Otero County, NM

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Population

65,130

0.311% decline

Median Age

35.6


Median Household Income

$43,533

4.89% growth

Poverty Rate

21.4%


Number of Employees

23,707

3.72% growth

Median Property Value

$106,300

1.24% growth

About

In 2017, Otero County, NM had a population of 65.1k people with a median age of 35.6 and a median household income of $43,533. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Otero County, NM declined from 65,333 to 65,130, a -0.311% decrease and its median household income grew from $41,502 to $43,533, a 4.89% increase.

The population of Otero County, NM is 49.8% White Alone, 37.5% Hispanic or Latino, and 6.18% American Indian & Alaska Native Alone. 27.6% of the people in Otero County, NM speak a non-English language, and 91.5% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Otero County, NM are Olympian Academy of Cosmetology (531 degrees awarded in 2016) and New Mexico State University-Alamogordo (196 degrees).

The median property value in Otero County, NM is $106,300, and the homeownership rate is 64.1%. Most people in Otero County, NM commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 17.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Otero County, NM is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Otero County, NM employs 23.7k people. The largest industries in Otero County, NM are Health Care & Social Assistance (3,454 people), Public Administration (3,284 people), and Retail Trade (3,057 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($63,750), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($60,375), and Public Administration ($44,274).

Median household income in Otero County, NM is $43,533. Males in Otero County, NM have an average income that is 1.31 times higher than the average income of females, which is $41,925. The income inequality in Otero County, NM (measured using the Gini index) is 0.462, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$43,533

2017 value

± $1,693

4.89%

1 Year Growth

± 5.89%

Households in Otero County, NM have a median annual income of $43,533, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $41,502 in 2016, which represents a 4.89% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Otero County, NM compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for New Mexico.

$54,854

Average Male Salary

± $2,038

$41,925

Average Female Salary

± $1,598

In 2017, full-time male employees in Otero County, NM made 1.31 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Otero County, NM by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for New Mexico.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $52,566 ± $11,622

  2. White

    $43,679 ± $1,381

  3. Black

    $41,055 ± $8,510

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Otero County, NM workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.2 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Otero County, NM by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Otero County, NM is from New Mexico.

0.462

2017 Wage GINI

0.463

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in New Mexico was 0.462 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.278% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for New Mexico was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in New Mexico in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in New Mexico across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 3.06

  2. Census Tract 4.02

  3. Census Tract 6.03

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Otero County, NM was Census Tract 3.06 with a value of $62,424, followed by Census Tract 4.02 and Census Tract 6.03, with respective values of $55,810 and $52,653.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Otero County, NM colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 6 - 11

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

21.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Otero County, NM (13.2k out of 61.7k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 6 - 11, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    9,258 ± 821

  2. Hispanic

    7,074 ± 701

  3. Other

    1,477 ± 355

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Otero County, NM is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

23.7k

2017 Value

± 1,246

3.72%

1 Year growth

± 7.12%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Otero County, NM grew at a rate of 3.72%, from 22.9k employees to 23.7k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Otero County, NM, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,686 people), Sales & Related Occupations (2,210 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (1,891 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Otero County, NM.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Otero County, NM, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,686 people), Sales & Related Occupations (2,210 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (1,891 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Otero County, NM has an unusually high number of residents working as Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (2.25 times higher than expected), Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (1.56 times), and Healthcare Support Occupations (1.54 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Otero County, NM, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($72,813), Legal Occupations ($64,861), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($60,096).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

23.7k

2017 Value

± 1,246

3.72%

1 Year growth

± 7.12%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Otero County, NM grew at a rate of 3.72%, from 22.9k employees to 23.7k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Otero County, NM, are Health Care & Social Assistance (3,454 people), Public Administration (3,284 people), and Retail Trade (3,057 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Otero County, NM, though some of these residents may live in Otero County, NM and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Otero County, NM, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (3,454 people), Public Administration (3,284 people), and Retail Trade (3,057 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Otero County, NM has an unusually high number of Public Administration (2.97 times higher than expected), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (1.92 times), and Utilities (1.75 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Otero County, NM, by median earnings, are Utilities ($63,750), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($60,375), and Public Administration ($44,274).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from New Mexico to other states, or from other states to New Mexico.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $12.9B

  2. $12.8B

  3. $7.72B

In 2015, the top outbound New Mexico product (by dollars) was Coal-n.e.c. with $12.9B, followed by Crude petroleum with $12.8B and Electronics and $7.72B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound New Mexico products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for New Mexico state.

$69.2B

2015 Value

$110B

Projected 2045 Value

59.8% growth

In 2015, total outbound New Mexico trade was $69.2B. This is expected to increase 59.8% to $110B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound New Mexico trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from New Mexico to other states, or from other states to New Mexico.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $9.94B

  2. $8.59B

  3. $5.67B

In 2015, the top outbound New Mexico domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Texas with $9.94B, followed by Arizona with $8.59B and Oregon and $5.67B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that New Mexico shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

88.1% of the population of Otero County, NM has health coverage, with 22.4% on employee plans, 28.2% on Medicaid, 9.24% on Medicare, 17.8% on non-group plans, and 10.5% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Otero County, NM was $7,214 in 2014. This is a 5.16% increase from the previous year ($6,860).

