Baltimore County, MD

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Population

832,468

0.174% growth

Median Age

39.5


Median Household Income

$73,805

1.43% growth

Poverty Rate

9.1%


Number of Employees

422,507

0.742% decline

Median Property Value

$259,700

1.13% growth

About

In 2017, Baltimore County, MD had a population of 832k people with a median age of 39.5 and a median household income of $73,805. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Baltimore County, MD grew from 831,026 to 832,468, a 0.174% increase and its median household income grew from $72,764 to $73,805, a 1.43% increase.

The population of Baltimore County, MD is 57% White Alone, 28.2% Black or African American Alone, and 6.22% Asian Alone. 14.9% of the people in Baltimore County, MD speak a non-English language, and 93.9% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Baltimore County, MD are Towson University (5,849 degrees awarded in 2016), University of Maryland-Baltimore County (3,661 degrees), and The Community College of Baltimore County (2,821 degrees).

The median property value in Baltimore County, MD is $259,700, and the homeownership rate is 65.6%. Most people in Baltimore County, MD commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 28.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Baltimore County, MD is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Baltimore County Court House in Towson, Maryland

Economy

The economy of Baltimore County, MD employs 423k people. The largest industries in Baltimore County, MD are Health Care & Social Assistance (67,453 people), Retail Trade (44,642 people), and Educational Services (43,417 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($101,034), Public Administration ($67,691), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($65,771).

Median household income in Baltimore County, MD is $73,805. Males in Baltimore County, MD have an average income that is 1.23 times higher than the average income of females, which is $63,795. The income inequality in Baltimore County, MD (measured using the Gini index) is 0.461, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$73,805

2017 value

± $2,827

1.43%

1 Year Growth

± 4.9%

Households in Baltimore County, MD have a median annual income of $73,805, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $72,764 in 2016, which represents a 1.43% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Baltimore County, MD compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the county level, so we are showing data for the Maryland.

$78,518

Average Male Salary

± $1,626

$63,795

Average Female Salary

± $1,278

In 2017, full-time male employees in Baltimore County, MD made 1.23 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Baltimore County, MD by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the county level, so we are showing data for the Maryland.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $79,497 ± $72,116

  2. Asian

    $72,023 ± $4,094

  3. White

    $70,393 ± $1,419

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Baltimore County, MD workers was American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races. These workers were paid 1.1 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Baltimore County, MD by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Baltimore County, MD is from Maryland.

0.461

2017 Wage GINI

0.461

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Maryland was 0.461 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0789% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Maryland was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Maryland in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Maryland across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 4038.01

  2. Census Tract 4038.02

  3. Census Tract 4082

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Baltimore County, MD was Census Tract 4038.01 with a value of $188,194, followed by Census Tract 4038.02 and Census Tract 4082, with respective values of $167,938 and $148,125.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Baltimore County, MD colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

9.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Baltimore County, MD (73.6k out of 808k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    38,227 ± 1,460

  2. Black

    24,580 ± 1,278

  3. Hispanic

    7,189 ± 697

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Baltimore County, MD is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

423k

2017 Value

± 10,862

-0.742%

1 Year decline

± 3.54%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Baltimore County, MD declined at a rate of -0.742%, from 426k employees to 423k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Baltimore County, MD, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (25,504 people), Registered Nurses (13,156 people), and Health Technologists & Technicians (11,222 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Baltimore County, MD.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Baltimore County, MD, by number of employees, are Other Management Occupations Except Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers (25,504 people), Registered Nurses (13,156 people), and Health Technologists & Technicians (11,222 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Baltimore County, MD has an unusually high number of residents working as Mathematical Science Occupations (2.68 times higher than expected), Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, & Steamfitters (1.95 times), and Fire Fighting & Prevention Workers (1.91 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Baltimore County, MD, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($93,713), Management Occupations ($77,206), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($77,150).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

