Walker County, AL

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Population

64,927

1.02% decline

Median Age

42.3


Median Household Income

$38,872

4.99% growth

Poverty Rate

21.5%


Number of Employees

24,280

2.04% growth

Median Property Value

$87,300

2.95% growth

About

In 2017, Walker County, AL had a population of 64.9k people with a median age of 42.3 and a median household income of $38,872. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Walker County, AL declined from 65,593 to 64,927, a -1.02% decrease and its median household income grew from $37,025 to $38,872, a 4.99% increase.

The population of Walker County, AL is 89.4% White Alone, 6.01% Black or African American Alone, and 2.36% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Walker County, AL speak a non-English language, and 99% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Walker County, AL are Bevill State Community College (756 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Walker County, AL is $87,300, and the homeownership rate is 75.6%. Most people in Walker County, AL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 28.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Walker County, AL is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Walker County, AL employs 24.3k people. The largest industries in Walker County, AL are Health Care & Social Assistance (3,599 people), Retail Trade (3,528 people), and Manufacturing (2,737 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($67,634), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($63,603), and Utilities ($62,117).

Median household income in Walker County, AL is $38,872. Males in Walker County, AL have an average income that is 1.44 times higher than the average income of females, which is $40,615. The income inequality in Walker County, AL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.46, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$38,872

2017 value

± $1,774

4.99%

1 Year Growth

± 5.45%

Households in Walker County, AL have a median annual income of $38,872, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $37,025 in 2016, which represents a 4.99% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Walker County, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

$58,549

Average Male Salary

± $1,465

$40,615

Average Female Salary

± $997

In 2017, full-time male employees in Alabama made 1.44 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Alabama by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $58,018 ± $10,489

  2. White

    $47,885 ± $1,063

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $45,909 ± $38,465

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Alabama workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.21 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Alabama by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Walker County, AL is from Alabama.

0.46

2017 Wage GINI

0.458

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Alabama was 0.46 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.343% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Alabama was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Alabama in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Alabama across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 209

  2. Census Tract 202

  3. Census Tract 207

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Walker County, AL was Census Tract 209 with a value of $51,737, followed by Census Tract 202 and Census Tract 207, with respective values of $47,260 and $45,037.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Walker County, AL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

21.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Walker County, AL (13.8k out of 63.9k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 45 - 54 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    11,784 ± 698

  2. Black

    1,376 ± 206

  3. Hispanic

    651 ± 199

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Walker County, AL is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

24.3k

2017 Value

± 1,058

2.04%

1 Year growth

± 5.99%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Walker County, AL grew at a rate of 2.04%, from 23.8k employees to 24.3k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Walker County, AL, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,234 people), Sales & Related Occupations (2,459 people), and Production Occupations (2,230 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Walker County, AL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Walker County, AL, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,234 people), Sales & Related Occupations (2,459 people), and Production Occupations (2,230 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Walker County, AL has an unusually high number of residents working as Construction & Extraction Occupations (1.81 times higher than expected), Health Technologists & Technicians (1.64 times), and Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (1.63 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Walker County, AL, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($74,375), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($64,539), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($62,829).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

24.3k

2017 Value

± 1,058

2.04%

1 Year growth

± 5.99%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Walker County, AL grew at a rate of 2.04%, from 23.8k employees to 24.3k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Walker County, AL, are Health Care & Social Assistance (3,599 people), Retail Trade (3,528 people), and Manufacturing (2,737 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Walker County, AL, though some of these residents may live in Walker County, AL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Walker County, AL, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (3,599 people), Retail Trade (3,528 people), and Manufacturing (2,737 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Walker County, AL has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (8.82 times higher than expected), Utilities (3.35 times), and Retail Trade (1.27 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Walker County, AL, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($67,634), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($63,603), and Utilities ($62,117).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $40.7B

  2. $28B

  3. $21.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $40.7B, followed by Mixed freight ($28B) and Coal-n.e.c. ($21.5B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Alabama products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Alabama state.

$243B

2015 Value

$367B

Projected 2045 Value

50.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Alabama trade was $243B. This is expected to increase 50.7% to $367B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Alabama trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25.3B

  2. $16.7B

  3. $14.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $25.3B, followed by Florida with $16.7B and Tennessee and $14.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Alabama shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

88.4% of the population of Walker County, AL has health coverage, with 40.4% on employee plans, 17.6% on Medicaid, 14.7% on Medicare, 14.1% on non-group plans, and 1.56% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Walker County, AL was $7,281 in 2014. This is a 4.07% increase from the previous year ($6,996).

