Howard County, MD

County

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2019 Population
325,690
0.772% 1-year growth
US Senator
Ben Cardin
Democratic Party
US Senator
Chris Van Hollen
Democratic Party
2019 Median Age
38.9
0.765% 1-year decrease
2019 Poverty Rate
5%
7.09% 1-year decrease
2019 Median Household Income
$121,618
3.96% 1-year growth
2019 Median Property Value
$482,100
1.15% 1-year growth
2019 Employed Population
169,128
1.41% 1-year decline

About

In 2019, Howard County, MD had a population of 326k people with a median age of 38.9 and a median household income of $121,618. Between 2018 and 2019 the population of Howard County, MD grew from 323,196 to 325,690, a 0.772% increase and its median household income grew from $116,984 to $121,618, a 3.96% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Howard County, MD are White (Non-Hispanic) (49.8%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (19.5%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (18.5%), White (Hispanic) (5.31%), and Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (4.03%). 0% of the households in Howard County, MD speak a non-English language at home as their primary language, and 91.6% of the residents in Howard County, MD are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Howard County, MD are Howard Community College (1,427 degrees awarded in 2019), Maryland University of Integrative Health (413 degrees), and Lincoln College of Technology-Columbia (358 degrees).

In 2019, the median property value in Howard County, MD was $482,100, and the homeownership rate was 73.2%. Most people in Howard County, MD drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 28.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Howard County, MD was 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Historic Ellicott City, MD

COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Maryland. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Maryland, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Maryland.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Maryland (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Maryland.
Start Year
Y-Axis
−5.78%
Year-over-year decline
Employment change between November 2019 and November 2020

As of November 2020, there are 145M people employed in Maryland. This represents a −5.78% decrease in employment when compared to November 2019.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Maryland.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Maryland.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Maryland across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Diversity

Howard County, MD is home to a population of 326k people, from which 91.6% are citizens. As of 2019, 32.2% of Howard County, MD residents were born outside of the country (105k people).

In 2019, there were 2.55 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (162k people) in Howard County, MD than any other race or ethnicity. There were 63.6k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 60.1k Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Howard County, MD
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    162k ± 1.19k
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    63.6k ± 1.95k
  3. Asian (Non-Hispanic)
    60.1k ± 1.69k
7.33%
Hispanic Population
23.9k people

In 2019, there were 2.55 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (162k people) in Howard County, MD than any other race or ethnicity. There were 63.6k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 60.1k Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

7.33% of the people in Howard County, MD are hispanic (23.9k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Howard County, MD as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

32.2%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
105k people
20.6%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
66.6k people

As of 2019, 32.2% of Howard County, MD residents (105k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 34%. In 2018, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Howard County, MD was 20.6%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Howard County, MD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

36
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.5
45
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 0.7

In 2019, the median age of all people in Howard County, MD was 38.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 36, were generally younger than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 45. But people in Howard County, MD are getting getting younger. In 2018, the average age of all Howard County, MD residents was 39.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Maryland.
Most Common Origin
  1. El Salvador
    119,690 ± 8,409 people
  2. India
    67,289 ± 6,333 people
  3. Guatemala
    43,589 ± 5,107 people

In 2019, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Maryland was El Salvador, the natal country of 119,690 Maryland residents, followed by India with 67,289 and Guatemala with 43,589.

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Citizenship

91.6%
2019 Citizenship
91.1%
2018 Citizenship

As of 2019, 91.6% of Howard County, MD residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.4%. In 2018, the percentage of US citizens in Howard County, MD was 91.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Howard County, MD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Gulf War (2001-)
    5,474 ± 1,323
  2. Vietnam
    4,278 ± 885
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    2,815 ± 914

Howard County, MD has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.28 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

Median household income in Howard County, MD is $121,618. In 2019, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Howard County, MD was Census Tract 6051.04 with a value of $220,583, followed by Census Tract 6055.04 and Census Tract 6051.02, with respective values of $215,962 and $210,459.

Males in Maryland have an average income that is 1.23 times higher than the average income of females, which is $67,109. The income inequality in Maryland (measured using the Gini index) is 0.459, which is lower than than the national average.

The economy of Howard County, MD employs 169k people. The largest industries in Howard County, MD are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (30,998 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (25,050 people), and Public Administration (21,233 people), and the highest paying industries are Public Administration ($110,400), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($105,182), and Manufacturing ($100,952).

