Knox County, KY

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Population

31,424

0.996% decline

Median Age

39.7


Median Household Income

$26,061

1.85% decline

Poverty Rate

34.7%


Number of Employees

9,321

0.193% growth

Median Property Value

$76,900

0.13% decline

About

In 2017, Knox County, KY had a population of 31.4k people with a median age of 39.7 and a median household income of $26,061. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Knox County, KY declined from 31,740 to 31,424, a -0.996% decrease and its median household income declined from $26,553 to $26,061, a -1.85% decrease.

The population of Knox County, KY is 96% White Alone, 1.23% Black or African American Alone, and 1.1% Hispanic or Latino. 0.862% of the people in Knox County, KY speak a non-English language, and 99.3% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Knox County, KY are Union College (313 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Knox County, KY is $76,900, and the homeownership rate is 63.3%. Most people in Knox County, KY commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 21.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Knox County, KY is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Knox County, KY employs 9.32k people. The largest industries in Knox County, KY are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,406 people), Retail Trade (1,331 people), and Educational Services (1,226 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($65,789), Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($54,375), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($43,295).

Median household income in Knox County, KY is $26,061. Males in Knox County, KY have an average income that is 1.36 times higher than the average income of females, which is $41,451. The income inequality in Knox County, KY (measured using the Gini index) is 0.457, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$26,061

2017 value

± $2,043

-1.85%

1 Year Growth

± 10.9%

Households in Knox County, KY have a median annual income of $26,061, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $26,553 in 2016, which represents a -1.85% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Knox County, KY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Kentucky.

$56,557

Average Male Salary

± $1,518

$41,451

Average Female Salary

± $1,092

In 2017, full-time male employees in Knox County, KY made 1.36 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Knox County, KY by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Kentucky.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $55,164 ± $10,370

  2. White

    $43,856 ± $923

  3. American Indian

    $34,557 ± $13,648

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Knox County, KY workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.26 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Knox County, KY by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Knox County, KY is from Kentucky.

0.457

2017 Wage GINI

0.455

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Kentucky was 0.457 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.329% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Kentucky was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Kentucky in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Kentucky across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9305

  2. Census Tract 9306.02

  3. Census Tract 9306.01

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Knox County, KY was Census Tract 9305 with a value of $31,354, followed by Census Tract 9306.02 and Census Tract 9306.01, with respective values of $31,000 and $28,825.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Knox County, KY colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 45 - 54

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

34.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Knox County, KY (10.6k out of 30.5k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 45 - 54, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Males 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    10,433 ± 697

  2. Hispanic

    85 ± 135

  3. Black

    83 ± 149

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Knox County, KY is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

9.32k

2017 Value

± 724

0.193%

1 Year growth

± 10.7%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Knox County, KY grew at a rate of 0.193%, from 9.3k employees to 9.32k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Knox County, KY, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,345 people), Production Occupations (1,052 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (948 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Knox County, KY.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Knox County, KY, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,345 people), Production Occupations (1,052 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (948 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Knox County, KY has an unusually high number of residents working as Health Technologists & Technicians (1.97 times higher than expected), Production Occupations (1.95 times), and Transportation Occupations (1.51 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Knox County, KY, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($102,857), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($55,446), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($54,957).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

9.32k

2017 Value

± 724

0.193%

1 Year growth

± 10.7%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Knox County, KY grew at a rate of 0.193%, from 9.3k employees to 9.32k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Knox County, KY, are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,406 people), Retail Trade (1,331 people), and Educational Services (1,226 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Knox County, KY, though some of these residents may live in Knox County, KY and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Knox County, KY, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,406 people), Retail Trade (1,331 people), and Educational Services (1,226 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Knox County, KY has an unusually high number of Utilities (2.68 times higher than expected), Educational Services (1.42 times), and Retail Trade (1.25 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Knox County, KY, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($65,789), Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($54,375), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($43,295).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Kentucky to other states, or from other states to Kentucky.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $71.4B

  2. $17.1B

  3. $17.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Kentucky product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $71.4B, followed by Base metals with $17.1B and Gasoline and $17.1B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Kentucky products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Kentucky state.

$282B

2015 Value

$398B

Projected 2045 Value

41.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Kentucky trade was $282B. This is expected to increase 41.4% to $398B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Kentucky trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Kentucky to other states, or from other states to Kentucky.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $22.9B

  2. $19.1B

  3. $16.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Kentucky domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $22.9B, followed by Indiana with $19.1B and Tennessee and $16.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Kentucky shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

89.6% of the population of Knox County, KY has health coverage, with 25.3% on employee plans, 42.2% on Medicaid, 12.8% on Medicare, 7.66% on non-group plans, and 1.76% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Knox County, KY was $8,004 in 2014. This is a 6.11% increase from the previous year ($7,543).

