Jefferson County, KY

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Population

771,158

0.759% growth

Median Age

38.1


Median Household Income

$55,044

5.87% growth

Poverty Rate

15%


Number of Employees

388,155

1.46% growth

Median Property Value

$174,400

6.02% growth

About

In 2017, Jefferson County, KY had a population of 771k people with a median age of 38.1 and a median household income of $55,044. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Jefferson County, KY grew from 765,352 to 771,158, a 0.759% increase and its median household income grew from $51,991 to $55,044, a 5.87% increase.

The population of Jefferson County, KY is 67.5% White Alone, 21.6% Black or African American Alone, and 5.35% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Jefferson County, KY speak a non-English language, and 95.8% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Jefferson County, KY are University of Louisville (4,873 degrees awarded in 2016), Jefferson Community and Technical College (3,581 degrees), and Sullivan University (1,321 degrees).

The median property value in Jefferson County, KY is $174,400, and the homeownership rate is 61.4%. Most people in Jefferson County, KY commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 21.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Jefferson County, KY is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Louisville, KY

Economy

The economy of Jefferson County, KY employs 388k people. The largest industries in Jefferson County, KY are Health Care & Social Assistance (54,183 people), Retail Trade (45,908 people), and Manufacturing (44,346 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($96,238), Utilities ($61,338), and Finance & Insurance ($55,715).

Median household income in Jefferson County, KY is $55,044. Males in Jefferson County, KY have an average income that is 1.35 times higher than the average income of females, which is $42,907. The income inequality in Jefferson County, KY (measured using the Gini index) is 0.459, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$55,044

2017 value

± $1,859

5.87%

1 Year Growth

± 4.08%

Households in Jefferson County, KY have a median annual income of $55,044, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $51,991 in 2016, which represents a 5.87% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Jefferson County, KY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the county level, so we are showing data for the Kentucky.

$57,962

Average Male Salary

± $1,619

$42,907

Average Female Salary

± $1,151

In 2017, full-time male employees in Jefferson County, KY made 1.35 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Jefferson County, KY by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the county level, so we are showing data for the Kentucky.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $49,238 ± $9,607

  2. White

    $45,249 ± $983

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $35,077 ± $12,316

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Jefferson County, KY workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.09 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Jefferson County, KY by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Jefferson County, KY is from Kentucky.

0.459

2017 Wage GINI

0.46

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Kentucky was 0.459 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.253% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Kentucky was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Kentucky in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Kentucky across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 103.16

  2. Census Tract 75.01

  3. Census Tract 103.13

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Jefferson County, KY was Census Tract 103.16 with a value of $140,156, followed by Census Tract 75.01 and Census Tract 103.13, with respective values of $126,507 and $124,495.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Jefferson County, KY colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

15% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Jefferson County, KY (112k out of 748k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    58,383 ± 1,741

  2. Black

    44,761 ± 1,568

  3. Hispanic

    8,737 ± 813

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Jefferson County, KY is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

388k

2017 Value

± 10,083

1.46%

1 Year growth

± 3.62%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Jefferson County, KY grew at a rate of 1.46%, from 383k employees to 388k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Jefferson County, KY, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (23,020 people), Laborers & Material Movers, Hand (14,355 people), and Material Recording, Scheduling, Dispatching, & Distributing Workers (12,855 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Jefferson County, KY.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Jefferson County, KY, by number of employees, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (23,020 people), Laborers & Material Movers, Hand (14,355 people), and Material Recording, Scheduling, Dispatching, & Distributing Workers (12,855 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Jefferson County, KY has an unusually high number of residents working as Assemblers & Fabricators (2.86 times higher than expected), Baggage Porters & Concierges, & Tour & Travel Guides (2.57 times), and Material Moving Workers Except Supervisors & Laborers & Material Movers, Hand (2.47 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Jefferson County, KY, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($85,228), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($77,347), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($72,143).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

388k

2017 Value

± 10,083

1.46%

1 Year growth

± 3.62%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Jefferson County, KY grew at a rate of 1.46%, from 383k employees to 388k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Jefferson County, KY, are Health Care & Social Assistance (54,183 people), Retail Trade (45,908 people), and Manufacturing (44,346 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Jefferson County, KY, though some of these residents may live in Jefferson County, KY and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Jefferson County, KY, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (54,183 people), Retail Trade (45,908 people), and Manufacturing (44,346 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Jefferson County, KY has an unusually high number of Transportation & Warehousing (1.59 times higher than expected), Management of Companies & Enterprises (1.51 times), and Finance & Insurance (1.32 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Jefferson County, KY, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($96,238), Utilities ($61,338), and Finance & Insurance ($55,715).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Kentucky to other states, or from other states to Kentucky.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $71.4B

  2. $17.1B

  3. $17.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Kentucky product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $71.4B, followed by Base metals with $17.1B and Gasoline and $17.1B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Kentucky products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Kentucky state.

$282B

2015 Value

$398B

Projected 2045 Value

41.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Kentucky trade was $282B. This is expected to increase 41.4% to $398B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Kentucky trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Kentucky to other states, or from other states to Kentucky.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $22.9B

  2. $19.1B

  3. $16.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Kentucky domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $22.9B, followed by Indiana with $19.1B and Tennessee and $16.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Kentucky shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

94.8% of the population of Jefferson County, KY has health coverage, with 50.9% on employee plans, 20.5% on Medicaid, 10.9% on Medicare, 11% on non-group plans, and 1.56% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Jefferson County, KY was $8,004 in 2014. This is a 6.11% increase from the previous year ($7,543).

