Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN

Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA)

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2019 Population
1.27M
2.35% 1-year decline
2019 Median Age
39.4
0.51% 1-year increase
2019 Poverty Rate
12.5%
4.24% 1-year decrease
2019 Median Household Income
$61,172
6.56% 1-year growth
2019 Median Property Value
$186,800
4.65% 1-year growth
2019 Employed Population
628,113
2.12% 1-year decline

About

In 2019, Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN had a population of 1.27M people with a median age of 39.4 and a median household income of $61,172. Between 2018 and 2019 the population of Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN declined from 1.3M to 1.27M, a −2.35% decrease and its median household income grew from $57,405 to $61,172, a 6.56% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN are White (Non-Hispanic) (75.1%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (15%), White (Hispanic) (4.25%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (2.23%), and Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (2.07%). 8.06% of the households in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN speak a non-English language at home as their primary language.

96.2% of the residents in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN are University of Louisville (5,300 degrees awarded in 2019), Jefferson Community and Technical College (4,404 degrees), and Sullivan University (1,222 degrees).

In 2019, the median property value in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN was $186,800, and the homeownership rate was 67.2%. Most people in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 23 minutes. The average car ownership in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN was 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Aerial of Louisville

Diversity

Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN is home to a population of 1.27M people, from which 96.2% are citizens. As of 2019, 5.81% of Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN residents were born outside of the country (73.6k people).

In 2019, there were 5 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (951k people) in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 190k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 53.8k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common foreign languages spoken in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN are Spanish (46,725 speakers), Arabic (5,061 speakers), and Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages (4,512 speakers).

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    951k ± 2.15k
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    190k ± 3.52k
  3. White (Hispanic)
    53.8k ± 3.22k
5.35%
Hispanic Population
67.7k people

In 2019, there were 5 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (951k people) in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 190k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 53.8k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

5.35% of the people in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN are hispanic (67.7k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages
  1. Spanish
    46,725 speakers (3.92%)
  2. Arabic
    5,061 speakers (0.425%)
  3. Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages
    4,512 speakers (0.379%)

8.06% of Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 22%.

In 2019, the most common non-English language spoken in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN was Spanish. 3.92% of the overall population of Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN are native Spanish speakers. 0.425% speak Arabic and 0.379% speak Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages, the next two most common languages.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

5.81%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
73.6k people
5.4%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
70k people

As of 2019, 5.81% of Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN residents (73.6k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2018, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN was 5.4%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

39
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.3
38
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 2.3

In 2019, the median age of all people in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN was 39.4. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 39, were generally older than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 38. But people in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN are getting getting older. In 2018, the average age of all Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN residents was 39.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Kentucky and Indiana.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    130,649 ± 12,103 people
  2. India
    53,172 ± 7,884 people
  3. China
    26,504 ± 5,471 people

In 2019, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Kentucky and Indiana was Mexico, the natal country of 130,649 Kentucky and Indiana residents, followed by India with 53,172 and China with 26,504.

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Citizenship

96.2%
2019 Citizenship
96.7%
2018 Citizenship

As of 2019, 96.2% of Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2018, the percentage of US citizens in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN was 96.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    24,530 ± 1,852
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    13,103 ± 1,949
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    12,244 ± 1,754

Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.87 times greater than any other conflict.

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COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Kentucky and Indiana. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Kentucky and Indiana, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky and Indiana.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Kentucky and Indiana (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Economy

Median household income in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN is $61,172. In 2019, the county with the highest Median Household Income in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN was Hamilton County, IN with a value of $105,062, followed by Oldham County, KY and Hendricks County, IN, with respective values of $97,968 and $85,381.

Males in Kentucky have an average income that is 1.33 times higher than the average income of females, which is $45,298. The income inequality in Kentucky (measured using the Gini index) is 0.45, which is lower than than the national average.

Comparatively, males in Indiana have an average income that is 1.4 times higher than the average income of females, which is $46,041. The income inequality in Indiana is 0.454, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN employs 628k people. The largest industries in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN are Health Care & Social Assistance (91,842 people), Manufacturing (81,716 people), and Retail Trade (70,398 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($68,650), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($66,855), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($59,537).

Wages

Median Household Income

$61,172
2019 value
± $995
6.56%
1 Year Growth
± 2.83%

Households in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN have a median annual income of $61,172, which is less than the median annual income of $65,712 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $57,405 in 2018, which represents a 6.56% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Kentucky and Indiana.
$60,281
Average Male Salary in Kentucky
± $1,617
$45,298
Average Female Salary in Kentucky
± $1,128
$64,259
Average Male Salary in Indiana
± $1,326
$46,041
Average Female Salary in Indiana
± $990

In 2019, full-time male employees in Kentucky made 1.33 times more than female employees.

