Lancaster County, PA

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Population

542,903

0.818% growth

Median Age

38.8


Median Household Income

$63,407

3.38% growth

Poverty Rate

10.4%


Number of Employees

275,020

2.03% growth

Median Property Value

$204,200

3.97% growth

About

In 2017, Lancaster County, PA had a population of 543k people with a median age of 38.8 and a median household income of $63,407. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Lancaster County, PA grew from 538,500 to 542,903, a 0.818% increase and its median household income grew from $61,335 to $63,407, a 3.38% increase.

The population of Lancaster County, PA is 81.9% White Alone, 10.5% Hispanic or Latino, and 3.41% Black or African American Alone. N/A% of the people in Lancaster County, PA speak a non-English language, and 97.6% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Lancaster County, PA are Millersville University of Pennsylvania (1,755 degrees awarded in 2016), Franklin and Marshall College (626 degrees), and Pennsylvania College of Health Sciences (554 degrees).

The median property value in Lancaster County, PA is $204,200, and the homeownership rate is 66.9%. Most people in Lancaster County, PA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 21.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Lancaster County, PA is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Lancaster County, PA employs 275k people. The largest industries in Lancaster County, PA are Manufacturing (43,118 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (38,715 people), and Retail Trade (36,833 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($81,241), Management of Companies & Enterprises ($77,780), and Public Administration ($55,631).

Median household income in Lancaster County, PA is $63,407. Males in Lancaster County, PA have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $51,375. The income inequality in Lancaster County, PA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.472, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$63,407

2017 value

± $1,840

3.38%

1 Year Growth

± 3.62%

Households in Lancaster County, PA have a median annual income of $63,407, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $61,335 in 2016, which represents a 3.38% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Lancaster County, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the county level, so we are showing data for the Pennsylvania.

$68,603

Average Male Salary

± $1,096

$51,375

Average Female Salary

± $811

In 2017, full-time male employees in Lancaster County, PA made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Lancaster County, PA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the county level, so we are showing data for the Pennsylvania.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $62,810 ± $3,954

  2. White

    $53,208 ± $684

  3. American Indian

    $47,436 ± $11,968

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Lancaster County, PA workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.18 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Lancaster County, PA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Lancaster County, PA is from Pennsylvania.

0.472

2017 Wage GINI

0.468

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Pennsylvania was 0.472 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.833% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Pennsylvania was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Pennsylvania in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Pennsylvania across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 119.01

  2. Census Tract 135.03

  3. Census Tract 118.01

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Lancaster County, PA was Census Tract 119.01 with a value of $145,810, followed by Census Tract 135.03 and Census Tract 118.01, with respective values of $95,886 and $94,656.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Lancaster County, PA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

10.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Lancaster County, PA (54.2k out of 523k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    40,919 ± 1,575

  2. Hispanic

    14,602 ± 910

  3. Black

    6,039 ± 606

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Lancaster County, PA is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

275k

2017 Value

± 8,330

2.03%

1 Year growth

± 4.19%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Lancaster County, PA grew at a rate of 2.03%, from 270k employees to 275k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Lancaster County, PA, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (14,573 people), Laborers & Material Movers, Hand (9,158 people), and Driver/Sales Workers & Truck Drivers (8,440 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Lancaster County, PA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Lancaster County, PA, by number of employees, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (14,573 people), Laborers & Material Movers, Hand (9,158 people), and Driver/Sales Workers & Truck Drivers (8,440 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Lancaster County, PA has an unusually high number of residents working as Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (4.86 times higher than expected), First-Line Supervisors of Landscaping, Lawn Service, & Groundskeeping Workers (3.25 times), and Printing Workers (2.59 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Lancaster County, PA, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($65,184), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($63,777), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($62,834).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

275k

2017 Value

± 8,330

2.03%

1 Year growth

± 4.19%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Lancaster County, PA grew at a rate of 2.03%, from 270k employees to 275k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Lancaster County, PA, are Manufacturing (43,118 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (38,715 people), and Retail Trade (36,833 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Lancaster County, PA, though some of these residents may live in Lancaster County, PA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Lancaster County, PA, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (43,118 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (38,715 people), and Retail Trade (36,833 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Lancaster County, PA has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (2.44 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (1.62 times), and Wholesale Trade (1.52 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Lancaster County, PA, by median earnings, are Utilities ($81,241), Management of Companies & Enterprises ($77,780), and Public Administration ($55,631).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $83B

  2. $50.6B

  3. $49.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $83B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. with $50.6B and Pharmaceuticals and $49.7B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Pennsylvania products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Pennsylvania state.

$618B

2015 Value

$954B

Projected 2045 Value

54.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Pennsylvania trade was $618B. This is expected to increase 54.4% to $954B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Pennsylvania trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $61B

  2. $57.7B

  3. $33.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New York with $61B, followed by New Jersey with $57.7B and Ohio and $33.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Pennsylvania shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

87% of the population of Lancaster County, PA has health coverage, with 47.6% on employee plans, 13.5% on Medicaid, 13.3% on Medicare, 11.9% on non-group plans, and 0.682% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Lancaster County, PA was $9,258 in 2014. This is a 4.29% increase from the previous year ($8,877).