Primary care physicians in Jefferson County, KY see 1043 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.51% decrease from the previous year (1059 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 980 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 361 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Harlan County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (18%). Additionally, Leslie County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (43.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1043 to 1

Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians in Jefferson County, KY see an average of 1043 patients per year. This represents a 1.51% decrease from the previous year (1059 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Jefferson County, KY in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.

$8,004

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,551

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,016

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,368

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Kentucky (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 6.11%, from $7,543 to $8,004.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

5.16%

Uninsured

50.9%

Employer Coverage

20.5%

Medicaid

10.9%

Medicare

11%

Non-Group

1.56%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Jefferson County, KY grew by 19.4% from 4.32% to 5.16%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Jefferson County, KY changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 18% prevalence

  2. 17.9% prevalence

  3. 17.8% prevalence

Harlan County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Kentucky, at 18%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Kentucky by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Jefferson County, KY is home to a population of 771k people, from which 95.8% are citizens. As of 2017, 7.04% of Jefferson County, KY residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Jefferson County, KY is composed of 521k White Alone residents (67.5%), 167k Black or African American Alone residents (21.6%), 41.2k Hispanic or Latino residents (5.35%), 23.2k Asian Alone residents (3%), 15.8k Two or More Races residents (2.05%), 2.61k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.338%), 891 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.116%), and 338 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0438%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Jefferson County, KY are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

38

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

38

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.4

In 2017, the median age of all people in Jefferson County, KY was 38.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 38, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 38. But people in Jefferson County, KY are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Jefferson County, KY residents was 38.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

7.04%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

6.85%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 7.04% of Jefferson County, KY residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Jefferson County, KY was 6.85%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Jefferson County, KY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    32,077 ± 4,381 people

  2. India

    11,453 ± 2,624 people

  3. Cuba

    10,669 ± 2,533 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Jefferson County, KY was Mexico, the natal country of 32,077 Jefferson County, KY residents, followed by India with 11,453 and Cuba with 10,669.

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Citizenship

95.8%

2017 Citizenship

96.1%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 95.8% of Jefferson County, KY residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Jefferson County, KY was 96.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Jefferson County, KY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    521k ± 649

  2. Black or African American Alone

    167k ± 2.74k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    41.2k ± 4.51k

In 2017, there were 3.13 times more White Alone residents (521k people) in Jefferson County, KY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 167k Black or African American Alone and 41.2k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Jefferson County, KY as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Jefferson County, KY citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.5%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Jefferson County, KY was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Jefferson County, KY are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    15,386 ± 1,431

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    6,804 ± 1,435

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    6,149 ± 966

Jefferson County, KY has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.26 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Jefferson County, KY awarded 13,865 degrees. The student population of Jefferson County, KY is skewed towards women, with 23,021 male students and 28,233 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Jefferson County, KY are White (9,689 and 72%), followed by Black or African American (1,918 and 14.3%), Asian (495 and 3.68%), and Two or More Races (450 and 3.34%).

The largest universities in Jefferson County, KY by number of degrees awarded are University of Louisville (4,873 and 35.1%), Jefferson Community and Technical College (3,581 and 25.8%), and Sullivan University (1,321 and 9.53%).

The most popular majors in Jefferson County, KY are Registered Nursing (956 and 6.9%), Liberal Arts & Sciences (947 and 6.83%), and General Business Administration & Management (690 and 4.98%).

The median tuition costs in Jefferson County, KY are $20,857 for private four year colleges, and $11,068 and $26,090 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 488 degrees awarded

  2. 310 degrees awarded

  3. 266 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Jefferson County, KY was Registered Nursing with 488 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Jefferson County, KY according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 4,873 degrees awarded

  2. 3,581 degrees awarded

  3. 1,321 degrees awarded

$11,068

Median In-State Public

$20,857

Median Private

In 2016, the Jefferson County, KY institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Louisville with 4,873 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

5,987

Degrees Awarded to Men

7,878

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 5,987 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Jefferson County, KY, which is 0.76 times less than the 7,878 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Jefferson County, KY by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    9,689 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    1,918 degrees awarded

  3. Asian

    495 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Jefferson County, KY were to White students. These 9,689 degrees mean that there were 5.05 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 1,918 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Jefferson County, KY was $174,400 in 2017, which is 0.801 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $164,500 to $174,400, a 6.02% increase. The homeownership rate in Jefferson County, KY is 61.4%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Jefferson County, KY have an average commute time of 21.3 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Jefferson County, KY is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$55,044

Median Household Income

± $1,859

313k

Number of Households

± 8,502

In 2017, the median household income of the 313k households in Jefferson County, KY grew to $55,044 from the previous year's value of $51,991.

The following chart displays the households in Jefferson County, KY distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$174,400

2017 Median

± $3,848

$164,500

2016 Median

± $3,529

In 2017, the median property value in Jefferson County, KY grew to to $174,400 from the previous year's value of $164,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Jefferson County, KY compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jefferson County, KY the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Jefferson County, KY distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jefferson County, KY the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

61.4%

2017 Homeownership

60.2%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 61.4% of the housing units in Jefferson County, KY were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 60.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Jefferson County, KY compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Jefferson County, KY distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Jefferson County, KY have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

21.3 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Jefferson County, KY have a shorter commute time (21.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.49% of the workforce in Jefferson County, KY have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Jefferson County, KY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    78.7%

  2. Carpooled

    9.17%

  3. Worked At Home

    5.36%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Jefferson County, KY was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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