington County, VA made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Washington County, VA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Virginia.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $68,169 ± $3,324

  2. White

    $60,529 ± $977

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $56,661 ± $29,375

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Washington County, VA workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.13 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Washington County, VA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Washington County, VA is from Virginia.

0.478

2017 Wage GINI

0.477

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Virginia was 0.478 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0649% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Virginia was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Virginia in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Virginia across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 104.01

  2. Census Tract 110

  3. Census Tract 106.01

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Washington County, VA was Census Tract 104.01 with a value of $64,015, followed by Census Tract 110 and Census Tract 106.01, with respective values of $59,167 and $50,741.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Washington County, VA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 45 - 54

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

14.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Washington County, VA (7.67k out of 52.6k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 45 - 54, followed by Females 55 - 64 and then Males 55 - 64.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    7,100 ± 547

  2. Hispanic

    317 ± 159

  3. Two Or More

    221 ± 151

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Washington County, VA is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

24k

2017 Value

± 1,008

-1.63%

1 Year decline

± 6.06%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Washington County, VA declined at a rate of -1.63%, from 24.4k employees to 24k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Washington County, VA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,313 people), Sales & Related Occupations (2,528 people), and Management Occupations (2,350 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Washington County, VA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Washington County, VA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,313 people), Sales & Related Occupations (2,528 people), and Management Occupations (2,350 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Washington County, VA has an unusually high number of residents working as Legal Occupations (1.46 times higher than expected), Health Technologists & Technicians (1.44 times), and Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (1.43 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Washington County, VA, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($87,303), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($81,875), and Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations ($63,500).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

24k

2017 Value

± 1,008

-1.63%

1 Year decline

± 6.06%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Washington County, VA declined at a rate of -1.63%, from 24.4k employees to 24k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Washington County, VA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (3,740 people), Retail Trade (3,398 people), and Manufacturing (3,098 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Washington County, VA, though some of these residents may live in Washington County, VA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Washington County, VA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (3,740 people), Retail Trade (3,398 people), and Manufacturing (3,098 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Washington County, VA has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (1.74 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (1.28 times), and Wholesale Trade (1.26 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Washington County, VA, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($113,125), Utilities ($80,357), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($53,653).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $27.5B

  2. $26B

  3. $22.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Virginia product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $27.5B, followed by Motorized vehicles with $26B and Electronics and $22.4B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Virginia products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Virginia state.

$254B

2015 Value

$373B

Projected 2045 Value

46.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Virginia trade was $254B. This is expected to increase 46.7% to $373B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Virginia trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Virginia to other states, or from other states to Virginia.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $23.4B

  2. $12.9B

  3. $11.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Virginia domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Maryland with $23.4B, followed by North Carolina with $12.9B and Pennsylvania and $11.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Virginia shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

89.8% of the population of Washington County, VA has health coverage, with 42.9% on employee plans, 14.1% on Medicaid, 17.5% on Medicare, 13.5% on non-group plans, and 1.84% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Washington County, VA was $7,556 in 2014. This is a 3.42% increase from the previous year ($7,306).

Primary care physicians in Washington County, VA see 1475 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.27% decrease from the previous year (1479 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1869 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 786 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Mecklenburg County and Halifax County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (15.6%). Additionally, Petersburg city has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (45.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,475 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Washington County, VA see an average of 1,475 patients per year. This represents a 0.27% decrease from the previous year (1,479 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Washington County, VA in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.

$7,556

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,218

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,361

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,677

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Virginia (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.42%, from $7,306 to $7,556.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

10.2%

Uninsured

42.9%

Employer Coverage

14.1%

Medicaid

17.5%

Medicare

13.5%

Non-Group

1.84%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Washington County, VA declined by 6.43% from 10.9% to 10.2%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Washington County, VA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 15.6% prevalence