Primary care physicians in Knox County, KY see 3966 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.226% decrease from the previous year (3975 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 3521 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 3961 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Harlan County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (18%). Additionally, Leslie County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (43.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

3,966 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Knox County, KY see an average of 3,966 patients per year. This represents a 0.226% decrease from the previous year (3,975 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Knox County, KY in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.

$8,004

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,551

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,016

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,368

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Kentucky (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 6.11%, from $7,543 to $8,004.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

10.4%

Uninsured

25.3%

Employer Coverage

42.2%

Medicaid

12.8%

Medicare

7.66%

Non-Group

1.76%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Knox County, KY declined by 18.6% from 12.8% to 10.4%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Knox County, KY changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 18% prevalence

  2. 17.9% prevalence

  3. 17.8% prevalence

Harlan County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Kentucky, at 18%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Kentucky by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Knox County, KY is home to a population of 31.4k people, from which 99.3% are citizens. As of 2017, 1.33% of Knox County, KY residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Knox County, KY is composed of 30.2k White Alone residents (96%), 387 Black or African American Alone residents (1.23%), 347 Hispanic or Latino residents (1.1%), 242 Two or More Races residents (0.77%), 159 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.506%), 122 Asian Alone residents (0.388%), 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Knox County, KY are Spanish or Spanish Creole (238 speakers), German (8 speakers), and Chinese (8 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

40

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.7

23

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 25.6

In 2017, the median age of all people in Knox County, KY was 39.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 40, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 23. But people in Knox County, KY are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Knox County, KY residents was 40.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.33%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

1.4%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 1.33% of Knox County, KY residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Knox County, KY was 1.4%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Knox County, KY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    32,622 ± 4,418 people

  2. India

    10,932 ± 2,564 people

  3. Cuba

    8,780 ± 2,298 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Knox County, KY was Mexico, the natal country of 32,622 Knox County, KY residents, followed by India with 10,932 and Cuba with 8,780.

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Citizenship

99.3%

2017 Citizenship

99.3%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.3% of Knox County, KY residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Knox County, KY was 99.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Knox County, KY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    30.2k ± 24

  2. Black or African American Alone

    387 ± 171

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    347 ± 86.7

In 2017, there were 78 times more White Alone residents (30.2k people) in Knox County, KY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 387 Black or African American Alone and 347 Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Knox County, KY as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    238 speakers (0.798%)

  2. German

    8 speakers (0.0268%)

  3. Chinese

    8 speakers (0.0268%)

0.862% of Knox County, KY citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Knox County, KY was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 0.798% of the overall population of Knox County, KY are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 0.0268% speak German and 0.0268% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    568 ± 137

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    279 ± 124

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    112 ± 76

Knox County, KY has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.04 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Knox County, KY awarded 313 degrees. The student population of Knox County, KY is skewed towards women, with 571 male students and 632 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Knox County, KY are White (282 and 92.5%), followed by Black or African American (9 and 2.95%), Two or More Races (7 and 2.3%), and Unknown (3 and 0.984%).

The largest universities in Knox County, KY by number of degrees awarded are Union College (313 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Knox County, KY are General Educational Leadership & Administration (48 and 15.3%), General Education (39 and 12.5%), and Teacher Education (33 and 10.5%).

The median tuition costs in Knox County, KY are $23,640 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Knox County, KY was General Business Administration & Management with 17 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Knox County, KY according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

313 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$23,640

Median Private

In 2016, the Knox County, KY institution with the largest number of graduating students was Union College with 313 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

122

Degrees Awarded to Men

191

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 122 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Knox County, KY, which is 0.639 times less than the 191 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Knox County, KY by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    282 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    9 degrees awarded

  3. Two or More Races

    7 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Knox County, KY were to White students. These 282 degrees mean that there were 31.3 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 9 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Knox County, KY was $76,900 in 2017, which is 0.353 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $77,000 to $76,900, a 0.13% decrease. The homeownership rate in Knox County, KY is 63.3%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Knox County, KY have an average commute time of 21.1 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Knox County, KY is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$26,061

Median Household Income

± $2,043

12.3k

Number of Households

± 833

In 2017, the median household income of the 12.3k households in Knox County, KY declined from $26,061 from the previous year's value of $26,553.

The following chart displays the households in Knox County, KY distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$76,900

2017 Median

± $4,725

$77,000

2016 Median

± $5,060

In 2017, the median property value in Knox County, KY declined from to $76,900 from the previous year's value of $77,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Knox County, KY compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Knox County, KY the largest share of households have a property value in the $125k - $150k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Knox County, KY distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Knox County, KY the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

63.3%

2017 Homeownership

65.4%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 63.3% of the housing units in Knox County, KY were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 65.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Knox County, KY compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Knox County, KY distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Knox County, KY have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

21.1 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Knox County, KY have a shorter commute time (21.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.91% of the workforce in Knox County, KY have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Knox County, KY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    85.3%

  2. Carpooled

    9.36%

  3. Walked

    2.18%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Knox County, KY was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Walked.

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