Huntsville, AL

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Population

190,501

0.809% growth

Median Age

36.9


Median Household Income

$51,926

0.943% growth

Poverty Rate

18.3%


Number of Employees

89,308

0.568% growth

Median Property Value

$169,900

0.592% growth

About

In 2017, Huntsville, AL had a population of 191k people with a median age of 36.9 and a median household income of $51,926. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Huntsville, AL grew from 188,973 to 190,501, a 0.809% increase and its median household income grew from $51,441 to $51,926, a 0.943% increase.

The population of Huntsville, AL is 58.5% White Alone, 30.6% Black or African American Alone, and 5.52% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Huntsville, AL speak a non-English language, and 96.1% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Huntsville, AL are University of Alabama in Huntsville (1,680 degrees awarded in 2016), Alabama A & M University (732 degrees), and Oakwood University (382 degrees).

The median property value in Huntsville, AL is $169,900, and the homeownership rate is 57.9%. Most people in Huntsville, AL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 18.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Huntsville, AL is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: US Space & Rocket Center, Huntsville, AL

Economy

The economy of Huntsville, AL employs 89.3k people. The largest industries in Huntsville, AL are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (12,780 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (11,152 people), and Retail Trade (10,615 people), and the highest paying industries are Public Administration ($84,506), Management of Companies & Enterprises ($81,250), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($73,841).

Median household income in Huntsville, AL is $51,926. Males in Huntsville, AL have an average income that is 1.44 times higher than the average income of females, which is $40,615. The income inequality in Huntsville, AL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.46, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$51,926

2017 value

± $1,390

0.943%

1 Year Growth

± 3.62%

Households in Huntsville, AL have a median annual income of $51,926, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $51,441 in 2016, which represents a 0.943% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Huntsville, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

$58,549

Average Male Salary

± $1,465

$40,615

Average Female Salary

± $997

In 2017, full-time male employees in Alabama made 1.44 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Alabama by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $58,018 ± $10,489

  2. White

    $47,885 ± $1,063

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $45,909 ± $38,465

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Alabama workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.21 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Alabama by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Huntsville, AL is from Alabama.

0.46

2017 Wage GINI

0.458

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Alabama was 0.46 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.343% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Alabama was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Alabama in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Alabama across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 19.03

  2. Census Tract 19.01

  3. Census Tract 106.21

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Huntsville, AL was Census Tract 19.03 with a value of $140,682, followed by Census Tract 19.01 and Census Tract 106.21, with respective values of $116,280 and $115,653.

The following map shows all of the places in Huntsville, AL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

18.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Huntsville, AL (33.5k out of 183k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    17,621 ± 1,082

  2. White

    13,042 ± 889

  3. Hispanic

    4,544 ± 472

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Huntsville, AL is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

89.3k

2017 Value

± 2,191

0.568%

1 Year growth

± 3.48%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Huntsville, AL grew at a rate of 0.568%, from 88.8k employees to 89.3k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Huntsville, AL, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (10,903 people), Management Occupations (8,973 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (8,936 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Huntsville, AL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Huntsville, AL, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (10,903 people), Management Occupations (8,973 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (8,936 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Huntsville, AL has an unusually high number of residents working as Architecture & Engineering Occupations (3.75 times higher than expected), Computer & Mathematical Occupations (1.87 times), and Business & Financial Operations Occupations (1.11 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Huntsville, AL, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($94,298), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($83,713), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($79,742).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

89.3k

2017 Value

± 2,191

0.568%

1 Year growth

± 3.48%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Huntsville, AL grew at a rate of 0.568%, from 88.8k employees to 89.3k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Huntsville, AL, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (12,780 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (11,152 people), and Retail Trade (10,615 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Huntsville, AL, though some of these residents may live in Huntsville, AL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Huntsville, AL, by number of employees, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (12,780 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (11,152 people), and Retail Trade (10,615 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Huntsville, AL has an unusually high number of Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (2.04 times higher than expected), Public Administration (1.66 times), and Information (1.2 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Huntsville, AL, by median earnings, are Public Administration ($84,506), Management of Companies & Enterprises ($81,250), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($73,841).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $40.7B

  2. $28B

  3. $21.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $40.7B, followed by Mixed freight ($28B) and Coal-n.e.c. ($21.5B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Alabama products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Alabama state.

$243B

2015 Value

$367B

Projected 2045 Value

50.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Alabama trade was $243B. This is expected to increase 50.7% to $367B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Alabama trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25.3B

  2. $16.7B

  3. $14.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $25.3B, followed by Florida with $16.7B and Tennessee and $14.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Alabama shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

88.9% of the population of Huntsville, AL has health coverage, with 48.3% on employee plans, 13.5% on Medicaid, 9.64% on Medicare, 15.1% on non-group plans, and 2.39% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Huntsville, AL was $7,281 in 2014. This is a 4.07% increase from the previous year ($6,996).