423k

2017 Value

± 10,862

-0.742%

1 Year decline

± 3.54%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Baltimore County, MD declined at a rate of -0.742%, from 426k employees to 423k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Baltimore County, MD, are Health Care & Social Assistance (67,453 people), Retail Trade (44,642 people), and Educational Services (43,417 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Baltimore County, MD, though some of these residents may live in Baltimore County, MD and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Baltimore County, MD, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (67,453 people), Retail Trade (44,642 people), and Educational Services (43,417 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Baltimore County, MD has an unusually high number of Public Administration (1.83 times higher than expected), Finance & Insurance (1.37 times), and Real Estate & Rental & Leasing (1.24 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Baltimore County, MD, by median earnings, are Utilities ($101,034), Public Administration ($67,691), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($65,771).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Maryland to other states, or from other states to Maryland.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $24.1B

  2. $17.7B

  3. $14.2B

In 2015, the top outbound Maryland product (by dollars) was Textiles/leather with $24.1B, followed by Mixed freight with $17.7B and Electronics and $14.2B.

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Maryland products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Maryland state.

$180B

2015 Value

$243B

Projected 2045 Value

35.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Maryland trade was $180B. This is expected to increase 35.1% to $243B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Maryland trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Maryland to other states, or from other states to Maryland.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $24B

  2. $18.2B

  3. $6.71B

In 2015, the top outbound Maryland domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Virginia with $24B, followed by Pennsylvania with $18.2B and New York and $6.71B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Maryland shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

95.1% of the population of Baltimore County, MD has health coverage, with 55.1% on employee plans, 14.4% on Medicaid, 12.7% on Medicare, 12.1% on non-group plans, and 0.871% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Baltimore County, MD was $8,602 in 2014. This is a 4.27% increase from the previous year ($8,250).

Primary care physicians in Baltimore County, MD see 987 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.44% increase from the previous year (973 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1353 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 398 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Dorchester County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (15.8%). Additionally, Somerset County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (44.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

987 to 1

Primary Care Physicians

Primary care physicians in Baltimore County, MD see an average of 987 patients per year. This represents a 1.44% increase from the previous year (973 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Baltimore County, MD in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Maryland.

$8,602

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,343

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,677

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$12,000

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Maryland (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.27%, from $8,250 to $8,602.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

4.89%

Uninsured

55.1%

Employer Coverage

14.4%

Medicaid

12.7%

Medicare

12.1%

Non-Group

0.871%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Baltimore County, MD declined by 10.2% from 5.44% to 4.89%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Baltimore County, MD changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 15.8% prevalence

  2. 13.7% prevalence

  3. 13.4% prevalence

Dorchester County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Maryland, at 15.8%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Maryland by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Baltimore County, MD is home to a population of 832k people, from which 93.9% are citizens. As of 2017, 12.1% of Baltimore County, MD residents were born outside of the country.

The ethnic composition of the population of Baltimore County, MD is composed of 474k White Alone residents (57%), 235k Black or African American Alone residents (28.2%), 51.7k Asian Alone residents (6.22%), 45.9k Hispanic or Latino residents (5.51%), 20.2k Two or More Races residents (2.42%), 2.94k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.353%), 2.12k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.255%), and 377 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0453%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Baltimore County, MD are Spanish or Spanish Creole (34,287 speakers), African Languages (11,291 speakers), and Chinese (7,104 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

39

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

41

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.1

In 2017, the median age of all people in Baltimore County, MD was 39.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 39, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 41. But people in Baltimore County, MD are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Baltimore County, MD residents was 39.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

12.1%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

11.8%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

As of 2017, 12.1% of Baltimore County, MD residents were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Baltimore County, MD was 11.8%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Baltimore County, MD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. El Salvador

    103,048 ± 7,814 people

  2. India

    59,523 ± 5,960 people

  3. China

    45,415 ± 5,212 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Baltimore County, MD was El Salvador, the natal country of 103,048 Baltimore County, MD residents, followed by India with 59,523 and China with 45,415.