Primary care physicians in Lancaster County, PA see 1355 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.35% increase from the previous year (1337 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1807 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 851 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16%). Additionally, Clearfield County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1355 to 1

Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians in Lancaster County, PA see an average of 1355 patients per year. This represents a 1.35% increase from the previous year (1337 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Lancaster County, PA in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

$9,258

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,634

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,407

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,243

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Pennsylvania (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.29%, from $8,877 to $9,258.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

13%

Uninsured

47.6%

Employer Coverage

13.5%

Medicaid

13.3%

Medicare

11.9%

Non-Group

0.682%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Lancaster County, PA grew by 19.6% from 10.9% to 13%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Lancaster County, PA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16% prevalence

  2. 13.4% prevalence

  3. 13.2% prevalence

Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania, at 16%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Lancaster County, PA is home to a population of 543k people, from which 97.6% are citizens. As of 2017, 4.83% of Lancaster County, PA residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Lancaster County, PA is composed of 444k White Alone residents (81.9%), 57.3k Hispanic or Latino residents (10.5%), 18.5k Black or African American Alone residents (3.41%), 12.5k Asian Alone residents (2.29%), 9.84k Two or More Races residents (1.81%), 226 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0416%), 169 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0311%), and 47 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.00866%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Lancaster County, PA are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

38

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

43

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.8

In 2017, the median age of all people in Lancaster County, PA was 38.8. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 38, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 43. But people in Lancaster County, PA are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Lancaster County, PA residents was 38.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

4.83%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

4.53%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 4.83% of Lancaster County, PA residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Lancaster County, PA was 4.53%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Lancaster County, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    87,349 ± 7,231 people

  2. Dominican Republic

    68,083 ± 6,389 people

  3. China

    58,224 ± 5,911 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Lancaster County, PA was India, the natal country of 87,349 Lancaster County, PA residents, followed by Dominican Republic with 68,083 and China with 58,224.

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Citizenship

97.6%

2017 Citizenship

98.1%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97.6% of Lancaster County, PA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Lancaster County, PA was 98.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Lancaster County, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    444k ± 239

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    57.3k ± 4.94k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    18.5k ± 1.81k

In 2017, there were 7.76 times more White Alone residents (444k people) in Lancaster County, PA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 57.3k Hispanic or Latino and 18.5k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Lancaster County, PA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Lancaster County, PA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.5%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Lancaster County, PA was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Lancaster County, PA are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    8,981 ± 1,333

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    3,994 ± 1,152

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    3,060 ± 970

Lancaster County, PA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.25 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Lancaster County, PA awarded 4,984 degrees. The student population of Lancaster County, PA is skewed towards women, with 7,723 male students and 10,495 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Lancaster County, PA are White (3,666 and 75.6%), followed by Black or African American (484 and 9.98%), Hispanic or Latino (350 and 7.21%), and Asian (128 and 2.64%).

The largest universities in Lancaster County, PA by number of degrees awarded are Millersville University of Pennsylvania (1,755 and 35.2%), Franklin and Marshall College (626 and 12.6%), and Pennsylvania College of Health Sciences (554 and 11.1%).

The most popular majors in Lancaster County, PA are General Business Administration & Management (423 and 8.49%), Registered Nursing (391 and 7.85%), and Biblical Studies (241 and 4.84%).

The median tuition costs in Lancaster County, PA are $25,040 for private four year colleges, and $8,970 and $18,096 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 377 degrees awarded

  2. 197 degrees awarded

  3. 177 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Lancaster County, PA was General Business Administration & Management with 377 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Lancaster County, PA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,755 degrees awarded

  2. 626 degrees awarded

  3. 554 degrees awarded

$8,970

Median In-State Public

$25,040

Median Private

In 2016, the Lancaster County, PA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Millersville University of Pennsylvania with 1,755 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,963

Degrees Awarded to Men

3,021

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 1,963 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Lancaster County, PA, which is 0.65 times less than the 3,021 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Lancaster County, PA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    3,666 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    484 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    350 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Lancaster County, PA were to White students. These 3,666 degrees mean that there were 7.57 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 484 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Lancaster County, PA was $204,200 in 2017, which is 0.938 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $196,400 to $204,200, a 3.97% increase. The homeownership rate in Lancaster County, PA is 66.9%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Lancaster County, PA have an average commute time of 21.3 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Lancaster County, PA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$63,407

Median Household Income

± $1,840

201k

Number of Households

± 7,000

In 2017, the median household income of the 201k households in Lancaster County, PA grew to $63,407 from the previous year's value of $61,335.

The following chart displays the households in Lancaster County, PA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$204,200

2017 Median

± $5,106

$196,400

2016 Median

± $3,393

In 2017, the median property value in Lancaster County, PA grew to to $204,200 from the previous year's value of $196,400.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Lancaster County, PA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Lancaster County, PA the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Lancaster County, PA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Lancaster County, PA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

66.9%

2017 Homeownership

67.6%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 66.9% of the housing units in Lancaster County, PA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 67.6%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Lancaster County, PA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Lancaster County, PA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Lancaster County, PA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

21.3 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Lancaster County, PA have a shorter commute time (21.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.61% of the workforce in Lancaster County, PA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Lancaster County, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    77.9%

  2. Carpooled

    10.3%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.99%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Lancaster County, PA was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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