Sierra County, NM

County

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2020 Population
10,988
0.39% 1-year decline
US Senator
Martin Heinrich
Democratic Party
US Senator
Ben Ray Luján
Democratic Party
2020 Median Age
55.9
0.359% 1-year increase
2020 Poverty Rate
23.9%
10.4% 1-year decrease
2020 Median Household Income
$33,873
13.8% 1-year growth
2020 Median Property Value
$120,100
2.3% 1-year growth
2020 Employed Population
3,518
2.81% 1-year growth

About

In 2020, Sierra County, NM had a population of 11k people with a median age of 55.9 and a median household income of $33,873. Between 2019 and 2020 the population of Sierra County, NM declined from 11,031 to 10,988, a −0.39% decrease and its median household income grew from $29,755 to $33,873, a 13.8% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Sierra County, NM are White (Non-Hispanic) (62.5%), White (Hispanic) (23.7%), Two+ (Hispanic) (3.63%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (2.69%), and Other (Hispanic) (2.34%).

None of the households in Sierra County, NM reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

97.5% of the residents in Sierra County, NM are U.S. citizens.

In 2020, the median property value in Sierra County, NM was $120,100, and the homeownership rate was 73.3%. Most people in Sierra County, NM drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 15.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Sierra County, NM was 2 cars per household.

Diversity

Sierra County, NM is home to a population of 11k people, from which 97.5% are citizens. As of 2020, 4.28% of Sierra County, NM residents were born outside of the country (470 people).

In 2020, there were 2.64 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (6.87k people) in Sierra County, NM than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.6k White (Hispanic) and 399 Two+ (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Sierra County, NM
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    6.87k ± 186
  2. White (Hispanic)
    2.6k ± 316
  3. Two+ (Hispanic)
    399 ± 291
31.1%
Hispanic Population
3.42k people

In 2020, there were 2.64 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (6.87k people) in Sierra County, NM than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.6k White (Hispanic) and 399 Two+ (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

31.1% of the people in Sierra County, NM are hispanic (3.42k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Sierra County, NM as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

4.28%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
470 people
4.53%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
500 people

As of 2020, 4.28% of Sierra County, NM residents (470 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.5%. In 2019, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Sierra County, NM was 4.53%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Sierra County, NM compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

57
Median Native-Born Age
± 1.5
52
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 3.8

In 2020, the median age of all people in Sierra County, NM was 55.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 57, were generally older than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 52. But people in Sierra County, NM are getting getting older. In 2019, the average age of all Sierra County, NM residents was 56.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for New Mexico.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    131,978 ± 8,634 people
  2. Philippines
    5,612 ± 1,837 people
  3. Germany
    4,972 ± 1,729 people

In 2020, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of New Mexico was Mexico, the natal country of 131,978 New Mexico residents, followed by Philippines with 5,612 and Germany with 4,972.

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Citizenship

97.5%
2020 Citizenship
97.1%
2019 Citizenship

As of 2020, 97.5% of Sierra County, NM residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2019, the percentage of US citizens in Sierra County, NM was 97.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Sierra County, NM compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    796 ± 169
  2. Gulf War (1990s)
    150 ± 88
  3. Korea
    124 ± 81

Sierra County, NM has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 5.31 times greater than any other conflict.

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COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for New Mexico. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in New Mexico, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in New Mexico (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in New Mexico. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in New Mexico.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of New Mexico across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

Median household income in Sierra County, NM is $33,873. In 2020, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Sierra County, NM was Census Tract 9624.01 with a value of $44,500, followed by Census Tract 9624.02 and Census Tract 9623, with respective values of $44,413 and $35,625.

Males in New Mexico have an average income that is 1.29 times higher than the average income of females, which is $46,133. The income inequality in New Mexico (measured using the Gini index) is 0.461, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Sierra County, NM employs 3.52k people. The largest industries in Sierra County, NM are Health Care & Social Assistance (737 people), Educational Services (613 people), and Retail Trade (452 people), and the highest paying industries are Accommodation & Food Services ($70,219), Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services ($43,393), and Public Administration ($38,194).

