Jefferson County, KY

County

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2021 Population
780,449
1.57% 1-year growth
US Senator
Mitch McConnell
Republican Party
US Senator
Rand Paul
Republican Party
2021 Median Age
38.4
0% 1-year change
2021 Poverty Rate
13.7%
0.154% 1-year increase
2021 Median Household Income
$61,633
5.91% 1-year growth
2021 Median Property Value
$190,700
7.07% 1-year growth
2021 Employed Population
390,859
1.41% 1-year growth

About

In 2021, Jefferson County, KY had a population of 780k people with a median age of 38.4 and a median household income of $61,633. Between 2020 and 2021 the population of Jefferson County, KY grew from 768,419 to 780,449, a 1.57% increase and its median household income grew from $58,196 to $61,633, a 5.91% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Jefferson County, KY are White (Non-Hispanic) (65.9%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (21.7%), White (Hispanic) (3.07%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (2.98%), and Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (2.93%).

None of the households in Jefferson County, KY reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

95.3% of the residents in Jefferson County, KY are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Jefferson County, KY are University of Louisville (5,454 degrees awarded in 2021), Jefferson Community and Technical College (4,956 degrees), and Galen College of Nursing-Louisville (156471) (1,006 degrees).

In 2021, the median property value in Jefferson County, KY was $190,700, and the homeownership rate was 61.6%.

Most people in Jefferson County, KY drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 22.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Jefferson County, KY was 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Louisville, KY

geosearchPopulation & Diversity

Jefferson County, KY is home to a population of 780k people, from which 95.3% are citizens. As of 2021, 8.5% of Jefferson County, KY residents were born outside of the country (66.3k people).

In 2021, there were 3.04 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (515k people) in Jefferson County, KY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 169k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 23.9k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

95.3%
2021 Citizenship
95.6%
2020 Citizenship

As of 2021, 95.3% of Jefferson County, KY residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2020, the percentage of US citizens in Jefferson County, KY was 95.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Jefferson County, KY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Jefferson County, KY
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    515k ± 1.03k
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    169k ± 1.67k
  3. White (Hispanic)
    23.9k ± 1.34k
6.01%
Hispanic Population
46.9k people

In 2021, there were 3.04 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (515k people) in Jefferson County, KY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 169k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 23.9k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

6.01% of the people in Jefferson County, KY are hispanic (46.9k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Jefferson County, KY as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Kentucky.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    29,505 ± 4,203 people
  2. Cuba
    14,201 ± 2,921 people
  3. India
    12,469 ± 2,738 people

In 2021, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Kentucky was Mexico, the natal country of 29,505 Kentucky residents, followed by Cuba with 14,201 and India with 12,469.

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Foreign-Born Population

8.5%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
66.3k people
8.05%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
61.9k people

As of 2021, 8.5% of Jefferson County, KY residents (66.3k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2020, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Jefferson County, KY was 8.05%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Jefferson County, KY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    14,141 ± 794
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    7,057 ± 845
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    7,049 ± 801

Jefferson County, KY has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2 times greater than any other conflict.

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briefcaseEconomy

The economy of Jefferson County, KY employs 391k people. The largest industries in Jefferson County, KY are Health Care & Social Assistance (55,559 people), Manufacturing (46,374 people), and Retail Trade (42,360 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($105,506), Utilities ($70,086), and Management of Companies & Enterprises ($66,597).

Males in Kentucky have an average income that is 1.33 times higher than the average income of females, which is $48,114. The income inequality in Kentucky (measured using the Gini index) is 0.453, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

391k
2021 Value
± 5,196
1.41%
1 Year growth
± 1.83%

From 2020 to 2021, employment in Jefferson County, KY grew at a rate of 1.41%, from 385k employees to 391k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Jefferson County, KY, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (45,611 people), Management Occupations (39,277 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (38,092 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Jefferson County, KY.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Kentucky (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

391k
2021 Value
± 5,196
1.41%
1 Year growth
± 1.83%

From 2020 to 2021, employment in Jefferson County, KY grew at a rate of 1.41%, from 385k employees to 391k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Jefferson County, KY, are Health Care & Social Assistance (55,559 people), Manufacturing (46,374 people), and Retail Trade (42,360 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Jefferson County, KY, though some of these residents may live in Jefferson County, KY and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$45,220
Median earning men ± $800
$35,287
Median earning women ± $654