In that same year, full-time male employees in Indiana made 1.4 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Kentucky and Indiana by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Kentucky and Indiana.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Kentucky
  1. Asian
    $69,853 ± $11,293
  2. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander
    $51,002 ± $35,476
  3. White
    $46,683 ± $955
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Indiana
  1. Asian
    $54,580 ± $6,144
  2. White
    $49,484 ± $831
  3. American Indian
    $40,040 ± $11,837

In 2019 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Kentucky workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.37 times more than Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Kentucky.

In the same year, the highest paid race/ethnicity of Indiana workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.1 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Indiana.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Kentucky and Indiana by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN is from Kentucky and Indiana.
0.45
2019 Wage GINI in Kentucky
0.454
2018 Wage GINI in Kentucky
0.454
2019 Wage GINI in Indiana
0.448
2018 Wage GINI in Indiana

In 2019, the income inequality in Kentucky was 0.45 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.957% decline from 2018 to 2019, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Kentucky was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Kentucky in comparison to the national average.

In the same year, the income inequality in Indiana was 0.454 and income inequality had a 1.23% growth from 2018 to 2019, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Indiana was lower than than the national average of 0.478, meaning wages are distributed more evenly in Indiana in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Kentucky and Indiana across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2019, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN was Hamilton County, IN with a value of $105,062, followed by Oldham County, KY and Hendricks County, IN, with respective values of $97,968 and $85,381.

The following map shows all of the counties in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

12.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN (154k out of 1.23M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.3%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Females 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    93,928 ± 2,285
  2. Black
    49,124 ± 1,678
  3. Hispanic
    12,583 ± 852

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

628k
2019 Value
± 13,768
−2.12%
1 Year decline
± 3.08%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN declined at a rate of −2.12%, from 642k employees to 628k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN, are Management Occupations (66,321 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (66,172 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (62,861 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN, by number of employees, are Management Occupations (66,321 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (66,172 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (62,861 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other MSAs, Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN has an unusually high number of residents working as Material Moving Occupations (1.63 times higher than expected), Production Occupations (1.46 times), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations (1.31 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($76,136), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($66,812), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($65,826).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

628k
2019 Value
± 13,768
−2.12%
1 Year decline
± 3.08%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN declined at a rate of −2.12%, from 642k employees to 628k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN, are Health Care & Social Assistance (91,842 people), Manufacturing (81,716 people), and Retail Trade (70,398 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN, though some of these residents may live in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (91,842 people), Manufacturing (81,716 people), and Retail Trade (70,398 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other MSAs, Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN has an unusually high number of Management of Companies & Enterprises (1.51 times higher than expected), Transportation & Warehousing (1.46 times), and Manufacturing (1.35 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN, by median earnings, are Utilities ($68,650), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($66,855), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($59,537).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Indiana and Kentucky to other states, or from other states to Indiana and Kentucky.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $170B
  2. $62.3B
  3. $56.6B

In 2018, the top outbound Indiana and Kentucky product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $170B, followed by Electronics ($62.3B) and Base metals ($56.6B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Kentucky and Indiana products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Indiana and Kentucky.
$478B
2018 Value in Indiana
$865B
Projected 2045 Value in Indiana
81% growth
$373B
2018 Value in Kentucky
$703B
Projected 2045 Value in Kentucky
88.6% growth

In 2018, total outbound Indiana trade was $478B. This is expected to increase 81% to $865B by 2045.

Comparatively, total outbound Kentucky trade was $373B. This is expected to increase 88.6% to $703B by 2045.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Indiana and Kentucky to other states, or from other states to Indiana and Kentucky.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $63.5B
  2. $60.1B
  3. $53.5B

In 2018, the top outbound Indiana and Kentucky domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $63.5B, followed by Illinois with $60.1B and Michigan and $53.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Indiana and Kentucky shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in Indiana went to Donald J. Trump with 59.2% of the vote. The runner-up was Hillary Rodham Clinton (35.7%), followed by Gary Johnson (4.03%). The most partisan county was Leslie County, KY with 89.4% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

Mitch McConnell, Rand Paul, Todd Young, and Mike Braun are the senators currently representing the state of Kentucky and Indiana. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Kentucky and Indiana is currently represented by 15 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Kentucky and Indiana.
Showing data up to the 2016 election. Updated election results are currently being processed, and will be released in the coming months.
Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for Indiana
59.2% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in Kentucky and Indiana
  1. 89.4% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 88.9% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 88.6% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in Kentucky and Indiana was Leslie County, KY with 89.4% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in Kentucky and Indiana colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Kentucky and Indiana

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky and Indiana.
Mitch McConnell
Senator from Kentucky2
Assumed office on January 3, 1985
Rand Paul
Senator from Kentucky3
Assumed office on January 3, 2011
Todd Young
Senator from Indiana3
Assumed office on January 3, 2017
Mike Braun
Senator from Indiana1
Assumed office on January 3, 2019

Mitch McConnell, Rand Paul, Todd Young, and Mike Braun are the senators currently representing Kentucky and Indiana.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Kentucky and Indiana over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Kentucky and Indiana

Kentucky and Indiana is currently represented by 15 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Kentucky and Indiana have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2019, universities in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN awarded 16,072 degrees. The student population of Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN is skewed towards women, with 24,023 male students and 31,650 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN are White (11,439 and 72.4%), followed by Black or African American (1,984 and 12.6%), Hispanic or Latino (703 and 4.45%), and Asian (589 and 3.73%).