Wages

Median Household Income

$121,618
2019 value
± $4,896
3.96%
1 Year Growth
± 5.9%

Households in Howard County, MD have a median annual income of $121,618, which is more than the median annual income of $65,712 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $116,984 in 2018, which represents a 3.96% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Howard County, MD compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Maryland.
$82,507
Average Male Salary in Maryland
± $1,722
$67,109
Average Female Salary in Maryland
± $1,315

In 2019, full-time male employees in Maryland made 1.23 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Maryland by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Maryland.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Maryland
  1. Asian
    $77,471 ± $4,418
  2. White
    $72,989 ± $1,494
  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander
    $68,482 ± $39,305

In 2019 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Maryland workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.06 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Maryland.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Maryland by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Howard County, MD is from Maryland.
0.459
2019 Wage GINI in Maryland
0.461
2018 Wage GINI in Maryland

In 2019, the income inequality in Maryland was 0.459 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.518% decline from 2018 to 2019, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Maryland was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Maryland in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Maryland across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 6051.04
  2. Census Tract 6055.04
  3. Census Tract 6051.02

In 2019, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Howard County, MD was Census Tract 6051.04 with a value of $220,583, followed by Census Tract 6055.04 and Census Tract 6051.02, with respective values of $215,962 and $210,459.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Howard County, MD colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Howard County, MD (15.8k out of 316k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.3%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Males 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    5,946 ± 613
  2. Black
    5,676 ± 663
  3. Asian
    2,937 ± 465

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Howard County, MD is White, followed by Black and Asian.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

169k
2019 Value
± 6,918
−1.41%
1 Year decline
± 5.79%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Howard County, MD declined at a rate of −1.41%, from 172k employees to 169k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Howard County, MD, are Management Occupations (26,362 people), Computer & Mathematical Occupations (19,560 people), and Business & Financial Operations Occupations (14,926 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Howard County, MD.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Howard County, MD, by number of employees, are Management Occupations (26,362 people), Computer & Mathematical Occupations (19,560 people), and Business & Financial Operations Occupations (14,926 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Howard County, MD has an unusually high number of residents working as Computer & Mathematical Occupations (3.4 times higher than expected), Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (2.65 times), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations (1.84 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Howard County, MD, by median earnings, are Management Occupations ($119,584), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($117,364), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($111,474).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

169k
2019 Value
± 6,918
−1.41%
1 Year decline
± 5.79%

From 2018 to 2019, employment in Howard County, MD declined at a rate of −1.41%, from 172k employees to 169k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Howard County, MD, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (30,998 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (25,050 people), and Public Administration (21,233 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Howard County, MD, though some of these residents may live in Howard County, MD and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Howard County, MD, by number of employees, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (30,998 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (25,050 people), and Public Administration (21,233 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Howard County, MD has an unusually high number of Public Administration (2.81 times higher than expected), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (2.4 times), and Educational Services (1.19 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Howard County, MD, by median earnings, are Public Administration ($110,400), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($105,182), and Manufacturing ($100,952).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Maryland to other states, or from other states to Maryland.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $25.4B
  2. $20.9B
  3. $20.6B

In 2018, the top outbound Maryland product (by dollars) was Textiles/leather with $25.4B, followed by Mixed freight ($20.9B) and Motorized vehicles ($20.6B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Maryland products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Maryland.
$231B
2018 Value in Maryland
$419B
Projected 2045 Value in Maryland
81.8% growth

In 2018, total outbound Maryland trade was $231B. This is expected to increase 81.8% to $419B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Maryland trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Maryland to other states, or from other states to Maryland.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $24B
  2. $23.6B
  3. $9.87B

In 2018, the top outbound Maryland domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Virginia with $24B, followed by Pennsylvania with $23.6B and New York and $9.87B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Maryland shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in Howard County, MD went to Hillary Rodham Clinton with 63.3% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (29.3%), followed by Other (7.47%). The most partisan county was Prince George's County, MD with 88.1% of the vote going to Hillary Rodham Clinton running for the Democratic Party.

Ben Cardin and Chris Van Hollen are the senators currently representing the state of Maryland. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Maryland is currently represented by 8 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Maryland.
Showing data up to the 2016 election. Updated election results are currently being processed, and will be released in the coming months.
Hillary Rodham Clinton
Popular Vote for Howard County, MD
63.3% for the Democratic Party
Most Partisan Counties in Maryland
  1. 88.1% for Hillary Rodham Clinton (Democratic Party)
  2. 84.7% for Hillary Rodham Clinton (Democratic Party)
  3. 76.9% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in Maryland was Prince George's County, MD with 88.1% of the vote going to Hillary Rodham Clinton running for the Democratic Party.

