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Birmingham, AL&

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0.24% growth
Median Age
Median Household Income
-0.5% decline
Poverty Rate
Number of Employees
1.95% growth
Median Property Value
0.81% growth


The economy of Birmingham, AL employs 88,188 people. The economy of Birmingham, AL is specialized in Utilities; Healthcare & Social Assistance; and Admin., Support, Waste Management Services, which employ respectively 1.87; 1.27; and 1.26 times more people than what would be expected in a location of this size. The largest industries in Birmingham, AL are Healthcare & Social Assistance (15,626), Retail trade (8,884), and Accommodation & Food Service (8,818), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($51,144), Mining, Quarrying, Oil, Gas Extraction ($46,000), and Professional, Scientific, Tech Services ($40,625).

Median household income in Birmingham, AL is $31,061. Males in Birmingham, AL have an average income that is 1.46 times higher than the average income of females, which is $38,385. The income inequality of Birmingham, AL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.465 which is lower than the national average.


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Health & Safety

Insurance and Medicare coverage combined with state and county level health and safety statistics for Birmingham, AL. In Jefferson County, AL the age groups most likely to have health care coverage are 6-17 and 6-17, men and women, respectively. The location has a 1 to 107 primary care clinician to patient ratio and a Medicare reimbursement average per patient per year of $9,495. Macon County, AL has the highest prevalence of homicides of any county in Alabama.


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Showing data across all counties in Alabama.

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Birmingham, AL is home to a population of 212,211 people, from which 97.4% are citizens. The ethnic composition of the population of Birmingham, AL is composed of 153,455 Black residents (72.3%), 46,780 White residents (22%), 7,337 Hispanic residents (3.46%), 2,067 Asian residents (0.97%), and 1,891 Two+ residents (0.89%). The most common foreign languages in Birmingham, AL are Spanish (6,172 speakers), French (522 speakers), and African Languages (401 speakers), but compared to other places, Birmingham, AL has a relative high number of Other (82 speakers), Thai (91 speakers), and Gujarati (181 speakers).


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In 2015 universities in Birmingham, AL awarded 8,184 degrees. The student population of Birmingham, AL is skewed towards females, with 2,978 male students and 5,206 female students. Most students in Birmingham, AL are White (4,607 and 56.3%), followed by Black or African American (2,201 and 26.9%), Unknown (572 and 6.99%), and Asian (248 and 3.03%). The largest universities in Birmingham, AL by number of graduates are University of Alabama at Birmingham (4,621 and 56.5%), Jefferson State Community College (1,312 and 16%), and Virginia College-Birmingham (1,006 and 12.3%). The most popular majors in Birmingham, AL are Registered Nursing (289 and 3.53%), General Psychology (218 and 2.66%), and General Business Administration & Management (190 and 2.32%). The median tuition costs in Birmingham, AL are $31,954 for private four year colleges, and $7,766 and $17,654 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.



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Housing & Living

The median property value in Birmingham, AL is $86,800, which is 0.45 times smaller than the national average of $194,500. Between 2014 and 2015 the median property value increased from $86,100 to $86,800, a 0.81% increase. The homeownership rate of Birmingham, AL is 46.8%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Birmingham, AL have an average commute time of 20.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Birmingham, AL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.


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Keep Exploring

United States
Shelby County, AL
Jefferson County, AL
Birmingham-Hoover, AL Metro Area
metropolitan statistical area
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