Primary care physicians in Walker County, AL see 2176 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.275% decrease from the previous year (2182 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2406 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 2240 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (21.1%). Additionally, Macon County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (47.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2,176 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Walker County, AL see an average of 2,176 patients per year. This represents a 0.275% decrease from the previous year (2,182 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Walker County, AL in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

$7,281

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,641

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,042

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,267

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Alabama (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.07%, from $6,996 to $7,281.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

11.6%

Uninsured

40.4%

Employer Coverage

17.6%

Medicaid

14.7%

Medicare

14.1%

Non-Group

1.56%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Walker County, AL declined by 8.21% from 12.6% to 11.6%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Walker County, AL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 21.1% prevalence

  2. 20.9% prevalence

  3. 20.4% prevalence

Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Alabama, at 21.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Alabama by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Walker County, AL is home to a population of 64.9k people, from which 99% are citizens. As of 2017, 1.42% of Walker County, AL residents were born outside of the country (924 people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Walker County, AL is composed of 58k White Alone residents (89.4%), 3.9k Black or African American Alone residents (6.01%), 1.53k Hispanic or Latino residents (2.36%), 1.1k Two or More Races residents (1.7%), 306 Asian Alone residents (0.471%), 45 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0693%), 3 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.00462%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Walker County, AL are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

43

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

37

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.5

In 2017, the median age of all people in Walker County, AL was 42.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 43, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 37. But people in Walker County, AL are getting staying the same age. In 2016, the average age of all Walker County, AL residents was 42.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.42%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

924 people

1.43%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

937 people

As of 2017, 1.42% of Walker County, AL residents (924 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Walker County, AL was 1.43%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Walker County, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    51,837 ± 5,560 people

  2. Guatemala

    11,080 ± 2,581 people

  3. India

    9,229 ± 2,356 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Alabama was Mexico, the natal country of 51,837 Alabama residents, followed by Guatemala with 11,080 and India with 9,229.

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Citizenship

99%

2017 Citizenship

98.8%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99% of Walker County, AL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Walker County, AL was 98.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Walker County, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    58k ± 5

  2. Black or African American Alone

    3.9k ± 192

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    1.53k ± 259

In 2017, there were 14.9 times more White Alone residents (58k people) in Walker County, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 3.9k Black or African American Alone and 1.53k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Walker County, AL as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Walker County, AL citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Walker County, AL was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Walker County, AL are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,668 ± 189

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    538 ± 127

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    483 ± 143

Walker County, AL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.1 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Walker County, AL awarded 756 degrees. The student population of Walker County, AL is skewed towards women, with 1,533 male students and 2,273 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Walker County, AL are White (626 and 82.8%), followed by Black or African American (108 and 14.3%), Hispanic or Latino (6 and 0.794%), and Unknown (6 and 0.794%).

The largest universities in Walker County, AL by number of degrees awarded are Bevill State Community College (756 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Walker County, AL are Registered Nursing (158 and 20.9%), General Studies (96 and 12.7%), and Truck, Bus, & Commercial Vehicle Operator & Instructor (92 and 12.2%).

The median tuition costs in Walker County, AL are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 158 degrees awarded

  2. 96 degrees awarded

  3. 53 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Walker County, AL was Registered Nursing with 158 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Walker County, AL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

756 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Walker County, AL institution with the largest number of graduating students was Bevill State Community College with 756 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

370

Degrees Awarded to Men

386

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 370 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Walker County, AL, which is 0.959 times less than the 386 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Walker County, AL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    626 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    108 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    6 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Walker County, AL were to White students. These 626 degrees mean that there were 5.8 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 108 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Walker County, AL was $87,300 in 2017, which is 0.401 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $84,800 to $87,300, a 2.95% increase. The homeownership rate in Walker County, AL is 75.6%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Walker County, AL have an average commute time of 28.8 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Walker County, AL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$38,872

Median Household Income

± $1,774

25.1k

Number of Households

± 980

In 2017, the median household income of the 25.1k households in Walker County, AL grew to $38,872 from the previous year's value of $37,025.

The following chart displays the households in Walker County, AL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$87,300

2017 Median

± $2,735

$84,800

2016 Median

± $3,224

In 2017, the median property value in Walker County, AL grew to to $87,300 from the previous year's value of $84,800.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Walker County, AL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Walker County, AL the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Walker County, AL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Walker County, AL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

75.6%

2017 Homeownership

74.5%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 75.6% of the housing units in Walker County, AL were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 74.5%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Walker County, AL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Walker County, AL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Walker County, AL have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

28.8 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Walker County, AL have a longer commute time (28.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 3.56% of the workforce in Walker County, AL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Walker County, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    85.8%

  2. Carpooled

    10.5%

  3. Worked At Home

    1.42%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Walker County, AL was Drove Alone (85.8%), followed by those who Carpooled (10.5%) and those who Worked At Home (1.42%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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