Shelby County, AL

County

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2019 Population
213,432
1.03% 1-year growth
US Senator
Richard Shelby
Republican Party
US Senator
Tommy Tuberville
Republican Party
2019 Median Age
39.3
1.03% 1-year increase
2019 Poverty Rate
7.48%
11.4% 1-year decrease
2019 Median Household Income
$77,799
2.69% 1-year growth
2019 Median Property Value
$211,900
3.62% 1-year growth
2019 Employed Population
106,839
1.05% 1-year growth

About

In 2019, Shelby County, AL had a population of 213k people with a median age of 39.3 and a median household income of $77,799. Between 2018 and 2019 the population of Shelby County, AL grew from 211,261 to 213,432, a 1.03% increase and its median household income grew from $75,761 to $77,799, a 2.69% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Shelby County, AL are White (Non-Hispanic) (77.9%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (12%), Other (Hispanic) (3.1%), White (Hispanic) (2.25%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (2.06%). 0% of the households in Shelby County, AL speak a non-English language at home as their primary language, and 96.5% of the residents in Shelby County, AL are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Shelby County, AL are University of Montevallo (601 degrees awarded in 2019).

In 2019, the median property value in Shelby County, AL was $211,900, and the homeownership rate was 80.5%. Most people in Shelby County, AL drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 27.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Shelby County, AL was 2 cars per household.

COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Alabama. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Alabama, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Alabama (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Start Year
Y-Axis
−5.78%
Year-over-year decline
Employment change between November 2019 and November 2020

As of November 2020, there are 145M people employed in Alabama. This represents a −5.78% decrease in employment when compared to November 2019.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Alabama.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Alabama across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Diversity

Shelby County, AL is home to a population of 213k people, from which 96.5% are citizens. As of 2019, 14.4% of Shelby County, AL residents were born outside of the country (30.7k people).

In 2019, there were 6.48 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (166k people) in Shelby County, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 25.7k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 6.61k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Shelby County, AL
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    166k ± 203
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    25.7k ± 491
  3. Other (Hispanic)
    6.61k ± 883
5.72%
Hispanic Population
12.2k people

In 2019, there were 6.48 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (166k people) in Shelby County, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 25.7k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 6.61k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

5.72% of the people in Shelby County, AL are hispanic (12.2k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Shelby County, AL as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

14.4%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
30.7k people
5.28%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
11.2k people

As of 2019, 14.4% of Shelby County, AL residents (30.7k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 34%. In 2018, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Shelby County, AL was 5.28%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Shelby County, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

39
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.3
40
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 1.2

In 2019, the median age of all people in Shelby County, AL was 39.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 39, were generally younger than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 40. But people in Shelby County, AL are getting getting older. In 2018, the average age of all Shelby County, AL residents was 39.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    48,648 ± 5,388 people
  2. Guatemala
    13,164 ± 2,813 people
  3. India
    9,844 ± 2,433 people

In 2019, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Alabama was Mexico, the natal country of 48,648 Alabama residents, followed by Guatemala with 13,164 and India with 9,844.

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Citizenship

96.5%
2019 Citizenship
96.6%
2018 Citizenship

As of 2019, 96.5% of Shelby County, AL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2018, the percentage of US citizens in Shelby County, AL was 96.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Shelby County, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    4,017 ± 346
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    2,717 ± 417
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    2,266 ± 352

Shelby County, AL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.48 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

Median household income in Shelby County, AL is $77,799. In 2019, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Shelby County, AL was Census Tract 303.42 with a value of $134,034, followed by Census Tract 302.17 and Census Tract 303.04, with respective values of $130,957 and $129,049.

Males in Alabama have an average income that is 1.44 times higher than the average income of females, which is $43,012. The income inequality in Alabama (measured using the Gini index) is 0.459, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Shelby County, AL employs 107k people. The largest industries in Shelby County, AL are Health Care & Social Assistance (12,869 people), Retail Trade (11,659 people), and Educational Services (9,777 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($99,125), Management of Companies & Enterprises ($95,781), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($74,470).