Wages

Median Household Income

$33,873
2020 value
± $5,975
13.8%
1 Year Growth
± 17.3%

Households in Sierra County, NM have a median annual income of $33,873, which is less than the median annual income of $64,994 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $29,755 in 2019, which represents a 13.8% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Sierra County, NM compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Sex in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for New Mexico.
$59,488
Average Male Salary in New Mexico
± $2,233
$46,133
Average Female Salary in New Mexico
± $1,828

In 2020, full-time male employees in New Mexico made 1.29 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the sex-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in New Mexico by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for New Mexico.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in New Mexico
  1. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander
    $64,587 ± $76,107
  2. Asian
    $56,173 ± $11,289
  3. White
    $48,102 ± $1,594

In 2020 the highest paid race/ethnicity of New Mexico workers was Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander. These workers were paid 1.15 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in New Mexico.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in New Mexico by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Sierra County, NM is from New Mexico.
0.461
2020 Wage GINI in New Mexico
0.462
2019 Wage GINI in New Mexico

In 2020, the income inequality in New Mexico was 0.461 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.2% decline from 2019 to 2020, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for New Mexico was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in New Mexico in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in New Mexico across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 9624.01
  2. Census Tract 9624.02
  3. Census Tract 9623

In 2020, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Sierra County, NM was Census Tract 9624.01 with a value of $44,500, followed by Census Tract 9624.02 and Census Tract 9623, with respective values of $44,413 and $35,625.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Sierra County, NM colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Sex

Males 55 - 64
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

23.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Sierra County, NM (2.54k out of 10.7k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.8%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 55 - 64, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Females 65 - 74.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    2,127 ± 330
  2. Hispanic
    807 ± 239
  3. Native American
    283 ± 162

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Sierra County, NM is White, followed by Hispanic and Native American.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

3.52k
2020 Value
± 475
2.81%
1 Year growth
± 17.3%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Sierra County, NM grew at a rate of 2.81%, from 3.42k employees to 3.52k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Sierra County, NM, are Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (508 people), Management Occupations (485 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (383 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Sierra County, NM.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Sierra County, NM, by number of employees, are Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (508 people), Management Occupations (485 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (383 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Sierra County, NM has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (4.2 times higher than expected), Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (2.36 times), and Personal Care & Service Occupations (1.55 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Sierra County, NM, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($97,888), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($82,344), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($65,063).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

3.52k
2020 Value
± 475
2.81%
1 Year growth
± 17.3%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Sierra County, NM grew at a rate of 2.81%, from 3.42k employees to 3.52k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Sierra County, NM, are Health Care & Social Assistance (737 people), Educational Services (613 people), and Retail Trade (452 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Sierra County, NM, though some of these residents may live in Sierra County, NM and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Sierra County, NM, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (737 people), Educational Services (613 people), and Retail Trade (452 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Sierra County, NM has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (4.54 times higher than expected), Educational Services (1.87 times), and Health Care & Social Assistance (1.5 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Sierra County, NM, by median earnings, are Accommodation & Food Services ($70,219), Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services ($43,393), and Public Administration ($38,194).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from New Mexico to other states, or from other states to New Mexico.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $14.6B
  2. $8.89B
  3. $8.24B

In 2020, the top outbound New Mexico product (by dollars) was Electronics with $14.6B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. ($8.89B) and Crude petroleum ($8.24B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound New Mexico products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for New Mexico.
$68.4B
2020 Value in New Mexico
$117B
Projected 2050 Value in New Mexico
71.8% growth

In 2020, total outbound New Mexico trade was $68.4B. This is expected to increase 71.8% to $117B by 2050.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound New Mexico trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from New Mexico to other states, or from other states to New Mexico.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $19.7B
  2. $5.99B
  3. $3.03B

