Laurel County, KY

County

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2019 Population
60,357
0.294% 1-year growth
US Senator
Mitch McConnell
Republican Party
US Senator
Rand Paul
Republican Party
2019 Median Age
40
1.01% 1-year increase
2019 Poverty Rate
23.2%
1.93% 1-year decrease
2019 Median Household Income
$41,526
5.85% 1-year growth
2019 Median Property Value
$112,000
4.19% 1-year growth
2019 Employed Population
23,932
3% 1-year growth

About

In 2019, Laurel County, KY had a population of 60.4k people with a median age of 40 and a median household income of $41,526. Between 2018 and 2019 the population of Laurel County, KY grew from 60,180 to 60,357, a 0.294% increase and its median household income grew from $39,230 to $41,526, a 5.85% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Laurel County, KY are White (Non-Hispanic) (95.8%), White (Hispanic) (1.23%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (1.14%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (0.736%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (0.393%). 0% of the households in Laurel County, KY speak a non-English language at home as their primary language, and 99.8% of the residents in Laurel County, KY are U.S. citizens.

In 2019, the median property value in Laurel County, KY was $112,000, and the homeownership rate was 69.9%. Most people in Laurel County, KY drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 20 minutes. The average car ownership in Laurel County, KY was 2 cars per household.

COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Kentucky. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Kentucky, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Kentucky (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.
Start Year
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Kentucky. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Kentucky.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Kentucky across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Diversity

Laurel County, KY is home to a population of 60.4k people, from which 99.8% are citizens. As of 2019, 2.15% of Laurel County, KY residents were born outside of the country (1.3k people).

In 2019, there were 78.1 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (57.8k people) in Laurel County, KY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 740 White (Hispanic) and 688 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Laurel County, KY
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    57.8k ± 27
  2. White (Hispanic)
    740 ± 151
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    688 ± 221
1.56%
Hispanic Population
940 people

In 2019, there were 78.1 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (57.8k people) in Laurel County, KY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 740 White (Hispanic) and 688 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

1.56% of the people in Laurel County, KY are hispanic (940 people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Laurel County, KY as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.15%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
1.3k people
0.532%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
320 people

As of 2019, 2.15% of Laurel County, KY residents (1.3k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 34%. In 2018, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Laurel County, KY was 0.532%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Laurel County, KY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

40
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.5
49
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 7.3

In 2019, the median age of all people in Laurel County, KY was 40. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 40, were generally younger than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 49. But people in Laurel County, KY are getting getting older. In 2018, the average age of all Laurel County, KY residents was 40.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Kentucky.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    31,769 ± 4,360 people
  2. India
    12,409 ± 2,731 people
  3. Cuba
    11,319 ± 2,609 people

In 2019, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Kentucky was Mexico, the natal country of 31,769 Kentucky residents, followed by India with 12,409 and Cuba with 11,319.

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Citizenship

99.8%
2019 Citizenship
99.9%
2018 Citizenship

As of 2019, 99.8% of Laurel County, KY residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2018, the percentage of US citizens in Laurel County, KY was 99.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Laurel County, KY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    1,334 ± 275
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    476 ± 166
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    432 ± 156

Laurel County, KY has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.8 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

Median household income in Laurel County, KY is $41,526. In 2019, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Laurel County, KY was Census Tract 9711.01 with a value of $63,077, followed by Census Tract 9708 and Census Tract 9704, with respective values of $52,403 and $51,281.

Males in Kentucky have an average income that is 1.35 times higher than the average income of females, which is $44,437. The income inequality in Kentucky (measured using the Gini index) is 0.456, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Laurel County, KY employs 23.9k people. The largest industries in Laurel County, KY are Health Care & Social Assistance (3,635 people), Retail Trade (3,424 people), and Manufacturing (2,896 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($61,513), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($51,250), and Transportation & Warehousing ($42,989).

Wages

Median Household Income

$41,526
2019 value
± $2,220
5.85%
1 Year Growth
± 7.15%

Households in Laurel County, KY have a median annual income of $41,526, which is less than the median annual income of $65,712 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $39,230 in 2018, which represents a 5.85% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Laurel County, KY compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Kentucky.
$59,994
Average Male Salary in Kentucky
± $1,633
$44,437
Average Female Salary in Kentucky
± $1,156

In 2019, full-time male employees in Kentucky made 1.35 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Kentucky by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Kentucky.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Kentucky
  1. Asian
    $58,983 ± $10,861
  2. White
    $46,691 ± $986
  3. American Indian
    $38,377 ± $15,879

In 2019 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Kentucky workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.26 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Kentucky.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Kentucky by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Laurel County, KY is from Kentucky.
0.456
2019 Wage GINI in Kentucky
0.456
2018 Wage GINI in Kentucky

In 2019, the income inequality in Kentucky was 0.456 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.114% decline from 2018 to 2019, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Kentucky was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Kentucky in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Kentucky across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 9711.01
  2. Census Tract 9708
  3. Census Tract 9704

In 2019, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Laurel County, KY was Census Tract 9711.01 with a value of $63,077, followed by Census Tract 9708 and Census Tract 9704, with respective values of $52,403 and $51,281.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Laurel County, KY colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

23.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Laurel County, KY (13.8k out of 59.4k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.3%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 6 - 11 and then Females 55 - 64.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    13,103 ± 821
  2. Two Or More
    231 ± 172
  3. Native American
    215 ± 193

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Laurel County, KY is White, followed by Two Or More and Native American.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