The following map shows the counties in Maryland colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Maryland

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Maryland.
Ben Cardin
Senator from Maryland1
Assumed office on January 3, 2007
Chris Van Hollen
Senator from Maryland3
Assumed office on January 3, 2017

Ben Cardin and Chris Van Hollen are the senators currently representing Maryland.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Maryland over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Maryland

Maryland is currently represented by 8 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Maryland have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2019, universities in Howard County, MD awarded 2,281 degrees. The student population of Howard County, MD is skewed towards women, with 4,697 male students and 6,302 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Howard County, MD are White (884 and 41.2%), followed by Black or African American (670 and 31.3%), Hispanic or Latino (224 and 10.4%), and Asian (192 and 8.96%).

The largest universities in Howard County, MD by number of degrees awarded are Howard Community College (1,427 and 62.6%), Maryland University of Integrative Health (413 and 18.1%), and Lincoln College of Technology-Columbia (358 and 15.7%).

The most popular majors in Howard County, MD are General Studies (596 and 26.1%), Liberal Arts & Sciences (225 and 9.86%), and Automobile Mechanics Technology (185 and 8.11%).

The median tuition costs in Howard County, MD are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 596 degree-majorss awarded
  2. 225 degree-majorss awarded
  3. 144 degree-majorss awarded

In 2018, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Howard County, MD was General Studies with 596 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Howard County, MD according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 1,427 degrees awarded
  2. 413 degrees awarded
  3. 358 degrees awarded
$N/A
Median In-State Public
$N/A
Median Private

In 2019, the Howard County, MD institution with the largest number of graduating students was Howard Community College with 1,427 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

978
Degrees Awarded to Men
1,303
Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2019, 978 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Howard County, MD, which is 0.751 times less than the 1,303 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Howard County, MD by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity
  1. White
    884 degrees awarded
  2. Black or African American
    670 degrees awarded
  3. Hispanic or Latino
    224 degrees awarded

In 2019 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions in Howard County, MD was White students. These 884 degrees mean that there were 1.32 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 670 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Howard County, MD was $482,100 in 2019, which is 2 times larger than the national average of $240,500. Between 2018 and 2019 the median property value increased from $476,600 to $482,100, a 1.15% increase. The homeownership rate in Howard County, MD is 73.2%, which is higher than the national average of 64.1%. People in Howard County, MD have an average commute time of 28.1 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Howard County, MD is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$482,100
2019 Median
± $13,007
$476,600
2018 Median
± $11,970

In 2019, the median property value in Howard County, MD grew to to $482,100 from the previous year's value of $476,600.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Howard County, MD compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Howard County, MD the largest share of households have a property value in the $500k - $750k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$121,618
Median Household Income
± $4,896
116k
Number of Households
± 5,231

In 2019, the median household income of the 116k households in Howard County, MD grew to $121,618 from the previous year's value of $116,984.

The following chart displays the households in Howard County, MD distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $200k+ range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Howard County, MD distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Howard County, MD the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

73.2%
2019 Homeownership
71.5%
2018 Homeownership

In 2019, 73.2% of the housing units in Howard County, MD were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 71.5%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 64.1%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Howard County, MD compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

28.1 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Howard County, MD have a longer commute time (28.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (26 minutes). Additionally, 3.24% of the workforce in Howard County, MD have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Howard County, MD compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2019
  1. Drove Alone (79%)
  2. Worked At Home (8.16%)
  3. Carpooled (6.92%)

In 2019, 79% of workers in Howard County, MD drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (8.16%) and those who carpooled to work (6.92%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Howard County, MD distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Howard County, MD have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Health

95.5% of the population of Howard County, MD has health coverage, with 61.6% on employee plans, 9.99% on Medicaid, 9.84% on Medicare, 12% on non-group plans, and 2.04% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Maryland was $8,602 in 2014. This is a 4.27% increase from the previous year ($8,250).

Primary care physicians in Howard County, MD see 521 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.774% increase from the previous year (517 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1172 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 324 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Dorchester County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (18.9%). Additionally, Somerset County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (41.9%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

521 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Howard County, MD

Primary care physicians in Howard County, MD see an average of 521 patients per year. This represents a 0.774% increase from the previous year (517 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Howard County, MD in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Maryland.
$8,602
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Maryland
$4,343
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$7,677
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$12,000
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Maryland (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.27%, from $8,250 to $8,602.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

4.53%
Uninsured
61.6%
Employer Coverage
9.99%
Medicaid
9.84%
Medicare
12%
Non-Group
2.04%
Military or VA

Between 2018 and 2019, the percent of uninsured citizens in Howard County, MD grew by 19.2% from 3.8% to 4.53%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Howard County, MD changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 18.9% prevalence
  2. 15.9% prevalence
  3. 14.5% prevalence

Dorchester County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Maryland, at 18.9%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Maryland by county over multiple years.

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