Frederick County, MD

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Population

246,105

1.08% growth

Median Age

39.3


Median Household Income

$88,502

3.25% growth

Poverty Rate

7.19%


Number of Employees

130,387

1.29% growth

Median Property Value

$315,400

3.04% growth

About

In 2017, Frederick County, MD had a population of 246k people with a median age of 39.3 and a median household income of $88,502. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Frederick County, MD grew from 243,465 to 246,105, a 1.08% increase and its median household income grew from $85,715 to $88,502, a 3.25% increase.

The population of Frederick County, MD is 74.8% White Alone, 8.79% Black or African American Alone, and 8.79% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Frederick County, MD speak a non-English language, and 95% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Frederick County, MD are Frederick Community College (1,168 degrees awarded in 2016), Hood College (680 degrees), and Mount St Mary's University (638 degrees).

The median property value in Frederick County, MD is $315,400, and the homeownership rate is 74.8%. Most people in Frederick County, MD commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 32.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Frederick County, MD is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Frederick County, MD employs 130k people. The largest industries in Frederick County, MD are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (16,672 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (15,185 people), and Educational Services (13,713 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($84,009), Public Administration ($82,566), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($80,322).

Median household income in Frederick County, MD is $88,502. Males in Frederick County, MD have an average income that is 1.26 times higher than the average income of females, which is $61,332. The income inequality in Frederick County, MD (measured using the Gini index) is 0.461, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$88,502

2017 value

± $1,557

3.25%

1 Year Growth

± 2.55%

Households in Frederick County, MD have a median annual income of $88,502, which is more than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $85,715 in 2016, which represents a 3.25% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Frederick County, MD compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Maryland.

$77,536

Average Male Salary

± $1,629

$61,332

Average Female Salary

± $1,200

In 2017, full-time male employees in Maryland made 1.26 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Maryland by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Maryland.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Alaska Native

    $90,993 ± $115,433

  2. Asian

    $68,448 ± $4,004

  3. White

    $67,584 ± $1,364

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Maryland workers was Alaska Native. These workers were paid 1.33 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Maryland by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Frederick County, MD is from Maryland.

0.461

2017 Wage GINI

0.459

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Maryland was 0.461 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.363% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Maryland was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Maryland in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Maryland across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 7522.04

  2. Census Tract 7521.01

  3. Census Tract 7526.01

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Frederick County, MD was Census Tract 7522.04 with a value of $142,904, followed by Census Tract 7521.01 and Census Tract 7526.01, with respective values of $141,014 and $119,297.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Frederick County, MD colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

7.19% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Frederick County, MD (17.3k out of 241k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    12,107 ± 810

  2. Black

    3,252 ± 416

  3. Hispanic

    3,189 ± 488

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Frederick County, MD is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

130k

2017 Value

± 2,213

1.29%

1 Year growth

± 2.37%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Frederick County, MD grew at a rate of 1.29%, from 129k employees to 130k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Frederick County, MD, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (17,012 people), Management Occupations (16,952 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (12,060 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Frederick County, MD.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Frederick County, MD, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (17,012 people), Management Occupations (16,952 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (12,060 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Frederick County, MD has an unusually high number of residents working as Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (2.51 times higher than expected), Computer & Mathematical Occupations (1.84 times), and Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, & Media Occupations (1.33 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Frederick County, MD, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($98,333), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($95,556), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($93,458).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

130k

2017 Value

± 2,213

1.29%

1 Year growth

± 2.37%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Frederick County, MD grew at a rate of 1.29%, from 129k employees to 130k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Frederick County, MD, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (16,672 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (15,185 people), and Educational Services (13,713 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Frederick County, MD, though some of these residents may live in Frederick County, MD and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Frederick County, MD, by number of employees, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (16,672 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (15,185 people), and Educational Services (13,713 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Frederick County, MD has an unusually high number of Public Administration (1.92 times higher than expected), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (1.83 times), and Construction (1.26 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Frederick County, MD, by median earnings, are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($84,009), Public Administration ($82,566), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($80,322).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Maryland to other states, or from other states to Maryland.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $24.1B

  2. $17.7B

  3. $14.2B

In 2015, the top outbound Maryland product (by dollars) was Textiles/leather with $24.1B, followed by Mixed freight ($17.7B) and Electronics ($14.2B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Maryland products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Maryland state.

$180B

2015 Value

$243B

Projected 2045 Value

35.1% growth

In 2015, total outbound Maryland trade was $180B. This is expected to increase 35.1% to $243B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Maryland trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Maryland to other states, or from other states to Maryland.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $24B

  2. $18.2B

  3. $6.71B

In 2015, the top outbound Maryland domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Virginia with $24B, followed by Pennsylvania with $18.2B and New York and $6.71B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Maryland shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

94.7% of the population of Frederick County, MD has health coverage, with 61.7% on employee plans, 9.39% on Medicaid, 9.64% on Medicare, 12.3% on non-group plans, and 1.7% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Frederick County, MD was $8,602 in 2014. This is a 4.27% increase from the previous year ($8,250).

