Montana

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Population

1.05M

0.765% growth

Median Age

40


Median Household Income

$53,386

6.71% growth

Poverty Rate

14.4%


Number of Employees

481,411

3.94% growth

Median Property Value

$231,300

6.49% growth

About

In 2017, Montana had a population of 1.05M people with a median age of 40 and a median household income of $53,386. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Montana grew from 1.04M to 1.05M, a 0.765% increase and its median household income grew from $50,027 to $53,386, a 6.71% increase.

The population of Montana is 86.3% White Alone, 5.91% American Indian & Alaska Native Alone, and 3.71% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Montana speak a non-English language, and 99% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Montana are The University of Montana (3,194 degrees awarded in 2016), Montana State University (3,005 degrees), and Montana State University-Billings (981 degrees).

The median property value in Montana is $231,300, and the homeownership rate is 69.2%. Most people in Montana commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 16.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Montana is 2 cars per household.

Montana borders Idaho, South Dakota, North Dakota, and Wyoming.

Economy

The economy of Montana employs 481k people. The largest industries in Montana are Construction (34,401 people), Restaurants & Food Services (31,822 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (29,416 people), and the highest paying industries are Computer Systems Design ($119,672), Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($118,318), and Offices of physicians ($111,213).

Median household income in Montana is $53,386. Males in Montana have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $41,663. The income inequality in Montana (measured using the Gini index) is 0.458, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$53,386

2017 value

± $1,427

6.71%

1 Year Growth

± 3.24%

Households in Montana have a median annual income of $53,386, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $50,027 in 2016, which represents a 6.71% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Montana compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$56,965

Average Male Salary

± $2,970

$41,663

Average Female Salary

± $2,065

In 2017, full-time male employees in Montana made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Montana by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $43,685 ± $1,761

  2. Other

    $35,502 ± $11,649

  3. Asian

    $35,474 ± $15,232

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Montana workers was White. These workers were paid 1.23 times more than Other workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Montana by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.458

2017 Wage GINI

0.466

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Montana was 0.458 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.86% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Montana was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Montana in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Montana across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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In 2017, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Montana was Gallatin County, MT with a value of $60,901, followed by Lewis and Clark County, MT and Flathead County, MT, with respective values of $60,404 and $59,735.

The following map shows all of the counties in Montana colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

14.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Montana (144k out of 1M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    112,761 ± 2,210

  2. Native American

    22,921 ± 815

  3. Hispanic

    7,352 ± 573

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Montana is White, followed by Native American and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

481k

2017 Value

3.94%

1 Year growth

± 3.94%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Montana grew at a rate of 3.94%, from 463k employees to 481k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Montana, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (14,773 people), Miscellaneous managers (14,061 people), and Secretaries & administrative assistants (12,777 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Montana.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Montana, by number of employees, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (14,773 people), Miscellaneous managers (14,061 people), and Secretaries & administrative assistants (12,777 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Montana has an unusually high number of residents working as Miscellaneous plant & system operators (7.74 times higher than expected), Locomotive engineers & operators (7.67 times), and Fence erectors (6.58 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Montana, by average salary, are Personal financial advisors ($260,467), Software developers, applications & systems software ($230,725), and Physicians & surgeons ($216,792).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

481k

2017 Value

3.94%

1 Year growth

± 3.94%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Montana grew at a rate of 3.94%, from 463k employees to 481k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Montana, are Construction (34,401 people), Restaurants & Food Services (31,822 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (29,416 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Montana, though some of these residents may live in Montana and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Montana, by number of employees, are Construction (34,401 people), Restaurants & Food Services (31,822 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (29,416 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Montana has an unusually high number of Forestry except logging (20.6 times higher than expected), Metal ore mining (17.6 times), and Textile product mills, except carpets & rugs (6.66 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Montana, by average salary, are Computer Systems Design ($119,672), Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($118,318), and Offices of physicians ($111,213).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from false to other states, or from other states to false.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $6.47B

  2. $6.17B

  3. $5.98B

In 2015, the top outbound false product (by dollars) was Gasoline with $6.47B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. with $6.17B and Fuel oils and $5.98B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound false products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

$44.7B

2015 Value

$53.9B

Projected 2045 Value

20.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound false trade was $44.7B. This is expected to increase 20.7% to $53.9B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound false trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from false to other states, or from other states to false.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $4.59B

  2. $2.98B

  3. $2.88B

In 2015, the top outbound false domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was North Dakota with $4.59B, followed by Wyoming with $2.98B and Idaho and $2.88B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that false shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

91.5% of the population of Montana has health coverage, with 42.1% on employee plans, 17.1% on Medicaid, 13.1% on Medicare, 16.4% on non-group plans, and 2.85% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the state of Montana was $8,221 in 2014. This is a 2.84% increase from the previous year ($7,994).

