Salem, MA

Census Place

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2022 Population
44,541
0.2% 1-year growth
US Senator
Elizabeth Warren
Democratic Party
US Senator
Ed Markey
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
38
1.06% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
13.7%
7.77% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$79,196
8.66% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$464,200
17% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
25,595
0.562% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Salem, MA had a population of 44.5k people with a median age of 38 and a median household income of $79,196. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Salem, MA grew from 44,452 to 44,541, a 0.2% increase and its median household income grew from $72,884 to $79,196, a 8.66% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Salem, MA are White (Non-Hispanic) (68.8%), White (Hispanic) (7.67%), Other (Hispanic) (5.15%), Two+ (Hispanic) (4.79%), and Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (4.76%).

None of the households in Salem, MA reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

94.8% of the residents in Salem, MA are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Salem, MA are Salem State University (1,915 degrees awarded in 2022).

In 2022, the median property value in Salem, MA was $464,200, and the homeownership rate was 50.7%.

Most people in Salem, MA drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 30.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Salem, MA was 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Sunset from Salem, MA

Population & Diversity

Salem, MA is home to a population of 44.5k people, from which 94.8% are citizens. As of 2022, 14.7% of Salem, MA residents were born outside of the country (6.54k people).

In 2022, there were 8.97 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (30.6k people) in Salem, MA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 3.42k White (Hispanic) and 2.29k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

94.8%
2022 Citizenship
95.4%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 94.8% of Salem, MA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Salem, MA was 95.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Salem, MA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Salem, MA
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    30.6k ± 1.13k
  2. White (Hispanic)
    3.42k ± 776
  3. Other (Hispanic)
    2.29k ± 627
19%
Hispanic Population
8.47k people

In 2022, there were 8.97 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (30.6k people) in Salem, MA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 3.42k White (Hispanic) and 2.29k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

19% of the people in Salem, MA are hispanic (8.47k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Salem, MA as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Massachusetts.
Most Common Origin
  1. China
    102,973 ± 7,820 people
  2. Dominican Republic
    99,956 ± 7,706 people
  3. Brazil
    93,519 ± 7,457 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Massachusetts was China, the natal country of 102,973 Massachusetts residents, followed by Dominican Republic with 99,956 and Brazil with 93,519.

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Foreign-Born Population

14.7%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
6.54k people
14%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
6.21k people

As of 2022, 14.7% of Salem, MA residents (6.54k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Salem, MA was 14%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Salem, MA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    734 ± 252
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    143 ± 97
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    142 ± 82

Salem, MA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 5.13 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Salem, MA employs 25.6k people. The largest industries in Salem, MA are Health Care & Social Assistance (3,875 people), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (2,961 people), and Educational Services (2,908 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($112,969), Finance & Insurance ($93,243), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($82,727).

Males in Massachusetts have an average income that is 1.31 times higher than the average income of females, which is $81,902. The income inequality in Massachusetts (measured using the Gini index) is 0.48, which is higher than than the national average.

Occupations

25.6k
2022 Value
± 1,405
0.562%
1 Year growth
± 7.56%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Salem, MA grew at a rate of 0.562%, from 25.5k employees to 25.6k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Salem, MA, are Management Occupations (3,276 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,077 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (2,318 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Salem, MA.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Massachusetts (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

25.6k
2022 Value
± 1,405
0.562%
1 Year growth
± 7.56%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Salem, MA grew at a rate of 0.562%, from 25.5k employees to 25.6k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Salem, MA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (3,875 people), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (2,961 people), and Educational Services (2,908 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Salem, MA, though some of these residents may live in Salem, MA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$57,653
Median earning men ± $4,720
$50,738
Median earning women ± $4,891

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Wholesale Trade ($120,000), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($96,192), and Information ($75,673).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Construction ($113,218), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($73,750), and Manufacturing ($67,083).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Massachusetts.
Y-Axis
2.61%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 3.67M people employed in Massachusetts. This represents a 2.61% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 17.5%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Massachusetts.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Massachusetts went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 65.1% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (31.9%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.29%).

Elizabeth Warren and Ed Markey are the senators currently representing the state of Massachusetts. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Massachusetts is currently represented by 9 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Massachusetts

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Massachusetts.
Elizabeth Warren
Senator from Massachusetts1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013
Ed Markey
Senator from Massachusetts2
Assumed office on July 16, 2013
Elected to the seat to succeed Mo Cowan, who had been appointed to the seat following the resignation of John Kerry, who had become Secretary of State.