  2. 15.6% prevalence

  3. 15.4% prevalence

Mecklenburg County and Halifax County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Virginia, at 15.6%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Virginia by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Washington County, VA is home to a population of 54.5k people, from which 99.2% are citizens. As of 2017, 1.61% of Washington County, VA residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Washington County, VA is composed of 51.9k White Alone residents (95.4%), 806 Hispanic or Latino residents (1.48%), 765 Black or African American Alone residents (1.4%), 472 Two or More Races residents (0.867%), 314 Asian Alone residents (0.577%), 136 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.25%), 25 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0459%), and 14 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0257%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Washington County, VA are Spanish or Spanish Creole (516 speakers), Arabic (150 speakers), and French (Incl. Patois, Cajun) (113 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

46

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

42

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.9

In 2017, the median age of all people in Washington County, VA was 45.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 46, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 42. But people in Washington County, VA are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Washington County, VA residents was 45.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.61%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

1.61%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 1.61% of Washington County, VA residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Washington County, VA was 1.61%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Washington County, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. El Salvador

    103,545 ± 7,851 people

  2. India

    82,876 ± 7,033 people

  3. Mexico

    56,021 ± 5,792 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Washington County, VA was El Salvador, the natal country of 103,545 Washington County, VA residents, followed by India with 82,876 and Mexico with 56,021.

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Citizenship

99.2%

2017 Citizenship

99.2%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.2% of Washington County, VA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Washington County, VA was 99.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Washington County, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    51.9k ± 96

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    806 ± 230

  3. Black or African American Alone

    765 ± 137

In 2017, there were 64.4 times more White Alone residents (51.9k people) in Washington County, VA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 806 Hispanic or Latino and 765 Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Washington County, VA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    516 speakers (0.988%)

  2. Arabic

    150 speakers (0.287%)

  3. French (Incl. Patois, Cajun)

    113 speakers (0.216%)

2.29% of Washington County, VA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Washington County, VA was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 0.988% of the overall population of Washington County, VA are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.287% speak Arabic and 0.216% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,466 ± 248

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    538 ± 178

  3. Korea

    283 ± 83

Washington County, VA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.72 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Washington County, VA awarded 904 degrees. The student population of Washington County, VA is skewed towards women, with 1,587 male students and 2,071 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Washington County, VA are White (801 and 89.3%), followed by Black or African American (36 and 4.01%), Unknown (26 and 2.9%), and Two or More Races (16 and 1.78%).

The largest universities in Washington County, VA by number of degrees awarded are Virginia Highlands Community College (607 and 67.1%) and Emory & Henry College (297 and 32.9%).

The most popular majors in Washington County, VA are Other Liberal Arts & Sciences, General Studies, & Humanities (178 and 19.7%), Liberal Arts & Sciences (146 and 16.2%), and Registered Nursing (47 and 5.2%).

The median tuition costs in Washington County, VA are $33,500 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Washington County, VA was Mass Communication & Media Studies with 17 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Washington County, VA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 607 degrees awarded

  2. 297 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$33,500

Median Private

In 2016, the Washington County, VA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Virginia Highlands Community College with 607 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

371

Degrees Awarded to Men

533

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 371 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Washington County, VA, which is 0.696 times less than the 533 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Washington County, VA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    801 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    36 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    26 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Washington County, VA were to White students. These 801 degrees mean that there were 22.3 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 36 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Washington County, VA was $137,200 in 2017, which is 0.631 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $136,600 to $137,200, a 0.439% increase. The homeownership rate in Washington County, VA is 75.6%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Washington County, VA have an average commute time of 22.8 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Washington County, VA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$44,844

Median Household Income

± $2,619

22.4k

Number of Households

± 925

In 2017, the median household income of the 22.4k households in Washington County, VA grew to $44,844 from the previous year's value of $43,835.

The following chart displays the households in Washington County, VA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$137,200

2017 Median

± $5,215

$136,600

2016 Median

± $7,405

In 2017, the median property value in Washington County, VA grew to to $137,200 from the previous year's value of $136,600.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Washington County, VA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Washington County, VA the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Washington County, VA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Washington County, VA the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

75.6%

2017 Homeownership

76.3%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 75.6% of the housing units in Washington County, VA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 76.3%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Washington County, VA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Washington County, VA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Washington County, VA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

22.8 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Washington County, VA have a shorter commute time (22.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.56% of the workforce in Washington County, VA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Washington County, VA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    83.1%

  2. Carpooled

    9.08%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.94%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Washington County, VA was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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