Primary care physicians in Otero County, NM see 2145 patients per year on average, which represents a 12.1% increase from the previous year (1914 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2423 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 396 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Cibola County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (13.7%). Additionally, McKinley County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (35.1%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2,145 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Otero County, NM see an average of 2,145 patients per year. This represents a 12.1% increase from the previous year (1,914 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Otero County, NM in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.

$7,214

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,155

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,445

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,663

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in New Mexico (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.16%, from $6,860 to $7,214.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

11.9%

Uninsured

22.4%

Employer Coverage

28.2%

Medicaid

9.24%

Medicare

17.8%

Non-Group

10.5%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Otero County, NM declined by 14.8% from 14% to 11.9%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Otero County, NM changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 13.7% prevalence

  2. 13.3% prevalence

  3. 10.9% prevalence

Cibola County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in New Mexico, at 13.7%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in New Mexico by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Otero County, NM is home to a population of 65.1k people, from which 91.5% are citizens. As of 2017, 12.1% of Otero County, NM residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Otero County, NM is composed of 32.4k White Alone residents (49.8%), 24.4k Hispanic or Latino residents (37.5%), 4.03k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (6.18%), 2.02k Black or African American Alone residents (3.09%), 1.38k Two or More Races residents (2.12%), 759 Asian Alone residents (1.17%), 75 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.115%), and 28 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.043%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Otero County, NM are Spanish or Spanish Creole (13,012 speakers), German (1,635 speakers), and Other Native North American Languages (1,020 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

34

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.5

41

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 3

In 2017, the median age of all people in Otero County, NM was 35.6. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 34, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 41. But people in Otero County, NM are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Otero County, NM residents was 36.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

12.1%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

12%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 12.1% of Otero County, NM residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Otero County, NM was 12%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Otero County, NM compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    145,710 ± 9,038 people

  2. Germany

    5,026 ± 1,738 people

  3. Philippines

    3,772 ± 1,506 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Otero County, NM was Mexico, the natal country of 145,710 Otero County, NM residents, followed by Germany with 5,026 and Philippines with 3,772.

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Citizenship

91.5%

2017 Citizenship

91.8%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 91.5% of Otero County, NM residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Otero County, NM was 91.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Otero County, NM compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    32.4k ± 66

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    24.4k ± 1.52k

  3. American Indian & Alaska Native Alone

    4.03k ± 169

In 2017, there were 1.33 times more White Alone residents (32.4k people) in Otero County, NM than any other race or ethnicity. There were 24.4k Hispanic or Latino and 4.03k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Otero County, NM as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    13,012 speakers (21.5%)

  2. German

    1,635 speakers (2.7%)

  3. Other Native North American Languages

    1,020 speakers (1.68%)

27.6% of Otero County, NM citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Otero County, NM was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 21.5% of the overall population of Otero County, NM are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 2.7% speak German and 1.68% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    2,623 ± 294

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,794 ± 328

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,331 ± 243

Otero County, NM has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.46 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Otero County, NM awarded 727 degrees. The student population of Otero County, NM is skewed towards women, with 710 male students and 1,977 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Otero County, NM are Hispanic or Latino (264 and 36.7%), followed by White (257 and 35.7%), Black or African American (106 and 14.7%), and Unknown (52 and 7.23%).

The largest universities in Otero County, NM by number of degrees awarded are Olympian Academy of Cosmetology (531 and 73%) and New Mexico State University-Alamogordo (196 and 27%).

The most popular majors in Otero County, NM are General Cosmetology (350 and 48.1%), General Studies (89 and 12.2%), and Nail Specialist & Manicurist (71 and 9.77%).

The median tuition costs in Otero County, NM are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 350 degrees awarded

  2. 28 degrees awarded

  3. 5 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for 1 to 2 Year Postsecondary Certificate recipients in Otero County, NM was General Cosmetology with 350 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a 1 to 2 Year Postsecondary Certificate from schools in Otero County, NM according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 531 degrees awarded

  2. 196 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Otero County, NM institution with the largest number of graduating students was Olympian Academy of Cosmetology with 531 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

136

Degrees Awarded to Men

591

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 136 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Otero County, NM, which is 0.23 times less than the 591 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Otero County, NM by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    264 degrees awarded

  2. White

    257 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    106 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Otero County, NM were to Hispanic or Latino students. These 264 degrees mean that there were 1.03 times more Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 257 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Otero County, NM was $106,300 in 2017, which is 0.489 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $105,000 to $106,300, a 1.24% increase. The homeownership rate in Otero County, NM is 64.1%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Otero County, NM have an average commute time of 17.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Otero County, NM is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$43,533

Median Household Income

± $1,693

23.7k

Number of Households

± 1,117

In 2017, the median household income of the 23.7k households in Otero County, NM grew to $43,533 from the previous year's value of $41,502.

The following chart displays the households in Otero County, NM distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$106,300

2017 Median

± $5,473

$105,000

2016 Median

± $6,911

In 2017, the median property value in Otero County, NM grew to to $106,300 from the previous year's value of $105,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Otero County, NM compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Otero County, NM the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Otero County, NM distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Otero County, NM the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

64.1%

2017 Homeownership

64.2%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 64.1% of the housing units in Otero County, NM were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 64.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Otero County, NM compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Otero County, NM distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Otero County, NM have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

17.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Otero County, NM have a shorter commute time (17.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.4% of the workforce in Otero County, NM have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Otero County, NM compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    78.5%

  2. Carpooled

    13.4%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.1%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Otero County, NM was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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