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2021 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($73,815), Public Administration ($60,364), and Educational Services, & Health Care & Social Assistance ($55,737).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2021 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($49,799), Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($42,587), and Public Administration ($42,221).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.
Y-Axis
2.75%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 155M people employed in Kentucky. This represents a 2.75% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Kentucky.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 9,031
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 5,836
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  3. 4,874
    Professional, Scientific & Management, and Administrative & Waste Management Services

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Payroll by Industry Sector

The industries with the highest total annual payroll
  1. $11.5M
    Manufacturing
  2. $9.66M
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  3. $7.87M
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing

The chart shows the total annual payroll and the average annual payroll by industry.

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Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Kentucky to other states, or from other states to Kentucky.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $57.5B
  2. $36.5B
  3. $28.4B

In 2020, the top outbound Kentucky product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $57.5B, followed by Electronics ($36.5B) and Machinery ($28.4B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Kentucky products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Kentucky.
$330B
2020 Value in Kentucky
$644B
Projected 2050 Value in Kentucky
95% growth

In 2020, total outbound Kentucky trade was $330B. This is expected to increase 95% to $644B by 2050.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Kentucky trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Kentucky to other states, or from other states to Kentucky.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $27.7B
  2. $19B
  3. $17.7B

In 2020, the top outbound Kentucky domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Tennessee with $27.7B, followed by California with $19B and Ohio and $17.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Kentucky shares with each state (excluding itself).

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flagCivics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Jefferson County, KY went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 59.1% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (39%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.24%).

Mitch McConnell and Rand Paul are the senators currently representing the state of Kentucky. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Kentucky is currently represented by 6 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Kentucky

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.
Mitch McConnell
Senator from Kentucky2
Assumed office on January 3, 1985
Rand Paul
Senator from Kentucky3
Assumed office on January 3, 2011

Mitch McConnell and Rand Paul are the senators currently representing Kentucky.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Kentucky over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Kentucky

Kentucky is currently represented by 6 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Kentucky have changed over time starting in 2008.

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learningEducation

In 2021, universities in Jefferson County, KY awarded 15,365 degrees. The student population of Jefferson County, KY in 2021 is skewed towards women, with 21,492 male students and 29,700 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Jefferson County, KY are White (10,859 and 72%), followed by Black or African American (1,882 and 12.5%), Hispanic or Latino (800 and 5.31%), and Two or More Races (622 and 4.13%).

The largest universities in Jefferson County, KY by number of degrees awarded are University of Louisville (5,454 and 35.5%), Jefferson Community and Technical College (4,956 and 32.3%), and Galen College of Nursing-Louisville (156471) (1,006 and 6.55%).

The most popular majors in Jefferson County, KY are Registered Nursing (1,705 and 11.1%), General Computer & Information Sciences (1,014 and 6.6%), and Liberal Arts & Sciences (941 and 6.12%).

The median tuition costs in Jefferson County, KY are $21,200 for private four year colleges, and $12,174 and $28,520 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2021 in Jefferson County, KY, the percentage of applicants admitted was 77.4%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 22.4%. The number of students enrolled in 2021 was 51,192 (42% men and 58% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2021 there were 51,192 students enrolled in Jefferson County, KY, 42% men and 58% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 32,440 records, of which 56.1% were women and 43.9% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 1,186 degrees awarded
  2. 318 degrees awarded
  3. 234 degrees awarded

In 2021, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Jefferson County, KY was Registered Nursing with 1,186 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Jefferson County, KY according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 5,454 degrees awarded
  2. 4,956 degrees awarded
  3. 1,006 degrees awarded

In 2021, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Louisville with 5,454 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2021, 6,840 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Jefferson County, KY, which is 0.802 times less than the 8,525 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2021 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 10,859 degrees mean that there were 5.77 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 1,882 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($21,200) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2021.

Private for-profit, 2-year ($700) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2021.

