Hoover, AL

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Population

84,150

0.0595% growth

Median Age

37.9


Median Household Income

$81,038

3.82% growth

Poverty Rate

6.5%


Number of Employees

43,885

1.49% growth

Median Property Value

$271,600

1.31% growth

About

In 2017, Hoover, AL had a population of 84.2k people with a median age of 37.9 and a median household income of $81,038. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Hoover, AL grew from 84,100 to 84,150, a 0.0595% increase and its median household income grew from $78,056 to $81,038, a 3.82% increase.

The population of Hoover, AL is 69.6% White Alone, 17.5% Black or African American Alone, and 5.78% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Hoover, AL speak a non-English language, and 94.7% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Hoover, AL are Paul Mitchell the School-Birmingham (80 degrees awarded in 2016) and University of Phoenix-Alabama (35 degrees).

The median property value in Hoover, AL is $271,600, and the homeownership rate is 68.4%. Most people in Hoover, AL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 21.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Hoover, AL is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Hoover, AL employs 43.9k people. The largest industries in Hoover, AL are Health Care & Social Assistance (6,241 people), Educational Services (5,066 people), and Retail Trade (4,933 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($114,375), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($103,438), and Utilities ($86,141).

Median household income in Hoover, AL is $81,038. Males in Hoover, AL have an average income that is 1.44 times higher than the average income of females, which is $40,615. The income inequality in Hoover, AL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.46, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$81,038

2017 value

± $2,389

3.82%

1 Year Growth

± 4.11%

Households in Hoover, AL have a median annual income of $81,038, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $78,056 in 2016, which represents a 3.82% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Hoover, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

$58,549

Average Male Salary

± $1,465

$40,615

Average Female Salary

± $997

In 2017, full-time male employees in Alabama made 1.44 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Alabama by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $58,018 ± $10,489

  2. White

    $47,885 ± $1,063

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $45,909 ± $38,465

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Alabama workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.21 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Alabama by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Hoover, AL is from Alabama.

0.46

2017 Wage GINI

0.458

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Alabama was 0.46 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.343% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Alabama was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Alabama in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Alabama across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 144.06

  2. Census Tract 302.16

  3. Census Tract 303.33

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Hoover, AL was Census Tract 144.06 with a value of $115,792, followed by Census Tract 302.16 and Census Tract 303.33, with respective values of $107,344 and $103,092.

The following map shows all of the places in Hoover, AL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

6.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Hoover, AL (5.43k out of 83.6k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Males 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    3,164 ± 482

  2. Hispanic

    1,550 ± 425

  3. Black

    1,037 ± 302

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Hoover, AL is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

43.9k

2017 Value

± 1,556

1.49%

1 Year growth

± 4.89%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Hoover, AL grew at a rate of 1.49%, from 43.2k employees to 43.9k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Hoover, AL, are Management Occupations (6,178 people), Sales & Related Occupations (5,785 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (5,364 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Hoover, AL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Hoover, AL, by number of employees, are Management Occupations (6,178 people), Sales & Related Occupations (5,785 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (5,364 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Hoover, AL has an unusually high number of residents working as Legal Occupations (1.71 times higher than expected), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations (1.6 times), and Health Technologists & Technicians (1.57 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Hoover, AL, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($97,670), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($80,895), and Management Occupations ($79,766).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

43.9k

2017 Value

± 1,556

1.49%

1 Year growth

± 4.89%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Hoover, AL grew at a rate of 1.49%, from 43.2k employees to 43.9k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Hoover, AL, are Health Care & Social Assistance (6,241 people), Educational Services (5,066 people), and Retail Trade (4,933 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Hoover, AL, though some of these residents may live in Hoover, AL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Hoover, AL, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (6,241 people), Educational Services (5,066 people), and Retail Trade (4,933 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Hoover, AL has an unusually high number of Utilities (3 times higher than expected), Finance & Insurance (2.09 times), and Information (1.44 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Hoover, AL, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($114,375), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($103,438), and Utilities ($86,141).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $40.7B

  2. $28B

  3. $21.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $40.7B, followed by Mixed freight ($28B) and Coal-n.e.c. ($21.5B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Alabama products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Alabama state.

$243B

2015 Value

$367B

Projected 2045 Value

50.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Alabama trade was $243B. This is expected to increase 50.7% to $367B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Alabama trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25.3B

  2. $16.7B

  3. $14.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $25.3B, followed by Florida with $16.7B and Tennessee and $14.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Alabama shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

93.7% of the population of Hoover, AL has health coverage, with 61.7% on employee plans, 5.55% on Medicaid, 11% on Medicare, 14.1% on non-group plans, and 1.32% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Hoover, AL was $7,281 in 2014. This is a 4.07% increase from the previous year ($6,996).