23.9k
2019 Value
± 1,164
3%
1 Year growth
± 6.76%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Laurel County, KY grew at a rate of 3%, from 23.2k employees to 23.9k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Laurel County, KY, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,884 people), Production Occupations (2,233 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (2,138 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Laurel County, KY.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Laurel County, KY, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,884 people), Production Occupations (2,233 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (2,138 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Laurel County, KY has an unusually high number of residents working as Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.82 times higher than expected), Production Occupations (1.65 times), and Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (1.51 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Laurel County, KY, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($60,673), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($58,568), and Management Occupations ($53,216).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

23.9k
2019 Value
± 1,164
3%
1 Year growth
± 6.76%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Laurel County, KY grew at a rate of 3%, from 23.2k employees to 23.9k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Laurel County, KY, are Health Care & Social Assistance (3,635 people), Retail Trade (3,424 people), and Manufacturing (2,896 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Laurel County, KY, though some of these residents may live in Laurel County, KY and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Laurel County, KY, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (3,635 people), Retail Trade (3,424 people), and Manufacturing (2,896 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Laurel County, KY has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (1.81 times higher than expected), Transportation & Warehousing (1.46 times), and Utilities (1.38 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Laurel County, KY, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($61,513), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($51,250), and Transportation & Warehousing ($42,989).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Kentucky to other states, or from other states to Kentucky.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $85.2B
  2. $36.6B
  3. $29.3B

In 2018, the top outbound Kentucky product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $85.2B, followed by Electronics ($36.6B) and Machinery ($29.3B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Kentucky products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Kentucky.
$373B
2018 Value in Kentucky
$703B
Projected 2045 Value in Kentucky
88.6% growth

In 2018, total outbound Kentucky trade was $373B. This is expected to increase 88.6% to $703B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Kentucky trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Kentucky to other states, or from other states to Kentucky.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $27.8B
  2. $22.6B
  3. $21.2B

In 2018, the top outbound Kentucky domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $27.8B, followed by Indiana with $22.6B and California and $21.2B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Kentucky shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in Laurel County, KY went to Donald J. Trump with 82.9% of the vote. The runner-up was Hillary Rodham Clinton (13.9%), followed by Other (3.23%). The most partisan county was Leslie County, KY with 89.4% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

Mitch McConnell and Rand Paul are the senators currently representing the state of Kentucky. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Kentucky is currently represented by 6 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Kentucky.
Showing data up to the 2016 election. Updated election results are currently being processed, and will be released in the coming months.
Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for Laurel County, KY
82.9% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in Kentucky
  1. 89.4% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 88.9% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 88.6% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in Kentucky was Leslie County, KY with 89.4% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in Kentucky colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Kentucky

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.
Mitch McConnell
Senator from Kentucky2
Assumed office on January 3, 1985
Rand Paul
Senator from Kentucky3
Assumed office on January 3, 2011

Mitch McConnell and Rand Paul are the senators currently representing Kentucky.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Kentucky over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Kentucky

Kentucky is currently represented by 6 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Kentucky have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Laurel County, KY was $112,000 in 2019, which is 0.466 times smaller than the national average of $240,500. Between 2018 and 2019 the median property value increased from $107,500 to $112,000, a 4.19% increase. The homeownership rate in Laurel County, KY is 69.9%, which is higher than the national average of 64.1%. People in Laurel County, KY have an average commute time of 20 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Laurel County, KY is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$112,000
2019 Median
± $5,122
$107,500
2018 Median
± $4,037

In 2019, the median property value in Laurel County, KY grew to to $112,000 from the previous year's value of $107,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Laurel County, KY compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Laurel County, KY the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$41,526
Median Household Income
± $2,220
22.6k
Number of Households
± 1,010

In 2019, the median household income of the 22.6k households in Laurel County, KY grew to $41,526 from the previous year's value of $39,230.

The following chart displays the households in Laurel County, KY distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Laurel County, KY distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Laurel County, KY the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

69.9%
2019 Homeownership
69.7%
2018 Homeownership

In 2019, 69.9% of the housing units in Laurel County, KY were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 69.7%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 64.1%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Laurel County, KY compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

20 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Laurel County, KY have a shorter commute time (20 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 2.06% of the workforce in Laurel County, KY have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Laurel County, KY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2019
  1. Drove Alone (86.8%)
  2. Carpooled (8.57%)
  3. Worked At Home (2.69%)

In 2019, 86.8% of workers in Laurel County, KY drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (8.57%) and those who worked at home (2.69%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Laurel County, KY distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Laurel County, KY have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Health

93.5% of the population of Laurel County, KY has health coverage, with 36.5% on employee plans, 29.8% on Medicaid, 13.5% on Medicare, 11.6% on non-group plans, and 2.15% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Kentucky was $8,004 in 2014. This is a 6.11% increase from the previous year ($7,543).

Primary care physicians in Laurel County, KY see 2427 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.831% increase from the previous year (2407 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2534 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1600 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Knott County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (21%). Additionally, Owsley County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (46.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2,427 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Laurel County, KY

Primary care physicians in Laurel County, KY see an average of 2,427 patients per year. This represents a 0.831% increase from the previous year (2,407 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Laurel County, KY in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.
$8,004
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Kentucky
$4,551
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$7,016
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$10,368
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Kentucky (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 6.11%, from $7,543 to $8,004.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

6.47%
Uninsured
36.5%
Employer Coverage
29.8%
Medicaid
13.5%
Medicare
11.6%
Non-Group
2.15%
Military or VA

Between 2018 and 2019, the percent of uninsured citizens in Laurel County, KY grew by 7.28% from 6.03% to 6.47%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Laurel County, KY changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 21% prevalence
  2. 20.3% prevalence
  3. 20.2% prevalence

Knott County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Kentucky, at 21%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Kentucky by county over multiple years.

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