Primary care physicians in Montana see 1308 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.305% decrease from the previous year (1312 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1416 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 378 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Glacier County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (14.8%). Additionally, Big Horn County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (37.9%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1308 to 1

Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians in Montana see an average of 1308 patients per year. This represents a 0.305% decrease from the previous year (1312 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Montana in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

$8,221

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,882

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,378

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,238

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Montana (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 2.84%, from $7,994 to $8,221.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

8.46%

Uninsured

42.1%

Employer Coverage

17.1%

Medicaid

13.1%

Medicare

16.4%

Non-Group

2.85%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Montana grew by 4.26% from 8.12% to 8.46%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Montana changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 14.8% prevalence

  2. 13.4% prevalence

  3. 12.3% prevalence

Glacier County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Montana, at 14.8%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Montana by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Montana is home to a population of 1.05M people, from which 99% are citizens. As of 2017, 2.07% of Montana residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Montana is composed of 906k White Alone residents (86.3%), 62.1k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (5.91%), 38.9k Hispanic or Latino residents (3.71%), 29.9k Two or More Races residents (2.85%), 7.18k Asian Alone residents (0.684%), 4.38k Black or African American Alone residents (0.417%), 1.15k Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.109%), and 589 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0561%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Montana are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

40

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

46

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 3.9

In 2017, the median age of all people in Montana was 40. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 40, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 46. But people in Montana are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Montana residents was 40.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.07%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

2.01%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 2.07% of Montana residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Montana was 2.01%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Montana compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    5,326 ± 1,787 people

  2. Canada

    3,298 ± 1,408 people

  3. Philippines

    2,654 ± 1,263 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Montana was Mexico, the natal country of 5,326 Montana residents, followed by Canada with 3,298 and Philippines with 2,654.

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Citizenship

99%

2017 Citizenship

99%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99% of Montana residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Montana was 99%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Montana compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    906k ± 1.15k

  2. American Indian & Alaska Native Alone

    62.1k ± 3.01k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    38.9k ± 3.42k

In 2017, there were 14.6 times more White Alone residents (906k people) in Montana than any other race or ethnicity. There were 62.1k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone and 38.9k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Montana as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Montana citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.5%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Montana was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Montana are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    32,690 ± 1,994

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    17,199 ± 1,821

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    11,032 ± 1,650

Montana has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.9 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Montana awarded 11,538 degrees. The student population of Montana is skewed towards women, with 23,787 male students and 27,528 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Montana are White (9,206 and 82.2%), followed by American Indian or Alaska Native (657 and 5.87%), Unknown (467 and 4.17%), and Hispanic or Latino (348 and 3.11%).

The largest universities in Montana by number of degrees awarded are The University of Montana (3,194 and 27.7%), Montana State University (3,005 and 26%), and Montana State University-Billings (981 and 8.5%).

The most popular majors in Montana are General Studies (689 and 5.97%), Registered Nursing (667 and 5.78%), and General Business Administration & Management (471 and 4.08%).

The median tuition costs in Montana are $21,334 for private four year colleges, and $4,500 and $17,943 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 433 degrees awarded

  2. 407 degrees awarded

  3. 336 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Montana was Registered Nursing with 433 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Montana according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 3,194 degrees awarded

  2. 3,005 degrees awarded

  3. 981 degrees awarded

$4,500

Median In-State Public

$21,334

Median Private

In 2016, the Montana institution with the largest number of graduating students was The University of Montana with 3,194 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

5,016

Degrees Awarded to Men

6,522

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 5,016 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Montana, which is 0.769 times less than the 6,522 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Montana by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    9,206 degrees awarded

  2. American Indian or Alaska Native

    657 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    467 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Montana were to White students. These 9,206 degrees mean that there were 14 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, American Indian or Alaska Native, with 657 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Montana was $231,300 in 2017, which is 1.06 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $217,200 to $231,300, a 6.49% increase. The homeownership rate in Montana is 69.2%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Montana have an average commute time of 16.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Montana is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$53,386

Median Household Income

± $1,427

423k

Number of Households

± 9,475

In 2017, the median household income of the 423k households in Montana grew to $53,386 from the previous year's value of $50,027.

The following chart displays the households in Montana distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$231,300

2017 Median

± $3,808

$217,200

2016 Median

± $3,862

In 2017, the median property value in Montana grew to to $231,300 from the previous year's value of $217,200.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Montana compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Montana the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Montana distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Montana the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

69.2%

2017 Homeownership

68%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 69.2% of the housing units in Montana were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 68%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Montana compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Montana distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Montana have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

16.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Montana have a shorter commute time (16.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.66% of the workforce in Montana have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Montana compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    76.5%

  2. Carpooled

    8.92%

  3. Worked At Home

    6.54%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Montana was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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