Private for-profit, 2-year ($3,084) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.
Measure

In 2021, 0.789% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.712% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2021 were High School or Equivalent (1.17M), Some college (777k), and Secondary Education (561k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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homeHousing & Living

The median property value in Jefferson County, KY was $190,700 in 2021, which is 0.779 times smaller than the national average of $244,900. Between 2020 and 2021 the median property value increased from $178,100 to $190,700, a 7.07% increase. The homeownership rate in Jefferson County, KY is 61.6%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.6%.

People in Jefferson County, KY have an average commute time of 22.3 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Jefferson County, KY is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Jefferson County, KY is $61,633. In 2021, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Jefferson County, KY was Census Tract 103.17 with a value of $162,532, followed by Census Tract 87 and Census Tract 75.01, with respective values of $158,021 and $152,269.

In 2022, 14.5% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Jefferson County, KY. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 0.781%.

Property

$190,700
Median Property Value 2021
±$2,529
$199,076
Median Property Taxes
±$2,976

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jefferson County, KY the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Jefferson County, KY compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

61.6%
Homeownership
2021
63.5%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2021

In 2021, 61.6% of the housing units in Jefferson County, KY were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 61.5%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Jefferson County, KY compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 103.17
  2. Census Tract 87
  3. Census Tract 75.01

In 2021, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Jefferson County, KY was Census Tract 103.17 with a value of $162,532, followed by Census Tract 87 and Census Tract 75.01, with respective values of $158,021 and $152,269.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Jefferson County, KY colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$61,633
Median Household Income
± $982
323k
Number of Households
± 4,609

In 2021, the median household income of the 323k households in Jefferson County, KY grew to $61,633 from the previous year's value of $58,196.

The following chart displays the households in Jefferson County, KY distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Jefferson County, KY is from Kentucky.
0.453
2021 Wage GINI in Kentucky
0.454
2020 Wage GINI in Kentucky

In 2021, the income inequality in Kentucky was 0.453 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.236% decline from 2020 to 2021, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Kentucky was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Kentucky in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Kentucky across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2021
  1. Drove Alone (77.1%)
  2. Worked At Home (9.08%)
  3. Carpooled (8.07%)

In 2021, 77.1% of workers in Jefferson County, KY drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (9.08%) and those who carpooled to work (8.07%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

22.3 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Jefferson County, KY have a shorter commute time (22.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.8 minutes). Additionally, 1.36% of the workforce in Jefferson County, KY have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Jefferson County, KY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Jefferson County, KY distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Jefferson County, KY have 2 cars.

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Severe Housing Problems

In 2022, 14.5% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Jefferson County, KY. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 0.781%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the population living with severe housing problems.

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Poverty & Diversity

13.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Jefferson County, KY (105k out of 764k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.6%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Females 18 - 24.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Jefferson County, KY is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Children in Poverty

In 2022, 15.4% of the children was living in poverty in Jefferson County, KY. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 10.6%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the children living in poverty.

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Crimes & Accidents

Indicator

In 2022, the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population was 612 in Jefferson County, KY. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator grew 32 per 100,000 population.

The graph shows the trend in the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population.

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pulseHealth

94.7% of the population of Jefferson County, KY has health coverage, with 49.7% on employee plans, 20.4% on Medicaid, 12% on Medicare, 11.3% on non-group plans, and 1.32% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Jefferson County, KY see 1065 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.653% decrease from the previous year (1072 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 946 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 292 patients per year.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 47.7% were men and 52.3% were women.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,065 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Jefferson County, KY

Primary care physicians in Jefferson County, KY see an average of 1,065 patients per year. This represents a 0.653% decrease from the previous year (1,072 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Jefferson County, KY in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2021, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 23.6% under 18 years, 22% between 18 and 34 years, 38.5% between 35 and 64 years, and 15.9% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 47.7% were men and 52.3% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

5.28%
Uninsured
49.7%
Employer Coverage
20.4%
Medicaid
12%
Medicare
11.3%
Non-Group
1.32%
Military or VA

Between 2020 and 2021, the percent of uninsured citizens in Jefferson County, KY grew by 6.69% from 4.95% to 5.28%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Jefferson County, KY changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

In 2022, the number of deaths among residents under age 18 per 100,000 population was 61.1 in Jefferson County, KY.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Jefferson County, KY.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 33.5% in Jefferson County, KY.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Jefferson County, KY.

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Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 7.13% in Jefferson County, KY.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Jefferson County, KY.

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