Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2022 Population
103,989
12.3% 1-year decline
US Senator
Elizabeth Warren
Democratic Party
US Senator
Ed Markey
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
37
2.12% 1-year decrease
2022 Poverty Rate
13.8%
2.98% 1-year increase
2022 Median Household Income
$71,049
2.71% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$449,400
11.3% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA had a population of 104k people with a median age of 37 and a median household income of $71,049. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA declined from 118,630 to 103,989, a −12.3% decrease and its median household income grew from $69,176 to $71,049, a 2.71% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA are White (Non-Hispanic) (37.5%), Other (Hispanic) (19%), White (Hispanic) (11.1%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (10.5%), and Two+ (Hispanic) (8.34%).

50.8% of the households in Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

82.4% of the residents in Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA are U.S. citizens.

In 2022, the median property value in Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA was $449,400, and the homeownership rate was 50%.

Most people in Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 31.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA is home to a population of 104k people, from which 82.4% are citizens. As of 2022, 34.6% of Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA residents were born outside of the country (36k people).

In 2022, there were 1.97 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (39k people) in Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 19.8k Other (Hispanic) and 11.6k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA are Spanish (35,024 households), Khmer (2,956 households), and Portuguese (2,427 households).

Citizenship

82.4%
2022 Citizenship
84.3%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 82.4% of Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA was 84.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    39k ± 1.71k
  2. Other (Hispanic)
    19.8k ± 1.85k
  3. White (Hispanic)
    11.6k ± 1.48k
41.6%
Hispanic Population
43.2k people

In 2022, there were 1.97 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (39k people) in Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 19.8k Other (Hispanic) and 11.6k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

41.6% of the people in Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA are hispanic (43.2k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA as a share of the total population.

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Foreign-Born Population

34.6%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
36k people
32.6%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
38.7k people

As of 2022, 34.6% of Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA residents (36k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA was 32.6%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Spanish
    35,024 households (36%)
  2. Khmer
    2,956 households (3.04%)
  3. Portuguese
    2,427 households (2.49%)

50.8% of the households in Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is higher than the national average of 21.7%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2022, the most common non-English language spoken in households in Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA was Spanish. 36% of the households in Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA reported speaking Spanish at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    1,066 ± 171
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    461 ± 189
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    271 ± 122

Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.31 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA employs 53k people. The largest industries in Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA are Restaurants & Food Services (4,344 people), Construction (3,172 people), and General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (2,772 people), and the highest paying industries are Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($186,007), Scientific research & development services ($132,080), and Nondepository credit & related activities ($130,009).

Workforce Diversity

Measure
RACE/ETHNICITY
25,803
Women
47.5%
28,526
Men
52.5%

The workforce of Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA in 2020 was 54,329 people, with 47.5% woman, and 52.5% men.

The visualization shows the distribution of the workforce by gender and age in Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA.

With the upper buttons you can see the distribution of the average salary and add a filter by race.

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Occupations

53k
2022 Value
−8.03%
1 Year decline
± −8.03%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA declined at a rate of −8.03%, from 57.6k employees to 53k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA, are Cashiers (1,811 people), Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (1,490 people), and Other managers (1,393 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Massachusetts (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

53k
2022 Value
−8.03%
1 Year decline
± −8.03%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA declined at a rate of −8.03%, from 57.6k employees to 53k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA, are Restaurants & Food Services (4,344 people), Construction (3,172 people), and General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (2,772 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA, though some of these residents may live in Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$45,517
Median earning men ± $1,377
$35,787
Median earning women ± $2,166

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Public Administration ($85,246), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($58,550), and Manufacturing ($53,451).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Information ($79,375), Public Administration ($65,694), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($52,969).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Massachusetts.
Y-Axis
2.61%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 3.67M people employed in Massachusetts. This represents a 2.61% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 17.5%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Massachusetts.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Massachusetts went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 65.1% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (31.9%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.29%).

Elizabeth Warren and Ed Markey are the senators currently representing the state of Massachusetts. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Massachusetts is currently represented by 9 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Massachusetts

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Massachusetts.
Elizabeth Warren
Senator from Massachusetts1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013
Ed Markey
Senator from Massachusetts2
Assumed office on July 16, 2013
Elected to the seat to succeed Mo Cowan, who had been appointed to the seat following the resignation of John Kerry, who had become Secretary of State.

Elizabeth Warren and Ed Markey are the senators currently representing Massachusetts.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Massachusetts over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Massachusetts

Massachusetts is currently represented by 9 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Massachusetts have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Educational Pyramid

Measure

In 2022, 3.52% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 3.64% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population of Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (24.5k), Primary Education (14.6k), and Some college (14.4k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA was $449,400 in 2022, which is 1.59 times larger than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $403,700 to $449,400, a 11.3% increase. The homeownership rate in Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA is 50%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA have an average commute time of 31.4 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA is $71,049. In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA was Norfolk County (Northwest)--Needham, Wellesley & Westwood PUMA, MA with a value of $198,790, followed by Middlesex County--Lexington, Burlington & Wilmington PUMA, MA and Middlesex County (West Central) PUMA, MA, with respective values of $172,007 and $157,236.

Property

$449,400
Median Property Value 2022
±$8,251
$18,784
Median Property Taxes
±$920

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

50%
Homeownership
2022
66.2%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 50% of the housing units in Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 52.9%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity

In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA was Norfolk County (Northwest)--Needham, Wellesley & Westwood PUMA, MA with a value of $198,790, followed by Middlesex County--Lexington, Burlington & Wilmington PUMA, MA and Middlesex County (West Central) PUMA, MA, with respective values of $172,007 and $157,236.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$71,049
Median Household Income
± $2,574
37.5k
Number of Households
± 1,663

In 2022, the median household income of the 37.5k households in Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA grew to $71,049 from the previous year's value of $69,176.

The following chart displays the households in Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

0.452
2022 Wage GINI in Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA
0.45
2021 Wage GINI in Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA

In 2022, the income inequality in Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA was 0.452 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.367% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (66.3%)
  2. Carpooled (12.5%)
  3. Public Transit (7.55%)

In 2022, 66.3% of workers in Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (12.5%) and those who used public transit to get to work (7.55%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

31.4 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA have a longer commute time (31.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 4.38% of the workforce in Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

13.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA (14.2k out of 103k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Females 55 - 64.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA is Hispanic, followed by White and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

96% of the population of Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA has health coverage, with 37.5% on employee plans, 37.7% on Medicaid, 7.88% on Medicare, 12.6% on non-group plans, and 0.203% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Massachusetts see 960 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.826% decrease from the previous year (968 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 930 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 145 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Massachusetts.
960 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Massachusetts

Primary care physicians in Massachusetts see an average of 960 patients per year. This represents a 0.826% decrease from the previous year (968 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Massachusetts in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 25.3% under 18 years, 22.4% between 18 and 34 years, 38.7% between 35 and 64 years, and 13.6% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 49% were men and 51% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

4.04%
Uninsured
37.5%
Employer Coverage
37.7%
Medicaid
7.88%
Medicare
12.6%
Non-Group
0.203%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA grew by 11.9% from 3.61% to 4.04%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Essex County--Lynn & Nahant PUMA, MA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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