In 2020, the top outbound New Mexico domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Texas with $19.7B, followed by Arizona with $5.99B and Louisiana and $3.03B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that New Mexico shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Sierra County, NM went to Donald J. Trump with 59.6% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (38.1%), followed by Other (1.21%). The most partisan county was Lea County, NM with 79% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

Martin Heinrich and Ben Ray Luján are the senators currently representing the state of New Mexico. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

New Mexico is currently represented by 3 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of New Mexico.
Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for Sierra County, NM
59.6% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in New Mexico
  1. 79% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 77.6% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 76.4% for Joseph R Biden Jr. (Democratic Party)

In the 2020 presidential election, the most partisan county in New Mexico was Lea County, NM with 79% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in New Mexico colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from New Mexico

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.
Martin Heinrich
Senator from New Mexico1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013
Ben Ray Luján
Senator from New Mexico2
Assumed office on January 3, 2021

Martin Heinrich and Ben Ray Luján are the senators currently representing New Mexico.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in New Mexico over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from New Mexico

New Mexico is currently represented by 3 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for New Mexico have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Sierra County, NM was $120,100 in 2020, which is 0.523 times smaller than the national average of $229,800. Between 2019 and 2020 the median property value increased from $117,400 to $120,100, a 2.3% increase. The homeownership rate in Sierra County, NM is 73.3%, which is higher than the national average of 64.4%. People in Sierra County, NM have an average commute time of 15.5 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Sierra County, NM is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$120,100
2020 Median
± $11,766
$117,400
2019 Median
± $11,164

In 2020, the median property value in Sierra County, NM grew to to $120,100 from the previous year's value of $117,400.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Sierra County, NM compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Sierra County, NM the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$33,873
Median Household Income
± $5,975
5.4k
Number of Households
± 536

In 2020, the median household income of the 5.4k households in Sierra County, NM grew to $33,873 from the previous year's value of $29,755.

The following chart displays the households in Sierra County, NM distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Sierra County, NM distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Sierra County, NM the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

73.3%
2020 Homeownership
73.9%
2019 Homeownership

In 2020, 73.3% of the housing units in Sierra County, NM were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 73.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 64.4%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Sierra County, NM compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

15.5 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Sierra County, NM have a shorter commute time (15.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.9 minutes). Additionally, 2.86% of the workforce in Sierra County, NM have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Sierra County, NM compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2020
  1. Drove Alone (76%)
  2. Worked At Home (6.73%)
  3. Carpooled (5.61%)

In 2020, 76% of workers in Sierra County, NM drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (6.73%) and those who carpooled to work (5.61%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Sierra County, NM distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Sierra County, NM have 2 cars, followed by false.

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Health

95.6% of the population of Sierra County, NM has health coverage, with 20.2% on employee plans, 32.5% on Medicaid, 21.4% on Medicare, 19.1% on non-group plans, and 2.3% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in New Mexico was $7,214 in 2014. This is a 5.16% increase from the previous year ($6,860).

Primary care physicians in Sierra County, NM see 2194 patients per year on average, which represents a 21.1% decrease from the previous year (2779 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1349 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 469 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, De Baca County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (20.3%). Additionally, Guadalupe County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2,194 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Sierra County, NM

Primary care physicians in Sierra County, NM see an average of 2,194 patients per year. This represents a 21.1% decrease from the previous year (2,779 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Sierra County, NM in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.
$7,214
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in New Mexico
$4,155
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$5,445
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$8,663
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in New Mexico (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.16%, from $6,860 to $7,214.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

4.42%
Uninsured
20.2%
Employer Coverage
32.5%
Medicaid
21.4%
Medicare
19.1%
Non-Group
2.3%
Military or VA

Between 2019 and 2020, the percent of uninsured citizens in Sierra County, NM declined by 16.5% from 5.29% to 4.42%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Sierra County, NM changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 20.3% prevalence
  2. 19.4% prevalence
  3. 15% prevalence

De Baca County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in New Mexico, at 20.3%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in New Mexico by county over multiple years.

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