Primary care physicians in Frederick County, MD see 1514 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.665% increase from the previous year (1504 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1456 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 538 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Dorchester County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (15.8%). Additionally, Somerset County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (44.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,514 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Frederick County, MD see an average of 1,514 patients per year. This represents a 0.665% increase from the previous year (1,504 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Frederick County, MD in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Maryland.

$8,602

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,343

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,677

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$12,000

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Maryland (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.27%, from $8,250 to $8,602.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

5.34%

Uninsured

61.7%

Employer Coverage

9.39%

Medicaid

9.64%

Medicare

12.3%

Non-Group

1.7%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Frederick County, MD declined by 12.2% from 6.08% to 5.34%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Frederick County, MD changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 15.8% prevalence

  2. 13.7% prevalence

  3. 13.4% prevalence

Dorchester County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Maryland, at 15.8%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Maryland by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Frederick County, MD is home to a population of 246k people, from which 95% are citizens. As of 2017, 10.2% of Frederick County, MD residents were born outside of the country (25k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Frederick County, MD is composed of 184k White Alone residents (74.8%), 21.6k Black or African American Alone residents (8.79%), 21.6k Hispanic or Latino residents (8.79%), 11.1k Asian Alone residents (4.53%), 6.14k Two or More Races residents (2.49%), 681 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.277%), 505 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.205%), and 174 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0707%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Frederick County, MD are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

39

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

42

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.9

In 2017, the median age of all people in Frederick County, MD was 39.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 39, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 42. But people in Frederick County, MD are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Frederick County, MD residents was 39.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

10.2%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

25k people

9.9%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

24.1k people

As of 2017, 10.2% of Frederick County, MD residents (25k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Frederick County, MD was 9.9%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Frederick County, MD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Maryland.

Most Common Origin

  1. El Salvador

    107,722 ± 7,985 people

  2. India

    58,285 ± 5,898 people

  3. China

    42,414 ± 5,038 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Maryland was El Salvador, the natal country of 107,722 Maryland residents, followed by India with 58,285 and China with 42,414.

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Citizenship

95%

2017 Citizenship

95.1%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 95% of Frederick County, MD residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Frederick County, MD was 95.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Frederick County, MD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    184k ± 389

  2. Black or African American Alone

    21.6k ± 547

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    21.6k ± 1.22k

In 2017, there were 8.51 times more White Alone residents (184k people) in Frederick County, MD than any other race or ethnicity. There were 21.6k Black or African American Alone and 21.6k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Frederick County, MD as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Frederick County, MD citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Frederick County, MD was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Frederick County, MD are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    4,691 ± 315

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    3,564 ± 417

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    2,515 ± 294

Frederick County, MD has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.32 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Frederick County, MD awarded 2,690 degrees. The student population of Frederick County, MD is skewed towards women, with 4,634 male students and 6,257 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Frederick County, MD are White (1,868 and 73%), followed by Black or African American (245 and 9.57%), Hispanic or Latino (194 and 7.58%), and Asian (99 and 3.87%).

The largest universities in Frederick County, MD by number of degrees awarded are Frederick Community College (1,168 and 43.4%), Hood College (680 and 25.3%), and Mount St Mary's University (638 and 23.7%).

The most popular majors in Frederick County, MD are Other Liberal Arts & Sciences, General Studies, & Humanities (383 and 14.2%), General Business Administration & Management (203 and 7.55%), and General Business (202 and 7.51%).

The median tuition costs in Frederick County, MD are $36,850 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 107 degrees awarded

  2. 382 degrees awarded

  3. 171 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Frederick County, MD was General Business with 107 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Frederick County, MD according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,168 degrees awarded

  2. 680 degrees awarded

  3. 638 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$36,850

Median Private

In 2016, the Frederick County, MD institution with the largest number of graduating students was Frederick Community College with 1,168 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,110

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,580

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 1,110 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Frederick County, MD, which is 0.703 times less than the 1,580 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Frederick County, MD by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,868 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    245 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    194 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Frederick County, MD were to White students. These 1,868 degrees mean that there were 7.62 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 245 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Frederick County, MD was $315,400 in 2017, which is 1.45 times larger than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $306,100 to $315,400, a 3.04% increase. The homeownership rate in Frederick County, MD is 74.8%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Frederick County, MD have an average commute time of 32.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Frederick County, MD is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$88,502

Median Household Income

± $1,557

90k

Number of Households

± 1,805

In 2017, the median household income of the 90k households in Frederick County, MD grew to $88,502 from the previous year's value of $85,715.

The following chart displays the households in Frederick County, MD distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$315,400

2017 Median

± $3,737

$306,100

2016 Median

± $4,270

In 2017, the median property value in Frederick County, MD grew to to $315,400 from the previous year's value of $306,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Frederick County, MD compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Frederick County, MD the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Frederick County, MD distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Frederick County, MD the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

74.8%

2017 Homeownership

74.1%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 74.8% of the housing units in Frederick County, MD were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 74.1%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Frederick County, MD compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Frederick County, MD distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Frederick County, MD have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

32.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Frederick County, MD have a longer commute time (32.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 6.97% of the workforce in Frederick County, MD have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Frederick County, MD compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    78.1%

  2. Carpooled

    9.56%

  3. Worked At Home

    6.12%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Frederick County, MD was Drove Alone, followed by those who Carpooled and those who Worked At Home.

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