Wages

Median Household Income

$77,799
2019 value
± $2,248
2.69%
1 Year Growth
± 3.3%

Households in Shelby County, AL have a median annual income of $77,799, which is more than the median annual income of $65,712 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $75,761 in 2018, which represents a 2.69% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Shelby County, AL compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.
$61,746
Average Male Salary in Alabama
± $1,542
$43,012
Average Female Salary in Alabama
± $1,077

In 2019, full-time male employees in Alabama made 1.44 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Alabama by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Alabama
  1. Asian
    $59,683 ± $10,574
  2. White
    $50,914 ± $1,134
  3. American Indian
    $44,130 ± $8,792

In 2019 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Alabama workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.17 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Alabama.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Alabama by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Shelby County, AL is from Alabama.
0.459
2019 Wage GINI in Alabama
0.46
2018 Wage GINI in Alabama

In 2019, the income inequality in Alabama was 0.459 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.143% decline from 2018 to 2019, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Alabama was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Alabama in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Alabama across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 303.42
  2. Census Tract 302.17
  3. Census Tract 303.04

In 2019, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Shelby County, AL was Census Tract 303.42 with a value of $134,034, followed by Census Tract 302.17 and Census Tract 303.04, with respective values of $130,957 and $129,049.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Shelby County, AL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

7.48% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Shelby County, AL (15.7k out of 210k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.3%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    10,493 ± 749
  2. Hispanic
    2,669 ± 456
  3. Black
    2,384 ± 370

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Shelby County, AL is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

107k
2019 Value
± 2,255
1.05%
1 Year growth
± 2.96%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Shelby County, AL grew at a rate of 1.05%, from 106k employees to 107k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Shelby County, AL, are Sales & Related Occupations (13,646 people), Management Occupations (13,415 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (12,203 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Shelby County, AL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Shelby County, AL, by number of employees, are Sales & Related Occupations (13,646 people), Management Occupations (13,415 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (12,203 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Shelby County, AL has an unusually high number of residents working as Business & Financial Operations Occupations (1.44 times higher than expected), Computer & Mathematical Occupations (1.44 times), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations (1.27 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Shelby County, AL, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($87,708), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($80,625), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($80,625).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

107k
2019 Value
± 2,255
1.05%
1 Year growth
± 2.96%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Shelby County, AL grew at a rate of 1.05%, from 106k employees to 107k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Shelby County, AL, are Health Care & Social Assistance (12,869 people), Retail Trade (11,659 people), and Educational Services (9,777 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Shelby County, AL, though some of these residents may live in Shelby County, AL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Shelby County, AL, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (12,869 people), Retail Trade (11,659 people), and Educational Services (9,777 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Shelby County, AL has an unusually high number of Utilities (3.44 times higher than expected), Finance & Insurance (1.9 times), and Wholesale Trade (1.45 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Shelby County, AL, by median earnings, are Utilities ($99,125), Management of Companies & Enterprises ($95,781), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($74,470).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $52.4B
  2. $29.3B
  3. $21.2B

In 2018, the top outbound Alabama product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $52.4B, followed by Mixed freight ($29.3B) and Coal-n.e.c. ($21.2B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Alabama products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Alabama.
$280B
2018 Value in Alabama
$481B
Projected 2045 Value in Alabama
71.8% growth

In 2018, total outbound Alabama trade was $280B. This is expected to increase 71.8% to $481B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Alabama trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $31.8B
  2. $17.8B
  3. $14.7B

In 2018, the top outbound Alabama domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $31.8B, followed by Florida with $17.8B and Tennessee and $14.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Alabama shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in Shelby County, AL went to Donald J. Trump with 72.1% of the vote. The runner-up was Hillary Rodham Clinton (22.7%), followed by Other (5.19%). The most partisan county was Winston County, AL with 89.5% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

Richard Shelby and Tommy Tuberville are the senators currently representing the state of Alabama. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Alabama is currently represented by 7 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Alabama.
Showing data up to the 2016 election. Updated election results are currently being processed, and will be released in the coming months.
Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for Shelby County, AL
72.1% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in Alabama
  1. 89.5% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 89.3% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 87.4% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in Alabama was Winston County, AL with 89.5% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in Alabama colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Alabama

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Richard Shelby
Senator from Alabama3
Assumed office on January 3, 1987
Tommy Tuberville
Senator from Alabama2
Assumed office on January 3, 2021

Richard Shelby and Tommy Tuberville are the senators currently representing Alabama.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Alabama over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Alabama

Alabama is currently represented by 7 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Alabama have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2019, universities in Shelby County, AL awarded 601 degrees. The student population of Shelby County, AL is skewed towards women, with 832 male students and 1,721 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Shelby County, AL are White (387 and 65.3%), followed by Unknown (78 and 13.2%), Black or African American (77 and 13%), and Hispanic or Latino (36 and 6.07%).