The largest universities in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN by number of degrees awarded are University of Louisville (5,300 and 33%), Jefferson Community and Technical College (4,404 and 27.4%), and Sullivan University (1,222 and 7.6%).

The most popular majors in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN are Registered Nursing (1,443 and 8.98%), Liberal Arts & Sciences (980 and 6.1%), and General Business Administration & Management (778 and 4.84%).

The median tuition costs in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN are $20,112 for private four year colleges, and $9,314 and $23,552 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 857 degree-majorss awarded
  2. 366 degree-majorss awarded
  3. 306 degree-majorss awarded

In 2019, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN was Registered Nursing with 857 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 5,300 degrees awarded
  2. 4,404 degrees awarded
  3. 1,222 degrees awarded
$9,314
Median In-State Public
$20,112
Median Private

In 2019, the Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Louisville with 5,300 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

6,973
Degrees Awarded to Men
9,099
Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2019, 6,973 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN, which is 0.766 times less than the 9,099 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity
  1. White
    11,439 degrees awarded
  2. Black or African American
    1,984 degrees awarded
  3. Hispanic or Latino
    703 degrees awarded

In 2019 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN was White students. These 11,439 degrees mean that there were 5.77 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 1,984 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN was $186,800 in 2019, which is 0.777 times smaller than the national average of $240,500. Between 2018 and 2019 the median property value increased from $178,500 to $186,800, a 4.65% increase. The homeownership rate in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN is 67.2%, which is higher than the national average of 64.1%. People in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN have an average commute time of 23 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$186,800
2019 Median
± $3,244
$178,500
2018 Median
± $3,395

In 2019, the median property value in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN grew to to $186,800 from the previous year's value of $178,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$61,172
Median Household Income
± $995
495k
Number of Households
± 10,948

In 2019, the median household income of the 495k households in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN grew to $61,172 from the previous year's value of $57,405.

The following chart displays the households in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

67.2%
2019 Homeownership
66.9%
2018 Homeownership

In 2019, 67.2% of the housing units in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 66.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 64.1%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

23 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN have a shorter commute time (23 minutes) than the normal US worker (26 minutes). Additionally, 1.63% of the workforce in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2019
  1. Drove Alone (81.6%)
  2. Carpooled (7.79%)
  3. Worked At Home (5.06%)

In 2019, 81.6% of workers in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (7.79%) and those who worked at home (5.06%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN have 2 cars, followed by false.

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Health

94% of the population of Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN has health coverage, with 50.1% on employee plans, 19% on Medicaid, 13% on Medicare, 10.4% on non-group plans, and 1.57% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Kentucky was $8,004 in 2014. This is a 6.11% increase from the previous year ($7,543).

Per capita personal health care spending in Indiana was $8,300 in 2014. This is a 4.76% increase from the previous year ($7,923).

Primary care physicians in Kentucky see 1543 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.31% increase from the previous year (1523 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1491 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 416 patients per year.

Similarly, primary care physicians in Indiana see 1498 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.86% decrease from the previous year (1511 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1752 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 594 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Switzerland County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (21.3%). Additionally, Owsley County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (46.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky and Indiana.
1,543 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Kentucky
1,498 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Indiana

Primary care physicians in Kentucky see an average of 1,543 patients per year. This represents a 1.31% increase from the previous year (1,523 patients).

Primary care physicians in Indiana see an average of 1,498 patients per year. This represents a 0.86% decrease from the previous year (1,511 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Kentucky and Indiana in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky and Indiana.
$8,004
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Kentucky
$8,300
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Indiana

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Kentucky (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 6.11%, from $7,543 to $8,004.

Similarly, all personal health care spending per capita in Indiana (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.76%, from $7,923 to $8,300.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

5.95%
Uninsured
50.1%
Employer Coverage
19%
Medicaid
13%
Medicare
10.4%
Non-Group
1.57%
Military or VA

Between 2018 and 2019, the percent of uninsured citizens in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN grew by 8.89% from 5.46% to 5.95%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 21.3% prevalence
  2. 21% prevalence
  3. 20.3% prevalence

Switzerland County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Kentucky and Indiana, at 21.3%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Kentucky and Indiana by county over multiple years.

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