Primary care physicians in Hoover, AL see 1535 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.1% decrease from the previous year (1552 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2139 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1185 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (21.1%). Additionally, Macon County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (47.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

1,535 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Alabama see an average of 1,535 patients per year. This represents a 1.1% decrease from the previous year (1,552 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Alabama in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

$7,281

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,641

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,042

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,267

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Alabama (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.07%, from $6,996 to $7,281.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

6.31%

Uninsured

61.7%

Employer Coverage

5.55%

Medicaid

11%

Medicare

14.1%

Non-Group

1.32%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Hoover, AL declined by 0.112% from 6.31% to 6.31%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Hoover, AL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 21.1% prevalence

  2. 20.9% prevalence

  3. 20.4% prevalence

Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Alabama, at 21.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Alabama by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Hoover, AL is home to a population of 84.2k people, from which 94.7% are citizens. As of 2017, 9% of Hoover, AL residents were born outside of the country (7.57k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Hoover, AL is composed of 58.5k White Alone residents (69.6%), 14.7k Black or African American Alone residents (17.5%), 4.86k Hispanic or Latino residents (5.78%), 4.34k Asian Alone residents (5.16%), 1.33k Two or More Races residents (1.58%), 213 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.253%), 126 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.15%), and 17 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0202%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Hoover, AL are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

37

Median Native-Born Age

± 1.1

40

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.5

In 2017, the median age of all people in Hoover, AL was 37.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 37, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 40. But people in Hoover, AL are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Hoover, AL residents was 38.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

9%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

7.57k people

8.68%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

7.3k people

As of 2017, 9% of Hoover, AL residents (7.57k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Hoover, AL was 8.68%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Hoover, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    51,837 ± 5,560 people

  2. Guatemala

    11,080 ± 2,581 people

  3. India

    9,229 ± 2,356 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Alabama was Mexico, the natal country of 51,837 Alabama residents, followed by Guatemala with 11,080 and India with 9,229.

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Citizenship

94.7%

2017 Citizenship

94.9%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 94.7% of Hoover, AL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Hoover, AL was 94.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Hoover, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    58.5k ± 1.48k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    14.7k ± 1.33k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    4.86k ± 1.12k

In 2017, there were 3.97 times more White Alone residents (58.5k people) in Hoover, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 14.7k Black or African American Alone and 4.86k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Hoover, AL as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Hoover, AL citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Hoover, AL was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Hoover, AL are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,583 ± 263

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    882 ± 239

  3. Korea

    524 ± 134

Hoover, AL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.79 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Hoover, AL awarded 115 degrees. The student population of Hoover, AL is skewed towards women, with 12 male students and 138 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Hoover, AL are White (71 and 62.3%), followed by Black or African American (33 and 28.9%), Unknown (8 and 7.02%), and Two or More Races (2 and 1.75%).

The largest universities in Hoover, AL by number of degrees awarded are Paul Mitchell the School-Birmingham (80 and 69.6%) and University of Phoenix-Alabama (35 and 30.4%).

The most popular majors in Hoover, AL are General Cosmetology (79 and 68.7%), General Business Administration & Management (17 and 14.8%), and Hospital & Health Care Facilities Management (5 and 4.35%).

The median tuition costs in Hoover, AL are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 0 degrees awarded

  2. 0 degrees awarded

  3. 79 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for 1 to 2 Year Postsecondary Certificate recipients in Hoover, AL was Aesthetician & Skin Care Specialist with 0 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a 1 to 2 Year Postsecondary Certificate from schools in Hoover, AL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 80 degrees awarded

  2. 35 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Hoover, AL institution with the largest number of graduating students was Paul Mitchell the School-Birmingham with 80 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

9

Degrees Awarded to Men

106

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 9 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Hoover, AL, which is 0.0849 times less than the 106 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Hoover, AL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    71 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    33 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    8 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Hoover, AL were to White students. These 71 degrees mean that there were 2.15 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 33 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Hoover, AL was $271,600 in 2017, which is 1.25 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $268,100 to $271,600, a 1.31% increase. The homeownership rate in Hoover, AL is 68.4%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Hoover, AL have an average commute time of 21.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Hoover, AL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$81,038

Median Household Income

± $2,389

32.9k

Number of Households

± 1,247

In 2017, the median household income of the 32.9k households in Hoover, AL grew to $81,038 from the previous year's value of $78,056.

The following chart displays the households in Hoover, AL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$271,600

2017 Median

± $4,241

$268,100

2016 Median

± $5,624

In 2017, the median property value in Hoover, AL grew to to $271,600 from the previous year's value of $268,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Hoover, AL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Hoover, AL the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Hoover, AL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Hoover, AL the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

68.4%

2017 Homeownership

68.1%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 68.4% of the housing units in Hoover, AL were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 68.1%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Hoover, AL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Hoover, AL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Hoover, AL have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

21.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Hoover, AL have a shorter commute time (21.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 0.872% of the workforce in Hoover, AL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Hoover, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    85.7%

  2. Carpooled

    7.88%

  3. Worked At Home

    5.12%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Hoover, AL was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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