Primary care physicians in Huntsville, AL see 1535 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.1% decrease from the previous year (1552 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2139 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1185 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (21.1%). Additionally, Macon County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (47.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

1,535 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Alabama see an average of 1,535 patients per year. This represents a 1.1% decrease from the previous year (1,552 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Alabama in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

$7,281

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,641

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,042

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,267

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Alabama (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.07%, from $6,996 to $7,281.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

11.1%

Uninsured

48.3%

Employer Coverage

13.5%

Medicaid

9.64%

Medicare

15.1%

Non-Group

2.39%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Huntsville, AL declined by 10.1% from 12.4% to 11.1%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Huntsville, AL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 21.1% prevalence

  2. 20.9% prevalence

  3. 20.4% prevalence

Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Alabama, at 21.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Alabama by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Huntsville, AL is home to a population of 191k people, from which 96.1% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Huntsville, AL residents were born outside of the country (12.6k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Huntsville, AL is composed of 112k White Alone residents (58.5%), 58.3k Black or African American Alone residents (30.6%), 10.5k Hispanic or Latino residents (5.52%), 4.89k Asian Alone residents (2.57%), 4.25k Two or More Races residents (2.23%), 559 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.293%), 297 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.156%), and 208 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.109%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Huntsville, AL are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

37

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.6

39

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.1

In 2017, the median age of all people in Huntsville, AL was 36.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 37, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 39. But people in Huntsville, AL are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Huntsville, AL residents was 37.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2017 Foreign-Born Population

  1. N/A%

    12.6k people

  2. N/A%

    N/A people

As of 2017, N/A% of Huntsville, AL residents (12.6k people) were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2017, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Huntsville, AL was N/A%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Huntsville, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    51,837 ± 5,560 people

  2. Guatemala

    11,080 ± 2,581 people

  3. India

    9,229 ± 2,356 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Alabama was Mexico, the natal country of 51,837 Alabama residents, followed by Guatemala with 11,080 and India with 9,229.

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Citizenship

96.1%

2017 Citizenship

95.8%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 96.1% of Huntsville, AL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Huntsville, AL was 95.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Huntsville, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    112k ± 1.66k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    58.3k ± 1.6k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    10.5k ± 937

In 2017, there were 1.91 times more White Alone residents (112k people) in Huntsville, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 58.3k Black or African American Alone and 10.5k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Huntsville, AL as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Huntsville, AL citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Huntsville, AL was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Huntsville, AL are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    5,437 ± 547

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    4,342 ± 548

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    2,504 ± 323

Huntsville, AL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.25 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Huntsville, AL awarded 3,454 degrees. The student population of Huntsville, AL is skewed towards women, with 8,579 male students and 9,137 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Huntsville, AL are White (1,485 and 45.5%), followed by Black or African American (1,469 and 45%), Unknown (84 and 2.57%), and Hispanic or Latino (76 and 2.33%).

The largest universities in Huntsville, AL by number of degrees awarded are University of Alabama in Huntsville (1,680 and 48.6%), Alabama A & M University (732 and 21.2%), and Oakwood University (382 and 11.1%).

The most popular majors in Huntsville, AL are Registered Nursing (315 and 9.12%), General Business Administration & Management (248 and 7.18%), and General Biological Sciences (155 and 4.49%).

The median tuition costs in Huntsville, AL are $9,957 for private four year colleges, and $8,563 and $18,013 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 222 degrees awarded

  2. 122 degrees awarded

  3. 112 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Huntsville, AL was Registered Nursing with 222 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Huntsville, AL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,680 degrees awarded

  2. 732 degrees awarded

  3. 382 degrees awarded

$8,563

Median In-State Public

$9,957

Median Private

In 2016, the Huntsville, AL institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Alabama in Huntsville with 1,680 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,446

Degrees Awarded to Men

2,008

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 1,446 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Huntsville, AL, which is 0.72 times less than the 2,008 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Huntsville, AL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,485 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    1,469 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    84 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Huntsville, AL were to White students. These 1,485 degrees mean that there were 1.01 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 1,469 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Huntsville, AL was $169,900 in 2017, which is 0.781 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $168,900 to $169,900, a 0.592% increase. The homeownership rate in Huntsville, AL is 57.9%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Huntsville, AL have an average commute time of 18.4 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Huntsville, AL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$51,926

Median Household Income

± $1,390

81.3k

Number of Households

± 1,986

In 2017, the median household income of the 81.3k households in Huntsville, AL grew to $51,926 from the previous year's value of $51,441.

The following chart displays the households in Huntsville, AL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$169,900

2017 Median

± $3,259

$168,900

2016 Median

± $3,296

In 2017, the median property value in Huntsville, AL grew to to $169,900 from the previous year's value of $168,900.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Huntsville, AL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Huntsville, AL the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Huntsville, AL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Huntsville, AL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

57.9%

2017 Homeownership

58.7%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 57.9% of the housing units in Huntsville, AL were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 58.7%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Huntsville, AL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Huntsville, AL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Huntsville, AL have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

18.4 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Huntsville, AL have a shorter commute time (18.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.06% of the workforce in Huntsville, AL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Huntsville, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    86.7%

  2. Carpooled

    6.8%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.13%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Huntsville, AL was Drove Alone (86.7%), followed by those who Carpooled (6.8%) and those who Worked At Home (3.13%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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