Elizabeth Warren and Ed Markey are the senators currently representing Massachusetts.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Massachusetts over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Massachusetts

Massachusetts is currently represented by 9 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Massachusetts have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Salem, MA awarded 1,915 degrees. The student population of Salem, MA in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 2,050 male students and 4,489 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Salem, MA are White (1,232 and 66.6%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (305 and 16.5%), Black or African American (147 and 7.94%), and Two or More Races (64 and 3.46%).

The largest universities in Salem, MA by number of degrees awarded are Salem State University (1,915 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Salem, MA are Social Work (176 and 9.19%), Registered Nursing (155 and 8.09%), and General Psychology (145 and 7.57%).

The median tuition cost in Salem, MA for a public four year colleges is $910 for in-state students and $7,050 for out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Salem, MA, the percentage of applicants admitted was 92.7%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 18.3%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 6,539 (31.4% men and 68.6% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 6,539 students enrolled in Salem, MA, 31.4% men and 68.6% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 3,833 records, of which 68.2% were women and 31.8% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 155 degrees awarded
  2. 145 degrees awarded
  3. 81 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Salem, MA was Registered Nursing with 155 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Salem, MA according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
1,915 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Salem State University with 1,915 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 570 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Salem, MA, which is 0.424 times less than the 1,345 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 1,232 degrees mean that there were 4.04 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 305 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Public, 4-year or above ($910) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($11,068) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,200) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Massachusetts.
Measure

In 2022, 1.17% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 1.24% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Massachusetts.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were Bachelors Degree (1.35M), High School or Equivalent (1.34M), and Graduate Degree (1.03M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Salem, MA was $464,200 in 2022, which is 1.65 times larger than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $396,700 to $464,200, a 17% increase. The homeownership rate in Salem, MA is 50.7%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Salem, MA have an average commute time of 30.6 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Salem, MA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Salem, MA is $79,196. In 2022, the place with the highest median household income in Salem, MA was Census Tract 2032 with a value of $178,864, followed by Census Tract 2045 and Census Tract 2046, with respective values of $110,438 and $95,867.

Property

$464,200
Median Property Value 2022
±$12,060
$10,077
Median Property Taxes
±$698

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Salem, MA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Salem, MA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

50.7%
Homeownership
2022
59.4%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 50.7% of the housing units in Salem, MA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 51.6%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Salem, MA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 2032
  2. Census Tract 2045
  3. Census Tract 2046

In 2022, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Salem, MA was Census Tract 2032 with a value of $178,864, followed by Census Tract 2045 and Census Tract 2046, with respective values of $110,438 and $95,867.

The following map shows all of the places in Salem, MA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$79,196
Median Household Income
± $5,497
19.9k
Number of Households
± 1,291

In 2022, the median household income of the 19.9k households in Salem, MA grew to $79,196 from the previous year's value of $72,884.

The following chart displays the households in Salem, MA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Salem, MA is from Massachusetts.
0.48
2022 Wage GINI in Massachusetts
0.48
2021 Wage GINI in Massachusetts

In 2022, the income inequality in Massachusetts was 0.48 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.047% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Massachusetts was higher than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Massachusetts in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Massachusetts across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (60.9%)
  2. Worked At Home (15.5%)
  3. Carpooled (7.05%)

In 2022, 60.9% of workers in Salem, MA drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (15.5%) and those who carpooled to work (7.05%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

30.6 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Salem, MA have a longer commute time (30.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 3.63% of the workforce in Salem, MA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Salem, MA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Salem, MA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Salem, MA have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

13.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Salem, MA (5.93k out of 43.2k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Salem, MA is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

97.9% of the population of Salem, MA has health coverage, with 54.1% on employee plans, 19.9% on Medicaid, 11.2% on Medicare, 12.7% on non-group plans, and 0.137% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Essex County, MA see 1384 patients per year on average, which represents a 2.22% increase from the previous year (1354 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1090 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 161 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for Essex County, MA.
1,384 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Essex County, MA

Primary care physicians in Essex County, MA see an average of 1,384 patients per year. This represents a 2.22% increase from the previous year (1,354 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Essex County, MA in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 17.8% under 18 years, 27.8% between 18 and 34 years, 38% between 35 and 64 years, and 16.4% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 45.1% were men and 54.9% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

2.05%
Uninsured
54.1%
Employer Coverage
19.9%
Medicaid
11.2%
Medicare
12.7%
Non-Group
0.137%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Salem, MA declined by 2.14% from 2.09% to 2.05%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Salem, MA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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