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Citizenship

93.9%

2017 Citizenship

94.1%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 93.9% of Baltimore County, MD residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Baltimore County, MD was 94.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Baltimore County, MD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    474k ± 1.03k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    235k ± 3.44k

  3. Asian Alone

    51.7k ± 1.4k

In 2017, there were 2.02 times more White Alone residents (474k people) in Baltimore County, MD than any other race or ethnicity. There were 235k Black or African American Alone and 51.7k Asian Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Baltimore County, MD as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole

    34,287 speakers (4.39%)

  2. African Languages

    11,291 speakers (1.45%)

  3. Chinese

    7,104 speakers (0.909%)

14.9% of Baltimore County, MD citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.5%. In 2015, the most common non-English language spoken in Baltimore County, MD was Spanish or Spanish Creole. 4.39% of the overall population of Baltimore County, MD are native Spanish or Spanish Creole speakers. 1.45% speak African Languages and 0.909% speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    15,257 ± 1,598

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    5,603 ± 1,257

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    5,209 ± 1,133

Baltimore County, MD has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.72 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Baltimore County, MD awarded 15,316 degrees. The student population of Baltimore County, MD is skewed towards women, with 27,544 male students and 38,251 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Baltimore County, MD are White (8,675 and 58.8%), followed by Black or African American (3,179 and 21.6%), Asian (1,078 and 7.31%), and Hispanic or Latino (710 and 4.81%).

The largest universities in Baltimore County, MD by number of degrees awarded are Towson University (5,849 and 38.2%), University of Maryland-Baltimore County (3,661 and 23.9%), and The Community College of Baltimore County (2,821 and 18.4%).

The most popular majors in Baltimore County, MD are General Psychology (830 and 5.42%), Other Liberal Arts & Sciences, General Studies, & Humanities (814 and 5.31%), and Registered Nursing (737 and 4.81%).

The median tuition costs in Baltimore County, MD are $21,642 for private four year colleges, and $7,382 and $19,830 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 775 degrees awarded

  2. 577 degrees awarded

  3. 539 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Baltimore County, MD was General Psychology with 775 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Baltimore County, MD according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 5,849 degrees awarded

  2. 3,661 degrees awarded

  3. 2,821 degrees awarded

$7,382

Median In-State Public

$21,642

Median Private

In 2016, the Baltimore County, MD institution with the largest number of graduating students was Towson University with 5,849 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

6,187

Degrees Awarded to Men

9,129

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 6,187 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Baltimore County, MD, which is 0.678 times less than the 9,129 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Baltimore County, MD by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    8,675 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    3,179 degrees awarded

  3. Asian

    1,078 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Baltimore County, MD were to White students. These 8,675 degrees mean that there were 2.73 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 3,179 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Baltimore County, MD was $259,700 in 2017, which is 1.19 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $256,800 to $259,700, a 1.13% increase. The homeownership rate in Baltimore County, MD is 65.6%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Baltimore County, MD have an average commute time of 28.7 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Baltimore County, MD is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$73,805

Median Household Income

± $2,827

317k

Number of Households

± 8,621

In 2017, the median household income of the 317k households in Baltimore County, MD grew to $73,805 from the previous year's value of $72,764.

The following chart displays the households in Baltimore County, MD distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$259,700

2017 Median

± $5,283

$256,800

2016 Median

± $5,833

In 2017, the median property value in Baltimore County, MD grew to to $259,700 from the previous year's value of $256,800.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Baltimore County, MD compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Baltimore County, MD the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Baltimore County, MD distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Baltimore County, MD the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

65.6%

2017 Homeownership

64.3%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 65.6% of the housing units in Baltimore County, MD were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 64.3%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Baltimore County, MD compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Baltimore County, MD distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Baltimore County, MD have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

28.7 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Baltimore County, MD have a longer commute time (28.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.5 minutes). Additionally, 3.2% of the workforce in Baltimore County, MD have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Baltimore County, MD compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    77.7%

  2. Carpooled

    8.66%

  3. Public Transit

    6.11%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Baltimore County, MD was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Public Transit.

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