The largest universities in Shelby County, AL by number of degrees awarded are University of Montevallo (601 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Shelby County, AL are Speech-Language Pathology (47 and 7.82%), Kinesiology & Exercise Science (43 and 7.15%), and General Business Administration & Management (42 and 6.99%).

The median tuition costs in Shelby County, AL are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $12,090 and $25,110 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 43 degree-majorss awarded
  2. 39 degree-majorss awarded
  3. 31 degree-majorss awarded

In 2018, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Shelby County, AL was Kinesiology & Exercise Science with 43 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Shelby County, AL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded
601 degrees awarded
$12,090
Median In-State Public
$N/A
Median Private

In 2019, the Shelby County, AL institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Montevallo with 601 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

165
Degrees Awarded to Men
436
Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2019, 165 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Shelby County, AL, which is 0.378 times less than the 436 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Shelby County, AL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity
  1. White
    387 degrees awarded
  2. Unknown
    78 degrees awarded
  3. Black or African American
    77 degrees awarded

In 2019 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions in Shelby County, AL was White students. These 387 degrees mean that there were 4.96 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Unknown, with 78 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Shelby County, AL was $211,900 in 2019, which is 0.881 times smaller than the national average of $240,500. Between 2018 and 2019 the median property value increased from $204,500 to $211,900, a 3.62% increase. The homeownership rate in Shelby County, AL is 80.5%, which is higher than the national average of 64.1%. People in Shelby County, AL have an average commute time of 27.4 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Shelby County, AL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$211,900
2019 Median
± $3,379
$204,500
2018 Median
± $3,198

In 2019, the median property value in Shelby County, AL grew to to $211,900 from the previous year's value of $204,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Shelby County, AL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Shelby County, AL the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$77,799
Median Household Income
± $2,248
79.6k
Number of Households
± 1,894

In 2019, the median household income of the 79.6k households in Shelby County, AL grew to $77,799 from the previous year's value of $75,761.

The following chart displays the households in Shelby County, AL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Shelby County, AL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Shelby County, AL the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

80.5%
2019 Homeownership
79.7%
2018 Homeownership

In 2019, 80.5% of the housing units in Shelby County, AL were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 79.7%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 64.1%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Shelby County, AL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

27.4 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Shelby County, AL have a longer commute time (27.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 1.72% of the workforce in Shelby County, AL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Shelby County, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2019
  1. Drove Alone (86.2%)
  2. Carpooled (6.92%)
  3. Worked At Home (5.37%)

In 2019, 86.2% of workers in Shelby County, AL drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (6.92%) and those who worked at home (5.37%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Shelby County, AL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Shelby County, AL have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Health

93.8% of the population of Shelby County, AL has health coverage, with 59.7% on employee plans, 7.15% on Medicaid, 11.8% on Medicare, 13.7% on non-group plans, and 1.47% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Alabama was $7,281 in 2014. This is a 4.07% increase from the previous year ($6,996).

Primary care physicians in Shelby County, AL see 1219 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.85% decrease from the previous year (1242 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1845 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1196 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Bullock County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (29.5%). Additionally, Macon County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (50.9%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,219 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Shelby County, AL

Primary care physicians in Shelby County, AL see an average of 1,219 patients per year. This represents a 1.85% decrease from the previous year (1,242 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Shelby County, AL in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
$7,281
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Alabama
$3,641
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$5,042
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$10,267
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Alabama (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.07%, from $6,996 to $7,281.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

6.19%
Uninsured
59.7%
Employer Coverage
7.15%
Medicaid
11.8%
Medicare
13.7%
Non-Group
1.47%
Military or VA

Between 2018 and 2019, the percent of uninsured citizens in Shelby County, AL declined by 9.14% from 6.81% to 6.19%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Shelby County, AL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 29.5% prevalence
  2. 25.6% prevalence
  3. 24.8% prevalence

Bullock County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Alabama, at 29.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Alabama by county over multiple years.

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